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Life and Death : A Reader in Moral Problems

Life and Death : A Reader in Moral Problems - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0534508258

Cover of Life and Death : A Reader in Moral Problems 2ND 00 (ISBN 978-0534508258)
ISBN13: 978-0534508258
ISBN10: 0534508251
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 2ND 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 2000
International: No

List price: $211.00

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Life and Death : A Reader in Moral Problems - 2ND 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0534508258

Louis P. Pojman

ISBN13: 978-0534508258
ISBN10: 0534508251
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 2ND 00
Copyright: 2000
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 2000
International: No

Author Bio

Pojman, Louis P. : United States Military Academy

Table of Contents

Preface.


I. ETHICAL THEORIES.

Introduction.
A. Classical Theories.
1. Immanual Kant: Deontological Ethics.
2. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism.
3. Thomas Hobbes: Contractual Ethics.
B. Relativism and Objectivism.
4. Herodotus: Custom is King.
5. Ruth Benedict: Ethical Relativism.
6. Louis P. Pojman: Ethical Objectivism.

II. THE SANCTITY OF LIFE VS. THE QUALITY OF LIFE.

Introduction.
7. Genesis and Psalm
8: The Creation of Humanity.
8. Albert Schweitzer: Reverence for Life.
9. Jonathan Glover: Against the Sanctity of Life Doctrine.
10. Tristram Engelhardt, Jr.: The Sanctity of Life and the Concept of a Person.
11. Daniel Callahan: Sanctity of Life Principle: The New Consensus.

III. DEATH AND THE MEANING OF LIFE.

Introduction.
12. Plato: Death as the Release of the Soul (from the Phaedo).
13. Epicurus: Death is Nothing to Us.
14. Richard Taylor: Does Life Have Meaning?
15. Lois Hope Walker: Religion and the Meaning of Life.
16. Jeffrie Murphy: Rationality and the Fear of Death.
17. Prasannatma Das: A Hindu Theory of Life and Death.

IV. SUICIDE.

Introduction.
18. Aquinas: Suicide is Unnatural and Immoral.
19. David Hume: On the Naturalness of Suicide.
20. Albert Camus: Life is Absurd.
21. Richard Brandt: The Morality and Rationality of Suicide.
22. Margaret Pabst Battin: Suicide: A Fundamental Right?

V. EUTHANASIA.

Introduction.
23. Yale Kamisar: Against Euthanasia.
24. Glanville Williams: Euthanasia is Morally Permissible.
25. James Rachels: Active and Passive Euthanasia.
26. Thomas Sullivan: Active and Passive Euthanasia: An Impertinent Distinction?
27. The Oregon Law on the Right to Die.

VI. WHAT IS DEATH? The Crisis of Criteria.

Introduction.
28. Robert M. Veatch: Defining Death Anew.
29. David Mayo and Daniel Wikler: Euthanasia and the Transition from Life to Death.

VII. ABORTION.

Introduction.
30. John Noonan: An Almost Absolute Value in History.
31 Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion.
32. Barush Brody: Against an Absolute Right to Abortion.
33 Mary Anne Warren: The Personhood Argument in Defense of Abortion.
34. Harry J. Gensler: The Golden Rule Argument Against Abortion.
35. Don Marquis: Why Abortion is Immoral.
36. Gerald H. Paske: Abortion and the Neo-Natal Right to Life: A Critique of Marquis' Futurist Argument.

VIII. HUMAN CLONING.

Introducton.
37. Leon Kass: The Wisdom of Repugnance.
38. The National Bioethics Advisory Board: Against Cloning Human Beings.
39. Richard Lewontin: The Confusion over Cloning.
40. Gregory E. Pence: Will Cloning Harm People?

IX. THE DEATH PENALTY.

Introduction.
41. Kant: Retributivism: The Right to Capital Punishment.
42. Thurgood Marshall: The Death Penalty is a Denial of Human Dignity.
43. Burton Leiser: A Retributivist Justification for the Death Penalty.
44. Hugo Adam Bedau: Against: Against Retributive Justification for the Death Penalty.
45. Sidney Hook: The Death Sentence: Limited Use.
46. Ernest van den Haag and Louis Schwartz: Death Penalty: Pro and Con.

X. ANIMAL RIGHTS.

Introduction.
47. Immanuel Kant: We Only Have Indirect Duties to Animals.
48. Peter Singer: All Animals are Equal.
49. R.G. Frey: A Utilitarian Critique of Animal Rights.
50. Tom Regan: The Radical Egalitarian Case for Animal Rights.
51. Robert White: The Case for Animal Experimentation.
52. Tom Regan: The Case Against Animal Experimentation.
53. Mary Anne Warren: Difficulties with the Strong Animal Rights Position.
54. Carl Cohen: The Case Against Animal Rights.
55. James Rachels: A Moral Defense of Vegetarianism.

XI. WAR.

Introduction.
56. Robert Phillips: Just War Theory.
57. Jan Narveson: A Critique of Pacifism.
58. Cheyney Ryan: A Defense of Pacifism.
59. The United States Catholic Bishops: Against the Use of Nuclear Weapons.
60. Charles Krauthammer: On Nuclear Morality.
61. Douglas Lackey: Missiles and Morals.
62. William James: The Moral Equivalent to War.

XII. WORLD HUNGER.

Introduction.
63. Garrett Hardin: Lifeboat Ethics: The Case Against Helping the Poor.
64. William Murdoch: Population and Food: Metaphors and the Reality.
65. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence and Morality.
66. Richard Watson: Reason and Morality in a World of Limited Food.
67. John Arthur: Famine Relief and the Ideal Moral Code.


For Further Reading.

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