Comprehensive new presentation of basic polymer science
Coverage ranges from synthesis and structure to thermal, solution and mechanical properties, with separate chapters on characterization of chain microstructure and molecular weight
This is a new, basic introduction to polymer science. It is both comprehensive and readable. The authors are leading educators in this field with extensiv...show moree backgrounds in industrial and academic polymer research. The text starts with a description of the types of microstructures found in polymer materials. This provides an understanding of some of the key features of the various mechanisms of homopolymerization and copolymerization which are discussed in following chapters. Also discussed in these chapters are the kinetics and statistics of polymerization, with a separate chapter on the characterization of chain structure by spectroscopic methods. The next part of the text deals with chain conformation, structure and morphology, leading to a discussion of crystallization, melting and glass transition. The discussion then moves from solid state to solution properties where solution thermodynamics is introduced. This provides the basis for discussion of the measurement of molecular weight by various solution methods.
The final chapter deals with mechanical and rheological properties which are discussed from a phenomenological continuum approach and then in terms of a fundamental molecular perspective. Altogether, this new text provides a comprehensive, readable introduction to and overview of polymer science. It is well illustrated with schematics prepared for this text to help in the understanding of key concepts. It will provide a basic understanding of today's polymer science for technical and engineering personnel not already familiar with the subject, and a convenient update and overview for materials scientists. "This is, quite simply, the best . . . textbook on polymer science I have ever read. Why such strong praise? Because the writing style is colloquial . . . and the whole book screams of the authors' tremendous enthusiasm for the subject. . . . The authors are clearly experienced teachers. . ." --Chemistry in Britain (The Royal Society of Chemistry) ...show lessEdition/Copyright: 2ND 97 Cover: Hardback Publisher: Technomic Publishing Co., Inc. Published: 04/30/1998
View Author Bio
Coleman, Michael M. : Pennsylvania State University Main Campus
Michael M. Coleman, Ph.D., brings to this new text his extensive experience in industrial and academic polymer research. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. in Macromolecular Science from Case Western Reserve University. His industrial R&D experience includes work with E. I. du Pont de Nemours Co. He is the author or co-author of more than 130 published technical papers, the book, Theory of Vibrational Spectroscopy and Its Application to Polymeric Materials, the book/software package, Specific Interactions and the Miscibility of Polymer Blends, and a chapter in the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering. He is presently Professor of Polymer Science at The Pennsylvania State University.
Painter, Paul C. : Pennsylvania State University Main Campus
Paul C. Painter, Ph.D., received his doctorate in Macromolecular Science from Case Western Reserve University. He is now Professor of Polymer Science at The Pennsylvania State University. He is the author or co-author of more than 100 articles as well as the chapter on "Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy" in the Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Engineering, the book, Theory of Vibrational Spectroscopy and Its Application to Polymeric Materials, and the book/software package Specific Interactions and the Miscibility of Polymer Blends.
View Table of Contents
Each chapter ends with Suggestions for Further Reading.
1. The Nature of Polymeric Materials
What Are Polymers-What is Polymer Science? Some Basic Definitions-The Elements of Polymer Microstructure Molecular Weight-Some Initial Observations Appendix: Chemical Structures of Some Common Polymers
2. Polymer Synthesis
Introduction Step-Growth Polymerization Chain or Addition Polymerization Polymerization Processes
3. Kinetics of Step-Growth and Addition Polymerization
Introduction The Kinetics of Step-Growth Polymerization Kinetics of Free Radical Polymerization
4. Statistics of Step-Growth Polymerization
Introduction The Statistics of Linear Polycondensation Molecular Weight Distribution in Linear Condensation Polymers Multichain Condensation Polymers The Theory of Gelation Random Branching without Network Formation
General Overview The Copolymer Equation Reactivity Ratios and Copolymer Composition Copolymer Sequence Distribution and the Application of Probability Theory
6. Spectroscopy and the Characterization of Chain Structure
Introduction Fundamentals of Spectroscopy Basic Infrared Spectroscopy Characterization of Polymers by Infrared Spectroscopy Basic NMR Spectroscopy Characterization of Polymers by NMR Spectroscopy
Introduction States of Matter and Bonding in Polymer Materials The Conformations or Configurations of Polymer Chains Random Walks, Random Flights and Disordered Polymer Chains Polymer Morphology A Brief Comment on Size
8. Crystallization, Melting and the Glass Transition
Overview and General Approach Some Fundamentals Some Equilibrium Considerations The Kinetics of Polymer Crystallization The Crystalline Melting Temperature The Glass Transition Temperature
9. Thermodynamics of Polymer Solutions and Blends
Introduction The Free Energy of Mixing The Phase Behavior of Polymer Solutions and Blends Dilute Solutions, Excluded Volume and the Theta Temperature
10. Molecular Weight and Branching
Introduction Osmotic Pressure and the Determination of Weight Average Molecular Weight Solution Viscometry and the Viscosity Average Molecular Weight Size Exclusion (or Gel Permeation) Chromatography SEC and the Determination of Long Chain Branching
11. Mechanical and Rheological Properties
Introduction and Overview A Brief Review of Some Fundamentals Stress-Strain Behavior The Viscosity of Polymer Melts Viscoelasticity The Molecular Basis of Mechanical Behavior Failure
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