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Major Problems in History of the American South : The Old South, Volume I

Major Problems in History of the American South : The Old South, Volume I - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0395871393

Cover of Major Problems in History of the American South : The Old South, Volume I 2ND 99 (ISBN 978-0395871393)
ISBN13: 978-0395871393
ISBN10: 0395871395
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 99
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Published: 1999
International: No

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Major Problems in History of the American South : The Old South, Volume I - 2ND 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0395871393

Escott, Goldfield, McMillen, Turner and Paterson

ISBN13: 978-0395871393
ISBN10: 0395871395
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 99
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt

Published: 1999
International: No

The fascinating collection of essays and documents in these volumes provides a comprehensive view of the culture of the American South as well as its political, social, and economic history. While emphasizing newer interpretations and such topics of current interest as the religious South and women's culture, the documents also include classic essays and themes. Part of the Major Problems in American History series, this collection is ideal as either the textbook or primary anthology for a course on the History of the South. The broad array of selections includes songs, political cartoons, excerpts from diaries and novels, original petitions, speeches, and even recipes.

Substantially streamlined in this edition, Major Problems in the History of the American South, Second Edition, includes recent research and several areas of new coverage.

  • In keeping with the proven strengths of the series, the compelling documents (6-10 per chapter) are grouped with important secondary sources (2-3 per chapter), accompanied by chapter introductions, selection headnotes, and suggested readings. Students are encouraged to evaluate the sources, test the interpretations of distinguished historians, and draw their own conclusions.
  • New! Recent research on education, the environment, and religion is included.
  • New! Material on the post-1945 South has been expanded.
  • New! Information on minority groups has been enhanced with new documents on women and gender issues, black women and Jim Crow laws, and Hispanic Americans.
  • New! Increased coverage of the trans-Mississippi West has been added.
  • New! New coverage of the politics of the household during Reconstruction.

Table of Contents



1. What Is the South?
W. J. Cash, The Continuity of Southern History
C. Vann Woodward, The Discontinuity of Southern History
David L. Smiley, Quest for a Central Theme
John B. Boles, The Difficulty of Consensus on the South
2. Settlement of Red, White, and Black
Captain John Smith Describes the Natives of Virginia, 1612
Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, 1675-1676
Virginia's Statutes, 1630-1705
Chevalier d'Iberville Explores the Gulf South, 1699
South Carolina Restricts the Liberties of Slaves, 1740
Kathleen M. Brown, Gender and Race in Colonial Virginia
Daniel H. Usner, Jr., Trade and Settlement in the Lower Mississippi Valley
3. The Maturing of the Colonial South
Elizabeth Sprigs Describes Harsh Conditions of Servitude, 1756
Eliza Lucas Writes on Love and Business, 1740, 1741
The Debate over Slavery in Georgia, 1735-1750
Runaway Slave Advertisements from South Carolina, 1743-1784
Merchant Robert Pringle Observes Life and Trade in Charleston, 1739-1743
Reverend Charles Woodmason Decries the "Wild Peoples" of the Carolina Backcountry, 1768
"We Are Free-Men...Not born Slaves": Grievances from the Backcountry, 1767
Lorena S. Walsh, How Tobacco Production Shaped Slave Life in the Chesapeake
Jack P. Greene, Georgia's Attempt to Become a Viable Colony
4. The Revolutionary South and Its Aftermath
Two Attempts at Converting the Carolina Backcountry, 1775
Lord Dunmore's Proclamation Freeing Virginia's Slaves, 1775
Thomas Jefferson on the Defection of His Slaves to the British, 1781
Thomas Jefferson's Bill for Establishing Religious Freedom in Virginia, 1777
Eliza Wilkinson's Thoughts on Women and War, 1779
Colonel David Fanning's Memoirs of a Loyalist, 1781
Constitutional Clauses Refering to Slavery, 1787
Sylvia R. Frey, The Impact of African American Resistance During the War
Rachel N. Klein, Who Should Rule at Home? The Revolution in the Carolina Backcountry
5. The Emergance of Southern Nationalism
The Virginia and Kentucky Resolves, 1798, 1799
The Richmond Virginian Calls for Tighter Controls of Blacks, 1808
Southern Congressmen Defend Slavery in Missouri, 1820
Margaret Trimble McCue Wants to Live in a Free State, 1820
The Supreme Court Addresses Removal of the Indians from Georgia, 1831
The Nullification Crisis in South Carolina, 1832
John C. Calhoun Defends Slavery, 1837
Don E. Fehrenbacher, The Missouri Controversy: A Critical Moment in Southern Sectionalism
Pauline Maier, The Road Not Taken: Nullification, John C. Calhoun, and the Revolutionary Tradition in South Carolina
6. The Slaveholders' South
The Cotton South (map)
Joseph G. Baldwin Examines Frontier Law in Alabama and Mississippi, 1835-1837
Cotton Planter Bennett Barrow Describes Life in Louisiana, 1838, 1839, 1841
Two Plantation Site Plans in Georgia and Alabama (maps)
Experiences of William Johnson, a Free Black, in Natchez, Mississippi, 1838-1842
Excerpts from Charles Manigault's Plantation Journal and Letter, 1833-1853
Mark M. Smith, Plantation Management by the Clock
Eugene Genovese, The Shaping of a Unique Society
7. The Slave and Free Black Experience
Harry McMillan, a Freedman, Describes His Bondage, 1863
Nancy Boudry, an Ex-Slave, Recalls Slavery, 1936
Harriet Jacobs Laments Her Trials as a Slave Girl (1828), 1861
Lucy and George Skipwith Write Their Master, 1847, 1857, 1859
Charleston's Free Blacks Fear Reenslavement, 1859-1860
Five Generations of a South Carolina Slave Family (photo)
Brenda Stevenson, Distress and Discord in slave Families
Peter Kolchin, Antebellum Slavery: Slave Religion and Community
8. Nonslaveholding Whites
Ferdinand L. Steel's Diary of a Yeoman, 1838-1841
A Baptist Church Meets in Conference, 1859
Hinton Rowan Helper Attacks Slavery, 1857
Census Record of Guilford County, North Carolina, 1850
D. R. Hundley Defends Nonslaveholders, 1860
Travelers' Accounts of Yeoman Life, 1849, 1855
Charles Bolton, Edward Isham and the World of Poor Whites
Victoria Bynum, Punishing Deviant Women: TheState as Patriarch
9. White Women's Culture and Reality in the Old South
Thomas Roderick Dew Idealizes Southern Women, 1835
The Sorrows of Childbirth, 1890, c. 1800
Lucy Shaw Laments the Death of Her Child, 1841
William Whitsitt Recounts the Death of His Daughter, 1848
Louisa Cheves McCord, "Woman's Progress," 1853
Southern Women Write of Family, Friendship, Work, Race, 1821-1853
Elizabeth Fox-Genovese, Constraints of the Plantation Household
Sally G. McMillen, Motherhood in the Old South
10. Sectionalism and Secession
Resolutions of the Nashville Convention, 1850
Reverend Thornton Stringfellow Defends Slavery, 1856
Dred Scott v. Sanford, 1857
James Henry Hammond Praises King Cotton, 1858
The Proposed Crittenden Compromise, 1860
Southern Editors Speculate on Secession, 1860, 1861
Letters of Support to Senator Andrew Johnson, 1860-1861
The Jones Family Responds to Republican Victory, 1860-1861
Lacy K. Ford, Jr.,South Carolina Leaders Defend Slavery and Secession
Daniel W. Crofts, The Unionist Groundswell in the Upper South
11. The Confederate Experience
Joseph E. Brown Attacks Conscription, 1862
Nonslaveholders Protest Wartime Inequities, 1861, 1863
The Confederacy Struggles with Desertion and Disaffection, 1863
Women React to Suffering at Home, 1862-1864
Dick and Tally Simpson Describe the Life of Confederate Soldiers, 1861-1863
President Jefferson Davis Rallies His People, 1863
The Confederacy Debates Emancipation, 1865
Emory Thomas, The Revolution Brings Revolutionary Change
Paul D. Escott., The Failure of Confederate Nationalism
Drew Gilpin Faust, "We Shall Never...Be the Same": How War Affected Southern Women
12. Emancipation and Reconstruction
Ex-Slaves Recall Their First Taste of Freedom, 1937
Clarissa Burdett Recounts the Difficulties of a Black Soldier's Wife, 1864
Thaddeus Stevens Advocates the Redistribution of Land, 1865
Mary Jones Describes the Concerns of Ex-Slaves, 1865
The Military Reconstruction Act, 1867
George Fitzhugh Reveals Southern White Fears of the Negro Vote, 1867
Congressional Testimony on the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Representative Robet B. Elliott of South Carolina Demands Federal Civil Rights, January 1874
James Roark, The Effect of Emancipation on Elite Southern Whites
Eric Foner, Black Life During Reconstruction
1. What Is the South?
W. J. Cash, The Continuity of Southern History
C. Vann Woodward, The Discontinuity of Southern History
David L. Smiley, Quest for a Central Theme
John B. Boles, The Difficulty of Consensus on the South
2. Reconstructing the South
Constitutional Amendments 13, 14, and 15
The Military Reconstruction Act, 1867
J. R. Johnson Preaches on Marriage Covenants and Legal Rights, 1866
Edward Coleman Seeks Child Custody, 1866
A Southern Newspaper Denounces Reconstruction, 1869
Congressional Testimony on the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Instructions to Red Shirts in South Carolina, 1876
Thomas Nast Views Reconstruction, 1865, 1874
Laura F. Edwards, "The Marriage Covenant Is at the Foundation of All Our Rights"
William C. Harris, Carpetbaggers in Reality
Eric Foner, Black Activism and the Ku Klux Klan
3. Land and Labor in the New South
A Sharecropping Contract, 1886
A Crop Lien, 1876
Nate Shaw's Story (c. 1910), 1971
William Alexander Percy views Sharecropping, 1941
William A. Owens Comments on Tenant Farm Life in 1906
Tenants and Farmers Assess the New South, 1887-1889
Jonathan M. Wiener, Bound Labor in Southern Agriculture
Sharon Ann Holt, Freedpeople Working for Themselves
4. Industry, Workers, and the Myth of the New South
Speeches by Henry W. Grady on the New South, 1886, 1889
D. A. Tompkins on the New South, c. 1900
The Myth of the "Cotton Mill Campaign," 1921
A Black Entrepreneur Builds a Cotton Mill, 1896
Mill Workers' Comments on the New South, 1887
Bertha Miller Recalls Her Days as a Cotton Mill Girl (1915), 1984
Appalachian Coal Mines and Laborers
C. Vann Woodward, The Rise of Southern Industry
Jacquelyn Dowd Hall, Robert Korstad, and James L. Leloudis II, The Lives and Labors of the Cotton Mill People
Daniel Letwin, Interracial Unionism and Gender in the Alabama Coalfields, 1878-1908
5. From Redeemers to Populists
Letters from Alliance Women in Texas, 1888
Farmers Describe the Crisis, 1890s
The Ocala Platform, 1890
Tom Watson's Strategy, 1892
A Populist Speaker Responds, 1898
Dewey Grantham, Forging the Solid South
Edward L. Ayers, Alliances and Populists
6. Race, Violence, Disfranchisement, and Segregation
Ida B. Wells Reports the Horrors of Lynching in the South, 1892
Lynching in the United States, 1882-1930
Literacy Test and Poll Tax, 1899
Black Leaders Fight Disfranchisement, 1895
Plessy v. Ferguson, 1896
Democrats Fight Back: The White-Supremacy Campaign, 1898
Walter White Remembers the Atlanta Race Riot, 1906
Joel Williamson, A Rage for Order
David Montejano, The Culture of Segregation
7. Southern Religion and the Lost Cause
Two Hymns
W. E. B. Du Bois on the Faith of the Fathers, 1903
Sermon of John Lakin Brasher
Lillian Smith on Lessons About God and Guilt
U.D.C. Catechism for Children, 1912
Katherine Du Pre Lumpkin on the Lost Cause
Paul Harvey, Redeeming the South
Charles Reagan Wilson, The Lost Cause as Civil Religion
Elizabeth Hayes Turner, Women, Religion, and the Lost Cause
8. The Progressive South in the Age of Jim Crow: Promise and Pardox
Charles W. Dabney on the Public-School Problem in the South, 1901
Edgar Gardner Murphy on Child Labor in Alabama, 1901
The Southern Sociological Congress's Agenda for Reforming the South, 1914
Hoke Smith's Gubernatorial Inaugural Address, 1907
Booker T. Washington's Atlanta Exposition Address, 1895
W.E.B. Du Bois Denounces Washington's Accommodationist Policies, 1903
Dewey W. Grantham, The Promise of Southern Progressivism
William A. Link, The Paradox of Southern Progressivism
9. New Women, New South, New Prospects
Rebecca Latimer Felton Endorses Prohibition, 1985
Anita Julia cooper's "Voice from the South," 1892
Mary Church Terrell Speaks on the Role of Modern Woman
Women Urge President Woodrow Wilson to Endorse Suffrage, 1914
Anitsuffragists Raise the Race issue
Annie Webb Blanton Runs for State Office, 1918
Glenda Elizabeth Gilmore, Womenhood, Race, and the WCTU, 1881-1898
Jacqueline Anne Rouse, The Atlanta Neighborhood Union, 1908-1924
Marjorie Spruill Wheeler, The Woman Suffrage Movement in the Inhospitable South
10. In Search of the Modern South
John Crowe Ransom Takes a Stand for the Agrarian Way of Life, 1930
Leading Southern Cities, 1920 (map)
First International Pageant of Pulchritude, Galveston, Texas, c. 1926
Ku Klux Klan Propaganda
The Reverend Amazi Clarence Dixon on the Evils of Evolution, 1922
Dr William L. Poteat Criticizes Fundamentalism, 1925
Richard H. King, Explaining the Southern Renaissance
Nancy Maclean, Mobilizing the Invisible Army
Willard B. Gatewood, Jr.,After Scopes: Evolution in the South
11. Turning Points? The New Deal and World War II
Florence Reece's "Which Side Are You On?" 1931
Huey Long, "Every Man a King," 1933
The President's Council Reports on Southern Economic Conditions, 1938
The Tenant Child
Dorothea Lange Photographs the Depression
Perspectives on "What the Negro Wants," 1944
Smith v. Allwright, 1944
Martha H. Swain, A New Deal for Southern Women
James C. Cobb, The Impact of World War II on the American South
12. Race Relations and Freedom Struggles
Melton McLaurin Recalls Segregation
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 1954
The Southern Manifesto, 1956
Jo Ann Gibson Robinson on the Montgomery Bus Boycott, 1955
Letter from Alabama Clergy, 1963
Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail, 1963
SNCC Position Paper: Women in the Civil Rights Movement, 1964
David L. Chappell, White Southerners and the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Clayborne Carson, Black Freedom Struggles
13. Race, Politics, and Religion in the Recent South
Jimmy Carter's Gubernatorial Inaugural Address, 1971
Interviews with a Republican and a Democratic Leader, 1981, 1982
Cartoonist Doug Marlette's View of Political Segregation, 1985
Andrew Young's State of the City Address, 1989
Southern Baptists Apologize for Slavery and Racism, 1995
The Religious Right Joins the Republican Party, 1980-1992
The Solid South, 1996
Republican Party Advances in the South, 1980-1998 (map)
David R. Goldfield, Beyond Race in the Modern South
Earl Black and Merle Black, The Vital South
Mark J. Rozell and Clyde Wilcox, The New Christian Right in Virginia
14. The South Lives (Moves) On
Bruce J. Schulman, From Cotton Belt to Sunbelt
Raymond Arsenault, Air Conditioner and Southern Culture
Howard L. Preston, Will Dixie Disappear?

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