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French Revolution : A Document Collection

French Revolution : A Document Collection - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0669417807

Cover of French Revolution : A Document Collection 99 (ISBN 978-0669417807)
ISBN13: 978-0669417807
ISBN10: 0669417807
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 99
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Published: 1999
International: No
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French Revolution : A Document Collection - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0669417807

Laura Mason and Tracey Rizzo

ISBN13: 978-0669417807
ISBN10: 0669417807
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 99
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Published: 1999
International: No

Ideal either as a textbook or anthology for courses on the French Revolution or a range of courses in European History, this new volume encompasses the entire chronology of the Revolution, while highlighting the political, cultural, and social diversity of the period. The unique collection includes original documents, translated from French, not found in other college readers, ranging from political pamphlets, police reports, and popular petitions from the countryside to popular literature and pornography from the period. In addition, more commonly anthologized documents include decrees and speeches by legislative bodies and politicians, with strong representation of women, peasants, sans-culottes, counter-revolutionaries, and the freed slaves of Saint Domingue.

  • A unique collection of primary sources from a range of participants and perspectives exposes students first-hand to the impact of the Revolution throughout Europe.
  • No other anthology offers the range of original sources found in The French Revolution.

Author Bio

Mason, Laura : University of Georgia

Rizzo, Tracey : University of North Carolina-Asheville

Table of Contents

I. From Old Regime to Revolution
A. The Pre-Revolution

1. The Parlement of Paris
2. Jacques Necker, Preface to the Report to the King (January 1781)
3. Chevalier de Jaucourt, "Wife," Encyclopedia (1756)
4. J.J. Rousseau, Social Contract
5. Nicolas Toussaint Le Moyne Des Essarts, "The Noailles Affair" (1786)
6. L.S. Mercier, Paris Scenes (1782-1788)

B. From Estates General to National Assembly

7. Letter from the king convoking the Estates General at Versailles for 27 April 1789 (January 24, 1789)
8. Abbé Sièyes, What is the Third Estate?
9. Cahier de Doléances
10. Declaration of the National Assembly (June 17, 1789)
11. The "Tennis Court" Oath (June 20, 1789)
12. Louis XVI at the Royal Session of the Estates General (June 23, 1789)
13. Abbé Sièyes, "After the Royal Session" (June 23, 1789)

C. The Suppression of Feudalism

14. Rural Unrest
15. Duc d'Aiguillon, "Motion concerning individual privileges and feudal and seigneurial rights" (August 4, 1789)

D. The March to Versailles

16. The Debate over the king's veto
17. The woman Cheret, Incident in Paris and in Versailles, by one of the ladies who had the honor to be among the delegation to the General Assembly
18. Testimony of Master Jean-Etienne Gondran and Master Jean-Louis Brousse des Faucherets, Criminal Hearing held at the Chtelet of Paris, concerning the denunciation of incidents taking place at Versailles on the day of 6 October 1789 (1790)

II. From Liberal to Republican Revolution (1789-1792)
A. Legislating an Enlightened Regime

19. "Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen" (August 26, 1789)
20. Debate between Mirabeau, St.-Etienne, et al. concerning religious freedom for protestants (August 23, 1789)
21. Petition from the Jews... to the National Assembly (January 28, 1790)
22. Debate in the National Assembly concerning grant of rights to free blacks and mulattos(May 16-17, 1791)
23. Olympe de Gouges, "Declaration of the Rights of Woman" (September 1791)
24. Maximilien Robespierre, "On the Abolition of the Punishment of Death," (May 1791)
25. I.R.G. Le Chapelier, speech and motion to abolish corporations (June 1791)
26. "Insurrection of the Blacks in our Colonies" Révolutions de Paris, (Oct. 29-Nov. 5, 1791)
27. Pierre Franois Gossin, Report & Decree on the transferral of Voltaire's remains to Saint-Geneviève (1791)

B. Revolution in the Countryside

28. The continuing contest over seigneurial rights
29. Inhabitants of Roscoff, bishopric of Saint Pol de Léon, to National Assembly concerning high bread prices and poor circulation of grain (January 1790)
30. "Observations on the dialect and mores of the people of the countryside in the department of Lot-et-Garonne," by the Friends of the Constitution in Agen (1791)

C. New Tensions

31. Tours: conflict between members of local Society of the Friends of the Constitution and members of the Municipal Corps, with accusations of pandering to aristocracy and priests (November 1790)
32. The Civil Constitution of the Clergy
33. "Declaration from the King, addressed to All the French upon his departure from Paris" (1791)
34. Anonymous, "The Queen's Farewells to her Darlings of Both Sexes" (1792)

D. War and a New Revolution

35. Manon Roland on the meetings of the Brissotins in her home, from Memoirs
36. The debate over the declaration of war
37. Lyrics of the "Marseillaise," with newspaper accounts of its performance (August 1792)
38. Petition to the National Assembly by a deputation of citizens from the 48 sections, asking that the King be deposed (3 August 1792) & Decree of the National Assembly (August 10, 1792)
39. Account of the September massacres in Révolutions de Paris, n 165 (September 1-8, 1792)
40. Speeches on the trial of the king

III. The Republican Crisis (1793-1795)
A. Popular Movements

41. Definition of the sans-culottes, the moderate, and the aristocrat (April-May 1793)
42. The Sans-Culottes Section to the National Convention concerning prices (September 2, 1793)
43. Marat, "Means to ward off danger and remedy the ills of the fatherland," The People's Friend, n 244
44. J.R. Hébert, "Father Duchesne's great anger against the rich who want to starve the people by hoarding grain and goods," Father Duchesne #273
45. "Petition from the Revolutionary Republican Women to the National Convention on the Leadership of the Armies and the Law of Suspects," (August 1793)
46. Toussaint L'Ouverture
47. Anonymous, "Freedom of the Negroes" (1794)

B. Opposition from within the Republic

48. Letter on the causes of the insurrection of the blacks in Saint Domingue (1793) from My Odyssey: Experiences of a Young Refugee from Two Revolutions, by a young Creole of Saint Domingue.
49. Address from the provisional municipality of Lyons to the National Convention (1793)
50. Letters and memoirs concerning the Vendée

C. Legislating the Terror

51. The Constitution of 1793
52. Business of the National Convention, instituting the Terror (5 September 1793)
53. Law on Suspects (September 17, 1793)
54. The National Convention outlaws Women's Clubs and Popular Societies (October 30, 1793)
55. Danton "Concerning arbitrary measures and arrests," (January 23, 1794)
56. Bertrand Barère, on behalf of the Committee of Public Safety, "Report to the National Convention on the Maximum" (February 22, 1794)
57. Saint-Just, "Report of the Committees of Public Safety and General Security... 8 ventôse year II" (February 26, 1794)
58. Law of 22 prairial an II, abolishing suspects' rights to self-defense & eliminating deputies' immunity (June 10, 1794)

D. Revolution in Society and Culture

59. Anonymous, "Reflections of a Good Citizen in Favor of Divorce" (nd/1789?)
60. Decree Regulating Divorce (September 20, 1792)
61. Lebrun, "Republican Ode to the French people on the Supreme Being" (1793)
62. Anonymous, "Bloody Combat Between Sunday and the Décadi" (nd)
63. Robespierre, "Report on the Principles of Political Morality" (February 5, 1794)

E. The Thermidoran Reaction

64. J.L. Tallien to the National Convention, on the "system of the Terror" (August 28, 1794)
65. P. Gaveaux and J.M. Sourigures, "The Alarm of the People" (1795)
66. Business of the National Convention during the Prairial uprising (May 20-23, 1795)
67. "Declaration of Verona" (June 24, 1795)
68. Nicolas Toussaint Le Moyne Des Essarts, "Introduction" to Famous Trials Judged since the Revolution (1796), and "Introduction" to The Life and Crimes of Robespierre and his Principal Accomplices (1797)

IV. Directory and Consulate (1795-1803)
A. Orchestrating Politics from Above

69. Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Citizens (August 22, 1795)
70. Preliminary discussion and "Law against provocations to the dissolution of republican government" (April 1796)
71. Council of the Five Hundred decrees the closure of all political clubs (July 24-25, 1797)
72. Proclamation of the Directory to the French People (September 9, 1797)

B. Dissenters and Opponents

73. Babeuf, The "Plebeians' Manifesto"
74. Marc-Antoine Jullien, Some advice to the cisalpine patriots (nd/1797?)
75. Old Enemies
76. "On the True Cause of the Revolution" by a citizen of the department of the Midi, "law-abiding but loyal to the religion of his fathers and a friend of truth" (1797)
77. Police reports on conversations in bars and cafÚs (1796-1799)

C. Cultural Life

78. Religion & Freedom of conscience: Letter from Commune of Loudun (Vienne) concerning refractory priests (February 23, 1797); Letter from the commissioner in Krignac (Morbihan) concerning local religious practices (February 27, 1797); Letter from the commissioner in Maguy (Calvados) concerning religious processions (July 11, 1797)
79. Journal of the Muses
80. The Philosophical Décade

D. Napoleon Closes the Revolution

81. Bonaparte's Statement upon Becoming Consul (November 10, 1799)
82. The Imperial Religious Settlement
83. The French Civil Code, 1803-1804
84. Napoleon's policies towards Saint-Domingue (1799-1802)