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Nature of Science : Problems and Perspectives

Nature of Science : Problems and Perspectives - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0534247508

Cover of Nature of Science : Problems and Perspectives 97 (ISBN 978-0534247508)
ISBN13: 978-0534247508
ISBN10: 0534247504
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 1997
International: No

List price: $191.00

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Nature of Science : Problems and Perspectives - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0534247508

Edwin Hung

ISBN13: 978-0534247508
ISBN10: 0534247504
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc

Published: 1997
International: No
Summary

This text, the first comprehensive text in philosophy of science in many years, is divided into two books. Book I deals with traditional problems in the philosophy of science: logic, explanation, and epistemology. Book II presents various schools and systems of thought from the philosophy of science. Prominently featured are: rationalism, empiricism, logical positivism and constructivism. The text offers both breadth and depth, but is written in a clear and accessible style, making it appropriate for philosophy of science courses at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Table of Contents

Preface.
A Word to Instructors.
A Word to Students.
INTRODUCTION: WHAT IS THE PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE?

0. A Tale of Two Theories: The Story of Light.

BOOK I. TRUTH, EXPLANATION AND REALITY: THE CLASSICAL TRADITION AND ITS PROBLEMS.

Part I. Basic Types of Reasoning in Science.

1. Hypotheses.
2. Deductive Reasoning.
3. Inductive Reasoning.
4. Statistical and Probalistic Reasoning.

Part II. The Search for Truth.

5. Empirical Discovery of Plausible Hypotheses.
6. Empirical Evaluation I: Indirect Tests and Auxiliary Hypotheses.
7. Empirical Evaluation II: Crucial Tests and AD HOC Revisions.
8. Theoretical Justification: Theories and Their Uses.
9. Conventionalism and the Duhem-Quine Thesis.

Part III. The Quest for Explanation.

10. Covering-Law Thesis of Explanation.
11. Universal Laws of Nature.
12. Probalistic Explanation and Probalistic Causality.
13. Teleological Explanation, Mind, and Reductionism.
14. Other Theories of Explanation: the Contextual, the Casual, and the Unificatory.

Part IV. The Pursuit of Reality.

15. The Classical View of Scientific Theories.
16. Realism Versus Instrumentalism.
17. Critiques of the Classical View.
18. Antirealism I: The Empiricist Challenge.
Intermezzo: So, How Does Science Work?

BOOK II. RATIONALISM, EMPIRICISM, POSITIVISM AND CONSTRUCTIVISM: EVOLVING VIEWS AND PERSPECTIVES.

Part V. Rationalism and Empiricism.

19. Rationalism and Then Empiricism.
20. Problems of Empiricism IA: Hume's Problem.
21. Problems of Empiricism IB: Goodman's Paradox and Hempel's Paradox.
22. Problems of Empiricism II: Problem of Observation.

Part VI. The Classical Dynasty.

23. Logical Positivism.
24. Popper's Falsificationism.

Part VII. The Weltanschauung Revolution.

25.Introduction: Two Paradigm Theories.
26. Kuhn I: Normal Science and Revolutionary Science.
27. Kuhn II: Incommensurability and Relativism. Part VIII.
Towards History, Sociology and Artificial Intelligence.
28. Lakatos: The Revisionist Popperian.
29. Laudan: The Eclectic Historicist.
30. History, Sociology, and Philosophy of Science.
31. Antirealism Ii: The Constructivist Rebellion.
32. Artificial Intelligience and the Philosophy of Science.

Epilogue.
Bibliography.
Index.

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Philosophy of Science Complete - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-1133943037
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