Summary: A long-standing bestseller, Grassroots remains the preeminent worktext for developmental writers. With its excellent writing instruction, well-crafted and paced exercises, and engaging writing activities, Grassroots has taught several generations of students how to write correct sentences and effective paragraphs.
The new 4-color Eighth Edition is completely updated, with mixed-error proofreading practice; more critical thinking; practices with topics of in...show moreterest to students such as Wyclef Jean, online dating, Habitat for Humanity, and job-search techniques; a revised first chapter that concentrates on writing as a job-skill; more humor; new instructor tips; and new online technology. Grassroots also comes with WriteSpace, an online writing program and course management system, which motivates students with carefully developed writing modules and exercises, innovative writing assignments, and online tutoring.
New! A four-color design and additional color images--all arising from the book's content--enhance the pedagogical goals of Grassroots. The photos, ads, cartoons and paintings were chosen to engage students and prompt them to pause, think more deeply, and connect with a passage they have just read. For example, a photo of Frank Gehry's Disney Concert Hall lets students see why the adjacent paragraph claims his buildings are unique. Other images include a giant Galapagos tortoise, Tony Hawk in flight, a public service ad from Adbusters, Butterfly Hill in the redwood she saved, Aaron McGruder and his Boondocks characters, Lady Cowdiva from the Cow Parade, a painting by Carmen Lomos Garza, and many more.
New! Chapter 30, "Putting Your Proofreading Skills to Work," provides a number of high-interest paragraphs and essays for proofreading, each containing a random mix of errors. This chapter works well for grammar review, proofreading practice, or assessment.
New! A focus on critical thinking means a bit less first-person narrative, and more third-person models and assignments. Provocative practice content and humor, linked web activities, photographs, and more collaborative thinking and writing assignments all foster college-level thinking skills.
New! Updated high-interest models and practices keep students interested as they practice grammar skills, promoting cultural literacy, sparking discussion, and modeling good writing and rhetorical modes. Topics new to this edition include activist rapper Wyclef Jean, tornado chasers, Latina crossover stars, police artist Jeanne Boylan, advertising in high schools, rude cell phone users, job-search techniques, Habitat for Humanity, Surgeon General Richard Carmona, surfer Lisa Anderson, robotics genius Dean Kamen, online dating, and gratitude research.
Chapter 1 has been revised to focus on writing as a job skill, and is now more engaging for students, with an advertisement to analyze and more emphasis on writing and success.
New! Exploring Online features throughout the text provide links to online resources for further study, practice, or discovery. For example, one or more top OWL (online writing lab) sites conclude every chapter. In addition, Web sites follow selected practices and readings, on topics like Television Turnoff Week, goal setting, Barbie and body image, and the paintings of Jacob Lawrence.
Unit 9 has been extensively updated with nine contemporary readings on a broad range of topics, based on suggestions from instructors and students. New are Rutgers University student Lauren Mehler's suggestions on choosing a career path, Dave Barry on SUVs, Ana Veciana Suarez on lottery dreams and work, Julia Alvarez on learning English, Leonard Pitts on the dark side of the Internet, Jack Riemer on an unforgettable concert, Norman Lobsenz on the value of childhood memories, and Firoozeh Dumas on her family's wacky immigrant experiences. Colman McCarthy's brief article on ways to address "peace illiteracy," with sample student annotations, now introduces the unit.
New! Updated selections feature a more humorous bent, including classified-ad bloopers, an article on the Great American Mutt Show, and Adam Gopnik on his daughter's imaginary playmate who is always too busy to play. In addition, Grassroots now contains several New Yorker and Dilbert cartoons.
Susan Fawcett reviews every single example, model, exercise and reading to make sure that it is crystal clear, interesting, and relevant. This careful attention to detail is what helps to make this a best-seller.
A long-standing bestseller, Grassroots remains the preeminent worktext for developmental writers. With its excellent guidance, exercises, and writing activities, hundreds of thousands of students have learned how to write correct sentences and effective paragraphs.
Fawcett was the first to incorporate critical thinking into developmental English texts, and it's still a major component of every chapter.
"Looking at a Paragraph from Start to Finish" helps students understand the recursive nature of writing.
The appendix for ESL students includes both guidelines for ESL students and practice exercises.
Writer's Workshop activities at the end of each unit feature a sample student paragraph or essay followed by discussion, peer-editing questions, and writing and revising assignments. These workshops reinforce grammar and sentence skills in context and highlight the writing process.
Collaborative writing and revising tasks conclude every grammar chapter, and Chapter 3 includes instruction on peer editing plus a helpful Peer Feedback Sheet. The Writer's Workshops also offer peer editing exercises.
Note: Each Unit ends with Writing Assignments and a Review, and each chapter includes Chapter Highlights.
I. Writing Forceful Paragraphs
1. Exploring the Writing Process Part A. The Writing Process Part B. Subject, Audience, and Purpose Part C. Guidelines for Submitting Written Work
2. Prewriting to Generate Ideas Part A. Freewriting Part B. Brainstorming Part C. Clustering Part D. Keeping a Journal
3. Developing Effective Paragraphs Part A. Defining the Paragraph and the Topic Sentence Part B. Narrowing the Topic and Writing the Topic Sentence Part C. Generating Ideas for the Body of the Paragraph Part D. Selecting and Dropping Ideas Part E. Arranging Ideas in a Plan or Outline Part F. Writing and Revising the Paragraph Part G. Writing the Final Draft
4. Improving Your Paragraphs Part A. More Work on Support: Examples Part B. More Work on Arranging Ideas: Coherence Part C. More Work on Revising: Exact and Concise Language Part D. Turning Assignments into Paragraphs
5. Moving from Paragraph to Essay Part A. Defining the Essay and the Thesis Statement Part B. The Process of Writing an Essay Writers' Workshop: Discuss Your Name
II. Writing Complete Sentences
6. Subjects and Verbs Part A. Defining and Spotting Subjects Part B. Spotting Singular and Plural Subjects Part C. Spotting Prepositional Phrases Part D. Defining and Spotting Action Verbs Part E. Defining and Spotting Linking Verbs Part F. Spotting Verbs of More Than One Word Writing Assignments Chapter Review
7. Avoiding Sentence Fragments Part A. Writing Sentences with Subjects and Verbs Part B. Writing Sentences with Complete Verbs Part C. Completing the Thought Writing Assignments Chapter Review Writers' Workshop: Discuss an Event That Influenced You
III. Using Verbs Effectively
8. Present Tense (Agreement) Part A. Defining Agreement Part B. Troublesome Verb in the Present Tense: TO BE Part C. Troublesome Verb in the Present Tense: TO HAVE Part D. Troublesome Verb in the Present Tense: TO DO (+ NOT) Part E. Changing Subjects to Pronouns Part F. Practice in Agreement Part G. Special Problems in Agreement Writing Assignments Chapter Review
9. Past Tense Part A. Regular Verbs in the Past Tense Part B. Irregular Verbs in the Past Tense Part C. Troublesome Verb in the Past Tense: TO BE Part D. Review Writing Assignments Chapter Review
10. The Past Participle in Action Part A. Defining the Past Participle Part B. Past Participles of Regular Verbs Part C. Past Participles of Irregular Verbs Part D. Using the Present Perfect Tense Part E. Using the Past Perfect Tense Part F. Using the Passive Voice Part G. Using Past Participles as Adjectives Writing Assignments Chapter Review
11. Progressive Tenses (TO BE + -ING VERB FORM) Part A. Defining and Writing the Present Progressive Tense Part B. Defining and Writing the Past Progressive Tense Part C. Using the Progressive Tenses Part D. Avoiding Incomplete Progressives Writing Assignments Chapter Review
12. Fixed-Form Helping Verbs and Verb Problems Part A. Defining and Spotting the Fixed-Form Helping Verbs Part B. Using the Fixed-Form Helping Verbs Part C. Using CAN and COULD Part D. Using WILL and WOULD Part E. Writing Infinitives Part F. Revising Double Negatives Writing Assignments Chapter Review Writers' Workshop: Tell a Lively Story
14. Subordination Part A. Defining and Using Subordinating Conjunctions Part B. Punctuating Subordinating Conjunctions Writing Assignment Chapter Review
15. Avoiding Run-Ons and Comma Slices Writing Assignment Chapter Review
16. Semicolons and Conjunctive Adverbs Part A. Defining and Using Semicolons Part B. Defining and Using Conjunctive Adverbs Part C. Punctuating Conjunctive Adverbs Writing Assignment Chapter Review
17. Relative Pronouns Part A. Defining and Using Relative Pronouns Part B. Punctuating Ideas Introduced by WHO, WHICH, and THAT Writing Assignment Chapter Review
18. -ING Modifiers Part A. Using -ING Modifiers Part B. Avoiding Confusing Modifiers Writing Assignment Chapter Review Writers' Workshop: Describe a Detour off the Main Highway
V. Choosing the Right Noun, Pronoun, Adjective, Adverb, or Preposition
19. Nouns Part A. Defining Singular and Plural Part B. Signal Words: Singular and Plural Part C. Signal Words with OF Writing Assignment Chapter Review
20. Pronouns Part A. Defining Pronouns and Antecedents Part B. Referring to Indefinite Pronouns Part C. Referring to Collective Nouns Part D. Referring to Special Singular Constructions Part E. Avoiding Vague and Repetitious Pronouns Part F. Using Pronouns as Subjects, Objects, and Possessives Part G. Choosing the Correct Case after AND or OR Part H. Choosing the Correct Case in Comparisons Part I. Using Pronouns with -SELF and -SELVES Writing Assignment Chapter Review
21. Adjectives and Adverbs Part A. Defining and Writing Adjectives and Adverbs Part B. A Troublesome Pair: GOOD/WELL Part C. Writing Comparatives Part D. Writing Superlatives Part E. Troublesome Comparatives and Superlatives Part F. Demonstrative Adjectives: THIS/THAT and THESE/THOSE Writing Assignment Chapter Review
22. Prepositions Part A. Defining Prepositions and Working with Prepositional Phrases Part B. Prepositions in Common Expressions Writing Assignment Chapter Review Writers' Workshop: Tell How Someone Changed Your Life
27. Commas Part A Commas after Items in a Series Part B Commas after Introductory Phrases Part C Commas for Direct Address Part D Commas to Set Off Appositives Part E Commas for Parenthetical Expressions Part F Commas for Dates Part G Commas for Addresses Part H Commas for Coordination and Subordination Writing Assignment Chapter Review
28. Apostrophes Part A. Using the Apostrophe for Contractions Part B. Defining the Possessive Part C. Using the Apostrophe to Show Possession (in Words That Do Not Already End in -S) Part D. Using the Apostrophe to Show Possession (in Words That Already end in -S) Writing Assignment Chapter Review
29. Direct and Indirect Quotations Part A. Defining Direct and Indirect Quotations Part B. Punctuating Simple Direct Quotations Part C. Punctuating Split Quotations Part D. Ending Direct Quotations Writing Assignment Chapter Review Writers' Workshop: Explain a Cause or an Effect
30. Putting Your Practical Skills to Work
VIII. Improving Your Spelling
31. Spelling Part A. Suggestions for Improving Your Spelling Part B. Computer Spell Checkers Part C. Spotting Vowels and Consonants Part D. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of One Syllable) Part E. Doubling the Final Consonant (in Words of More Than One Syllable) Part F. Dropping or Keeping the Final E Part G. Dropping or Keeping the Final Y Part H. Choosing IE or EI Part I. Commonly Misspelled Words Writing Assignment Chapter Review
IX. Reading Selections and Quotation Bank (In Grassroots w/ Readings ONLY)
Reading Selections Effective Reading: Strategies for the Writer Colman McCarthy, Needed: Peace Literacy Rosa Parks, Montgomery, Alabama, 1955 Leonard Pitts, Jr., Just One More Daniel Meier, One Man's Kids Ana Veciana-Suarez, For a Parent, There's No Language Dilemma Leo Buscaglia, Papa, the Teacher Julia Alvarez, Yolanda Courtland Milloy, The Gift Malcolm X, A Homemade Education Maya Angelou, Mrs. Flowers Anna Quindlen, Barbie at 35 Dave Barry, Sports Nuts Amy Tan, Four Directions Shoba Narayan, In This Arranged Marriage, Love Came Later Liza Gross, The Hidden Life of Bottled Water Daniel Goleman, Emotional Intelligence Diane Sawyer, Three Questions Jack Rieme, Playing a Violin with Three Strings Norman M. Lobsenz, The Importance of Childhood Memories
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