ISBN13:978-0763731946 ISBN10: 0763731943 This edition has also been released as: ISBN13: 978-0763713195 ISBN10: 0763713198
Summary: When an emergency strikes, knowing what to do is critical. That is why the National Safety Council's First Aid and CPR course is invaluable. The foundation of the course is First Aid and CPR, Fourth Edition. This book is the cornerstone of an integrated training program that combines comprehensive content on first aid and CPR with exciting new features, design, and technology to better support instructors and to prepare students for any emergency Divided
into two sections, the program will teach: 1. Students to master necessary skills for the administration of CPR to adults, children, and infants. They will learn how to recognize a life-threatening emergency, how to provide basic life support, what to do in the case of an airway obstruction or choking, and how to use an automated external defibrillator (AED). 2 . Students how to recognize the signs and symptoms of injuries and sudden illness. Crucial information about how to deal with emergencies like shock, burns, strains, strokes, and seizures is shared. Upon successful completion of the course, students will receive nationally recognized First Aid and CPR course completion cards, free of cost.
Summary: When an emergency strikes, knowing what to do is critical. That is why the National Safety Council's First Aid and CPR course is invaluable. The foundation of the course is First Aid and CPR, Fourth Edition. This book is the cornerstone of an integrated training program that combines comprehensive content on first aid and CPR with exciting new features, design, and technology to better support instructors and to prepare students for any emergency Divided into two sections, the program will teach: 1. Students to master necessary skills for the administration of CPR to adults, children, and infants. They will learn how to recognize a life-threatening emergency, how to provide basic life support, what to do in the case of an airway obstruction or choking, and how to use an automated external defibrillator (AED). 2 . Students how to recognize the signs and symptoms of injuries and sudden illness. Crucial information about how to deal with emergencies like shock, burns, strains, strokes, and seizures is shared. Upon successful completion of the course, students will receive nationally recognized First Aid and CPR course completion cards, free of cost. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:4TH 01 Cover: Paperback Publisher:Jones & Bartlett Publishers Year Published: 2001 International: No
View Table of Contents
Part I. Introduction
Chapter 1. Background Information Need for First Aid Training
Value to Self Value to Others Value in Remote Locations What is First Aid? Legal Considerations Consent Refusing Help Abandonment Negligence Confidentiality Good Samaritan Laws Study Questions 1
Chapter 2. Action at an Emergency Bystander Intervention
Ignorance and Helping Behavior Confusion about What is an Emergency Other Factors that Influence Whether a Bystander Helps Quality of Help Provided by Bystanders What Should be Done? Rescuer Reactions Scene Survey How to Call the EMS Disease Precautions Bloodborne Diseases Airborne Diseases Death The Dying Victim The Stages of Grieving Survivors of the Dead Study Questions 2
Part II. Victim Assessment
Chapter 3. The Human Body
The Respiratory System Nose Pharynx and Trachea Lungs Mechanics of Breathing The Circulatory System Heart Blood Vessels Blood The Nervous System Central Nervous System Peripheral Nervous System Autonomic Nervous System The Skeletal System Skull Spinal Column Thorax Pelvis Leg Bones Shoulder Arm Bones Joints Muscular System Skeletal Muscles Smooth Muscles Cardiac Muscles Skin Study Questions 3
Chapter 4. Finding Out What's Wrong : Victim Assessment Victim
Assessment Initial Assessment Skill Scan Initial Assessment Immediate Threats to Life Airway Breathing Circulation Disability Expose the Injury Physical Exam and SAMPLE History Injured Victim Skill Scan Physical Exam: Injury D-O-T-S Suddenly Ill Victim Medical Identification Tags Ongoing Assessment Flowchart Victim Assessment Study Questions 4
Part III. Life-Threatening Emergencies
Chapter 5. Basic Life Support Adult and Child Basic Life Support
Check Responsiveness Activate EMS Position the Unresponsive Victim Open the Airway Check for Breathing Perform Rescue Breathing Mouth-to-Mouth Method Skill Scan Turning Victim Face Up Moving the Victim into Recovery Position Mouth-to-Nose Method Mouth-to-Stoma Method Mouth-to-Barrier Device Perform External Chest Compressions Two-Rescuer CPR Switching Functions Airway Obstruction (Choking) Adult and Child Recognizing Choking Abdominal Thrusts (Heimlich Maneuver) Finger Sweep of the Mouth Conscious Choking Victims Unconscious Choking Victims Infant Basic Life Support Infant Rescue Breathing and CPR Positioning an Unresponsive Infant Opening the Airway Airway Obstruction Infant Study Questions 5
Chapter 6. Bleeding and Shock Bleeding External Bleeding
What to Do Skill Scan Bleeding Control Internal Bleeding What to Look For What to Do Flowchart Bleeding Shock (Hypoperfusion) What to Look For What to Do Flowchart Shock Skill Scan Positioning the Shock Victim Anaphylaxis Common Causes of Anaphylaxis What to Look For What to Do Flowchart Anaphylaxis Study Questions 6
Part IV Injuries
Chapter 7 Wounds
Open Wounds Cleaning a Wound Covering a Wound When to Seek Medical Attention Wound Infection Tetanus Amputations Types of Amputations Flowchart Amputations Blisters Flowchart Blisters Impaled Objects Impaled Object in the Check Impaled Object in the Eye Slivers Cactus Spines Fishhooks Closed Wounds Wounds that Require Medical Attention Sutures (Stitches) Gunshot Wounds Legal Aspects Study Questions 7
Chapter 8. Dressings and Bandages
Dressings Types of Dressings Applying a Sterile Dressing Bandages Types of Bandages Applying a Roller Bandage Skill Scan Bandaging - Roller (self-adhering) Skill Scan Securing Roller Bandages Applying a Triangular Bandage Skill Scan Bandaging-Cravat Study Questions 8
Chapter 9. Burns
Thermal Burns Burn Care Care of First-Degree Burns Care of Second-Degree Burns Care of Large Second-Degree Burns Care of Third-Degree Burns Scald Burns Sunburn Chemical Burns Flowchart Chemical Burns Electrocution Flowchart Electrocution Contact with a Power Line (Outdoors) Contact inside Buildings Study Questions 9
Chapter 10. Head and Spine Injuries
Head Injuries Scalp Wounds Skill Fracture Brain Injuries Eye Injuries Flowchart Head Injuries Flowchart Eye Injuries Ear Injuries Nose Injuries Flowchart Nose Bleeds Dental Injuries Flowchart Dental Injuries Spinal Injuries Flowchart Spinal Injuries Skill Scan Checking for Spinal Cord Injuries Study Questions 10
Chapter 11. Chest, Abdominal, and Pelvis Injuries
Chest Injuries Flowchart Chest Injuries Rib Fractures Flail Chest Impaled Object in Chest Sucking Chest Wounds Abdominal Injuries Flowchart Abdominal Injuries Blow to the Abdomen Penetrating Wound Protruding Organs Pelvis Injuries Study Questions 11
Chapter 12. Bone, Joint, and Muscle Injuries
Fractures Skill Scan Checking an Extremity's CSM Joint Injuries Dislocations Sprains Muscle Injuries Strains Cramps Study Questions 12
Chapter 13. Extremity Injuries Assessment
Types of Injuries First Aid Shoulder Injuries Shoulder Dislocation (Separation) Clavicle Fracture Contusions Tendonitis (Painful Shoulder) Humerus (Upper-Arm) Fracture Elbow Injuries Tennis Elbow Little Leaguer's Elbow Radius and Ulna (Forearm) Fractures Wrist Fractures Hand Injuries Crushed Hands Flowchart Fractures Finger Injuries Hip-Joint Injuries Hip Dislocation Hip Fracture Thigh Injuries Femur (Thighbone) Fracture Charley Horse Muscle Strain Knee Injuries Knee Fracture Knee Dislocation Patella Dislocation Flowchart Muscle Injuries Flowchart Sprains, Contusions, Dislocations Knee Sprain Contusion Lower-Leg Injuries Tibia and Fibula Fractures Contusion Muscle Cramp Shin Splints Ankle and Foot Injuries Flowchart Ankle Injuries RICE Procedure for Bone, Joint, and Muscle Injuries R=Rest I=Ice C=Compression E=Elevation Skill Scan RICE Procedure for an Ankle Study Questions 13 Skill Scan RICE Procedures for an Ankle
Chapter 14. Splinting the Extremities
Types of Splints Splinting Guidelines Slings Arm Slings Splinting Specific Areas Shoulder Humerus (Upper Arm) Elbow Forearm Wrist, Hand, and Fingers Pelvis and Hip Skill Scan Splinting--Upper Extremities Femur (Thigh) Knee Lower Leg Ankle and Foot Skill Scan Splinting -- Knee Skill Scan Splinting -- Lower Extremities Study Questions 14
Types of Poison Ingested (Swallowed) Poison Flowchart Swallowed Poison Alcohol and Drug Emergencies Alcohol Intoxication Drugs Amphetamines and Cocaine Hallucinogens Marijuana Barbiturates Tranquilizers Inhaled Substances Opiates Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, and Poison Sumac Flowchart Poison Ivy, Poison Oak, and Poison Sumac Stinging Nettle Study Questions 16
Chapter 17. Bites and Stings
Animal Bites Rabies Human Bites Types of Human Bites Snakebites Flowchart Snake Bites Pit Viper Bites Flowchart Insect stings Coral Snake Bites Nonpoisonous Snakebites Insect Stings Spider Bites Black Widow Spiders Flowchart Spider Bites and Scorpion Stings Brown Recluse Spiders Tarantulas Common Aggressive House Spider Scorpion Stings Centipede Bites Mosquitoes Embedded Tick Bites Flowchart Removing Ticks Lyme Disease Marine-Animal Injuries Animals that Bite, Rip, or Puncture Barracudas and Eels Animals that Sting Animals that Puncture (by Spine) Flowchart Marine Animal Injuries Study Questions 17
Chapter 18. Cold-Related Emergencies
How Cold Affects the Body Heat Loss from the Body Susceptibility to Cold Injury Effects of Altitude Effects of Water Effects of Wind Effects of Metals and Liquid Fuels Minimizing Effects of Cold on the Body Nonfreezing Cold Injuries Freezing Cold Injuries Hypothermia Flowchart Frostbite Types of Exposure Types of Hypothermia Flowchart Hypothermia Dehydration Study Questions 18
Chapter 19. Heat-Related Emergencies
How the Body Stays Cool Water Loss Electrolyte Loss Effects of Humidity Who is at Risk? Heat Illnesses Heat Cramps Heat Exhaustion Heatstroke Other Heat Illnesses How Hot it Feels Flowchart Heat Related Emergencies Study Questions 19
Part VI. Special Situations
Chapter 20. Childbirth and Gynecologic Emergencies
Predelivery Emergencies Miscarriage Vaginal Bleeding in Late Pregnancy Vaginal Bleeding Caused by Trauma Delivery Stages of Labor Delivery Procedures Vaginal Bleeding Following Delivery Initial Care of the Newborn Postdelivery Care of the Mother Abnormal Deliveries Skill Scan Childbirth Flowchart Childbirth Gynecologic Emergencies Vaginal Bleeding Sexual Assault and Rape Study Questions 20
Chapter 21. Behavioral Emergencies
Depression Suicide Emotional Injury Typical Reactions Aggressive, Hostile, and Violent Behavior Calming a Person Sexual Assault and Rape Child Abuse and Neglect Spouse Abuse Elder Abuse Study Questions 21
Chapter 22. Wilderness First Aid
Cardiac Arrest CPR for Hypothermia Victims CPR for Avalanche Victims CPR for Lightening-Strike Victims Dislocations Shoulder Dislocation Finger Dislocation Patella (Kneecap) Dislocation Spine Injury Assessing a Possible Spine-Injury Victim Stabilizing a Spine Injury Splinting Femur Fractures Avalanche Burial Altitude Sickness Other Altitude Related Illnesses Lightening How Lightening Injures Differences between injuries from Lightening High-Voltage Electricity and from Lightening Causes of Death and Injuries Wild Animal Attacks Wilderness Evacuation When to Evacuate Guidelines for Ground Evacuation Guidelines for Helicopter Evacuation Study Questions 22
Chapter 23. Rescuing and Moving Victims
Victim Rescue Water Rescue Near-Drowning Cold-Water Immersion Ice Rescue Electrical Emergency Rescue Hazardous Materials Incidents Motor Vehicle Accidents Fires Threatening Dogs Farm Animals Confined Spaces Triage: What to Do with Multiple Victims Finding Life-Threatened Victims Moving Victims Emergency Moves Nonemergency Moves Skill Scan Drags Skill Scans One-Person Moves Skill Scans Two/Three-Person Moves Study Questions 23
Appendix A First Aid Supplies Appendix B Medication Information Appendix C Automated External Defibrillators Glossary Index Quick Emergency Guide
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