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Moral Philosophy : Reader

Moral Philosophy : Reader - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0872209626

Cover of Moral Philosophy : Reader 4TH 09 (ISBN 978-0872209626)
ISBN13: 978-0872209626
ISBN10: 0872209628

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 4TH 09
Copyright: 2009
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Co.
Published: 2009
International: No
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Moral Philosophy : Reader - 4TH 09 edition

ISBN13: 978-0872209626

Louis P. Pojman and Peter Eds. Tramel

ISBN13: 978-0872209626
ISBN10: 0872209628

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 4TH 09
Copyright: 2009
Publisher: Hackett Publishing Co.
Published: 2009
International: No

This collection of classic and contemporary readings in ethics presents sharp, competing views on a wide range of fundamentally important topics: moral relativism and objectivism, ethical egoism, value theory, utilitarianism, deontological ethics, virtue ethics, ethics and religion, and applied ethics. The Fourth Edition dramatically increases the volume s utility by expanding and updating the selections and introductions while retaining the structure that has made previous editions so successful.

Table of Contents


Preface to the Fourth Edition
General Introduction: What is Moral Philosophy?

I. What Is Morally Right Conduct?

Introduction: Plato's Moral Philosophy
1. Plato: What Is Right Conduct?

II. Moral Relativism vs. Moral Objectivism

2. Herodotus: Custom Is King
3. Thomas Aquinas: Natural Law
4. Ruth Benedict: Cultural Relativism
5. Louis P. Pojman: A Defense of Ethical Objectivism
6. Gilbert Harman: A Defense of Ethical Relativism

III. Ethics and Egoism

7. Plato: Why Should I Be Moral?
8. Thomas Hobbes: Egoism as the Beginning of Morality
9. Ayn Rand: A Defense of Ethical Egoism
10. James Rachels: A Critique of Ethical Egoism
11. Howard Kahane: Sociobiology, Egoism, and Reciprocity

IV. Value: What Is the Good?

12. Plato: The Good and the Allegory of the Cave
13. Jeremy Bentham: Classical Hedonism
14. Friedrich Nietzsche: Beyond Good and Evil
15. G.E. Moore: The Good is Not Natural
16. Robert Nozick: The Experience Machine
17. W. D. Ross: Value Pluralism
18. Derek Parfit: What Makes Someone's Life Go Best?

V. Utilitarian Ethics

19. John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism
20. John Hospers: Rule-Utilitarianism
21. Bernard Williams: A Critique of Utilitarianism
22. Sterling Harwood: Eleven Objections to Utilitarianism
23. Brad Hooker: Ideal Code Utilitarianism

VI. Deontological Ethics

24. Immanuel Kant: The Foundations of Ethics
25. Melissa Bergeron and Peter Tramel: Rightness as Fairness:
Kant's Categorical Imperative
26. W. D. Ross: What Makes Right Acts Right?
27. William Frankena: A Reconciliation of Ethical Theories
28. T: M. Scanlon: A Contractarian Ethics

VII. Virtue Ethics

29. Aristotle: Virtue Ethics
30. Bernard Mayo: Virtue and the Moral Life
31. William Frankena: A Critique of Virtue-Based Ethics
32. Alasdair MacIntyre: The Nature of the Virtues
33. Jonathan Bennett: The Conscience of Huckleberry Finn
34. Rosalind Hursthouse: Virtue and Emotion

VIII. Morality and Religion

35. Plato: The Euthyphro Problem
36. Bertrand Russell: A Free Man's Worship
37. James Rachels: God and Morality are Incompatible
38. C. Stephen Layman: God and the Moral Order
39. Peter Byrne: God and the Moral Order: A Reply to Layman

IX. Applied Ethics

40. Judith Jarvis Thompson: The Trolley Problem
41. Peter Singer: Famine, Affluence, and Morality
42. Onora O'Neill: Kantian Ethics and World Hunger
43. John T: Noonan Jr.: Abortion is Morally Wrong
44. Mary Anne Warren: The Personhood Argument in
Favor of Abortion Rights
45. John Rawls: Fifty Years after Hiroshima
46. Michael Walzer: Supreme Emergency
47. Thomas Nagel: War and Massacre

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