Summary: This popular introduction to modern philosophy features question-based chapters with a stimulating debate-style format, and intersperses primary sources with commentary. Each chapter deals with a fundamental question about human existence, exploring the subject through representative readings by classic, modern, and contemporary philosophers--with at least two contrasting perspectives for each main position. What Is Philosophy? Am I a Body and a Mind? Am I Free or De
termined? What Grounds Do I Have For Belief in God? On What Principle Do I Judge Things Right or Wrong? When Should I Obey the Law? What Things Shall I Call Art? When Can I Say "I Know?" What Is Science? Positivism to Post-Modernism. Applied Ethics (medical ethics, business ethics, environmental ethics). Making Sense Out Of Life (a multi-cultural perspective). For anyone interested in modern philosophy.
Summary: This popular introduction to modern philosophy features question-based chapters with a stimulating debate-style format, and intersperses primary sources with commentary. Each chapter deals with a fundamental question about human existence, exploring the subject through representative readings by classic, modern, and contemporary philosophers--with at least two contrasting perspectives for each main position. What Is Philosophy? Am I a Body and a Mind? Am I Free or Determined? What Grounds Do I Have For Belief in God? On What Principle Do I Judge Things Right or Wrong? When Should I Obey the Law? What Things Shall I Call Art? When Can I Say "I Know?" What Is Science? Positivism to Post-Modernism. Applied Ethics (medical ethics, business ethics, environmental ethics). Making Sense Out Of Life (a multi-cultural perspective). For anyone interested in modern philosophy. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:7TH 01 Cover: Paperback Publisher:Prentice Hall, Inc. Published: 09/20/2000 International: No
A Note on the Seventh Edition
Throughout the various editions of this text, the aim has been to introduce students to the wonder and rigor of philosophical analysis. We have tried to achieve a balance between making things plain for beginners and displaying conventional philosophical rigor for the more advanced student. This is the justification for our editorial comments breaking up the original sources in many of the readings. Sometimes the material is just too difficult or too long for beginning students, who often need to be reassured that they have actually understood a passage before they continue their reading.
While our strategy of shaping each chapter to reflect answers to the enduring questions of philosophy remains unchanged in this edition, nevertheless every chapter has undergone revisions ranging from enhanced editorial comments to new primary sources. Chapter 2 on the mind-body problem includes new material from Searle as well as a critique of him by Paul and Patricia Churchland. Chapter 3 has been enriched by a reading from John Hospers exploring the implications of psychology for the free will/determinism debate. Chapter 4 dealing with grounds for belief in God now includes St. Anselm's ontological argument for the existence of God. In discussing social and political philosophy in Chapter 6, we have added readings from John Locke, Robert Paul Wolff, and John Rawls. We enhanced our discussion of art in Chapter 7 by including material from Clive Bell, Paul Ziff, and Susan Sontag, and our examination of science in Chapter 9 by adding a discussion of the feminist philosophy of science by Helen Longino. We have also added another epilogue. The first epilogue deals with applied ethics in the fields of medicine, business, and the environment. The second epilogue continues to explore human cosmic stories from the biblical, Buddhist, African, Marxian, and existentialist traditions that invest life with meaning but concludes with an essay by Peter Geach on postdeath survival that introduces the issue of whether death is going to sleep or going on a journey, whether one's story ends at death or continues.
Adding new material led to the painful decision to delete some of the material included in the sixth edition. We believe that our editorial decisions have made for a better text of which Alburey Castell, who edited the first edition in 1943 and continued to be senior editor until his death in 1987, would be proud.
We would like to thank the Prentice-Hall staff, especially our production editor, Kim Gueterman, for the first-class professional assistance they have given us. Also, we are grateful to the secretaries in the Philosophy Department, Penny Schall and Patricia Black, who have aided us in so many ways.
Finally, our wives, Mary Ellen and Laurie, deserve our gratitude for their encouragement and support during the many hours we spent in bringing this project to completion.
Donald M. Borchert Arthur Zucker Ohio University Athens, Ohio
View Author Bio
Borchert, Donald M. : Ohio University
Zucker, Arthur : Ohio University
View Table of Contents
1. What Is Philosophy?
The Examined Life, Socrates.
2. Am I a Body and a Mind?
I Am a Mind (Rex Cogitans) and a Body (Res Extensa), René Descartes. Descartes Was Confused, Gilbert Ryle. The Identity Theory, J.J.C. Smart. Functionalism as a Critique of Identity Theory and Logical Behaviorism, Jerry Fodor. Can Machines Think?, A.M. Turing. Computers Cannot Think, John Searle. Searle Is Mistaken, Paul and Patricia Churchland.
3. Am I Free or Determined?
I Am Determined, Baron D'Holbach. I Am Free, Jean-Paul Sartre. I Am Determined and Free, Walter T. Space. Psychology Shows We Are Not Free, John Hospers. A Defense of Compatibilism, John W. Bender. An Argument for Indeterminism, Karl Popper.
4. What Grounds Do I Have for Belief in God?
Belief Leads to Understanding, St. Anselm. Belief Supported by Proofs, Thomas Aquinas. Belief without Proofs, Blaise Pascal. Doubts about Natural Theology, David Hume. A Finite God, John Stuart Mill. Agnosticism--The Only Legitimate Response, Thomas Henry Huxley. Legitimate Belief in Spite of Agnosticism, William James. Falsification and Verification, Antony Flew and John Hick.
5. On What Principle Do I Judge Things Right or Wrong?
The Will the God, William Paley. The Categorical Imperative, Immanuel Kant. The Maximization of Happiness, John Stuart Mill. The Relativity of Morality, Friedrich Nietzsche. Emotivism Affirmed, A.J. Ayer. Emotivism Refined, C. L. Stevenson. Emotivism Critiqued, Brand Blanshard. Morality, Bernard Gert. The Moral Prism, Dorothy Emmet.
6. Why Should I Obey the Law?
The Case for the Legislative Life, Thomas Hobbes. The Case for Resistance, John Locke. The Case for the Common Cold, Jean-Jacques Rousseau. The Case for Revolution, Karl Marx. The Case for Liberty and Law, John Stuart Mill. The Case for Civil Disobedience with Religious Warrant, Martin Luther King. The Case for Anarchy, Robert Paul Wolff. The Case for Civil Disobedience with Secular Warrant, John Rawls.
7. What Things Shall I Call Art?
The Aesthetic Hypothesis, Clive Bell. Anything Viewed Might Be Art?, Paul Ziff. Art as Representation of Reality, H. Gene Blocker. Art as Communication of Emotion, Leo Tolstoy. Critique of Expressionism, John Hospers. Is Aesthetics Founded on a Mistake?, Morris Weitz. Against Interpretation, Susan Sontag.
8. When Can I Say ''I Know?''
An Appeal to Experience, David Hume. A Critique of Reason in Experience, Immanuel Kant. A Logical Positivist Critique, A.J. Ayer. The Presuppositions of Knowledge, R.G. Collingwood. The Elements of Epistemology, Alvin Goldman. The Analysis of Knowledge, Keith Lehrer.
9. What Is Science? Positivism to Postmodernism.
The Positivist View of Science, Herbert Feigl. Problems with the Positivistic Interpretations of Science, Thomas Kuhn. Relativism, Even in Science, Is the Only Conclusion, Paul Feyerabend. Kuhn Has Misread Science and Its History, Larry Laudan. Science Is Neither Objective nor Unemotional, Alison Jaggar. Can There Be a Feminist Science?, Helen Longino. Relativism Means the End of Philosophy, Richard Rorty. An Explanation of Postmodernism, H. Gene Blocker.
Epilogue I: Applied Ethics.
Medical Ethics: Euthanasia, Timothy E. Quill. Business Ethics: Making Profits, Milton Friedman. Environmental Ethics: Inescapable Speciesism, Arthur Zucker.
Epilogue II: Making Sense out of Life.
The Will to Meaning, Viktor E. Frankl. The Story of the God Who Acts, The Biblical Tradition. The Story of Transcending Suffering, The Buddhist Tradition. The Story of Pursuing the Moral Ideal, The African Tradition. The Story of Combatting Suffering, Albert Camus. Is the Story to Be Continued?, Peter Geach.
Barnes & Noble.com Various Shipping Locations, USA
Brand new, ships from the closest shipping location to your shipping address!
$41.97 +$3.99 s/h
Free State Books Halethorpe, MD
Book shows minor use. Cover and Binding have minimal wear, and the pages have only minimal creases. Free State Books. Never settle for less.
$49.05 +$3.99 s/h
Thrifty_Text Emeryville, CA
Ships today or the next business day. Cover and binding maybe well-worn. Text may contain extensive writing/highlightings but is till readable. Easy return if this item does not meet your needs. 14-...show more14. ...show less
$55.77 +$3.99 s/h
Recycle-A-Textbook Lexington, KY
0130194581 May NOT contain supplemental materials such as CDs, info-trac, access codes, etc. May contain bookstore stickers on cover. Satisfaction Guaranteed! Choose Expedited Shipping for fastest del...show moreivery! Free USPS Tracking Number ...show less
$59.85 +$3.99 s/h
Lakeshore Used Books WI Kenosha, WI
PAPERBACK Very Good 0130194581 Clean covers in excellent condition. Just trace of wear. Unmarked interior. 7th Edition, as pictured.
$66.85 +$3.99 s/h
Bookbyte-OR Salem, OR
All text is legible, may contain markings, cover wear, loose/torn pages or staining and much writing. SKU:9780130194589-5-0
$68.60 +$3.99 s/h
Textbookcenter.com Columbia, MO
Ships same day or next business day via UPS (Priority Mail for AK/HI/APO/PO Boxes)! Used sticker and some writing and/or highlighting. Used books may not include working access code or dust jacket.
$89.95 +$3.99 s/h
omgtextbooks Pueblo West, CO
Upper Saddle River, NJ 2000 Trade paperback 7th ed. Fair. Trade paperback (US). Glued binding. 672 p. Examining the Human Condition.
$102.90 +$3.99 s/h
Textbookcenter.com Columbia, MO
Ships same day or next business day! UPS(AK/HI Priority Mail)/ NEW book
$114.58 +$3.99 s/h
GreatBookPrices Batavia, IL
Used, Acceptable Condition, may show signs of wear and previous use. Please allow 4-14 business days for delivery. 100% Money Back Guarantee, Over 1,000,000 customers served.
$123.14 +$3.99 s/h
PaperbackshopUS Secaucus, NJ
New Book. Shipped from UK within 10 to 14 business days. Established seller since 2000.
Free Shipping Get Free Shipping on orders over $25 (not including Rental and Marketplace). Order arrives in 5-10 business days.
Need it faster? We offer fast, flat-rate expedited shipping options.
Not the right book for you? We'll gladly take it back within 30 days.
To return an eTextbook:
Your eTextbook is non-returnable once it's been activated. You must contact us about returning your eTextbook before you activate it.
Returns are accepted within 30 days of the purchase date on your order confirmation.
This book qualifies for guaranteed cash back! Buy it now for , then:
Sell it back by:
Guaranteed cash back:
Cost of this book after cash back:
Take advantage of Guaranteed Cash Back. Send your book to us in good condition before the end of the buyback period, we'll send YOU a check, and you'll pay less for your textbooks!
If you find this book for less on Amazon.com (direct from Amazon, not marketplace sellers), we'll match it.
In our warehouse, waiting to ship directly to you.
We hand-inspect every used textbook to make sure it's in good condition.
Buy it now. Sell it later!
Sell this textbook for cash!
When you're done with this book, sell it back to Textbooks.com. In addition to the best possible buyback price, you'll get an extra 10% cash back just for being a customer.
We buy good-condition used textbooks year 'round, 24/7. No matter where you bought it, Textbooks.com will buy your textbooks for the most cash.
We hand-inspect every one of our used textbooks to ensure good condition.
Our used textbooks do NOT have:
Missing or torn pages
Missing or torn cover
Torn or damaged binding
A broken spine
This textbook has never been used.
Due to the size of eTextbooks, a high-speed internet connection (cable modem, DSL, LAN) is required for download stability and speed. Your connection can be wired or wireless.
Being online is not required for reading an eTextbook after successfully downloading it. You must only be connected to the Internet duringthe download process.
XP or Windows 7 (32 or 64 running in 32 bit mode), or Mac OS 10.6 or above
At least 512 MB RAM, 600 mHZ processor, and 40 MB of hard drive space (75MB for Mac OS)
What is the Marketplace? It's another way for you to get the right price on the books you need. We approved every Marketplace vendor to sell their books on Textbooks.com, so you know they're all reliable.
What are Marketplace shipping options? Marketplace items do not qualify for free shipping. When ordering from the Marketplace, please specify whether you want the seller to send your book Standard ($3.99/item) or Express ($6.99/item). To get free shipping over $25, just order directly from Textbooks.com instead of through the Marketplace.
FREE UPS 2nd Day Air Terms
Rental and Marketplace items are excluded. Offer is valid from 1/21/2013 12:00PM to 1/23/2013 11:59AM CST. Your order must be placed by 12 Noon CST to be processed on the same day. Minimum order value is $100.00 excluding Rental and Marketplace items. To redeem this offer, select "FREE UPS 2ND DAY AIR" at checkout. Offer not is not valid on previous orders.