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Major Problems in American Military History: Documents and Essays

Major Problems in American Military History: Documents and Essays - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0669335385

Cover of Major Problems in American Military History: Documents and Essays 99 (ISBN 978-0669335385)
ISBN13: 978-0669335385
ISBN10: 066933538X
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 99
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Published: 1999
International: No

List price: $132.75

Major Problems in American Military History: Documents and Essays - 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0669335385

John Whiteclay II Chambers, G. Kurt Piehler and Thomas G. Paterson

ISBN13: 978-0669335385
ISBN10: 066933538X
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 99
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Published: 1999
International: No

This new volume in the Major Problems in American History series traces the evolution of the American military, its institutions, strategic doctrines, and technology. Compiled by experts in the field, the anthology of primary sources and essays covers the entire span of American military history, beginning with Native American and European warfare. The selections provide a social and institutional focus of the "new" military history, including the combat experience of the common enlisted personnel, and follow the metamorphosis of the militia, the professionalization of the officers' corps, and the course of civilian control of the military. Students also will explore the relationship between American military action and institutions and the unfolding role of the United States throughout the world.

  • In keeping with the proven strengths of the series, the compelling documents (6-10 per chapter) are grouped with important secondary sources (2-3 per chapter), accompanied by chapter introductions, selection headnotes, and suggested readings. Students are encouraged to evaluate the sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.
  • Coverage includes Native American and European warfare, the American Revolution, the Civil War, the World Wars, the Korean Conflict, the Vietnam Conflict, the Gulf War, and Bosnia.

Table of Contents

Note: Each chapter contains Further Reading.

1. Diverse Approaches to American Military History

Russell F. Weigley, How Americans Wage War: The Evolution of National Strategy
Richard H. Kohn, Exploring the Social History of the Military
Alex Roland, Weapons and Technology Drive the American Military
Dennis F. Showalter, The Importance of Battle History
D'Ann Campbell, The Evolving Relationship of Women and Combat

2. The Colonial Era: Native American Versus European Warfare

1. Governor John Winthrop Recounts the Killing of John Stone and the Treaty with the Pequots, 1634
2. Captain John Underhill Justifies the Attack on Mystic Village, in the Pequot War (1637), 1638
3. Captain John Mason Explains the Decision to Burn the Village (1637), 1638
4. William Apess, a Pequot, Later Denounces the Mystic Massacre (1637), 1831
5. Roger Williams Ponders the Self-Imposed Limitations of Indian Warfare, 1643
6. Colonel George Washington Praises the Virginia Provincial Troops, 1757
Francis Jennings, The Puritans Were the Savages
Adam J. Hirsch, The Tragedy of Conflicting Military Cultures
Don Higginbotham, A Different View of the Evolution of the Militia to the Continental Army

3. The American Revolution: Who Fought and Why?

1. Loyalist Peter Oliver Tells How an American Prisoner of War Justified His Enlistment to His Captors (1775), c. 1777-1781
2. General George Washington Explains His Strategy, 1777
3. Jeremiah Greenman, an Enlisted Man, Recounts the Bloody Battle of Monmouth, 1778
4. Private Joseph Martin Provides the Only Contemporary Account of "Molly Pitcher" (1778), 1830
5. A Militia Company Worries About Indians and Local Safety, 1781
6. Samuel Sutphin, a Black Slave, Tells of His Service in the Revolution (1781-1783) and His Freedom, 1834
7. Sarah Osborn, a Soldier's Wife, Relates How She Accompanied the Continental Army to Yorktown (1781), 1837
Mark E. Lender, Enlistment: Economic Opportunities for the Poor and Working Classes
Charles Royster, Enlistment: Patriotic Belief in the Cause of Freedom
Gregory T. Knouff, Enlistment: The Complexity of Motivations

4. The New Nation, the Military, and an American Way of War

1. The Articles of Confederation's Provisions on War and the Military, 1777
2. General George Washington Calls for a Standing Army, 1783
3. The Constitution's and Bill of Rights' Provisions on War and the Military, 1787, 1791
4. Antifederalists Fear a Large Military Establishment, 1787
5. Thomas Jefferson Advises an Economic Alternative to War, 1793
6. Alexander Hamilton Urges the Need for Defense and War, 1798
7. Andrew Jackson Urges War as a Crusade, 1812
John Shy, American Wars as Crusades for Total Victory
Reginald C. Stuart, The Early Republic and Limited War

5. The Army, Professionalism, Jacksonian Democracy, and Manifest Destiny

1. President Andrew Jackson Calls for Removal of the Indians, 1830
2. From "Scarecrow Militia" to Volunteer National Guard Units: Contrasting Lithographs (1836, - )
3. First Lieutenant Joseph R. Smith Bemoans Lack of Civilian Respect, 1838
4. General Ethan Allen Hitchcock Agonizes over the Seminole and Mexican Wars, 1840-1848
5. Lieutenant William T. Sherman Disdains Politics, 1844
6. D. L. Goodall, a Tennessee Volunteer, Exults in the Battle of Monterrey, Mexico, 1846
7. Eliza Johnston, an Army Wife, Reports on an Expedition Through Indian Territory, 1855-1856
William B. Skelton, An Officer Corps Responds to an Undisciplined Society by Disciplined Professionalsim
Robert E. May, An Officer Corps Responds to Opportunities for Expansion with Images of Heroic Expeditions

6. Generals, Soldiers, and the Civil War

1. General Robert E. Lee, C.S.A., Puts Forward an Offensive Strategy of Division and Concentration, 1862-1863; To General Thomas J. ("Stonewall") Jackson, April 25, 1862; To Mary Lee (Robert E. Lee's wife), April 19, 1863; To General John Bell Hood, May 21, 1863; To President Jefferson Davis, June 10, 1863; To General Samuel Cooper, November 4, 1863
2. President Jefferson Davis, C.S.A., Defends His Overall Defensive Strategy, 1862
3. General James Longstreet, C.S.A., Criticizes Lee's Generalship (1863-1864), 1895
4. H. A. Yellowley, a Southern White Woman, Tells of Slaves Running off to Join the Yankees Who Armed Them, 1862
5. Private James Henry Gooding, a Northern Black Soldier, Fights for Freedom and the Union, 1863
6. General Ulysses S. Grant, U.S.A., Commits the Union Army to Relentless Offensive, 1864
7. General William T. Sherman, U.S.A., Justifies Taking War to the Civilians, 1864
Douglass Southall Freeman, Robert E. Lee: A Brilliant Commander
Alan T. Nolan, Robert E. Lee: A Flawed General
Mark E. Neely, Jr., The Generalship of Grant and Sherman: Was the Civil War a Modern "Total" War? A Dissenting View

7. Indian Wars on the Great Plains

1. George Bent, Cheyenne Indian, Decries the Massacre of Native Americans by the Colorado Militia at Sand Creek (1864), 1905-1918
2. Colonel Henry Carrington Details the Destruction and Mutilation of Lieutenant Fetterman's Unit (1866), 1867
3. General William T. Sherman Approves Wiping out the Hostiles, 1868
4. Lieutenant Frederick Benteen Depicts the Battle of the Little Big Horn, 1876
5. Iron Hawk, a Hunkpapa Sioux/Lahota Warrior, Recalls the Battle of the Little Big Horn (1876), 1932
6. General George Crook Defends the Indians, 1884
7. Western Artist Frederic Remington Covers Black Troopers Chasing Apaches Through the Arizona Territory, 1889
Stephen E. Ambrose, George Armstrong Custer: A Reckless Commander Brought Down by His Own Mistakes
Robert M. Utley, George Armstrong Custer: A Great Commander Overwhelmed by a Larger Force

8. Armed Forces and an Expanding World Power

1. General Emory Upton Urges a European Style Army (1880), 1904
2. Admiral Mahan Champions Sea Power Through Battleships, 1890
3. Colonel Theodore Roosevelt Boasts of His "Rough Riders" at San Juan Hill (1898), 1899
4. Sergeant William Payne, a Black Trooper, Portrays Black Regulars Helping to Take San Juan Hill (1898), 1899
5. Private Frederick Presher Describes the U.S. Army's Abuse of Noncombatants in a Filipino Village, 1901
6. Captain J. Hartman Submits an Official Account of the Same Incident, 1901
Russell F. Weigley, Mahan Planned for the Wrong Kind of War and the Wrong Kind of Ships
Stuart Creighton Miller, American Racism and Lawlessness in the Philippines
John M. Gates, Inherent Problems in Counter-Guerrilla Warfare

9. World War I: The Challenge of Modern War

1. President Woodrow Wilson Wants a Drafted Army, Not the U.S. Volunteers, 1917
2. Senator Robert LaFollette Opposes the Draft, 1917
3. Laura Frost, a U.S. Army Nurse, Recalls Her Experiences at the Front in France (1918), 1918-1997
4. General John J. Pershing Insists on a Separate American Army in France, 1918
5. Allied Expeditionary Force Combat Instructions Stress Open-Field Tactics, Not Trench Warfare, 1918
6. Theodore Jones, an AEF Artilleryman, Recounts His First Exposure to Combat, 1918
7. Colonel George Marshall Describes Some Inadequacies of the AEF (1918), 1930
Donald Smythe, The Wisdom of a Separate American Army
David F. Trask, A Separate American Army Impeded a Decisive Blow

10. Innovation in the Interwar Years

1. Brigadier General William ("Billy") Mitchell, U.S. Air Service, Calls for a Unified Air Force and Declares Strategic Airpower the Key to Victory, 1920
2. Admiral William Moffett, Naval Aviation Chief, Criticizes Mitchell, 1925
3. Air Corps Tactical School Argues for Tactical as Well as Strategic Airpower, 1931-1932
4. Major General John A. Lejeune, Commandant, U.S. Marine Corps, Proposes a