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Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective

Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0813338217

Cover of Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective 4TH 04 (ISBN 978-0813338217)
ISBN13: 978-0813338217
ISBN10: 0813338212
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 04
Publisher: Westview Press, Inc.
Published: 2004
International: No

List price: $49.00

Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective - 4TH 04 edition

ISBN13: 978-0813338217

Ann McElroy and Patricia Townsend

ISBN13: 978-0813338217
ISBN10: 0813338212
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 04
Publisher: Westview Press, Inc.

Published: 2004
International: No
Summary

The 25th-anniversary edition of the premier text in medical anthropology. The newest edition of the premier teaching text in medical anthropology is thoroughly revised to reflect new developments in the field. Widespread awareness of emerging infectious diseases and global environmental change makes the ecological perspective of the McElroy-Townsend text even more relevant to students than when it was first published. Medical Anthropology in Ecological Perspective integrates biocultural, environmental, and evolutionary approaches to the study of human health. Research by human biologists and paleopathologists illuminates the history and prehistory of disease, while the work of cultural and applied anthropologists addresses contemporary health issues. Celebrating the book's 25th anniversary, the Fourth Edition includes increased coverage of emerging diseases, evolutionary medicine, the homeless, health disparities, and forensic anthropology. New chapters treat reproduction and careers in applied medical anthropology. New "Profiles" (case studies) on stress and toxic chemicals have been added and other profiles have been updated, further augmenting the classroom-friendly features the book is noted for.

Author Bio

McElroy, Ann : State University of New York at Buffalo


Ann McElroy is Associate Professor of Anthropology at State University of New York at Buffalo.


Townsend, Patricia : State University of New York at Buffalo


Patricia K. Townsend is a Research Associate Professor.

Table of Contents

Preface
The Ecology of Health and Disease
Preview
Studying Nepali Children: An Example of Medical Anthropology
Environment, Culture, and Health
Profile: Arctic Adaptations
A Working Model of Ecology and Health
Resources
Interdisciplinary Research in Health Problems
Preview
The Nature of Collaboration
Bio-Environmental Data
Profile: Cannibal Mourners
Clinical Data
Epidemiological Data
Social and Cultural Data
Profile: The Everyday Lives of Retarded Persons
Economic, Political, and Historical Data
Medical Anthropology at Work
Theory in Medical Anthropology
Conclusions
Resources
Genes, Culture, and Adaptation
Preview
Human Diversity and Environment
Dimensions of Adaptation
Adaptation Through Biological Evolution
Profile: Malaria and Agriculture
Balanced Polymorphism
Evolutionary Medicine
Physiological and Developmental Adaptation
Profile: Coca Chewing in the High Andes
Cultural Adaptation
Individual Coping Mechanisms
Maladaptive Cultural Patterns
Conclusions
Resources
Changing Patterns of Disease and Death
Preview
Culture As Environment
The Study of Population
Profile: Infant Survival in a Papua New Guinea Society
Life and Death in Hunter-Gatherer Camps and Farming Villages
Paleopathology: The Study of Disease in Prehistory
Profile: Dry Bones: Health in Southwestern Prehistory
Life and Death in the Preindustrial City
Profile: The Black Death
Life and Death in Industrial Society
Conclusions
Resources
The Ecology and Economics of Nutrition
Preview
Human Foodways and Nutritional Needs
Subsistence by Hunting and Gathering
Profile: Subsistence Ecology of the Ju/'hoan Bushmen
Subsistence by Farming
Profile: Famine in Ethiopia
Industrial Agriculture
The Global Epidemic of Malnutrition
Breast or Bottle
The Anthropology of Food and Cooking
All That Goes into the Mouth Is Not Food
Conclusions
Resources
Culture, Ecology, and Reproduction
Preview
Three Birth Stories
Evolutionary Comparisons of Birth Management
Profile: Stress, Social Support, and Pregnancy
Fecundity and Fertility
Profile: Pregnancy Beliefs and Food Taboos in Malaysia
Reproduction and Social Support Systems
Conclusions
Resources
Stress, Illness, and Healing
Preview
The Concept of Stress
Understanding the Physiology of Stress
Can Stress Induce Healing?
Stress and Psychiatric Disorders
Profile: Arctic Hysteria
Alcohol Abuse
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Profile: Stress, Social Support, and Health: The Dressler Research
Environmental Stressors
Conclusions
Resources
Health Resources in Changing Cultures
Preview
The Story of Ishi
Change and Adaptation
Models for the Study of Contact Processes
Culture Contact in the Arctic
Profile: Culture Change and Inuit Health: Two Families
Health Care As a System
Medical Pluralism
Decisions About Care
Profile: Southeast Asian Refugees and Health Care
Anthropology and AIDS
Conclusions
Resources
Costs and Benefits of Development
Preview
Industrialization and Health
What Modernization and Development Mean
Evaluating the Health Effects of Agricultural Development
Profile: Irrigation and Schistosomiasis
Strategies for improving Health
Health Disparities in Developed Economies
Paying the Costs of Industrial Development
Profile: Hazardous Waste and the Mohawks at Akwesasne
The Anthropology of Trouble
Conclusions
Resources
Medical Anthropologists at Work: Meeting the Challenges of the Twenty-First Century
Preview
Violence and Terror: The Work of Forensic Anthropologists
The AIDS Pandemic: Medical Anthropologists in International Public Health
Contemporary Medicine and Its Discontents
Conclusions
Resources
Appendix: Projects in Medical Anthropology
References Cited
Index