Summary: An Introduction to Physical Science presents a survey of the physical sciences--physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology--for non-science majors. Topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing flexibility for instructors who wish to emphasize a highly descriptive approach, a highly quantitative approach, or anything in between.
The Eleventh Edition includes new content and features that help students better visualize con...show morecepts, master basic math, and practice problem solving. In response to instructor feedback, new end-of-chapter problems appear throughout the text, sections on astronomy have been updated, and a review of basic math is now available on the Student Web Site. A dynamic technology package accompanies the text. With SMARTHINKING live, online tutoring, students can get tutorial support during peak study hours. For instructors, a new Blackboard/WebCT course, along with HM ClassPrep and HM Testing resources, provide course management tools that help make class preparation and assessment more efficient and effective. The new edition is available in both hardcover and--at a reduced price-- paperback versions, giving students flexible options to meet their needs.
New! The end-of-chapter material features Visual Connections that challenge students to demonstrate relationships between key concepts by asking them to create a diagram or concept map. Matching Questions test students' ability to match appropriate statements with key terms. Fill-in-the-Blank Questions and Multiple Choice Questions are keyed to the appropriate chapter section.
New! A review of basic math is available on the Student Web Site. With step-by-step tutorials of basic math concepts, the review enables students to quickly attain the level of competency necessary for success in the course. Problems and exercises follow each tutorial, allowing students to test themselves on what they have learned.
New! The Blackboard/WebCT course contains a transition guide from the Tenth Edition to the Eleventh Edition, PowerPoint slides with lecture notes and art from the text, and support for the lab manual.
New! Hardcover and softcover versions of the text are available, providing students with flexible options to meet their needs.
Updated! The leading three astronomy chapters have been rearranged for better continuity and more even coverage. Chapter 15, "Place and Time," has been placed first to provide better continuity with Chapters 16 and 17. Chapter 16, "The Solar System," now focuses mainly on the planets, while material on planet moons, comets, and asteroids has been moved to Chapter 17, "Moons and Other Solar System Objects."
Updated! Located at the end of each chapter, On the Web exercises require students to use Internet resources to research topics, explore concepts, and solve problems. Follow-up links have been updated on the Student Web Site.
Note: Each chapter includes Key Terms; Matching, Multiple-Choice, Fill in the Blank, and Short-Answer Questions;Visual Connection; Applying Your Knowledge; Important Equations; Exercises; Answers to Matching, Multiple-Choice, and Fill in the Blank Questions; Answers to Visual Connection; and On the Web.
Section 1.1: The Physical Sciences Section 1.2: The Scientific Method and Attitude Section 1.3: The Senses Section 1.4: Standard Units and Systems of Units Section 1.5: More on the Metric System Section 1.6: Derived Units and Conversion Factors Section 1.7: Significant Figures Highlight: The "Face" on Mars Highlight: Is Unit Conversion Important? It Sure Is. A Spotlight on: Fundamental Quantities
Section 2.1: Defining Motion Section 2.2: Speed and Velocity Section 2.3: Acceleration Section 2.4: Acceleration in Uniform Circular Motion Section 2.5: Projectile Motion Highlight: Galileo and the Leaning Tower of Pisa
3. Force and Motion
Section 3.1: Force and Net Force Section 3.2: Newton's First Law of Motion Section 3.3: Newton's Second Law of Motion Section 3.4: Newton's Third Law of Motion Section 3.5: Newton's Law of Gravitation Section 3.6: Momentum Highlight: The "Fourth Law of Motion": The Automobile Air Bag Highlight: Some Effects of Apparent Weightlessness on the Human Body A Spotlight on: Newton's Laws of Motion
4. Work and Energy
Section 4.1: Work Section 4.2: Kinetic Energy and Potential Energy Section 4.3: Conservation of Energy Section 4.4: Power Section 4.5: Forms and Sources of Energy Highlight: Fill It Up--with Hydrogen
5. Temperature and Heat
Section 5.1: Temperature Section 5.2: Heat Section 5.3: Specific Heat and Latent Heat Section 5.4: Heat Transfer Section 5.5: Phases of Matter Section 5.6: The Kinetic Theory of Gases Section 5.7: Thermodynamics Highlight: Freezing from the Top Down Highlight: Hot Gases: Aerosol Cans and Popcorn
Section 6.1: Waves and Energy Propagation Section 6.2: Wave Properties Section 6.3: Electromagnetic Waves Section 6.4: Sound Waves Section 6.5: The Doppler Effect Section 6.6: Standing Waves and Resonance Highlight: Noise Exposure Limits
7. Wave Effects and Optics
Section 7.1: Reflection Section 7.2: Refraction and Dispersion Highlight: The Rainbow: Dispersion and Internal Reflection Section 7.3: Polarization Section 7.3: Spherical Mirrors Section 7.4: Lenses Section 7.5: Polarization Section 7.6: Diffraction and Interference Highlight: Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs)
8. Electricity and Magnetism
Section 8.1: Electric Charge and Current Section 8.2: Voltage and Electrical Power Section 8.3: Simple Electric Circuits and Electrical Safety Section 8.4: Magnetism Section 8.5: Electromagnetism Highlight: Photocopiers Highlight: Electrical Safety
9. Atomic Physics
Section 9.1: Early Concepts of the Atom Section 9.2: The Dual Nature of Light Section 9.3: Bohr Theory of the Hydrogen Atom Section 9.4: Microwave Ovens, X-Rays, and Lasers Section 9.5: Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle Section 9.6: Matter Waves Section 9.7: The Electron Cloud Model of the Atom Highlight: Albert Einstein Highlight: Electron Microscopes Highlight: Fluorescence and Phosphorescence A Spotlight On: The Changing Model of the Atom
10. Nuclear Physics
Section 10.1: Symbols of the Elements Section 10.2: The Atomic Nucleus Section 10.3: Radioactivity and Half-Life Section 10.4: Nuclear Reactions Section 10.5: Nuclear Fission Section 10.6: Nuclear Fusion Section 10.7: Biological Effects of Radiation Highlight: The Discovery of Radioactivity Highlight: The Origins of the Bomb Highlight: Nuclear Power and Waste Disposal
11. The Chemical Elements
Section 11.1: Classification of Matter Section 11.2: Discovery of the Elements Section 11.3: Occurrence of the Elements Section 11.4: The Periodic Table Section 11.5: Naming Compounds Section 11.6: Groups of Elements Highlight: The Tragedy of Lake Nyos Highlight: Mendeleev and the Periodic Table A Spotlight On: Naming Compounds
12. Chemical Bonding
Section 12.1: Law of Conservation of Mass Section 12.2: Law of Definite Proportions Section 12.3: Dalton's Atomic Theory Section 12.4: Ionic Bonding Section 12.5: Covalent Bonding Section 12.6: Hydrogen Bonding Highlight: Lavoisier: The Father of Chemistry Highlight: What You Don't Know Can Hurt You!
13. Chemical Reactions
Section 13.1: Balancing Chemical Equations Section 13.2: Energy and Rate of Reaction Section 13.3: Acids and Bases Section 13.4: Single-Replacement Reactions Section 13.5: Avogadro's Number Highlight: Chemistry Factinos Highlight: Chemistry and Tooth Enamel A Spotlight On: Reaction Types
14. Organic Chemistry
Section 14.1: Bonding in Organic Compounds Section 14.2: Aromatic Hydrocarbons Section 14.3: Aliphatic Hydrocarbons Section 14.4: Derivatives of Hydrocarbons Section 14.5: Synthetic Polymers Highlight: Breakthrough! Highlight: Stick It to Them! A Spotlight On: Hydrocarbons and Their Derivatives
15. Place and Time
Section 15.1: Cartesian Coordinates Section 15.2: Latitude and Longitude Section 15.3: Time Section 15.4: Navigation: Finding Latitude and Longitude Section 15.5: The Seasons and the Calendar Section 15.5: Precession of Earth's Axis Highlight: The Concept of Time Highlight: Daylight Savings Time A Spotlight On: Place and Time
16. The Solar System
Section 16.1: The Solar System: An Overview Section 16.2: The Planet Earth Section 16.3: The Terrestrial Planets Section 16.4: The Jovian Planets and Pluto Section 16.5: Other Solar System Objects Section 16.6: The Origin of the Solar System Section 16.7: Other Planetary Systems Highlight: Galileo Mission to Jupiter: the Little Spacecraft That Could A Spotlight On: The Terrestrial Planets A Spotlight On: The Jovian Planets
17. Moons and Other Solar System Objects
Section 17.1: Features of the Earth's Moon Section 17.2: Lunar Motional Effects: Phases, Eclipses, and Tides Section 17.3: Moons of the Terrestrial Planets Section 17.4: Moons of the Jovian Planets and Pluto Section 17.5: Other Solar System Objects: Asteroids, Meterors, Comets Highlight: Seeing Only One Side of the Moon Highlight: Catching a Comet by the Tail
18. The Universe
Section 18.1: The Sun Section 18.2: The Celestial Sphere Section 18.3: Classifying Stars Section 18.4: The Life Cycle of Low-Mass Stars Section 18.5: The Life Cycle of High-Mass Stars Section 18.6: Galaxies Section 18.7: Cosmology Highlight: The Age of the Universe Highlight: Astronomy Factinos
19. The Atmosphere
Section 19.1: Composition and Structure Section 19.2: Atmospheric Energy Content Section 19.3: Atmospheric Measurements and Observations Section 19.4: Air Motion Section 19.5: Clouds Highlight: Blue Skies and Red Sunsets Highlight: The Greenhouse Effect A Spotlight On: Cloud Families and Types
20. Atmospheric Effects
Section 20.1: Condensation and Precipitation Section 20.2: Air Masses Section 20.3: Storms Section 20.4: Atmospheric Pollution Section 20.5: Pollution and Climate Highlight: Wind Chill Temperature Index Highlight: El Nino and La Nina Highlight: Naming Hurricanes Highlight: The Ozone Hole
21. Minerals, Rocks and Igneous Activity
Section 21.1: Minerals Section 21.2: Rocks Section 21.3: Igneous Rocks Section 21.4: Igneous Activity Section 21.5: Sedimentary Rocks Section 21.6: Metamorphic Rocks Highlight: Rare Beauties: Gems A Spotlight On: The Rock Cycle
22. Structural Geology
Section 22.1: Continental Draft and Seafloor Spreading Section 22.2: Plate Tectonics Section 22.3: Earthquakes and the Earth's Interior Section 22.4: Crustal Deformation and Mountain Building Highlight: Tracking Plate Motion Highlight: Plate Boundaries Highlight: Deadly Tsunamis A Spotlight On: Plate Tectonics--The Engine that Drives Crustal Processes
23. Surface Processes
Section 23.1: Weathering Section 23.2: Erosion Section 23.3: Groundwater Section 23.4: Shoreline and Seafloor Topography Highlight: The World's Greatest Flood Highlight: Tubeworms and Black Smokers A Spotlight On: Weathering
24. Geologic Time
Section 24.1: Fossils Section 24.2: Relative Geologic Time Section 24.3: Radiometric Dating Section 24.4: The Age of the Earth Section 24.5: The Geologic Time Scale Highlight: Geology Factinos Highlight: The K-T Event: The Disappearance of Dinosaurs A Spotlight On: The Geologic Time Scale
I. The Seven Base Units of the International System of Units (SI) II. Solving Mathematical Problems in Science III. Equation Rearrangement IV. Analysis of Units V. Positive and Negative Numbers VI. Powers-of-10 Notation VII. Significant Figures VIII. Psychometric Tables IX. Star Charts
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