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Introduction to General Chemistry - Text Only

Introduction to General Chemistry - Text Only - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716741596

Cover of Introduction to General Chemistry - Text Only 00 (ISBN 978-0716741596)
ISBN13: 978-0716741596
ISBN10: 0716741598
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
Published: 2000
International: No

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Introduction to General Chemistry - Text Only - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716741596

Ira Blei and George Odian

ISBN13: 978-0716741596
ISBN10: 0716741598
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: W.H. Freeman

Published: 2000
International: No

Author Bio

Blei, Ira : City University of New York College of Staten Island

Odian, George : City University of New York College of Staten Island

Table of Contents

1 The Language of Chemistry

1.1 The composition of matter
1.2 Measurement and the metric system
1.3 Measurement, uncertainty, and significant figures
1.4 Scientific notation
1.5 Calculations using scientific notation
1.6 Calculations and significant figures
1.7 The use of units in calculations: The unit-conversion method
1.8 Two fundamental properties of matter: Mass and volume
1.9 Density
1.10 Temperature
1.11 Heat and calorimetry

Box 1.1 Chemistry in Depth: The Scientific Method
Box 1.2 Chemistry in Depth: Chromatography
Box 1.3 Chemistry Around Us: Temperature, Density, and the Buoyancy of the Sperm Whale
Box 1.4 Chemistry Around Us: Density and the "Fitness" of Water
Box 1.5 Chemistry Around Us: Specific Heat and the "Fitness" of Water

PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Darlene Reuss, Environmental Health Specialist

2 Atomic Structure

2.1 Chemical background for the early atomic theory
2.2 Dalton's atomic theory
2.3 Atomic masses
2.4 The structure of atoms
2.5 Isotopes
2.6 The periodic table
2.7 Electron organization within the atom
2.8 The quantum mechanical atom
2.9 Atomic structure and periodicity
2.10 Atomic structure, periodicity, and chemical reactivity

Box 2.1 Chemistry in Depth: Absorption Spectra and Chemical Analysis

3 Molecules and Chemical Bonds

3.1 Ionic versus covalent bonds
3.2 Ionic bonds
3.3 Naming binary ionic compounds
3.4 Polyatomic ions
3.5 Does the formula of an ionic compound describe its structure?
3.6 Covalent compounds and their nomenclature
3.7 Representation of covalent bonds
3.8 Lewis structures of polyatomic ions
3.9 Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds
3.10 Three-dimensional molecular structures

Box 3.1 Chemistry in Depth: On the Intensity of Electrical Fields

4 Chemical Calculations

4.1 Chemical formulas and formula masses
4.2 The mole
4.3 Avogadro's number
4.4 Empirical formulas
4.5 Molecular formulas
4.6 Balancing chemical equations
4.7 Oxidation-reduction reactions
4.8 Stoichiometry

Box 4.1 Chemistry in Depth: Determining the Composition of a Compound
Box 4.2 Chemistry in Depth: Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions by the Ion-Electron Method

5 The Physical Properties of Gases

5.1 Gas pressure
5.2 The gas laws
5.3 Boyle's law
5.4 Charles's law
5.5 Gay-Lussac's law
5.6 Avogadro's law
5.7 The combined gas law
5.8 The universal gas law
5.9 The universal gas law and molecular mass
5.10 Dalton's law of partial pressures
5.11 Gases dissolve in liquids

Box 5.1 Chemistry Within Us: Diving Time and Gas Pressure
Box 5.2 Chemistry Around Us: Manometry and Blood Pressure
Box 5.3 Chemistry Within Us: Breathing and the Gas Laws
Box 5.4 Chemistry Around Us: Sterilization and the Autoclave
Box 5.5 Chemistry Within Us: Gas Solubility and Caisson Disease

PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: June G. Neal, Emergency Department

6 Interactions Between Molecules

6.1 The three states of matter and transitions between them
6.2 Attractive forces between molecules
6.3 The hydrogen bond
6.4 Secondary forces and physical properties
6.5 The vaporization of liquids
6.6 Vapor pressure and dynamic equilibrium
6.7 The influence of secondary forces on vapor pressure
6.8 Vaporization and the regulation of body temperature
6.9 Attractive forces and the structure of solids

Box 6.1 Chemistry Within Us: Surface Tension and the Digestion of Dietary Fats
Box 6.2 Chemistry Within Us: Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Box 6.3 Chemistry Around Us: Topical Anesthesia

7 Solutions

7.1 General aspects of solution formation
7.2 Molecular properties and solution formation
7.3 Solubility
7.4 Concentration
7.5 Percent composition
7.6 Molarity
7.7 Dilution
7.8 Concentration expressions for very dilute solutions
7.9 The solubility of solids in liquids
7.10 Insolubility can result in a chemical reaction
7.11 Diffusion
7.12 Osmosis and membranes
7.13 Osmotic pressure
7.14 Osmolarity
7.15 Osmosis and the living cell
7.16 Macromolecules and osmotic pressure in cells

Box 7.1 Chemistry Within Us: Diffusion and the Cardiovascular System
Box 7.2 Chemistry Within Us: Semipermeability and Urine Formation
Box 7.3 Chemistry Within Us: The Osmotic Pressure of Isotonic Solutions
Box 7.4 Chemistry Within Us: Semipermeability and the Digestive System
Box 7.5 Chemistry in Depth: Association Colloids, Micelles, and Protein Structure

PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Beth Lerner Wilcox, Long-Term Care for the Elderly

8 Chemical Reactions

8.1 Reaction rates
8.2 Reactive collisions
8.3 Catalysts
8.4 Biochemical catalysts
8.5 Chemical equilibrium
8.6 Equilibrium constants
8.7 Biochemical reactions are connected in sequences
8.8 Le Chatelier's principle

Box 8.1 Chemistry Within Us: The Influence of Temperature on Biological Processes
Box 8.2 Chemistry in Depth: The Quantitative Description of Chemical Equilibrium
Box 8.3 Chemistry Around Us: Nitrogen Fixation: The Haber Process

9 Acids, Basis, and Buffers

9.1 Water reacts with water
9.2 Strong acids and strong bases
9.3 A measure of acidity: pH
9.4 Weak acids and weak bases
9.5 Bronsted-Lowry theory of acids and bases
9.6 Dissociation of polyprotic acids
9.7 Salts and hydrolysis
9.8 Buffers and buffered solutions
9.9 Buffer system of the blood
9.10 Titration
9.11 Normality

Box 9.1 Chemistry in Depth: Acid Dissociation Constants and the Calculation of pH
Box 9.2 Chemistry Around Us: Acid-Mine Drainage
Box 9.3 Chemistry in Depth: The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation
Box 9.4 Chemistry in Depth: Use of Indicators in Determining pH

PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Terri E. Weaver, Research on Sleep Apnea and Sleep Disorders

10 Chemical and Biological Effects of Radiation

10.1 Radioactivity
10.2 Radioactive emissions
10.3 Radioactive decay
10.4 Effects of radiation
10.5 Detection of radioactivity
10.6 Measuring radioactivity
10.7 Applications
10.8 Nuclear reactions
10.9 Nuclear energy and the biosphere

Box 10.1 Chemistry Around Us: Radiocarbon Dating
Box 10.2 Chemistry Around Us: The Ozone Layer and Radiation from Space
Box 10.3 Chemistry Within Us: Radiation Dosimetry and Wristwatches
Box 10.4 Chemistry Within Us: Radon: A Major Health Hazard

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