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Organic and Biochemistry : Connecting Chemistry to Your Life / With CD-ROM

Organic and Biochemistry : Connecting Chemistry to Your Life / With CD-ROM - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716737612

Cover of Organic and Biochemistry : Connecting Chemistry to Your Life / With CD-ROM 00 (ISBN 978-0716737612)
ISBN13: 978-0716737612
ISBN10: 0716737612
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
Published: 2000
International: No

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Organic and Biochemistry : Connecting Chemistry to Your Life / With CD-ROM - 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716737612

Ira Blei and George Odian

ISBN13: 978-0716737612
ISBN10: 0716737612
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 00
Publisher: W.H. Freeman

Published: 2000
International: No

Students who take the Organic and Biochemistry course usually want to be nurses, dieticians, or work in an environmental field like water treatment. Although they have a clear career goal, they do not have a strong science background. They often have weak problem-solving skills, and do not understand the relevance of chemistry to their chosen profession, or even their everyday lives. Written for students who have already taken a general chemistry course, Organic and Biochemistry: Connecting Chemistry to Your Life helps develop students' understanding of general scientific principles and gives them the problem-solving skills necessary to learn the subject. Unlike other texts, this book presents more applications directly relevant to careers students are interested in.

The General, Organic, and Biochemistry Laboratory Manual, accompanying this text, offers a choice of classic chemistry experiments and innovative ones.

Students are motivated to learn a subject if they are convinced of its fundamental importance and personal relevance:

Chemistry in Your Future: A scenario at the beginning of each chapter describes a typical workplace situation that illustrates a practical, professional application of the chapter contents.

A Picture of Health: Series of drawings that show how chapter topics apply to human physiology and health.

Four categories of boxes: 87 boxed essays, divided into four categories, broaden and deepen the reader's understanding of chemistry:

Chemistry Within Us: These boxes describe applications of chemistry to human health and well-being.

Chemistry Around Us: These boxes describe applications of chemistry to our everyday life (including commercial products) and to biological processes in organisms other than humans.

Chemistry in Depth: These boxes provide a more detailed analysis of selected topics, ranging from chromatography to the mechanisms of key organic reactions.

Professional Connections: In these interviews, seven health, environmental, and science professionals describe their work and educational backgrounds, talk about the relevance of chemistry to their daily routines, and give advice to students planning careers like theirs.

Organic and Biochemistry: Connecting Chemistry to Your Life offers more problem-solving opportunities than competing texts:

In-Chapter Examples: Nearly 250 In-chapter examples with step-by-step solutions, each followed by a similar in-chapter problem, allow students to verify and practice their skills.

End-of-Chapter Exercises: The nearly 1,700 end-of-chapter exercises are divided into three categories:

Paired Exercises are arranged according to chapter sections; each odd-numbered paired exercise is followed by an even-numbered exercise of the same type. --Unclassified Exercises do not reference specific chapter sections but test the student's overview of chapter concepts.

Chemical Connections are exercises that challenge students to expand their problem-solving skills by applying them to more complex questions or to questions that require integration of material from different chapters.


Illustrations: The art program of figures and tables has been carefully labeled to emphasize the unifying themes of the texts: Insight into Properties, Insight into Function, and A Look Ahead.

Ball-and-Stick and Space-Filling Molecular Models: Molecular structures offer considerable interpretive challenge to students. Ball-and-stick and space-filling molecular models aid in the visualization of three-dimensional structures of molecules.

Functional Use of Color: Color is used functionally and systematically in schematic illustrations and equations to draw attention to key changes or components and to differentiate one key component from another. For example, in molecular models, the carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen atoms are consistently illustrated in black, white, red, and blue, respectively.


Learning Objectives: Each chapter begins with a list of learning objectives that preview the skills and concepts students will master by studying the chapter.

Concept Checklists: The narrative is punctuated with short lists serving to highlight or summarize important concepts. They provide a periodic test of comprehension in a first reading of the chapter, as well as an efficient means of reviewing the chapter's key points.

Rules: Rules for nomenclature, balancing reaction equations, and other important procedures are highlighted so that students can find them easily when studying or doing homework.

Cross References: Alerts students to upcoming topics, suggests topics to review, and draws connections between material in different parts of the book.

Chapter Summaries: The summary at the end of each chapter points out the major concepts presented in each section of the chapter and can be used for review purposes.

Summaries of Key Reactions: At the end of most organic chemistry chapters, this feature summarizes the important reactions of a given functional group.

Key Words: Important terms are listed at the end of each chapter with page references to where their definitions appear.

STUDENT CD-ROM, developed by W. H. Freeman and Company, Sumanas, Inc., and Wendy Gloffke, of Cedar Crest College

Complements and augments the material covered in the textbook. Its animations, simulations, and video demonstrations bring the book to life, and its practice tools such as interactive quizzes and exercises help students review for exams. The CD contains a customized calculator and dynamic periodic table to facilitate problem solving.

ONLINE COMPANION at www.whfreeman.com/chemistry

For students, the Companion serves as an online study guide, offering:

CD/Web Guide: Hints on how to use the CD effectively to study.

Chapter Objectives: Learning objectives for each chapter help students formulate study strategies.

Q & A: The self-quizzing feature from the CD included here to give students another way to access this feature.

Interactive Exercises: "Drag & Drop" exercises based on text illustrations to help students grasp the vocabulary in context.

Key Terms: Matching exercises based on vocabulary and definitions.

Review Questions: Specific review questions for the CD exercises.

Author Bio

Blei, Ira : City University of New York College of Staten Island

Odian, George : City University of New York College of Staten Island

Table of Contents



1 The Properties of Atoms and Molecules

1.1 Atomic Structure
1.2 The Periodic Law and the Periodic Table
1.3 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
1.4 Atomic Structure and Periodicity
1.5 Chemical Bonds
1.6 Lewis Structures and Structural Formulas
1.7 Three-Dimensional Molecular Structures
1.8 Molecular Interactions
1.9 Secondary Forces

2 Chemical Change

2.1 Chemical Reactions in Solutions
2.2 Chemical Kinetics
2.3 Chemical Equilibrium
2.4 Acids and Bases
2.5 Buffers and Buffered Solutions


3 Saturated Hydrocarbons

3.1 Molecular and structural formulas
3.2 Families of organic compounds
3.3 Alkanes
3.4 Types of structural formulas
3.5 Constitutional isomers of alkanes
3.6 Naming alkanes
3.7 Cycloalkanes
3.8 Cis-trans stereoisomerism in cycloalkanes
3.9 Physical properties of alkanes and cycloalkanes
3.10 Chemical properties of alkanes and cycloalkanes

Box 3.1 Chemistry Around Us: Natural Gas and Petroleum
Box 3.2 Chemistry in Depth: Stability and Shape of Cycloalkanes
Box 3.3 Chemistry Around Us: Health Hazards and Medicinal Uses of Alkanes
Box 3.4 Chemistry Around Us: Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming
Box 3.5 Chemistry Around Us: Applications of Alkyl Halides and Some of the Problems That They Create
PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Barbara Semmel, Outpatient Physical Therapy Clinic

4 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons

4.1 Alkenes
4.2 Bonding in alkenes
4.4 Constitutional isomers of alkenes
4.4 Naming alkenes
4.5 Cis-trans stereoisomerism in alkenes
4.6 Addition reactions of alkenes
4.7 Addition polymerization
4.8 Oxidation of alkenes
4.9 Alkynes
4.10 Aromatic compounds
4.11 Isomers and names of aromatic compounds
4.12 Reactions of aromatic compounds

Box 4.1 Chemistry Around Us: Alkenes in Nature
Box 4.2 Chemistry Within Us: Vision and Cis-Trans Isomerism
Box 4.4 Chemistry Around Us: Cis-Trans Isomers and Pheromones
Box 4.4 Chemistry in Depth: Mechanism of Alkene Addition Reactions
Box 4.5 Chmistry in Depth: Carbocation Stability and the Markovnikov Rule
Box 4.6 Chemistry Around Us: Synthetic Addition Polymers
Box 4.7 Chemistry in Depth: Bonding in Benzene
Box 4.8 Chemistry Around Us: Aromatic Compounds in Everyday Life
Box 4.9 Chemistry Around Us: Fused-Ring Aromatics
PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Rose Eva Constantino, Psychiatric Mental Health Nursing

5 Alcohols, Phenols, Ethers, and Their Sulfur Analogues

5.1 Structural relations of alcohols, phenols, and ethers
5.2 Constitutional isomerism in alcohols
5.3 Classifying and naming alcohols
5.4 Physical properties of alcohols
5.5 Acidity and basicity of alcohols
5.6 Dehydration of alcohols to alkenes
5.7 Oxidation of alcohols
5.8 Phenols
5.9 Ethers
5.10 Formation of ethers by dehydration of alcohols
5.11 Thiols

Box 5.1 Chemistry Around Us: Alcohols
Box 5.2 Chemistry Around Us: Types of Alcoholic Beverages
Box 5.3 Chemistry Within Us: Health Aspects of Alcohol Consumption
Box 5.4 Chemistry in Depth: Mechanism of Dehydration of Alcohols
Box 5.5 Chemistry Around Us: Phenols
Box 5.6 Chemistry Around Us: Ethers

6 Aldehydes and Ketones

6.1 Structure of aldehydes and ketones
6.2 Naming aldehydes and ketones
6.3 Physical properties of aldehydes and ketones
6.4 Oxidation of aldehydes and ketones
6.5 Reduction of aldehydes and ketones
6.6 Hemiacetal and acetal formation by reaction with alcohol

Box 6.1 Chemistry Around Us: Aldehydes and Ketones in Nature
Box 6.2 Chemistry Around Us: Important Aldehydes and Ketones
Box 6.3 Chemistry in Depth: Absorption Spectroscopy (IR, NMR)

7 Carboxylic Acids, Esters, and Other Derivatives

7.1 Comparison of carboxylic acids and their derivatives
7.2 Synthesis of carboxylic acids
7.3 Naming carboxylic acids
7.4 Physical properties of carboxylic acids
7.5 Acidity of carboxylic acids
7.6 Carboxylate salts
7.7 Soaps and their cleaning action
7.8 Esters from carboxylic acids and alcohols
7.9 Naming and physical properties of esters
7.10 Polyester synthesis
7.11 Hydrolysis of esters
7.12 Carboxylic acid anhydrides and halides
7.13 Phosphoric acids and their derivatives

Box 7.1 Chemistry Around Us: Carboxylic Acids in Nature
Box 7.2 Chemistry Around Us: Carboxylate Salts
Box 7.3 Chemistry Around Us: Hard Water and Detergents
Box 7.4 Chemistry Within Us: Aspirin and Aspirin Substitutes
Box 7.5 Chemistry Within Us: Phosphate Esters in Biological Systems

8 Amines and Amides

8.1 Comparison of amines and amides
8.2 Classification of amines
8.3 Naming amines
8.4 Physical properties of amines
8.5 Basicity of amines
8.6 Amine salts
8.7 Classification of amides
8.8 Synthesis of amides
8.9 Polyamide synthesis
8.10 Naming amides
8.11 Physical and basicity properties of amides
8.12 Hydrolysis of amides

Box 8.1 Chemistry Within Us: Opium Alkaloids
Box 8.2 Chemistry Within Us: Drugs for Controlling Blood Pressure
Box 8.3 Chemistry Within Us: Other Amines and Amides with Physiological Activity
Box 8.4 Chemistry Within Us: Cocaine: Free Base Versus Amine Salt

9 Stereoisomerism

9.1 Review of isomerism
9.2 Enantiomers
9.3 Interpreting structural formulas of enantiomers
9.4 Nomenclature of enantiomers
9.5 Properties of enantiomers
9.6 Compounds containing two or more tetrahedral stereocenters
9.7 Cyclic compounds containing tetrahedral stereocenters

Box 9.1 Chemistry Within Us: Senses of Smell and Taste
Box 9.2 Chemistry Within Us: Synthetic Chiral Drugs


10 Carbohydrates

10.1 Introduction to carbohydrates
10.2 Monosaccharides
10.3 Cyclic hemiacetal structures
10.4 Chemical and physical properties of monosaccharides
10.5 Disaccharides
10.6 Polysaccharides
10.7 Photosynthesis

Box 10.1 Chemistry Within Us: How Sweet Is It?
Box 10.2 Chemistry Within Us: Hereditary Problems of Lactose Utilization
Box 10.3 Chemistry Around Us: Plastics and Textile Fibers from Cellulose
Box 10.4 Chemistry Within Us: Dietary Fiber
Box 10.5 Chemistry Within Us: Blood Types

11 Lipids

11.1 Classification of lipids
11.2 Fatty acids
11.3 Structure and physical properties of triacylglycerols
11.4 Chemical reactions of triacylglycerols
11.5 Waxes
11.6 Amphipathic hydrolyzable lipids
11.7 Steroids
11.8 Eicosanoids
11.9 Fat-soluble vitamins
11.10 Biological membranes

Box 11.1 Chemistry Within Us: Noncaloric Fat
Box 11.2 Chemistry Within Us: The Menstrual Cycle and Contraceptive Drugs
Box 11.3 Chemistry Within Us: Anabolic Steroids

12 Proteins

12.1 Amino Acids
12.2 The zwitterionic structure of amino acids
12.3 Peptides
12.4 Chemical reactions of peptides
12.5 Three-dimensional structure of proteins
12.6 Fibrous proteins
12.7 Globular proteins
12.8 Mutations: Sickle-cell hemoglobin
12.9 Denaturation

Box 12.1 Chemistry Within Us: Proteins in the Diet
Box 12.2 Chemistry Around Us: Permanent Waving of Hair
Box 12.3 Chemistry Within Us: Diabetes Mellitus and Insulin

13 Nucleic Acids

13.1 Nucleotides
13.2 Nucleic acid formation from nucleotides
13.3 Three-dimensional structure of nucleic acids
13.4 Information flow from DNA to RNA to polypeptides
13.5 Replication
13.6 Transcription
13.7 Translation
13.8 Mutations
13.9 Antibiotics
13.10 Viruses
13.11 Recombinant DNA technology

Box 13.1 Chemistry Within Us: Cancer and Cancer Therapy
Box 13.2 Chemistry Within Us: HIV and AIDS

14 An Overview of Metabolism, and the Role of Enzymes

14.1 Cell structure
14.2 General features of metabolism
14.3 The stages of catabolism
14.4 The transformation of nutrient chemical energy into new forms
14.5 Enxymes
14.6 Enzyme classification
14.7 Enzyme activity
14.8 Control of enzyme activity
14.9 High-energy compounds

15 Carbohydrate Metabolism

15.1 Glycolysis
15.2 The chemical transformations in glycolysis
15.3 The pentose phosphate pathway
15.4 The formation of acetyl-S-CoA
15.5 The citric acid cycle
15.6 The reactions of the citric acid cycle
15.7 Replenishment of cycle intermediates
15.8 Gluconeogenesis
15.9 Glycogenesis
15.10 Glycogenolysis
15.11 The electron transport chain
15.12 The enzymes of the electron transport chain
15.13 The production of ATP
15.14 Mitochondrial membrane selectivity
15.15 Energy yield from carbohydrate catabolism

16 The Metabolism of Fatty Acids

16.1 Fatty acid mobilization
16.2 Fatty acid oxidation
16.3 Ketone bodies and cholesterol
16.4 Biosynthesis of fatty acids
16.5 Biosynthesis of triacylglycerols
16.6 Biosynthesis of membrane lipids

Box 16.1 Chemistry Within Us: Atherosclerosis

17 Amino Acid Metabolism

17.1 An overview of amino acid metabolism
17.2 Transamination and oxidative deamination
17.3 Amino group and ammonia transport
17.4 The urea cycle
17.5 Oxidation of the carbon skeleton
17.6 Heritable defects in amino acid metabolism
17.7 Biosynthesis of amino acids

18 Hormones and the Control of Metabolic Interrelationships

18.1 Unicellularity versus multicellularity
18.2 Hormones and communication between cells
18.3 Digestive processes
18.4 Metabolic characteristics of the major organs and tissues
18.5 Metabolic responses to physiological stress
18.6 Blood: The mass transport system of the body

PROFESSIONAL CONNECTIONS: Gerald Bennett: Psychiatric Nurse and Health Science Educator

Appendix 1 Nomenclature: Naming Chemical Compounds
Appendix 2 Significant Figures
Appendix 3 Scientific Notation
Appendix 4 Molarity

Answers to Problems Following In-Worked Examples
Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercises

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Other Editions for Organic and Biochemistry : Connecting Chemistry to Your Life / With CD-ROM

Cover of Organic and Biochemistry 2nd edition

Organic and Biochemistry - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0716770725
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