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Intervention and Reflection : Basic Issues in Medical Ethics

Intervention and Reflection : Basic Issues in Medical Ethics - 6th edition

ISBN13: 978-0534520397

Cover of Intervention and Reflection : Basic Issues in Medical Ethics 6TH 00 (ISBN 978-0534520397)
ISBN13: 978-0534520397
ISBN10: 0534520391
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 00
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 2000
International: No

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Intervention and Reflection : Basic Issues in Medical Ethics - 6TH 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0534520397

Ronald Munson

ISBN13: 978-0534520397
ISBN10: 0534520391
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 00
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc

Published: 2000
International: No
Summary

This best-selling textbook and reader continues to set the standard in medical ethics. It contains the necessary background information, readings, and case studies to help readers appreciate the complex moral and social issues of modern medicine. The book's non-technical approach gives readers with little or no philosophy or medical background the opportunity to participate in discussions about the many thought-provoking issues that concern medical ethicists.

Table of Contents

Preface.
Moral Principles, Ethical Theories, And Medical Decisions: An Introduction.
Basic Ethical Theories. Major Moral Principles.
Theories without Principles.
Retrospect.
Additional Resources.


Part One: Termination.
1. Abortion.

Human Development and Abortion.
The Status of the Fetus.
Pregnancy, Abortion, and the Rights of Women.
Therapeutic Abortion.
Abortion and the Law.
Ethical Theories and Abortion.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

2. Impaired Infants and Medical Futility.

Genetic and Congenital Impairments.
Specific Impairments.
Testing for Impairments.
Ethical Theories and the Problem of Birth Impairments.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

3. Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide.

Active and Passive Euthanasia.
Voluntary, Involuntary, and Nonvoluntary Euthanasia.
Defining ''Death.''
The Dutch Experience.
Advance Directives.
Ethical Theories and Euthanasia.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

Part Two: Rights.
4. Race, Gender, And Medicine.

African-Americans and Health Care.
Native Americans and Alaska Natives and Health Care.
Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders and Health Care.
Hispanic Americans/Latinos and Health Care.
Women and Health Care.
Conclusion.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

5. HIV and Aids: Still A Problem.

Combination Therapy: AIDS on the Run.
Discovering the Disease.
Ethical and Social Issues.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

6. Physicians, Patients, And Others: Autonomy, Truth Telling, And Confidentiality.

Autonomy.
Paternalism.
Informed Consent and Medical Treatment.
Truth Telling in Medicine.
Dignity and Consent.
Confidentiality.
Ethical Theories: Autonomy, Truth Telling, and Confidentiality.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

7. Research Ethics and Informed Consent.

Drug Testing.
The ''Informed'' Part of Informed Consent.
The ''Consent'' Part of Informed Consent.
Vulnerable Populations.
Medical Research and Medical Therapy.
Placebos and Research.
Therapeutic and Nontherapeutic Research.
Research Involving Children.
Research Involving Prisoners.
Research Involving the Poor.
Research Involving the Terminally Ill.
Research Involving Fetuses.
Research Involving Animals.
Women and Medical Research.
Summary.
Ethical Theories: Medical Research and Informed Consent.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

Part Three: Controls.
8. Genetics: Intervention, Control, And Research.

Genetic Intervention: Screening, Counseling, and Diagnosis, Genetic Disease.
Genetic Screening.
Genetic Counseling.
Prenatal Genetic Diagnosis.
Difficulties with Genetic Intervention.
Eugenics: Negative and Positive Eugenics, Use of Desirable Germ Cells.
Difficulties with Eugenics.
Genetic Research, Therapy, and Technology: Recombinant DNA, Gene Therapy, Biohazards, Difficulties with Genetic Research, Therapy, and Technology.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

9. Reproductive Control: Assisted Reproduction and Ethics.

Ivf, Gift, Zift, and Other Techniques.
Need, Success Rates, and Costs of Assisted Reproduction.
Multiple Births. Freezing Embryos.
Gestational Surrogates and Donor Ova.
Criticisms of Assisted-Reproduction Practices.
Benefits of IVF and Other Forms of Assisted Reproduction.
Ethical and Social Difficulties.
Cloning and Twinning.
Artificial Insemination.
Ova Donors.
Surrogate Pregnancy.
Ethical Theories and Reproductive Control.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.
Part Iv Resources.

10. Acquiring and Allocating Scarce Medical Resources.

Transplants, Kidneys, Machines: Controlling Rejection, Allocation and Scarcity, Seattle and Kidney Machines, Dialysis Costs and Decisions, Microallocation Versus Macroallocation.
Ethical Theories and the Allocation of Medical Resources.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.

11. The Claim to Health Care.

Claim-Rights, Legal Rights, and Statutory Rights.
Moral Rights.
Political Rights.
Readings.
Decision Scenarios.
Additional Resources.



Notes and References for Introductions, Cases, And Scenarios.
General Resources in Bioethics.

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