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Exploring Chemical Analysis

Exploring Chemical Analysis - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716730422

Cover of Exploring Chemical Analysis 97 (ISBN 978-0716730422)
ISBN13: 978-0716730422
ISBN10: 0716730421
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
Published: 1997
International: No

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Exploring Chemical Analysis - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716730422

Daniel C. Harris

ISBN13: 978-0716730422
ISBN10: 0716730421
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: W.H. Freeman

Published: 1997
International: No
  • Focuses on the essential aspects of the course
  • Lab experiments have students apply what they've learned in the text
  • Effective study aids: marginal notes, Demonstration and Exploration Boxes, Key Terms lists, Key Equations lists, spreadsheets, and a glossary

Table of Contents

1. Getting Down to Basics

Steps in Chemical Analysis
SI Units and Prefixes
Conversion Between Units
Chemical Concentrations
Preparing Solutions

2. Tools of the Trade

Safety with Chemicals and Waste
Your Lab Notebook
The Analytical Balance
Volumetric Flasks
Pipets and Syringes
Calibration of Volumetric Glassware
Methods of Sample Preparation

3. Math Toolkit

Significant Figures
Significant Figures in Arithmetic
Types of Error
Propagation of Uncertainty
Introducing Spreadsheets
Spreadsheet + Graph = Power

4. Statistics

The Gaussian Distribution
Student's t
Q Test for Bad Data
Finding the "Best" Straight Line
Constructing a Calibration Curve
A Spreadsheet for Least Squares

5. A Skirmish with Equilibrium

The Equilibrium Constant
Solubility Product
What Are Acids and Bases?
The Relation Between [H+], [OH-], and pH
Strengths of Acids and Bases

6. Good Titrations

Principles of Volumetric Analysis
Titration Calculations
Titration of a Mixture
Chemistry in a Fishtank
Titrations Involving Silver Ion

7. Let There Be Light

Properties of Light
Absorption of Light
The Spectrophotometer

8. Spectrophotometry

Using Beer's Law
Spectrophotometric Titrations

9. Monoprotic Acid-Base Equilibria

Strong Acids and Bases
Weak Acids and Bases
Weak-Acid Equilibrium
Weak-Base Equilibrium
Fractional Composition Equations

10. Buffers

What You Mix Is What You Get
The Henderson-Hasselbach Equation
A Buffer in Action
Preparing Buffers
Buffer Capacity
How Indicators Work

11. Acid-Base Titrations

Titration of Strong Acid with Strong Base
Titration of Weak Acid with Strong Base
Titration of Weak Base with Strong Acid
Finding the End Point
Practical Notes
Kjeldahl Nitrogen Analysis
Putting Your Spreadsheet to Work

12. Polyprotic Acids and Bases

Amino Acids Are Polyprotic
Finding the pH in Diprotic Systems
Which is the Principal Species?
Titrations in Polyprotic Systems

13. Electrode Potentials

Redox Chemistry and Electricity
Galvanic Cells
Standard Potentials
The Nernst Equation
E° and the Equilibrium Constant
Reference Electrodes

14. Electrode Measurements

The Silver Indicator Electrode
What Is a Junction Potential?
How Ion-Selective Electrodes Work
pH Measurement with a Glass Electrode
Ion-Selective Electrodes

15. EDTA and Iodine Titrations

Metal-Chelate Complexes
Metal Ion Indicators
EDTA Titration Techniques
Titrations Involving Iodine

16. Principles of Chromatography

What Is Chromatography?
How We Describe a Chromatogram
Why Do Bands Spread?
Chemical Analysis by Chromatography
Internal Standards

17. Gas and Liquid Chromatography

Gas Chromatography
Classical Liquid Chromatography
High-Performance Liquid Chromatography

18. Chromatographic Methods and Capillary Electrophoresis

Ion-Exchange Chromatography
Ion Chromatography
Molecular Exclusion Chromatography
Affinity Chromatography
What Is Capillary Electrophoresis?
How Capillary Electrophoresis Works
Types of Capillary Electrophoresis

19. Gravimetric and Combustion Analysis

An Example of Gravimetric Analysis
Examples of Gravimetric Calculations
Combustion Analysis

20. Atomic Spectroscopy

What Is Atomic Spectroscopy?
Atomization: Flames, Furnaces, and Plasmas
How Temperature Affects Atomic Spectroscopy
Quantitative Analysis by Standard Addition

21. Experiments

Penny Statistics
Statistical Evaluation of Acid-Base Indicators
Calibration of Volumetric Glassware
Gravimetric Determination of Calcium as CaC2O4 * H20
Gravimetric Measurement of Phosphorus in Plant Food
Preparing Standard Acid and Base
Analysis of a Mixture of Carbonate and Bicarbonate
Kjeldahl Nitrogen Analysis
Using a pH Electrode for an Acid-Base Titration
EDTA Titration of Ca2+ and Mg2+ in Natural Waters
Synthesis and Analysis of Ammonium Decavanadate
Iodimetric Titration of Vitamin C
Potentiometric Halide Titration with AG+
Spectrophotometric Nitrite Determination of Aquarium Water
Measuring Ammonia in a Fishtank with an Ion-Selective Electrode
Spectrophotometric Determination of Iron in Dietary Tablets
Microscale Spectrophotometric Measurement of Iron in Foods by Standard Addition
Properties of an Ion-Exchange Resin
Using an Internal Standard in Gas Chromatography or High-Performance Liquid Chromatography
Analysis of Sulfur in Coal by Ion Chromatography
Measuring Carbon Monoxide in Automobile Exhaust by Gas Chromatography
Amino Acid Analysis by Capillary Electrophoresis

Appendix A: Solubility Products

Appendix B: Acid Dissociation Constants

Appendix C: Standard Reduction Potentials

Appendix D: Oxidation Numbers and Balancing Redox Equations

Solutions to "Ask Yourself" Questions

Answers to Problems


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