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Human Mosaic : A Thematic Introduction to Cultural Geography

Human Mosaic : A Thematic Introduction to Cultural Geography - 9th edition

ISBN13: 978-0716739067

Cover of Human Mosaic : A Thematic Introduction to Cultural Geography 9TH 03 (ISBN 978-0716739067)
ISBN13: 978-0716739067
ISBN10: 0716739062
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 9TH 03
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
Published: 2003
International: No

List price: $131.50

Human Mosaic : A Thematic Introduction to Cultural Geography - 9TH 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716739067

Terry G. Jordan-Bychkov and Mona Domosh

ISBN13: 978-0716739067
ISBN10: 0716739062
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 9TH 03
Publisher: W.H. Freeman

Published: 2003
International: No

This authoritative text portrays the cultural geography of the world today. Organized according to a unique thematic framework, it encourages students to consider a wide range of topics and view them from five different perspectives.

Thematic Approach
The five themes of The Human Mosaic--culture region, cultural diffusion, cultural ecology, cultural interaction, and cultural landscape--are introduced and explained in the first chapter and serve as the framework for the topical chapters that follow. Each theme is applied to a variety of geographical topics: demography, agriculture, the city, religion, language, ethnicity, politics, industry, folk and popular culture. Through this thematic organization, students are able to relate to the most important aspects of cultural geography at every point in the text.

Features :

  • Authoritative presentation and innovative pedagogy distinguish The Human Mosaic among geography textbooks:
  • Authoritative Author Team. Written by two of geography's most respected scholars, The Human Mosaic thoughtfully introduces students to human geography by presenting the latest research and carefully examining the complexities and nuances of individual cultures.
  • Engaging Writing Style. The authors' skillful use of descriptive language grabs students' attention and help them develop a sense of what makes individual cultures distinct and unique.
  • Trusted Map and Photo Program. Time-tested, beautifully crafted maps impart geographic data clearly and simply, giving students the chance to develop their skill at analyzing spatial data. In most cases, the accompanying figure captions contain questions prompting students to think more deeply about the subject matter. Thus the maps and photos serve as vital parts of the learning process.
  • Reflecting on Geography Questions. Throughout each the chapter, students encounter questions asking them to reflect on issues with which geographers grapple. These questions are intended to help students apply what they have just learned to real world situations and to help develop critical thinking skills.
  • Focus On Boxes. Appearing two or three times per chapter, these boxed readings present illustrative examples or highlight studies that students will find interesting.
  • Geography Profiles. Interspersed throughout the text, these profiles present biographical sketches of famous and important contributors to cultural geography, such as Carl Ritter and Ellen Churchill Semple.

New to this Edition :

  • New "Seeing Geography" Essay

    Each chapter now opens with a photograph or a map illustrating the five themes used throughout the text. Each thematic photo or map is revisited at the end of the chapter in an analytical essay titled "Seeing Geography." The "Seeing Geography" essay prompts students to analyze photographs the same ways they analyze maps-through the unique geographical lenses of the five themes. See annotated table of contents below for maps/photos for each essay.

  • New Chapters

    Chapter 12, One World or Many? The Cultural Geography of the Future
    This entirely new chapter is devoted to examining globalization and its impact on cultures around the world. The authors question current assumptions about globalization and in the process uncover many of the pros and cons associated with this international force. In addition, coverage of globalization has been incorporated in every chapter.

  • Chapter 2, Parallel Worlds: Two Types of Culture

    Formerly two separate chapters (7 and 8), the authors have merged and streamlined the topics of folk and popular cultures, introducing them earlier in the text. The newly abridged treatment contrasts these fundamentally different ways of life.

Reorganized Table of Contents
In the Ninth Edition, the authors have reordered chapters to create a more logical flow of topics. The new organization makes the concepts and connections between chapters more relevant to the chapters that succeed them:
NEW! Chapter 2, Parallel Worlds: Two Types of Culture (formerly chapters 7 and 8). By combining coverage of folk and popular cultures and covering the material early, the book introduces students to important geographic concepts they will apply throughout the remaining chapters.
Chapter 3, The Geography of Religion: Spaces and Places of Faith (formerly chapter 6) has been moved up to highlight current events involving religious conflict and to prepare students for subsequent chapters on ethnicity and politics.
Chapter 5, Ethnic Geography: Homelands and Ghettos (formerly chapter 9) now follows the chapters on religion and language (now chapter 4), two topics that form much of the bases for understanding ethnicity.
Chapter 6, Political Geography: A Divided World (formerly chapter 4) now follows coverage of religion, language, and ethnicity, so students will be familiar with these essential contexts before encountering the complexities of geopolitics.
Chapter 7, Geodemography: Peopling the Earth (formerly chapter 2) now leads into Chapter 8, Agricultural Geography: Food from the Good Earth (formerly chapter 3), and Chapter 9, Industries: A Faustian Bargain (formerly chapter 12). This prepares students to confront issues such as feeding the world's population and how people from different cultures sustain their livelihoods in the context of demographic concepts.
NEW! Chapter 12, One World or Many? The Cultural Geography of the Future, with its focus on globalization, provides a fitting and provocative capstone for the text.
See the annotated table of contents below for more details about updated coverage in the new edition.

Revised Map Program
To accommodate the changes of a world in flux, the authoritative map program retains its characteristic elegance and clarity while conferring the latest geographic information.

Recommended Readings and Relevant Journals lists
Each chapter concludes with an annotated lists of 10 carefully selected recommended books, offering students the opportunity to explore in more depth topics that are of interest to them. Some chapters also include a annotated list of relevant journals.

Author Bio

Jordan-Bychkov, Terry G. : University of Texas at Austin

Domosh, Mona : Dartmouth College

Table of Contents

1. Cultural Geography: Science of Art?
New "Globalization" section!
"Humans as Modifiers of the Earth" section delivers expanded coverage of the developing concept of ecofeminism.
For the purposes of clarity, the theme of "Cultural Integration" has been renamed "Cultural Interaction." The theme of Cultural interaction permits students to view culture as an interrelated whole, in which one facet acts on and is acted on by other facets, a key to understanding our complicated world.
New! Seeing Geography: Old Map of Eastern Europe

What Is Cultural Geography?
Themes in Cultural Geography
Culture Region
Formal Culture Regions
Functional Culture Regions
Vernacular Culture Regions
Cultural Diffusion
Types of Diffusion
Globalization--This subsection is new and reflects the authors' views as globalization skeptics.
Cultural Ecology
Environmental Determinism
Environmental Perception
Humans as Modifiers of the Earth--includes more coverage of the developing concept of ecofeminism.
Cultural Interaction--This theme has been renamed "interaction" to highlight the mix of cultures.
Social Science
Humanistic Geography
Cultural Landscape
Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Cultural Geography--new feature
Major Relevant Journals--new feature

2. Parallel Worlds: Two Types of Culture
Formerly Chapters 7 & 8-earlier positioning and combining of content emphasizes the effects of popular culture on modern life and folk culture, as well as presents these two topics in greater contrast.
Consolidated and streamlined "Folk and Popular Cultural Ecology" and "Cultural Interaction in Folk and Popular Geography" sections.
"Placelessness" is explored as a concept as it relates to globalization and the decline of folk cultures.
"Landscapes of Tragedy" section has been renamed "Shadowed Ground," and covers the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
New! Seeing Geography: American Fathers and Daugthers

Folk and Popular Culture Regions
Material Folk Culture Regions
Folklore Regions
Placelessness?--"Placelessness" is a now highlighted by its early position, and the subsection explores a concept related to globalization and the decline of folk cultures.
Food and Drink
Popular Music
Vernacular Culture Regions
Diffusion of Folk and Popular Culture
Agricultural Fairs
Blowguns: Diffusion or Independent Invention?
Diffusion in Popular Culture
Communications Barriers
Diffusion of the Rodeo

Folk and Popular Cultural Ecology--Section especially notable in consolidating and streamlining theme from 8e.
Folk Ecology
Ecology of Popular Culture
Cultural Interaction in Folk and Popular Geography--Section especially notable in consolidating and streamlining theme from 8e.
Mapping Personal Preference
Place Images

Folk and Popular Cultural Landscapes
Folk Architecture
Folk Housing in North America
Landscapes of Popular Culture
Leisure Landscapes
Elitist Landscapes
Shadowed Ground--Formerly called "Landscapes of Tragedy," subsection now mentions the terrorist attacks on the WTC on September 11, 2001.
The American Scene

Conclusion--Rewritten to reflect the consolidation of topics in the chapter.
Folk and Popular Culture on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Folk and Popular Cultural Geography--new feature
Relevant Journals in Folk and Popular Cultural Geography--new feature

3. The Geography of Religion: Spaces and Places of Faith
Formerly Chapter 6-earlier positioning emphasizes the current prominence of religion in geopolitical affairs.
New "Focus On" essay, "Russians Love Dandelions," shows the text's range of information, high-quality writing, and true feel for "culture."
"World War III" section puts into context the conflicts between Muslims and non-Muslims over the last fifty years and the significance of those conflicts today.
"Ecotheology" section highlights new ideas about the convergence of ecology with theology.
New! Seeing Geography: Mosque in Pakistan

Religious Culture Regions
Sacred Space

Religious Diffusion
The Semitic Religious Hearth
The Indus-Ganges Hearth
Barriers and Time-Distance Decay
Religion and Globalization
World War III--Subsection that puts conflicts between Muslims and non-Muslims over the last fifty years in context.

Religious Ecology
Appeasing the Forces of Nature
The Environment and Monotheism
Ecotheology--highlights new ideas about a convergence of ecology and theology.
Godliness and Greenness
Religion and Environmental Perception

Cultural Interaction in Religion
Religion and Economy
Religious Pilgrimage
Religion and Political Geography

Religious Landscapes
Religious Structures
Landscapes of the Dead
Religious Names on the Land

Geography of Religion on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Cultural Geography--new feature

4. Geolinguistics: A Babel of Tongues
Formerly Chapter 5
New section "Language and Empire" discusses colonialism, the language of conquerors, and the lingering effects of those matters in today's world.
New! Seeing Geography: Street in Hong Kong, China

Linguistic Culture Regions
Language Families
English Dialects in the United States

Linguistic Diffusion
Indo-European Diffusion
Austronesian Diffusion
Searching for the Primordial Tongue
Linguistic Globalization

Linguistic Ecology
Habitat and Vocabulary
The Habitat Provides Refuge
The Habitat Guides Migration

Culturo-Linguistic Interaction
Technology and Linguistic Dominance
Language and Empire--New subsection on colonialism, the conquerors' languages, and the lingering effects.
The Social Morale Model
The Economic Development Model
Language and Religion

Linguistic Landscapes
Generic Toponyms of the United States
Toponyms and Cultures of the Past
Toponyms and Environmental Modification

Linguistic Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Geolinguistics--new feature
A Journal of Relevance--new feature

5. Ethnic Geography: Homelands and Ghettos
Formerly Chapter 9-earlier positioning stresses the new prominence on the discussion of multiculturalism within the United States, and the general rise of regionalism and nationalism throughout much of the world over the last two decades.
New! Seeing Geography: American Restaurant Neon Signs

Ethnic Regions
Ethnic Homelands and Islands
Ethnic Neighborhoods and Ghettos
Recent Ethnic Migrants
Ethnic Mix and National Character

Cultural Diffusion and Ethnicity
Migration and Ethnicity
Simplification and Isolation

Ethnic Ecology
Cultural Preadaptation
Ethnic Environmental Perception

Ethnic Cultural Interaction
The Cultural Role in Ethnogenesis
Ethnicity and Business Activity
Ethnicity and Type of Employment
Ethnicity and Farming Practices
Ethnicity and Globalization

Ethnic Landscapes
Finnish Landscapes in America
Ethnic Settlement Patterns
Urban Ethnic Landscapes

Ethnic Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Ethnic Geography--new feature

6. Political Geography: A Divided World
Formerly Chapter 4
New topics on developing concepts have been added: "Electoral Geographical Regions," "Political Ecology Narrowly Defined," "The Corruption Index," and "Islamic Law."
New! Seeing Geography: Israel/Gaza Strip Border

Political Culture Regions
Independent Countries
Supranational Political Bodies
Political Globalization
Electoral Geographical Regions
Functional Electoral Regions

Political Diffusion
Country Building as Diffusion
Diffusion of Independence and Innovations
Politics and Migration

Political Ecology
Folk Fortresses
The Heartland Theory
Heartland Versus Rimland Today
Warfare and Environmental Destruction
Political Ecology Narrowly Defined

Politico-Cultural Interaction
The Nation-State
The Multinational Country
Ethnic Separatism
The Cleavage Model
An Example: The Sakha Republic
Political Imprint on Economic Geography
The Corruption Index
Islamic Law

Political Landscapes
Imprint of the Legal Code
Physical Properties of Boundaries
The Impress of Central Authority
National Iconography on the Landscape

Political Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Political Geography--new feature
A Political-Geographical Journal--new feature

7. Geodemography: Peopling the Earth
Formerly Chapter 2-Repositioned so the chapter can provide a direct lead-in to coverage of agriculture and industry.
Chapter 7 contains many updated maps and new art to show the newest population figures and trends.
"Or Population Implosion?" is a timely section covering the new data that some countries have achieved zero or below-zero population growth.
New! Seeing Geography: Street in Kolkata, India

Demographic Regions
Population Distribution and Density
Patterns of Natality
The Geography of Mortality
Population Explosion
Or Population Implosion?--Subsection on a "hot" topic now that some countries have achieved zero population growth--or have even dipped below replacement level.
Demographic Transformation
Age Distributions
Geography of Gender
Standard of Living

Diffusion of Population Geography
Disease Diffusion
Diffusion of Fertility Control

Population Ecology
Environmental Influence
Environmental Perception and Population Distribution
Population Density and Environmental Alteration

Culturo-Demographic Interaction
Cultural Factors
Political Factors
Economic Factors
Gender and Geodemography

The Settlement Landscape
Farm Villages
Isolated Farmsteads
Semiclustered Rural Settlement
Reading the Cultural Landscape

Population Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Population Geography--new feature
Journals in Population Geography--new feature

8. Agricultural Geography: Food from the Good Earth
Formerly Chapter 3-Later position reflects the declining prominence of the agricultural landscape in American life.
New section on globalization delves into agribusiness and country specialization as they affect ecology and culture.
New! Seeing Geography: Farmland in Brazil

Shifting Cultivation
Paddy Rice Farming
Peasant Grain, Root, and Livestock Farming
Plantation Agriculture
Market Gardening
Livestock Fattening
Grain Farming
Nomadic Herding
Livestock Ranching
Urban Agriculture
Nonagricultural Areas

Agricultural Diffusion
Origin and Diffusion of Plant Domestication
Origin and Diffusion of Animal Domestication
Modern Innovations in Agriculture

Cultural Adaptation
Agriculturists as Modifiers of the Environment
Environmental Perception by Agriculturists

Agro-Cultural Interaction
Intensity of Land Use
The Von Thünen Model
Can the World Be Fed?
Globalization--New subsection delves into agribusiness and country specialization as they affect ecology and culture.

Agricultural Landscapes
Survey, Cadastral, and Field Patterns
Fencing and Hedging

Agricultural Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Cultural Geography--new feature
A Journal in Agricultural Geography--new feature

9. Industries: A Faustian Bargain
Formerly Chapter 12-now following the agricultural material in Chapter 8, Chapter 9 logically shows how agriculture and industry provide livelihoods to the vast majority of humans.
Updated "Industrial Ecology" section reflects current thinking about environmental hazards such as global warming, and presents possible solutions to these hazards.
New! Seeing Geography: A River Runs Through It

Industrial Regions
Primary Industry
Secondary Industry
Tertiary Industry
Quaternary Industry
Quinary Industry

Industrial Diffusion
Origins of the Industrial Revolution
Diffusion of the Industrial Revolution

Industrial Ecology--This section has been updated to reflect current thinking about environmental threats like global warming as well as possible solutions to environmental problems.
Renewable Resource Crises
Acid Rain
Global Warming
Ozone Depletion
Radioactive Pollution
The Environmental Sustainability Index
Some Good News

Industrial Cultural Interaction
Labor Supply
The Political Element
Industrialization and Cultural Change

Industrial Landscapes

Industrial Geography on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on Industrial Geography--new feature
A Journal in Industrial Geography--new feature

10. Urbanization: The City in Time and Space
Updated first section more strongly highlights basic concepts and introduces globalization ideas, such as world cities, i.e., New York City, Paris.
New "Focus On" essay describes the travails of a family in increasingly urban Peru, adding to the chapter's broad perspective.
"Globalizing/Global Cities" section reinforces the global breadth of this chapter.
New! Seeing Geography: Rio de Janeiro

Culture Region
Patterns and Processes of Urbanization
Impacts of Urbanization

Origin and Diffusion of the City
Models for the Rise of Cities
Multiple Factors
Urban Hearth Areas
The Diffusion of the City from Hearth Areas

The Evolution of Urban Landscapes
The Greek City
Roman Cities
The Medieval City
The Renaissance and Baroque Periods
The Capitalist City
Class, "Race," and Gender in the Industrial City
Edge Cities
The Urban Landscapes of the Developing World
The Indigenous City
The Colonial City
Gendered Space and the Colonial City
The Emerging City
Globalizing/Global Cities
Subsection reinforces the global reach of this section.

The Ecology of Urban Location
Site and Situation
Defensive Sites
Trade-Route Sites

Cultural Interaction in Urban Geography

The City on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on the City--new feature
Major Relevant Journals in Urban Geography--new feature

11. Inside the City: A Cultural Mosaic
Chapter 11 gives a detailed look at what makes cities work well (and sometimes not so well!) for human endeavors.
New! Seeing Geography: Chinatown, New York City

Urban Culture Regions
Social Regions

Cultural Diffusion in the City
Economic Advantages
Social Advantages
Suburbanization and Decentralization
Socioeconomic Factors
Public Policy
The Costs of Decentralization
Economic Factors
Social Factors
Political Factors
Sexuality and Gentrification
The Costs of Gentrification

The Cultural Ecology of the City
Urban Topography
Urban Weather and Climate
Urban Hydrology
Urban Vegetation

Cultural Interaction and Models of the City
Concentric Zone Model
Sector Model
Multiple Nuclei Model
Feminist Critiques
The Apartheid and Postapartheid City
The Soviet and Post-Soviet City
Latin American Model

Urban Landscapes
Themes in Cityscape Study
Landscape Dynamics
The City as Palimpsest
Symbolic Cityscapes
Perception of the City
The New Urban Landscape
New Ethnic Neighborhoods
Shopping Malls
Office Parks
Master-Planned Communities
Festival Settings
"Militarized" Space
Decline of Public Space

The Urban Mosaic on the Internet
Ten Recommended Books on the Urban Mosaic--new feature

New Chapter!
12. One World or Many? The Cultural Geography of the Future
Examination of globalization, reiteration of the text's main themes, and conclusion that the vitality and destiny of culture throughout the world will not rest solely on economics.
~New!~ Seeing Geography: An Office Scene in the Age of Globalization

Globalization, Again!
One-World Geographers
Resist, Resist!
Many Worlds

Culture Regions
Core Versus Periphery
One Europe or Many?
The Internet, Cyberspace, and Geography

Cultural Diffusion
The Information Superhighway
Diffusion of the Internet

Cultural Ecology
Think Globally
Act Locally

Cultural Interaction
Culture, Culture, Culture!
Gimme a Beer, Please

Cultural Landscape
Globalized Landscapes
Striving for the Unique

Websites about Globalization and Cyberspace
Ten Recommended Books on Globalization--new feature