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Introduction to Human Services: Through the Eyes of Practice Settings

Introduction to Human Services: Through the Eyes of Practice Settings - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0205848058

Cover of Introduction to Human Services: Through the Eyes of Practice Settings 3RD 14 (ISBN 978-0205848058)
ISBN13: 978-0205848058
ISBN10: 0205848052

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 3RD 14
Copyright: 2014
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Published: 2014
International: No
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Introduction to Human Services: Through the Eyes of Practice Settings - 3RD 14 edition

ISBN13: 978-0205848058

Michelle E. Martin

ISBN13: 978-0205848058
ISBN10: 0205848052

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 3RD 14
Copyright: 2014
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Published: 2014
International: No

This highly readable human services text offers a generalist view of the breadth and scope of human services. This text uses various practice settings as a lens for examining the role and functions of the human service professional. Because the human services profession grew out of a concern about social problems that prevented people from getting their needs met, it is important to examine the generalist role of human service professionals. In addition, exploring the nature of working with individuals, families, or groups is more meaningful when explored within the context of a particular practice setting.

Table of Contents

Part 1:  Human Services as a Profession

Chapter 1:     Introduction to the Human Services Profession: Purpose, Preparation Practice, and Theoretical Orientations

The Many Types of Human Service Professionals

Why is Human Services Needed?

Human Service Professionals: Educational Requirements and Professional Standards

Duties and Functions of a Human Service Professional

How Do Human Service Professionals Practice?

Understanding Human Services through a Look at Practice Settings


Chapter 2:     History and Evolution of Social Welfare Policy: Effect on Human Services

The Feudal System of the Middle Ages

Poor Laws of England

The Elizabethan Poor Laws

The Protestant Reformation and Social Darwinism

Charity Organization Societies

Jan Addams and the Settlement House Movement

The New Deal and the Social Security Act of 1935

Influences of African-American Social Workers

Gay Rights: From Marriage Equality to “Don’t Ask Don’t Tell” Repeal

Welfare Reform and the Emergence of Neoliberal Economic Policies

A Time for Change: The Election of the First African-American President

Concluding Thoughts on the History of Human Services


Chapter 3:     Professional Ethics and Values in Human Services

Moral, But by Whose Standards?

Ethical Values versus Emotional Desires: “I Know It Was Wrong, But We Were in Love!”

When Our Values Collide: “I Value Honesty, But What If Lives Are at Stake?”

The Development of Moral Reasoning

Developing a Professional Code of Ethics

Resolving Ethical Dilemmas

Cultural Influences on the Perception of Ethical Behavior

Ethical Standards in Human Services and Related Fields

Concluding Thoughts on Professional Ethics


Part Two:  Generalist Practice and the Role of the Human Service Professional

Chapter 4:     Skills and Intervention Strategies for Generalist Practice

Informed Consent and Confidentiality

Skills and Competencies

The Clinical Assessment

Family Genograms

Psychological Testing

Clinical Diagnoses

Case Management and Counseling

Basic Counseling Techniques for Generalist Practice

Concluding Thoughts on Generalist Practice


Chapter 5:      Child Welfare Services

Overview and Purpose of Child and Family Services Agencies
The History of the Foster Care System in the United States
Child Labor during the Industrial Era: Children and Factories
Overview of the Current U.S. Child Welfare System
Child Abuse Investigations
Working with Children in Placement
Working with Foster Children: Common Clinical Issues
Working with Foster Parents
Family Preservation
Ethnic Minority Populations and Multicultural Considerations
Concluding Thoughts on Child Protective Services
Adoption Services
Concluding Thoughts on Child Welfare Services


Chapter 6:     Adolescent Services

Adolescence: A New Stage of Development?

Developmental Perspectives

Common Psychosocial Issues and the Role of the Human Service Professional

Practice Settings Specific to Adolescent Treatment

Multicultural Considerations

Concluding Thoughts on Adolescents


Chapter 7:     Aging and Services for the Older Adult

The Aging of America: Changing Demographics

Old and Old-Old: A Developmental Perspective

Successful Aging

Current Issues Affecting Older Adults and the Role of the Human Service

Practice Settings Serving Older Adults

Special Populations

Concluding Thoughts on Services for Older Adults


Chapter 8:     Mental Health and Mental Illness

The History of Mental Illness: Perceptions and Treatment

Common Mental Illnesses and Clinical Issues

Mental Health Practice Settings and Counseling Interventions

Mental Illness and Special Populations

Current Legislation Affecting Access to Mental Health Services

Concluding Thoughts on Mental Health and Mental Illness


Chapter 9:     Homelessness

The Nature of Homelessness: A Snapshot of Homelessness in America

History of Homelessness in the United States

The Contemporary Picture of Homelessness: The Rise of Single-Parent Families

Current Policies and Legislation

The Role of the Human Service Professional: Working with the Homeless

Concluding Thoughts on Homelessness


Chapter 10:   Healthcare and Hospice

Human Services in Hospitals

The Hospice Movement

The Role of the Hospice Human Services Worker

Death and Dying: Effective Bereavement Counseling

Multicultural Issues

Ethical Dilemmas in Hospice Care

Concluding Thoughts on Human Services in Hospice Settings


Chapter 11:   Substance Abuse and Treatment

History of the Substance Abuse Practice Setting

History of Use and Early Treatment Efforts within the United States

The Rise of Modern Addiction Treatment in the United States

Demographics, Prevalence, and Usage Patterns

Defining Terms and Concepts

Theoretical Models of Use and Abuse

Types of Substances Abused

Common Psychosocial Issues and the Role of the Human Service Professional

Generalist Practice Interventions

Cultural Sensitivity

Defining Treatment Goals

Mode of Service Delivery

Treatment Modalities

Stages of Recovery

Relapse Prevention

Common Treatment Settings

Concluding Thoughts on Substance Abuse


Chapter 12:   Human Services in the Schools

School Social Work

School Counseling

School Psychologists

Common Issues and Effective Responses by Human Services Personnel

Concluding Thoughts on Human Services in the Schools


Chapter 13:   Faith-Based Agencies

Faith-Based versus Secular Organizations

Federal Faith-Based Legislation

Methods of Practice in Faith-Based Agencies

Faith-Based Agencies: Services and Intervention Strategies

Concluding Thoughts on Faith-Based Human Services Agencies


Chapter 14:   Violence, Victim Advocacy, and Corrections

Intimate Partner Violence

Sexual Assault

Victims of Violent Crime

Perpetrators of Crime

Human Services in Prison Settings

Concluding Thoughts on Forensic Human Services



Part Three:  Macro Practice, International Human Services, and Future Considerations

Chapter 15:   Macro Practice and International Human Services

Why Macro Practice?

At-risk and Oppressed Populations

A Human Rights Framework: Inalienable Rights for All Human Beings

Mobilizing for Change: Shared Goals of Effective Macro Practice Techniques

The Global Community: International Human Services

Female Genital Mutilation

Human Sex Trafficking

Street Children

Child Labor and Economic Injustice

Genocide and Rape as a Weapon of War

Macro Practice in Action

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