Blei, Ira : City University of New York College of Staten Island
Odian, George : City University of New York College of Staten Island
View Table of Contents
1 The Language of Chemistry
1.1 The composition of matter 1.2 Measurement and the metric system 1.3 Measurement, uncertainty, and significant figures 1.4 Scientific notation 1.5 Calculations using scientific notation 1.6 Calculations and significant figures 1.7 The use of units in calculations: The unit-conversion method 1.8 Two fundamental properties of matter: Mass and volume 1.9 Density 1.10 Temperature 1.11 Heat and calorimetry
Box 1.1 Chemistry in Depth: The Scientific Method Box 1.2 Chemistry in Depth: Chromatography Box 1.3 Chemistry Around Us: Temperature, Density, and the Buoyancy of the Sperm Whale Box 1.4 Chemistry Around Us: Density and the "Fitness" of Water Box 1.5 Chemistry Around Us: Specific Heat and the "Fitness" of Water
PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Darlene Reuss, Environmental Health Specialist
2 Atomic Structure
2.1 Chemical background for the early atomic theory 2.2 Dalton's atomic theory 2.3 Atomic masses 2.4 The structure of atoms 2.5 Isotopes 2.6 The periodic table 2.7 Electron organization within the atom 2.8 The quantum mechanical atom 2.9 Atomic structure and periodicity 2.10 Atomic structure, periodicity, and chemical reactivity
Box 2.1 Chemistry in Depth: Absorption Spectra and Chemical Analysis
3 Molecules and Chemical Bonds
3.1 Ionic versus covalent bonds 3.2 Ionic bonds 3.3 Naming binary ionic compounds 3.4 Polyatomic ions 3.5 Does the formula of an ionic compound describe its structure? 3.6 Covalent compounds and their nomenclature 3.7 Representation of covalent bonds 3.8 Lewis structures of polyatomic ions 3.9 Polar and nonpolar covalent bonds 3.10 Three-dimensional molecular structures
Box 3.1 Chemistry in Depth: On the Intensity of Electrical Fields
4 Chemical Calculations
4.1 Chemical formulas and formula masses 4.2 The mole 4.3 Avogadro's number 4.4 Empirical formulas 4.5 Molecular formulas 4.6 Balancing chemical equations 4.7 Oxidation-reduction reactions 4.8 Stoichiometry
Box 4.1 Chemistry in Depth: Determining the Composition of a Compound Box 4.2 Chemistry in Depth: Balancing Oxidation-Reduction Reactions by the Ion-Electron Method
5 The Physical Properties of Gases
5.1 Gas pressure 5.2 The gas laws 5.3 Boyle's law 5.4 Charles's law 5.5 Gay-Lussac's law 5.6 Avogadro's law 5.7 The combined gas law 5.8 The universal gas law 5.9 The universal gas law and molecular mass 5.10 Dalton's law of partial pressures 5.11 Gases dissolve in liquids
Box 5.1 Chemistry Within Us: Diving Time and Gas Pressure Box 5.2 Chemistry Around Us: Manometry and Blood Pressure Box 5.3 Chemistry Within Us: Breathing and the Gas Laws Box 5.4 Chemistry Around Us: Sterilization and the Autoclave Box 5.5 Chemistry Within Us: Gas Solubility and Caisson Disease
PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: June G. Neal, Emergency Department
6 Interactions Between Molecules
6.1 The three states of matter and transitions between them 6.2 Attractive forces between molecules 6.3 The hydrogen bond 6.4 Secondary forces and physical properties 6.5 The vaporization of liquids 6.6 Vapor pressure and dynamic equilibrium 6.7 The influence of secondary forces on vapor pressure 6.8 Vaporization and the regulation of body temperature 6.9 Attractive forces and the structure of solids
Box 6.1 Chemistry Within Us: Surface Tension and the Digestion of Dietary Fats Box 6.2 Chemistry Within Us: Respiratory Distress Syndrome Box 6.3 Chemistry Around Us: Topical Anesthesia
7.1 General aspects of solution formation 7.2 Molecular properties and solution formation 7.3 Solubility 7.4 Concentration 7.5 Percent composition 7.6 Molarity 7.7 Dilution 7.8 Concentration expressions for very dilute solutions 7.9 The solubility of solids in liquids 7.10 Insolubility can result in a chemical reaction 7.11 Diffusion 7.12 Osmosis and membranes 7.13 Osmotic pressure 7.14 Osmolarity 7.15 Osmosis and the living cell 7.16 Macromolecules and osmotic pressure in cells
Box 7.1 Chemistry Within Us: Diffusion and the Cardiovascular System Box 7.2 Chemistry Within Us: Semipermeability and Urine Formation Box 7.3 Chemistry Within Us: The Osmotic Pressure of Isotonic Solutions Box 7.4 Chemistry Within Us: Semipermeability and the Digestive System Box 7.5 Chemistry in Depth: Association Colloids, Micelles, and Protein Structure
PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Beth Lerner Wilcox, Long-Term Care for the Elderly
8 Chemical Reactions
8.1 Reaction rates 8.2 Reactive collisions 8.3 Catalysts 8.4 Biochemical catalysts 8.5 Chemical equilibrium 8.6 Equilibrium constants 8.7 Biochemical reactions are connected in sequences 8.8 Le Chatelier's principle
Box 8.1 Chemistry Within Us: The Influence of Temperature on Biological Processes Box 8.2 Chemistry in Depth: The Quantitative Description of Chemical Equilibrium Box 8.3 Chemistry Around Us: Nitrogen Fixation: The Haber Process
9 Acids, Basis, and Buffers
9.1 Water reacts with water 9.2 Strong acids and strong bases 9.3 A measure of acidity: pH 9.4 Weak acids and weak bases 9.5 Bronsted-Lowry theory of acids and bases 9.6 Dissociation of polyprotic acids 9.7 Salts and hydrolysis 9.8 Buffers and buffered solutions 9.9 Buffer system of the blood 9.10 Titration 9.11 Normality
Box 9.1 Chemistry in Depth: Acid Dissociation Constants and the Calculation of pH Box 9.2 Chemistry Around Us: Acid-Mine Drainage Box 9.3 Chemistry in Depth: The Henderson-Hasselbalch Equation Box 9.4 Chemistry in Depth: Use of Indicators in Determining pH
PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Terri E. Weaver, Research on Sleep Apnea and Sleep Disorders
10 Chemical and Biological Effects of Radiation
10.1 Radioactivity 10.2 Radioactive emissions 10.3 Radioactive decay 10.4 Effects of radiation 10.5 Detection of radioactivity 10.6 Measuring radioactivity 10.7 Applications 10.8 Nuclear reactions 10.9 Nuclear energy and the biosphere
Box 10.1 Chemistry Around Us: Radiocarbon Dating Box 10.2 Chemistry Around Us: The Ozone Layer and Radiation from Space Box 10.3 Chemistry Within Us: Radiation Dosimetry and Wristwatches Box 10.4 Chemistry Within Us: Radon: A Major Health Hazard
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