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Perspectives on Argument

Perspectives on Argument - 4th edition

Perspectives on Argument - 4th edition

ISBN13: 9780131823747

ISBN10: 0131823744

Perspectives on Argument by Nancy Wood - ISBN 9780131823747
Edition: 4TH 04
Copyright: 2004
Publisher: Prentice Hall, Inc.
Published: 2004
International: No
Perspectives on Argument by Nancy Wood - ISBN 9780131823747

ISBN13: 9780131823747

ISBN10: 0131823744

Edition: 4TH 04


For freshman/sophomore-level writing courses that teach argumentation.

Offering more models of argument than any text available, this combination rhetoric/reader helps students develop strategies for critical reading, critical thinking, research, and writing that will help them argue clearly and convincingly. The Rhetoric portion includes clear explanations and examples of argument theory and reading and writing processes, research and documentation skills, and offers engaging, class-tested writing assignments and activities. The Reader portion includes 65 reading selections covering seven broad issue areas and 18 more focused areas, all of contemporary concern.


  • NEW--Visual and Oral Argument chapter added--With new black and white photos, folio of ten colored photos, cartoons, advertisements and speeches that present arguments.
    • Teaches students how to analyze the argument that they see and hear every day.
  • NEW-- Improved five-part organization--i.e. Relocated Rogerian argument now taught before the researched position paper assignments.
    • Provides students with clearer assignment sequences and more immediate application theory.
  • NEW--Fallacies or Pseudoproofs chapter added.
    • Provides students with a more manageable presentation of proofs and fallacies.
  • NEW--More than 75 percent new Reader section readings.
    • Offers students a diverse and current cross section of readings that provide them with flexibility when choosing models and developing ideas.
  • NEW--More immediate connections between theory and practice included throughout--With new assignments.
    • Provides students with tools to teach them how to use the Toulmin model, the claim questions and the proofs to generate material for argument papers.
  • NEW--Quick reference to Major Writing Assignments and Sample Papers.
    • Helps students locate what they need to plan and write their argument papers.
  • NEW--Comprehensive Pedagogy--Questions to consider, collaborative exercises, class projects and writing assignments in every chapter, websites for further exploration and research in the Reader.
    • Provides students with multiple tools for thinking and writing arguments.
  • NEW--Three new issue areas and 15 new issue questions--War and Peace, the Future, and Freedom.
    • Introduces students to relevant topics for argument.
  • NEW--Improved and updated information for writing successful papers--Expanded electronic source citations, more plagiarism examples and a new worksheet.
    • Helps students plan and write an exploratory paper.
  • Cross-gender and cross-cultural communication styles--Shows students how to identify and develop their own unique styles of argument and to recognize how their styles may have been influenced by their surroundings.
    • Helps students find a voice for their arguments.
  • Summary charts--Summarizes key theory in handy reference charts. Places strategies for both reading and writing side by side, showing the interconnections.
    • Provides students with a convenient study/review tool, and helps them integrate the reading and writing processes for argument.
  • Companion
    • Provides students with interactive self-graded exercises and relevant web links to expand material with no additional preparation.

Author Bio

Wood, Nancy V. : University of Texas at Arlington

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1. A Perspective on Argument.

Essays for Analysis: Pay Your Own Way! (Then Thank Mom), Audrey Rock-Richardson. The Laptop Ate My Attention Span, Abby Ellin. Censoring the Internet, Lada Carlisle.

2. Developing Your Personal Argument Style.

Essays for Analysis: We Knew What Glory Was, Shirlee Taylor Haizlip. A View from Berkeley, Chancellor Chang-Lin Tien. Giving People a Second Chance, Ernest Martinez. One of Our Own: Training Native Teachers for the 21st Century, Suzette Brewer. Why I Want a Wife, Judy Brady. A Simple "Hai" Won't Do, Reiko Hatsumi.

3. A Process for Reading Argument.

Essays for Analysis: Jobs Illuminate What Riots Hid: Young Ideals, Sara Rimer. Don't Know Much about History, Roberta Israeloff. The Road to Unreality, Mark Slouka.

4. A Process for Writing Argument.

Essays for Analysis: A Room of Their Own, LynNell Hancock and Claudia Kalb. Coming and Going, Nathan Glazer. Trial by Jury: A Fundamental Right and a Flawed System, Tanya Pierce.


5. The Essential Parts of an Argument: The Toulmin Model.

Essays for Analysis: Automobile Advertisement. What's Happened to Disney Films? John Evans. Toulmin Analysis of "What's Happened to Disney Films? Beth Brunk. American Value Systems, Richard Rieke and Malcolm O. Sillars.

6. Types of Claims.

Essays for Analysis: Debunking the Digital Divide, Robert Samuelson. Zygotes and People Aren't Quite the Same, Michael S. Gazzaniga. Paying the Price of Female Neglect, Susan Dentzer. What's Wrong with Standard Tests? Ted Sizer. Campus Climate Control, Katie Roiphe. Gene Tests: What You Know Can Hurt You, Barbara Koenig. Without a Safety Net, Barbara Ehrenreich. Reading, Writing, Narcissism, Lilian G. Katz and Frances Scott Piven. Devising New Math to Define Poverty, Louis Uchitelle. Bringing Up Adultolescents, Peg Tyre. Hold Your Horsepower, Lyla Fox.

7. Types of Proof.

Essays for Analysis: Meet the Philip Morris Generation, Advertisement. Censorship or Common Sense, Roxana Robinson. The Future Is Ours to Lose, Naomi Wolf. The Declaration of Independence, Thomas Jefferson.

8. The Fallacies or Pseudoproofs.

Essays for Analysis:Vitamin Advertisement. The Latest From the Feminist Front, Rush Limbaugh. Minor Problems? Kelly Dickerson.

9. Rogerian Argument and Common Ground.

Essays for Analysis: When Special Care Is Called For, Advertisement. Human Cloning: Is It a Viable Option? Angela A. Boatwright. Special Education's Best Intentions, Lois Agnew. Dear Mom, Taryn Barnett. The Great Campus Goof-Off Machine? Not for All Students, Jeff Burkholder. The Great Campus Goof-Off Machine, Nate Stulman. A Call for Unity, Letter from Eight White Clergymen. Letter from Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King, Jr.


10. The Research Paper: Clarifying Purpose and Understanding the Audience.

New Yorker Cartoon.

11. The Research Paper: Invention and Research.

Annotated Bibliography: Human Cloning: An Annotated Bibliography, Angela A. Boatwright.

12. The Research Paper: Organizing, Writing, and Revising.

Essays for Analysis: The Highs of Low Technology, Johanne Mednick. The Importance of Jury Instructions, Tanya Pierce. Alaskan Wolf Management, Darrell D. Greer.


13. Visual and Oral Argument.

Essays for Analysis: Sharp Advertisement. I Have a Dream, Martin Luther King. Color Portfolio of Visual Arguments Accompanied by Questions for Discussion and Writing. 1. We Never Met A Mom Who Wasn't Working, 2. Buzz Aldrin on the Moon, 3. Bringing Up Adultolescents, 4. The Creation of Adam, 5. Play Ball, 6. Hands, 7. Robot with Grappler Holding a Wounded Palestinian, 8. Tree Near El Paso, Texas, 9. Boy Swims in Heavily Polluted Lake, 10. Art (student example of visual argument).

14. Argument and Literature.

Literature for Analysis: POEM: Theme for English B, Langston Hughes. SHORT STORY: The Ones Who Walk Away from Omelas, Ursula K. Le Guin. LITERARY ESSAY: A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift.


I. Issues Concerning Families, Marriages, and Relationships.

1. What is the Status of the Traditional American Family? How Far Are We Willing to Go to Find Alternatives?

Why I Think I'm Still Right, Dan Quayle. The Childless Revolution, Madelyn Cain. Building a Better Dad, Jerry Adler. Marriage As We See It, Chris Glaser.

2. What Are the Benefits and Pitfalls of Being Married?

The Marriage Problem: How Our Culture Has Weakened Families, James Q. Wilson. The Future of Marriage, Stephanie Coontz. Predators and Nurturers, Sylvia Ann Hewlett.

3. What Creates Successful Relationships? What Causes Them to Fail?

The Mystery of Attraction, Harville Hendrix. The Second Shift, Sylvia Ann Hewlett. Marriage and Divorce American Style, Mavis Hetherington.

II. Issues in Education.

1. What Should Colleges and Universities Teach? Is There Anything They Should Not Teach?

A Battle Plan for Professors to Recapture the Curriculum, Frank H. T. Rhodes. Hollow Curriculum, Robert N. Sollod. Starting a Gay-Studies Course, Henry Gonshak. Can or Should a College Teach Virtue? Harry C. Payne.

2. What Helps Students Learn and Succeed in College? What Hinders Them?

The Harvard Guide to Happiness, Kate Zernicke. Getting in Students' Way, Richard J. Light. The Banking Concept of Education, Paulo Friere.

III. Issues Concerning Crime and the Treatment of Criminals.

1. How Should We Treat Convicted Criminals?

Reflections from a Life Behind Bars: Build Colleges, Not Prisons, James Gilligan. A Jailbreak for Geriatrics, George F. Will. Tinkering With Death, Alex Kozinski. One Big Happy Prison, Michael Moore.

2. What Should Be Done with Young Offenders?

The Apocalypse of Adolescence, Ron Powers. Not So Alone, Gerard Jones. A Brain Too Young for Good Judgment, Daniel R. Weinberger. Fairy Tales as a Learning Tool for Young Offenders, Richard Rothstein. Out of Jail, Into Temptation: A Day in a Life, Alan Feuer.

IV. Issues Concerning Race, Culture and Identity.

1. How Do Race and Culture Contribute to an Individual's Sense of Identity?

Teaching Resistance: The Racial Politics of Mass Media, bell hooks. The Matter of Whiteness, Richard Dyer. Documented/Undocumented, Guillermo Gómez-Peña. On Being a Conceptual Anomaly, Dorinne K. Kondo. Culture by the Campfire, Esther Pan and Sherry Keene-Osborn.

2. To What Extent Should Individuals Allow Their Cultural Heritage to Be Assimilated?

Asian Identity Crisis, Yahlin Chang. Educating Ourselves into Coexistence, Anouar Majid. American Jews and the Problem of Identity, Edward S. Shapiro.

V. Issues Concerning Freedom.

1. How Rigorously Should We Protect Our Civil Liberties?

Security versus Civil Liberties, Richard A. Posner. The Tools of Freedom and Security, Peter Lewis.

2. How Can We Balance Security Against Privacy in a Technological Age?

How Private is Your Life? Peter Maas. Living Under the Electronic Eye, Lisa Guernsey. Body of Evidence, Dana Hawkins. The Real Privacy Wars Are Just Over the Horizon, Eric Cohen.

3. How Does Profiling Threaten Civil Liberties?

The Color of Suspicion, Jeffrey Goldberg. Patriotism vs. Ethnic Pride: An American Dilemma, Lynette Clemetson and Keith Naugton. Freedom vs. Security, Fareed Zakaria.

VI. Issues Concerning the Future.

1. What Are Some Possible Issues for the Future?

Looking Back on Tomorrow, David Brooks.

2. What Might Affect the Future of Human Beings?

Reprogenetics: A Glimpse of Things to Come, Lee M. Silver. An Inexorable Emergence: Transition to the Twenty-First Century, Ray Kurzweil. Could This Pig Save Your Life? Sheryl Gay Stolberg. Better Living Through Genetics, James Wood.

3. What Might Affect the Future of the Planet?

The Future of Life, Edward O. Wilson. The Challenges We Face, Jeffrey Kluger and Andrea Dorfman. Second Thoughts on Expanding Lifespans, Donald B. Louria.

VII. Issues Concerning War and Peace.

1. Is War Inevitable?

The Moral Equivalent of War, William James. Warfare: An Invention--Not a Biological Necessity, Margaret Mead. War Will Be War: No Matter the Weapons, the Same Old Hell, Victor Davis Hanson.

2. How Do People Justify War?

Why We Blow Ourselves Up, Eyad Sarraj. Why We Fight, William J. Bennett. How Can We Understand Their Hatred? Elie Wiesel.

3. What Might Help Establish Peace?

The Third Side, William L. Ury. The Atomic Bomb, Richard Rhodes. All You Need Is Love, Bruce Hoffman.

Topic Index.
Author-Title Index.