Summary: Living Theater: A History conveys the excitement and variety of theater throughout time and the dynamic way in which our interpretation of theater history is informed by contemporary scholarship. Rather than presenting readers with a mere catalog of historical facts and figures, Wilson and Goldfarb set each period in context through an exploration of the social, political and economic conditions of the day, and create a vivid study of the developments in theat
er during that time. Changes to the third edition include the addition of new biographies of key players in the dramatic world, expanded existing biographies, and a completely revised chapter on early Asian theater. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.
Summary: Living Theater: A History conveys the excitement and variety of theater throughout time and the dynamic way in which our interpretation of theater history is informed by contemporary scholarship. Rather than presenting readers with a mere catalog of historical facts and figures, Wilson and Goldfarb set each period in context through an exploration of the social, political and economic conditions of the day, and create a vivid study of the developments in theater during that time. Changes to the third edition include the addition of new biographies of key players in the dramatic world, expanded existing biographies, and a completely revised chapter on early Asian theater. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:6TH 12 Cover: Hardback Publisher:McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Published: 01/14/2011 International: No
View Table of Contents
Chapter 1 Theatre: Its Origins and its History
Theatre in Everyday Life
Imitation, Role Playing, and Storytelling
Ceremonies and Rituals
Theatrical Aspects of Ceremonies and Rituals
The Abydos Ritual in Ancient Egypt
Indigenous Ritual in Latin America
Nontheatrical Elements of Ceremonies and Rituals
Methexis: Group Sharing
Prohibition of Theatre
How Historians Reconstruct the Elements of Theatre
A Playing Space
Coordination of the Elements
The Study of Theatre History
Traditional Chronological Narratives
Recent Historical Approaches
Gay and Lesbian Theatre Historians
Semioticians and Iconographic Historians
Marxist and Class-Oriented Historians
Performance Studies and Theatre History
Why Study Theatre History?
How Do Scholars Study Theatre History?
Where Do Theatre Historians Present Their Work?
Theatre in History: Points to Remember
Part one: Early Theatres
Chapter 2 Greek Theatre
Background: The Golden Age of Greece
Origins: Greek Theater Emerges
Theatre in the Fifth Century b.c.e.
Greek Theatre and Greek Religion
Festivals and the City Dionysia
Debates in Theatre History: Did Women Attend Dramatic Festivals?
Greek Theatre and Greek Myths
Aristotle and the Tragic Form
Climactic Drama and Greek Tragedy
Greek Theatre Production
The Theatre Building
Debates in Theatre History: The Greek Stage
Scenery and Special Effects
Acting in Greek Theatre
Costumes and Masks
Music and Dance
Theatre in the Hellenistic Age 49
The Rise of the Actor
Social Position of Actors
Chapter 3 roman theatre
Background: The Republic and the Empire
The Development of Roman Theatre: Popular Influences
Plautus (Titus Maccius Plautus)
Terence (Publius Terentius Afer)
Debates in Theatre History: Was Terence the First Black Playwright?
Seneca (Lucius Annaeus Seneca)
Dramatic Criticism in Rome
Horace (Quintus Horatius Flaccus)
Theatre Production in Rome
Actors and Acting Companies
Theatre Buildings and Scenic Elements
Popular Entertainment in Rome
The Decline of Roman Theatre
Chapter 4 Early Asian Theatres
Background: The Theatres of Asia
Later Indian Drama
Early Theatre in China
Theatre in the Yuan Dynasty
Important Plays from the Yuan Period
Theatre Production in the Yuan Period
Debates in Theatre History: Did playwrights in the Yuan period create tragedies?
Theatre in the Ming Dynasty
Later Chinese Theatre
Early Theatre in Japan
Characteristics of No Theatre
Producing No Theatre
Origins of Kabuki: Okuni of Izumo
Development of Kabuki
Southeast Asia: Shadow Plays
Chapter 5 Medieval Theatres in Europe
Background: The Middle Ages
Byzantium: Popular Arts and Theatrical Preservation
The Middle Ages in Western Europe
Development of Medieval Liturgical Drama
Debates in Theatre History: Why was Hrosvitha ignored for so long?
Producing Liturgical Drama 109
Debates in Theatre History: The origins of medieval theatre and the role of quem quaeritis
Early Medieval Theatre in France 110
The Development of Religious Vernacular Drama 111
Mystery or Cycle Plays 112
The Second Shepherds' Play 114
The Emergence of Episodic Form 115
Producing the Cycle Plays 116
Pageant Masters 117
Processional and Stationary Staging 118
The Neutral Platform Stage 120
Secrets: Early Experiments with Technology 120
Morality Plays 121
Producing the Morality Plays 122
Secular Theatre in the Middle Ages: Popular Forms 122
The Decline of Religious Theatre 124
Part two Theatres of the Renaissance
Chapter 6 The Theatre of the Italian Renaissance
Background: The Renaissance in Italy
Tragedies and Comedies
Intermezzi and Pastorals
Debates in Theatre History: Adaptations as sources of drama
Commedia dell'Arte: A Popular Theatrical Form
Conventions of Commedia dell'Arte
Influence of Commedia dell'Arte
Debates in Theatre History: Women performers in commedia dell'arte Italian Theatre Architecture
The Theatre at Sabbioneta
Teatro Farnese and the Proscenium Stage
Scene Design and Early Theatre Technology
Perspective in Scene Design
Debates in Theatre History: What is the exact origin of the proscenium arch?
Advances in Scenic Techniques: From Serlio to Torelli
Special Effects and Lighting
Italian Dramatic Criticism
The Neoclassical Ideals
Decorum and Verisimilitude
The Unities: Time, Place, and Action
Genre and Other Rules
The Neoclassicists' Influence
Issues of Dramatic Criticism
The Nature of Criticism: Descriptive and Prescriptive Criticism
The Nature of Drama: Should Theatre Be Didactic?
The Form of Drama: Neoclassical Structure
The Legacy of the Italian Renaissance
Chapter 7 The Theatre of the English Renaissance
Background: The Renaissance in England
The Early Drama of the English Renaissance
Marlowe and the Mighty Line
Shakespeare's Skill and Diversity
Theatres and Production Practices: Problems of Research
Debates in Theatre History: Who wrote Shakespeare's plays?
Public or Outdoor Theatres
Audience Seating in Public Theatres
The Stage in Public Theatres
The Tiring House
Influences on the Public Theatres
Debates in Theatre History: The campaign to save the rose
Scenery and Costumes
Elizabethan Acting Companies
The Lord Chamberlain's Men
The Lord Admiral's Men
Organization of Acting Companies
Debates in Theatre History: Elizabethan acting style
Representation of Female Characters in Elizabethan Theatre
Jacobean and Caroline Drama
Beaumont and Fletcher
Court Entertainment: The Masque
Chapter 8 The Theatre of the Spanish Golden Age
Background: The Spanish Golden Age
Religious Theatre in Spain 193
Religious Dramas: Autos Sacramentales
Producing the Autos Sacramentales
Secular Theatre in Spain
Lope de Rueda
Secular Dramas: Comedias
Lope Felix de Vega Carpio
Pedro Calderon de la Barca
Producing the Comedias
Scenery, the Stage, and Costumes
Debates in Theatre History: What was the appearance of the corral del principe?
The Status of Actresses
Debates in Theatre History: A lost Spanish popular entertainment?
Chapter 9 French neoclassical theatre
Background: France in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries
Early Drama, Popular Theatre, and Pageantry
Establishing the Neoclassical Ideals
The Triumph of the Neoclassical Ideals
Ballet at Court
Theatre Production in France
Architecture, Scenery, and Technology
The Comedie Francaise
Debates in Theatre History: Should we envy Europe's national theatres?
Part three Theatres from 1660 to 1875
Chapter 10 The Theatre of the English Restoration
Background: The Restoration
Theatre during the Commonwealth
The Theatre of the Restoration Begins
William Davenant and Th omas Killigrew
Comedies of Intrigue
Comedies of Manners
The Female Wits
The Decline of Restoration Comedy: The Transition to Eighteenth-Century Drama
Actresses and Actors
Eleanor (Nell) Gwynn
Government and the Theatres
Theatre Architecture in the Restoration
Debates in Theatre History: The Dorset Garden Theatre
Threads in Theatre History
The Drury Lane Theatre
Scenery, Scene-Shifting Technology, Costumes, and Lighting
Chapter 11 theatres in the eighteenth century 256
Background: The Eighteenth Century
New Popular Forms: Ballad Opera and Comic Opera
Sentimental Comedy and Laughing Comedy
Richard Brinsley Sheridan
The School for Scandal
Comedy in Eighteenth-Century France
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais
Storm and Stress
Realism and Antirealism in Commedia dell' Arte
Carlo Goldoni and Carlo Gozzi
Melodrama: A Popular Genre Emerges
Regulation of Theatres in France
Government and Theatres in Germany
Regulation of Theatres in England
Theatres in Europe
Theatres in America
The Hallam Family
The Bibiena Family
Scenic and Technical Experiments
Debates in Theatre History: When was the box set introduced?
Dumesnil and Clairon
Status of Performers
The Early Emergence of the Director
Debates in Theatre History: Who was the first director?
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Chapter 12 theatres from 1800 to 1875
Background: The Nineteenth Century
Theatre in Nineteenth-Century Life
Debates in Theatre History: Is popular entertainment worthy of serious study?
Theatre and Nationalism
Anna Cora Mowatt
The Well-Made Play
Nineteenth-Century Theatre Production
Edmund Kean and Charles Kean
William Charles Macready
Acting Theory: Delsarte
The Acting Profession
The Long Run and the Decline of Repertory Companies
The Rise of the International Star
Sarah Bernhardt and Eleonora Duse
Further Steps toward Directing
Actor-Managers and Playwright-Managers
Madame Vestris: Lucia Elizabetta Bartolozzi
Two Early Directors
Georg II, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen
Scenery, Costuming, and Lighting
The Box Set
Theatre in Russia Reflects Nineteenth-Century Trends
Part four modern theatres
Chapter 13 theatres from 1875 to 1915
Background: The Turn of the Century
The Emergence of Realism
What Is Realism?
The Founding of Realism
Ibsen's Realism: A Doll's House
Producers of Realism and Naturalism
George Bernard Shaw
The Independent Theatre
Moscow Art Theatre
Anton Pavlovich Chekhov
Konstantin Sergeivich Stanislavski
The Stanislavskian Technique
Concentration and Observation
Importance of Specifics
What? Why? How?
Through Line of a Role
Stanislavski and Psychophysical Action
Visual Elements in Realistic Theatre
Early Departures from Realism
Departures from Realism by Wedekind, Ibsen, and Strindberg
Producing Departures from Realism
Adolphe Appia and Edward Gordon Craig
Vsevelod Emilievich Meyerhold
Meyerhold's Theatricalist Experiments
Commercial and Popular Theatres
Debates in Theatre History: Are women's contributions to theatre history overlooked?
The Emerging American Theatre
American Playwrights after 1875
African American Theatre
African American Stock Companies: The Lafayette Players
African Americans in Popular Theatre
Global Theatres 1875--1915
Peking (Beijing) Opera: A Nineteenth-Century Development
Early Twentieth Century Chinese Theatre
Theatre in India
Theatre in Japan
Chapter 14 theatres from 1915 to 1945
Background: A Time of Unrest--The World Wars
Theatre of Unrest: Dramatic Movements
Futurism and Dada
Theatre of Cruelty
Piscator and The Good Soldier Schweik
Brecht's Epic Theatre
Mother Courage and Her Children
European Theatres during the War Years
Copeau and Text-Oriented Theatre
French Playwrights: Giraudoux and Anouilh
Federico Garcia Lorca
Laurence Olivier, Ralph Richardson, and John Gielgud
Theatres under Totalitarianism
Debates in Theatre History: Evaluating totalitarian art
Commercial versus Noncommercial Theatre
Commercial Theatre in the United States
Noncommercial Drama and Theatre in the United States
Eva Le Gallienne
Playwrights in the United States
Female Playwrights in the United States
The "Little Theatre" Movement
The Group Theatre
The Federal Theatre Project
College and University Theatres
African American Theatre
African American Theatre in the 1920s
African American Theatre in the 1930s and 1940s
Global Theatres, 1915--1945
Kathakali in India
Theatre in China
Theatre in Japan
Chapter 15 theatres from 1945 to 1975
Background: The Postwar World--A Time of Social Upheaval
Postwar Experimental Theatres
Theatre of the Absurd
Waiting for Godot
Directors of Absurdist Drama
Happenings and Multimedia
Grotowski's Poor Theatre and Paratheatrical Experiments
Postwar Realistic Drama
British Realism: Angry Young Playwrights
Documentary Drama: Fact-Based Realism
Postwar Eclectic Directors
Postwar Developments in American Theatre
Off -Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway
The Living Theatre
Ellen Stewart and Joseph Papp
African American Theatre
African American Theatre in the 1950s
Civil Rights and African American Militancy: 1960--1970
African American Producing Organizations
Chapter 16 Contemporary Theatres: The Americas
Background: Worldwide Changes since 1975
Theatrical Diversity in the United States
Contemporary African American Playwrights
Joe Turner's Come and Gone
Latino-Latina American Theatre
Cuban American and Nuyorican Theatre
Asian American Theatre
Native American Theatre
Maria Irene Fornes
Gay and Lesbian Theatre
Other Important Playwrights and Theatres
Developments in Regional Theatre Companies
Alternative Regional Theatres
The Performance Group and Richard Schechner
The Wooster Group
Other Alternative Ensembles
Alternative American Directors
Richard Foreman and Robert Wilson
Des McAnuff, Peter Sellars, and Anne Bogart
Anna Deavere Smith
Commercial Theatre: Musicals
Canadian Theatre since World War II
Latin American Theatres
Chapter 17 Contemporary Global Theatres: Asia, Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Australia
Background: Approaching Global Theatre
Theatres in India, China, and Japan in the Modern Period
Theatres in the Middle East
African Theatres and Drama
French-Speaking (Francophone) Africa
English-Speaking (Anglophone) Africa
Northern (Arabic-Speaking) Africa
Russia and Eastern Europe
Poland, Romania, and the Czech Republic
Western Europe, Britain, and Ireland
Western European Directors
Alternative Theatres in Western Europe
German, Italian, and French Dramatists
British and Irish Playwrights
European and British Theatres
Alternative Theatres in London
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