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Philosophy : The Pursuit of Wisdom

Philosophy : The Pursuit of Wisdom - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-0495007128

Cover of Philosophy : The Pursuit of Wisdom 5TH 06 (ISBN 978-0495007128)
ISBN13: 978-0495007128
ISBN10: 0495007129
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 06
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 2006
International: No
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Philosophy : The Pursuit of Wisdom - 5TH 06 edition

ISBN13: 978-0495007128

Louis P. Pojman

ISBN13: 978-0495007128
ISBN10: 0495007129
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 06
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc

Published: 2006
International: No
Summary

Can philosophy be fun? With PHILOSOPHY: THE PURSUIT OF WISDOM it most certainly is. Because of its lively writing style and clear presentation, this introduction to philosophy textbook is both interesting and informative. You'll discover all the major philosophical theories, as well as tackle hot topics like the existence of God, the free will/determinism debate, and the meaning of life.

Table of Contents

Preface.
A Personal Word to the Student.
Part I: INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY.

1. What Is Philosophy?
2. A Little Bit of Logic.

Deductive and Inductive Reasoning. Abductive Reasoning. Some Applications. Fallacies of Reasoning. Box: Necessary and Sufficient Conditions.

3. The Beginning of Philosophy: The Ancient Greeks.

The Milesians. Pythagoras. The Eleatics. Heracleitus. The Pluralists: Empedocles and the Atomists. Anaxagoras of Klazomenae.

4. The Rise of the Sophists and Socrates.

The Rise of the Sophists. Socrates:The Father of Ethics--Knowledge Is Virtue. Box: Plato.

Part II: PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION.

5. The Value of Religion: An Introduction.

Terminology.

6. The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God: A First Cause.

Traditional Arguments for the Existence of God. The Cosmological Argument. The Argument from Contingency.

7. The Teleological Argument for the Existence of God.

Paley's Argument. Hume's Critique. The Darwinian Objection.

8. The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.
9. The Argument from Religious Experience.

Encounters with God. An Analysis of Religious Experience. A Critique of the Strong-Justification Thesis.

10. The Problem of Evil.

The Mystery of Evil. The Argument from Evil. The Free-Will Defense. The Theodicy Defense. Evolution and Evil.

11. Faith and Reason.

Pragmatic Justification of Religious Belief. Fideism: Faith Without/Against Reason. Reformed Epistemology: Alvin Plantinga.

Part III: THE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE.

12. What Can We Know? An Introduction.

Knowledge and Its Types. What Is Truth? Knowledge and Belief. Types of Knowledge.

13. Skepticism.

The Challenge of Skepticism.

14. Perception: Can We Have Knowledge of the External World?

Part IV: PHILOSOPHY OF MIND.

15. The Mind-Body Problem.

Dualistic Interactionism. A Critique of Dualistic Interactionism. Dualism Revived. Box: The Mind-Body Problem.

16. Materialist Monism.
17. Functionalism and Biological Naturalism.

Box: Intentionality.

18. Who Am I? The Problem of Personal Identity.

What Is It to Be a Person? What Is Identity? What Is Personal Identity?

19. Is There Life After Death? Personal Identity and Immortality.

Box: Reincarnation.

Part V: FREEDOM OF THE WILL AND DETERMINISM.

20. Determinism.

Universal Causality. Teleological Determinism.

21. Libertarianism.

The Argument from Deliberation. The Argument from Moral Responsibility.

22. Compatibilism: How to Have Your Cake and Eat It Too.

A Reconciling Project. A Critique of Compatibilism: A "Quagmire of Evasion"? The Argument Against Compatibilism from Moral Responsibility. The Compatibilist Response.

Part VI: ETHICS.

23. What Is Ethics?

Why Do We Need Morality? The Purposes of Morality.

24. Ethical Relativism Versus Ethical Objectivism.

An Analysis of Ethical Relativism. Subjective Ethical Relativism (Subjectivism). Conventional Ethical Relativism (Conventionalism). The Case for Ethical Objectivism.

25. Egoism, Self-Love, and Altruism.

Arguments for Ethical Egoism. Arguments Against Ethical Egoism. Evolution and Altruism.

26. Utilitarianism and the Structure of Ethics.

What Is Utilitarianism? The Strengths and Weaknesses of Utilitarianism. Utilitarian Reponses to the Standard Objections.

27. Kantian Deontological Ethics.

Immanuel Kant's Rationalist Deontological System. The Goodwill. Duty and the Moral Law. Kant's Second Formulation of the Categorical Imperative. The Principle of Autonomy.

28. Virtue Ethics.
29. Religion and Ethics.

Does Morality Depend on Religion? Is Religion Irrelevant or Even Inimical to Morality? Does Religion Enhance the Moral Life?

Part VII: EXISTENTIALISM AND THE MEANING OF LIFE.

30. Existentialism and the Meaning of Life.
31. The Meaning of Life and the Fear of Death.

Appendix: How to Read and Write a Philosophy Paper.
Glossary.
Credits.
Index.

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