Summary: Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth is one of the best-selling textbooks for the introduction to philosophy course. Now in its seventh edition, this acclaimed text provides an excellent selection of classical and contemporary readings on nineteen key problems in philosophy. Louis P. Pojman and new coeditor Lewis Vaughn have carefully organized the essays in each section so that they present pro/co
n dialogues that allow students to compare and contrast the philosophers' positions. Topics covered include the nature of philosophy, logic, the existence of God, immortality, knowledge, the mind-body question, personal identity, free will and determinism, ethics, political philosophy, the meaning of life, abortion, capital punishment, animal rights, and affirmative action. Pojman and Vaughn provide substantial introductions to each major section. In addition, each of the eighty-four readings is accompanied by study questions, end-of-reading reflective questions, and an individual introduction featuring a biographical sketch of the philosopher. Short bibliographies following each major section, a detailed glossary of key terms, and an appendix--on reading and writing philosophy papers --further enhance the text's pedagogical value.
Summary: Praised for its unique combination of accessibility and comprehensiveness, Philosophy: The Quest for Truth is one of the best-selling textbooks for the introduction to philosophy course. Now in its seventh edition, this acclaimed text provides an excellent selection of classical and contemporary readings on nineteen key problems in philosophy. Louis P. Pojman and new coeditor Lewis Vaughn have carefully organized the essays in each section so that they present pro/con dialogues that allow students to compare and contrast the philosophers' positions. Topics covered include the nature of philosophy, logic, the existence of God, immortality, knowledge, the mind-body question, personal identity, free will and determinism, ethics, political philosophy, the meaning of life, abortion, capital punishment, animal rights, and affirmative action. Pojman and Vaughn provide substantial introductions to each major section. In addition, each of the eighty-four readings is accompanied by study questions, end-of-reading reflective questions, and an individual introduction featuring a biographical sketch of the philosopher. Short bibliographies following each major section, a detailed glossary of key terms, and an appendix--on reading and writing philosophy papers --further enhance the text's pedagogical value. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:7TH 09 Cover: Paperback Publisher:Oxford University Press Published: 05/09/2008 International: No
View Table of Contents
Table of Contents
I What Is Philosophy? 1
1 Plato: Socratic Wisdom 6
2 John Locke: Of Enthusiasm and the Quest for Truth 18
3 Bertrand Russell: The Value of Philosophy 24
Excursus: A Little Bit of Logic 30
II Philosophy of Religion 49
II.A Is Belief in God Rationally Justified? Arguments for the Existence of God 50
The Cosmological Argument 51
4 Thomas Aquinas: The Five Ways 52
5 William Lane Craig: The Kalam Cosmological Argument and the Anthropic Principle 56
6 Paul Edwards: A Critique of the Cosmological Argument 74
The Teleological Argument 84
7 William Paley: The Watch and the Watchmaker 85
8 David Hume: A Critique of the Teleological Argument 88
The Ontological Argument 95
9 St. Anselm and Gaunilo: The Ontological Argument 96
10 William Rowe: An Analysis of the Ontological Argument 99
II.B Why Is There Evil? 110
11 Fyodor Dostoevsky: Why Is There Evil? 112
12 B. C. Johnson: Why Doesn't God Intervene to Prevent Evil? 116
13 John Hick: There Is a Reason Why God Allows Evil 121
II.C Is Faith Compatible with Reason? 126
14 Blaise Pascal: Yes, Faith Is a Logical Bet 127
15 W. K. Clifford: The Ethics of Belief 130
16 William James: The Will to Believe 135
17 Antony Flew, R. M. Hare, and Basil Mitchell: A Debate on the Rationality of Religious Belief 144
18 Alvin Plantinga: Religious Belief Without Evidence 150
19 Soren Kierkegaard: Faith and Truth 162
20 Michael Martin: Holy Spirit Epistemology 167
21 Bertrand Russell: Can Religion Cure Our Troubles? 173
III Knowledge 181
III.A What Can We Know? Classical Theories of Knowledge 182
22 Rene Descartes:Cartesian Doubt and the Search for Foundational Knowledge 183
23 John Locke: The Empiricist Theory of Knowledge 189
24 George Berkeley: An Idealist Theory of Knowledge 201
25 David Hume: The Origin of Our Ideas and Skepticism about Causal Reasoning 210
26 John Hospers: An Argument Against Skepticism 219
III.B Truth, Rationality, and Cognitive Relativism 227
27 Bertrand Russell: The Correspondence Theory of Truth 229
28 William James: The Pragmatic Theory of Truth 234
29 Richard Rorty: Dismantling Truth: Solidarity versus Objectivity 243
30 Daniel Dennett: Postmodernism and Truth 251
31 Harvey Siegel: Relativism 258
IV Philosophy of Mind: The Mind-Body Problem 261
IV.A What Am I? A Mind or a Body? 262
32 Rene Descartes: Dualistic Interactionism 265
33 Gilbert Ryle: Exorcising Descartes' "Ghost in the Machine" 272
34 J. P. Moreland: A Contemporary Defense of Dualism 278
35 Paul Churchland: On Functionalism and Materialism 289
36 Thomas Nagel: What Is It Like to Be a Bat? 305
37 Jerry A. Fodor: The Mind-Body Problem 313
38 David Chalmers: Property Dualism 323
39 John Searle: Minds, Brains, and Computers 326
IV.B Who Am I? Do We Have Personal Identity? 334
40 John Locke: Our Psychological Properties Define the Self 339
41 David Hume: We Have No Substantial Self with Which We Are Identical 343
42 Derek Parfit and Godfrey Vesey: Brain Transplants and Personal Identity: A Dialogue 346
IV.C Is There Life after Death? Am I Immortal? 352
43 Plato: Arguments for the Immortality of the Soul 353
44 Paul Edwards: An Argument Against Survival: The Dependence of Consciousness on the Brain 358
45 John Hick: In Defense of Immortality 367
V Freedom of the Will and Determinism 377
46 Baron d'Holbach: We Are Completely Determined 383
47 William James: The Dilemma of Determinism 389
48 Corliss Lamont: Freedom of the Will and Human Responsibility 399
49 Roderick M. Chisholm: Human Freedom and the Self 402
50 W. T. Stace: Compatibilism 411
51 Harry Frankfurt: Freedom of the Will and the Concept of a Person 417
52 David Hume: Liberty and Necessity 427
53 Richard Taylor: Fate 430
VI Ethics 441
VI.A Are There Any Moral Absolutes or Is Morality Completely Relative? 445
54 Ruth Benedict: Morality Is Relative 446
55 James Rachels: Morality Is Not Relative 451
VI.B Ethics and Egoism: Why Should We Be Moral? 460
56 Plato: Why Should I Be Moral? Gyges' Ring and Socrates' Dilemma 461
57 Ayn Rand: In Defense of Ethical Egoism 466
58 Louis P. Pojman: A Critique of Ethical Egoism 473
VI.C Which Is the Correct Ethical Theory? 484
59 Aristotle: The Ethics of Virtue 485
60 Immanuel Kant: The Moral Law 495
61 John Stuart Mill: Utilitarianism 508
62 Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialist Ethics 515
63 James Rachels: The Divine Command Theory 522
VII Political Philosophy 527
64 Robert Paul Wolff: In Defense of Anarchism 529
65 Thomas Hobbes: The Absolutist Answer 534
66 John Locke: The Democratic Answer 544
67 John Stuart Mill: A Classical Liberal Answer 550
68 John Rawls: The Contemporary Liberal Answer 557
VIII What Is the Meaning of Life? 569
69 Epicurus: Moderate Hedonism 571
70 Epictetus: Stoicism: Enchiridion 577
71 Albert Camus: Life Is Absurd 586
72 Louis P. Pojman: Religion Gives Meaning to Life 591
73 Thomas Nagel: The Absurd 595
74 Bertrand Russell: Reflections on Suffering 603
IX Philosophy in Action 607
IX.A Is Abortion Morally Permissible? 608
75 Don Marquis: Why Abortion Is Immoral 609
76 Mary Anne Warren: On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion 623
77 Judith Jarvis Thomson: A Defense of Abortion 629
78 Jane English: The Moderate Position 641
IX.B Is the Death Penalty Morally Permissible? 649
79 Burton Leiser: The Death Penalty Is Permissible 650
80 Hugo Adam Bedau: No, the Death Penalty Is Not Morally Permissible 655
IX.C Do Animals Have Rights? 665
81 Peter Singer: The Case for Animal Liberation 666
82 Carl Cohen: The Case Against Animal Rights 670
IX.D Is Affirmative Action Morally Justified? 674
83 Albert Mosley: The Case for Affirmative Action 677
84 Louis P. Pojman: The Case Against Affirmative Action 688
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