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Introduction to Hydrology

Introduction to Hydrology - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0673991652

Cover of Introduction to Hydrology 4TH 96 (ISBN 978-0673991652)
ISBN13: 978-0673991652
ISBN10: 0673991652
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 96
Publisher: Harpercollins College Division
Published: 1996
International: No

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Introduction to Hydrology - 4TH 96 edition

ISBN13: 978-0673991652

Warren Jr. Viessman and Gary L. Lewis

ISBN13: 978-0673991652
ISBN10: 0673991652
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 96
Publisher: Harpercollins College Division

Published: 1996
International: No
Summary

The fourth edition of Introduction to Hydrology fully meets the contemporary needs of water scientists and engineers. Its clearly organized format makes this text accessible to both students and practitioners concerned with the development, management, and protection of water resources, and its logical course of development provides material for both introductory and more advanced courses. Featuring solved examples, chapters relating science to public policy, and reviews of current models, this text is not only a comprehensive look at the field of hydrology, but an exploration of current issues affecting the discipline today.

Introduction to Hydrology has been updated throughout with new computer approaches and coverage of the use of spreadsheets woven into problem-solving techniques when appropriate. In addition, two new features have been added to each chapter to enhance student comprehension: an introductory statement of contents; and a conclusion summing up key points.

Learning Aids:
Solved Examples
Student Assignments
Spreadsheets

Author Bio

Viessman, Warren Jr. : University of Florida

Warren Viessman Jr. is Associate Dean for Academic Programs, College of Engineering, at the University of Florida . Dr. Viessman is an accomplished author with more than 150 publications, including three best-selling textbooks. He has served as the President of both the American Water Resources Association and the Universities Council on Water Resources. Recognized for his outstanding contributions as an engineer and educator, Professor Viessman has been the recipient of several awards. Most notable are the American Society of Civil Engineers' Julian Hinds Award, the Department of the Army Commander's Award for Public Service, and the AWRA's Henry P. Caufield, Jr. Medal for Exemplary Contributions to National Water Policy. Dr. Viessman is a Fellow of the American Water Resources Association.Other Titles by Warren Viessman, Jr. : Water Supply and Pollution Control, Sixth Edition (1998); Water Supply and Pollution Control, Fifth Edition (1993).

Lewis, Gary L. :




Table of Contents

Preface


PART I: THE HYDROLOGIC CYCLE

1. Introduction

Hydrology Defined
A Brief History
The Hydrologic Cycle
The Hydrologic Budget
Hydrologic Models
Hydrologic Data
Common Units of Measurement
Application of Hydrology to Environmental Problems

2. Precipitation

Water Vapor
Precipitation
Distribution of the Precipitation Input
Point Precipitation
Areal Precipitation
Probable Maximum Precipitation
Gross and Net Precipitation

3. Interception and Depression Storage

Interception
Throughfall
Depression Storage

4. Infiltration

Measuring Infiltration
Calculation of Infiltration
Horton's Infiltration Model
Green-AMPT Model
Huggins-Monke Model
Holtan Model
Recovery of Infiltration Capacity
Temporal and Spatial Variability of Infiltration Capacity
SCS Runoff Curve Number Procedure
Index

5. Evaporation and Transportation

Evaporation
Estimating Evaporation
Evaporation Control
Transpiration
Transpiration Control
Evapotranspiration
Estimating Evapotranspiration

6. Streamflow

Drainage Basin Effects
The Hydrograph
Units of Measurement for Streamflow
Measuring and Recording Streamflow
Measurements of Depth and Cross-Sectional Area
Measurement of Velocity
Relating Point Velocity to Cross-Sectional Flow Velocity
The Slope-Area Method for Determining Discharge

PART II: HYDROLOGIC MEASUREMENTS AND MONITORING

7. Hydrologic Data Sources

General Climatological Data
Precipitation Data
Streamflow Data
Evaporation and Transpiration Data

8. Instrumentation

Introduction
Hydrologic Instruments
Telemetry Systems
Remote Sensing

9. Monitoring Networks

The Purpose of Monitoring
Special Considerations
Use of Computers in Monitoring
Hydrological-Meteorlogical Networks

PART III: SURFACE WATER HYDROLOGY

10. Runoff and the Catchment

Catchments, Watersheds, and Drainage Basins
Basin Characteristics Affecting Runoff
Rudimentary Precipitation-Runoff Relationships
Streamflow Frequency Analysis
Streamflow Forecasting

11. Hydrographs

Streamflow Hydrographs
Factors Affecting Hydrograph Shape
Hydrograph Components
Base Flow Separation
Hydrograph Time Relationships
Time of Concentration
Basin Lag Time

12. Unit Hydrographs

Unit Hydrograph Definition
Derivation of Unit Hydrographs from Streamflow Data
Unit Hydrograph Applications by Lagging Methods
S-Hydrograph Method
The Instantaneous Unit Hydrograph
Synthetic Unit Hydrographs

13. Hydrograph Routing

Hydrologic River Routing
Hydrologic Reservoir Routing
Hydraulic River Routing

14. Snow Hydrology

Introduction
Snow Accumulation and Runoff
Snow Measurements and Surveys
Point and Areal Snow Characteristics
The Snowmelt Process
Snowmelt Runoff Determinations

15. Urban and Small Watershed Hydrology

Introduction
Peak Flow Formulas for Urban Watersheds
Peak Flow Formulas for Small Rural Watersheds
Runoff Effects of Urbanization

16. Hydrologic Design

Hydrologic Design Procedures
Data for Hydrologic Design
Hydrologic Design-Frequency Criteria
Design Storms
Critical Event Methods
Airport Drainage Design
Design of Urban Storm Drain Systems
Floodplain Analysis

PART IV: GROUNDWATER HYDROLOGY

17. Groundwater, Soils, and Geology

Introduction
Groundwater Flow--General Properties
Subsurface Distribution of Water
Geologic Considerations
Fluctuations in Ground Water Level
Groundwater-Surface Water Relations

18. Mechanics of Flow

Hydrostatics
Groundwater Flow
Darcy's Law
Permeability
Velocity Potential
Hydrodynamic Equations
Flowlines and Equipotential Lines
Boundary Conditions
Flow Nets
Variable Hydraulic Conductivity
Anisotropy
Dupuit's Theory

19. Wells and Collection Devices

Flow to Wells
Steady Unconfined Radial Flow Toward a Well
Steady Confined Radial Flow Toward a Well
Well in A Uniform Flow Field
Well Fields
The Method of Images
Unsteady Flow
Leaky Aquifers
Partially Penetrating Wells
Flow to an Infiltration Gallery
Saltwater Intrusion
Groundwater Basin Development

20. Modeling Regional Groundwater Systems

Regional Groundwater Models
Finite-Difference Methods
Finite-Element Methods
Model Applications
Groundwater Quality Models

PART V: HYDROLOGIC MODELING

21. Introduction to Hydrologic Modeling

Hydrologic Simulation
Groundwater Simulation
Hydrologic Simulation Protocol
Corps of Engineers Simulation Models

22. Synthetic Streamflows

Synthetic Hydrology

23. Continuous Simulation Models

Continuous Streamflow Simulation Models
Continuous Simulation Model Studies

24. Single-Event Simulation Models

Storm Event Simulation
Federal Agency Single-Event Models
Storm Surge Modeling

25. Urban Runoff Simulation Models

Urban Stormwater System Models
Urban Runoff Models Compared
Vendor-Developed Urban Stormwater Software

PART VI: STATISTICAL METHODS

26. Probability and Statistics

Random Variables and Statistical Analysis
Concepts of Probability
Probability Distributions
Moments of Distributions
Distribution Characteristics
Types of Probability Distribution Functions
Continuous Probability Distribution Functions
Bivariate Linear Regression and Correlation
Fitting Regression Equations
Regression and Correlation Applications

27. Frequency Analysis

Frequency Analysis
Graphical Frequency Analysis
Frequency Analysis Using Frequency Factors
Regional Frequency Analysis
Reliability of Frequency Studies
Frequency Analysis of Partial Duration Series
Flow Duration Analysis

Appendices
Index

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