Ship-Ship-Hooray! FREE 2-Day Air* on $25+ Details >
Perspectives on Argument

Perspectives on Argument - 3rd edition

Perspectives on Argument - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 9780130225641

ISBN10: 0130225649

Perspectives on Argument by Nancy V. Wood - ISBN 9780130225641
Edition: 3RD 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Published: 2001
International: No
Perspectives on Argument by Nancy V. Wood - ISBN 9780130225641

ISBN13: 9780130225641

ISBN10: 0130225649

Edition: 3RD 01


This combination rhetoric/reader helps readers develop strategies for critical reading, critical thinking, research, and writing that will help them argue clearly and convincingly in all types of argument. It shows how to identify and develop arguments, read and form reactions and opinions, analyze an audience, seek common ground, and use a wide, realistic range of techniques to write argument papers that express their individual views and original perspectives on modern issues. The Rhetoric portion includes clear explanations and examples of argument theory and reading and writing processes, research and documentation skills, and offers a variety of writing activities for developing the exploratory paper, position paper, researched position paper, and the Rogerian argument paper. Unique chapters discuss argument styles (including cross-gender and cross-cultural communication styles), Rogerian argument, and argument and literature. The Reader portion includes 75 reading selections covering seven broad issue areas and 18 sub-issues concerning families, education, crime and the treatment of criminals, computers, race and culture in America, genetic engineering, and social responsibility. Includes 3-7 essays for each sub-issue to provide different perspectives on the questions. The readings in each sub-issue group ''talk'' to each other, and questions invite readers to join the conversation.

For anyone wanting to further develop their argumentative skills, especially in writing.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents



1. A Perspective on Argument.

Essays for Analysis: Applying to College, Made Easy, Nathan Burstein. Girls and Computers. Genetic Engineering, Doran Hayes.

2. Developing Your Personal Argument Style.

Essays for Analysis: We Knew What Glory Was, Shirlee Taylor Haizlip. A View from Berkeley, Chancellor Chang-Lin Tien. Giving People a Second Chance, Ernest Martinez. Why I Want a Wife, Judy Brady. A Simple ''Hai'' Won't Do, Reiko Hatsumi,

3. A Process for Reading Argument.

Essays for Analysis: Jobs Illuminate What Riots Hid: Young Ideals, Sara Rimer. Don't Know Much about History, Roberta Israeloff. The Road to Unreality, Mark Slouka.

4. A Process for Writing Argument.

Essays for Analysis: A Room of Their Own, LynNell Hancock and Claudia Kalb. Coming and Going, Nathan Glazer. Trial by Jury: A Fundamental Right and a Flawed System, Tanya Pierce.


5. The Essential Parts of an Argument: The Toulmin Model.

Essays for Analysis: Automobile Advertisement. New Yorker Cartoon. What's Happened to Disney Films? John Evans. A Liberating Curriculum, Roberta F. Borkat. Toulmin Analysis of ''What's Happened to Disney Films? Beth Brunk. American Value Systems, Richard Rieke and Malcolm O. Sillars.

6. Types of Claims.

Essays for Analysis: Black America's Moment of Truth, Dinesh D'Souza. Family Values, William Safire. Paying the Price of Female Neglect, Susan Dentzer. What's Wrong with Standard Tests? Ted Sizer. Campus Climate Control, Katie Roiphe. Gene Tests: What You Know Can Hurt You, Barbara Koenig. We're Too Busy for Ideas, Michele McCormick. Reading, Writing, Narcissism, Lilian G. Katz. Devising New Math to Define Poverty, Louis Uchitelle. Study Says Net Use, Depression May Be Linked, Amy Harmon. Hold Your Horsepower, Lyla Fox.

7. Types of Proof.

Essays for Analysis: Censorship or Common Sense, Roxana Robinson. Meet the Philip Morris Generation, Advertisement. The Whiny Generation, David Martin. The Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson. Love Is a Fallacy, Max Shulman. Minor Problems? Kelly Dickerson.


8. The Research Paper: Clarifying Purpose and Understanding the Audience.

New Yorker Cartoon.

9. The Research Paper: Invention and Research.

Annotated Bibliography: Human Cloning: An Annotated Bibliography, Angela A. Boatwright.

10. The Research Paper: Organizing, Writing, and Revising.

Essays for Analysis: The Highs of Low Technology, Johanne Mednick. The Importance of Jury Instructions, Tanya Pierce. Alaskan Wolf Management, Darrell D. Greer.


11. Rogerian Argument and Common Ground.

Essays for Analysis: When Special Care Is Called For, Advertisement. Human Cloning: Is It a Viable Option? Angela A. Boatwright. Special Education's Best Intentions, Lois Agnew. Dear Mom, Taryn Barnett. A Letter to William A. Henry III, Doran Hayes. A Call for Unity: Letter from Eight White Clergymen. Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr.

12. Argument and Literature.

Literature for Analysis: POEM: Theme for English B, Langston Hughes. SHORT STORY: The Ones Who Walked Away from Omelas, Ursula K. Le Guin. PLAY: Trifles, Susan Glaspell. ARGUMENT BY A LITERARY CHARACTER: Antony's Funeral Speech for Caesar. Marc Antony's Argument, Sara Orr.


Introduction to ''The Reader'': Reading and Writing about Issue Areas.

I. Issues Concerning Families.

1. How Do Men's and Women's Ideas about Themselves Influence the Roles They Play in Their Families?

The Opposite Sex, Steven Doloff. The Future Is Ours to Lose, Naomi Wolf. Can Women ''Have It All?'', William A. Henry III. Father's Role at Home Is Under Negotiation, Scott Coltrane. Building a Better Dad, Jerry Adler.

2. What Are Some Variations on the Traditional Family? How Effective Are These Variations?

The Future of Marriage, Stephanie Coontz. Single Motherhood Is a Joy, Not a Disaster, Carolyn Edy. A Matter of Faith, Jerry Adler. Marriage As We See It, Chris Glaser. Let Gays Marry, Andrew Sullivan. Leave Marriage Alone, William Bennett. The Changing Family: Breaking the Mold of a Traditional Home, Esther B. Fein.

II. Issues in Education.

1. What Should Schools Teach?

Toward Good Thinking on Essential Questions, Howard Gardner. Finding the Answers in Drills and Rigor, E. D. Hirsch Jr. Hollow Curriculum, Robert N. Sollod.

2. What Can Be Done to Improve Schools?

Back to Basics in the Bronx, David Grann. Science for Girls Only, Patricia A. King. What Should Be Done about Bias in Our Children's Textbooks? Paul C. Vitz.

3. What Are Some of the Problems with Grading/Evaluating Learning?

Making the Grade, Kurt Wiesenfeld. Where's the Merit in the S.A.T.? Eugene E. Garcia. What Do Tests Test? Howard Gardner. Looking for the Tidy Mind, Alas, Janny Scott.

III. Issues Concerning Crime and the Treatment of Criminals.

1. How Should We Treat Convicted Criminals?

Reflections from a Life Behind Bars: Build Colleges, Not Prisons, James Gilligan. Unconventional Punishment for Criminals Catching On, Nicole Koch. A Jailbreak for Geriatrics, George F. Will. Witness to an Execution, Terry FitzPatrick. Turning Bad into Good, Graeme Newman.

2. What Should Be Done with Young Offenders?

Punishment, Patricia Cohen. Crackdown on Kids; Giving Up on the Young, Mike Males and Fay Docuyanan. Who Shot Johnny? Debra Dickerson. Peace in the Streets, Geoffrey Canada.

3. Do Violent Video Games and Books Cause Young People to Commit Crime?

The Secret Life of Teens, John Leland. The Doom Factor, John C. Dvorak. Full Metal Dust Jacket: Books Are Violent, Too, Doreen Carvajal.

IV. Issues Concerning Computers.

1. How Are Computers Changing the Culture?

The New Wired World. An Age of Optimism, Nicholas Negroponte. An Inexorable Emergence: Transition to the Twenty-First Century, Ray Kurzweil. Workers of the World, Get On-Line, Daniel McGinn and Joan Raymond.

2. How Are Computers Changing Their Users?

Drag Net: From Glen to Glenda and Back Again--Is It Possible? Sherry Turkle. Computers Will Be More Human, Michael J. Miller. Potholes on the Road Ahead, Peter McGrath. How Private Is Your Life? Peter Maas

3. How Are Computers Changing Education?

Wire All Schools? Not So Fast... Michael Dertouzos. More Colleges Plunging into Unchartered Waters of On-Line Courses, Karen W. Arenson. The Great Campus Goof-Off Machine, Nate Stulman. Universities Find a Sharp Rise in Computer-Aided Cheating, Ian Zach.

V. Issues Concerning Race and Culture in America.

1. How Do Race and Culture Contribute to an Individual's Sense of Identity?

Teaching Resistance: The Racial Politics of Mass Media, bell hooks. The Matter of Whiteness, Richard Dyer. Documented/Undocumented, Guillermo Gómez-Peña. On Being a Conceptual Anomaly, Dorinne K. Kondo. Culture by the Campfire, Esther Pan and Sherry Keene-Osborn.

2. How Close Has America Come to Achieving Racial Equality?

The Good News about Black America, Ellis Cose. The Color of Suspicion, Jeffrey Goldberg. The Politics of Respectability, Randall Kennedy. Improvement Is a Myth, Ana Figueroa.

VI. Issues Concerning Genetic Engineering.

1. To What Extent Should Genetic Engineering Be Applied to Agriculture?

Playing God in the Garden, Michael Pollan. Bioengineered Corn May Kill Monarch Butterflies, Rick Weiss. Genetic Engineering Embraced Everywhere Except Europe, Michael Specter. Britons Will Meet on Genetic Foods. Monsanto Says It Won't Market Infertile Seeds, Barnaby J. Feder. Public Meetings Planned on Bioengineered Foods.

2. To What Extent Should Genetic Engineering Be Applied to Animals?

With Cloning of a Sheep, the Ethical Ground Shifts, Gina Kolata . Keeping Them Down on the Pharm, Justin Gillis. Could This Pig Save Your Life? Sheryl Gay Stolbert.

3. To What Extent Should Genetic Engineering Be Applied to Humans?

Should We 'Fix' Nature's Genetic Mistakes? Christopher Joyce. Engineering Temperament, Dean Hamer and Peter Copeland. Reprogenetics: A Glimpse of Things to Come, Lee M. Silver. DNA and Destiny, David P. Barash.

VII. Issues Concerning Responsibility.

1. Who Should Be Responsible for the Children?

There's No Place Like Work, Arlie Russell Hochschild. Good News for Working Moms, Barbara Vobejeda. Day Care: A Grand and Troubling Social Experiment, Dorothy Conniff. The Kids Are All Right, Susan Faludi.

2. Who Should Be Responsible for the Poor?

Replacing the Welfare State with an Opportunity Society, Newt Gingrich. Project to Rescue Needy Stumbles against the Persistence of Poverty, Jason DeParle. Nickel-and-Dimed: On (Not) Getting By in America, Barbara Ehrenreich.

Topic Index.
Author-Title Index.

Top Arrow