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Introduction to English Grammar

Introduction to English Grammar - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0582437418

ISBN13: 978-0582437418
ISBN10: 0582437415
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 02
Publisher: Longman, Inc.
Published: 2002
International: No

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Introduction to English Grammar - 2ND 02 edition

ISBN13: 978-0582437418

Sidney Greenbaum and Gerald Nelson

ISBN13: 978-0582437418
ISBN10: 0582437415
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 02
Publisher: Longman, Inc.

Published: 2002
International: No
Summary

English Language and its usage has become extremely emotive issues in recent years. Recurring discussions in the media have highlighted a growing demand for a return to the study of language after decades of neglect. An Introduction to English Grammar is one of several successful grammars on the linguistics list with the first edition selling extremely well. The book is an introductory descriptive survey, intended for students, teachers and general readers which offers coverage of grammatical topics with sections on spelling, punctuation and exercises.

Clear and concise, this much needed second edition will be of immense value to students who have little or no experience of studying English grammar.

Features

  • The first edition sold 40,000 copies in 10 years, proving that this sells consistently well
  • New edition includes a whole new section on 'English in Use,' discussing a wide range of English registers including newspaper English, language of advertising, converstaion, legalese and email communications
  • New edition gives prominence to exercises
  • New further reading section

Table of Contents

Preface to the Second Edition
Acknowledgements

1. Rules and Variation

1.1 What is grammar?
1.2 Grammar and other aspects of language
1.3 Grammars of English
1.4 National varieties
1.5 Standard and non-standard English
1.6 Variation according to use
1.7 Descriptive rules and prescriptive rules
1.8 Why study grammar?

Part I: THE GRAMMAR

2. The Sentence

2.1 What is a sentence?
2.2 Irregular sentences and non-sentences
2.3 Simple and multiple sentences
2.4 Sentence types
2.5 Positive and negative sentences
2.6 Active and passive sentences

Exercises

3. The Parts of the Simple Sentence
3.1 Structure, form, function
3.2 Subject, predicate, verb
3.3 Operator
3.4 Do, Be, Have
3.5 Subject and verb
3.6 Subject
3.7 Transitive verbs and direct object
3.8 Linking verbs and subject complement
3.9 Intransitive verbs and adverbials
3.10 Adverbial complement
3.11 Direct object and indirect object
3.12 Direct object and object complement
3.13 The basic sentence structures
3.14 The meanings of the sentence elements

Exercises

4. The Structures of Phrases
4.1 Phrase types

The Noun Phrase

4.2 The structure of the noun phrase
4.3 Determiners
4.4 Modifiers
4.5 Relative clauses
4.6 Appositive clauses
4.7 Apposition
4.8 Coordination
4.9 Noun phrase complexity
4.10 Functions of noun phrases

The Verb Phrase

4.11 The structure of the verb phrase
4.12 Main verbs
4.13 Tense, person, and number
4.14 Aspect
4.15 Voice
4.16 Expressing future time
4.17 The sequence of auxiliaries
4.18 Finite and non-finite verb phrases
4.19 Mood
4.20 Multi-word verbs

The Adjective Phrase

4.21 The structure of the adjective phrase
4.22 Functions of adjective phrases

The Adverb Phrase

4.23 The structure of the adverb phrase
4.24 Functions of adverb phrases

The Prepositional Phrase

4.25 The structure of the propositional phrase
4.26 Functions of prepositional phrases

Exercises

5. Word Classes
5.1 Open and closed classes
5.2 Word classes and word uses

Nouns

5.3 Noun suffixes
5.4 Noun classes
5.5 Number
5.6 Gender
5.7 Case
5.8 Dependent and independent genitives

Main Verbs

5.9 Verb suffixes
5.10 Regular and irregular verbs
5.11 Classes of irregular verbs

Adjectives

5.12 Adjective suffixes
5.13 Adjective classes
5.14 Gradability and comparison

Adverbs

5.15 Adverb suffixes
5.16 Gradability and comparison

Pronouns

5.17 Pronoun classes
5.18 Personal pronouns
5.19 Possessives
5.20 Reflexive pronouns
5.21 Demonstrative pronouns
5.22 Reciprocal pronouns
5.23 Interrogative pronouns
5.24 Relative pronouns
5.25 Indefinite pronouns and numerals

Determiners

5.26 Classes of determiners
5.27 Central determiners
5.28 The articles and reference
5.29 Pre-determiners
5.30 Post-determiners

Auxiliaries

5.31 Classes of auxiliaries
5.32 Meanings of the modals
5.33 Conjunctions
5.34 Prepositions

Exercises

6. Sentences and Clauses
6.1 Sentence types
6.2 Questions
6.3 Imperatives
6.4 Exclamatives
6.5 Speech acts
6.6 Compound sentences
6.7 Complex sentences
6.8 Non-finite and verbless clauses
6.9 Functions of subordinate clauses
6.10 Sentence complexity
6.11 There-structures
6.12 Cleft sentences
6.13 Anticipatory it

Exercises

Part II: THE APPLICATIONS
7. Usage Problems
Subject-verb agreement
7.1 The general rules
7.2 And
7.3 Or, nor
7.4 With
7.5 Collective nouns
7.6 Indefinite pronouns
7.7 Quantity phrases
7.8 Singular nouns ending in -s
7.9 Who, which, that
7.10 What
7.11 There is, There are
7.12 Citations and titles
Case
7.13 Subject complement
7.14 Coordinated phrases
7.15 After as and than
7.16 After but
7.17 After let
7.18 Who, whom
7.19 Case with -ing clauses
Auxiliaries and verbs
7.20 Problems with auxiliaries
7.21 Lie, lay
7.22 Present tense
7.23 Past and -ed participle
7.24 Past and past subjunctive
7.25 Multiple negation
Adjectives and adverbs
7.26 Confusion between adjectives and adverbs
7.27 Comparison
7.28 Only
7.29 Dangling modifiers
Exercises
8. Style
8.1 Style in writing
Emphasis
8.2 End-focus
8.3 Front-focus
8.4 There-structures and cleft sentences
8.5 Parenthetic expressions
Clarity
8.6 End-weight
8.7 Misplaced expressions
8.8 Abstract nouns
8.9 Modifiers in noun phrases
8.10 Subordination
8.11 Parallelism
8.12 Repeated sounds
8.13 Pronoun reference
Consistency
8.14 Pronoun agreement
8.15 Tense consistency
Exercises
9. Punctuation
9.1 Punctuation rules
9.2 Sentence fragments and fragmentary sentences
9.3 Run-on sentences and comma splices
9.4 Coordinated main clauses
9.5 Direct speech
9.6 Citations
9.7 Questions
9.8 Restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses
9.9 Restrictive and non-restrictive apposition
9.10 Adverbial clauses
9.11 Vocatives and interjections
9.12 Avoidance of misunderstanding
9.13 Genitives of nouns
9.14 Genitives of pronouns
Exercises
10. English in Use
10.1 Register variation
10.2 Conversational English
10.3 Unscripted monologue
10.4 Sports commentaries
10.5 Email English
10.6 The language of literature
10.6.1 Foregrounding
10.6.2 Ambiguity
Exercises
Appendix: SPELLING
A.1 Spelling, pronunciation, and meaning
A.2 Spelling variants
A.3 Spelling rules for short and long vowel sounds
A.4 Suffixes
A.5 Prefixes
A.6 Other aids to spelling
A.7 Homophones: words pronounced similarly
Glossary
Further Reading
Index

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