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Physical Geography of Global Environment / With Study Guide

Physical Geography of Global Environment / With Study Guide - 3rd edition

ISBN13: 978-0195160222

Cover of Physical Geography of Global Environment / With Study Guide 3RD 04 (ISBN 978-0195160222)
ISBN13: 978-0195160222
ISBN10: 0195160223
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 04
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Published: 2004
International: No

List price: $99.95

Physical Geography of Global Environment / With Study Guide - 3RD 04 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195160222

Harm J. Deblij and Peter O. Muller

ISBN13: 978-0195160222
ISBN10: 0195160223
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 3RD 04
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Published: 2004
International: No
Summary

Fully revised and presented in fifty-two short, easy-to-teach units, the third edition of Physical Geography: The Global Environment covers complex topics including long-distance weather linkages, biodiversity, and global change in a manner easily accessible to first- and second-year undergraduates. Set against a backdrop of human interaction with the environment, the text offers comprehensive treatments of Earth's five major components: the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, the lithosphere, the cryosphere, and the biosphere.

FEATURES OF THE THIRD EDITION

  • Unit Approach: Flexible, self-contained units make the material in the text easier for students to understand and instructors to navigate.
  • From the Field Notes: This thought-provoking collection of 64 personal photographs and writings is taken from the travels of Professor de Blij, who was the Geography Editor on ABC's Good Morning America for seven years and the Geography Analyst for NBC News from 1996 to 1998. This compelling feature includes new photographs with expanded captions and accompanying locator maps that pinpoint each picture's global position. In addition, more than 40 additional photos by the authors are included.
  • Perspectives on the Human Environment: These revised boxed essays in each unit highlight humanity's relationships with the environment.
  • New and Improved Art Program: More than 90% of the photographs, 4-color maps, illustrations, and line art that appear throughout the text are new for this edition.
  • Systems Approach Part Openers: These stunning, full-page illustrations graphically display and interrelate each Earth system.
  • Web Resources: Included at the end of each chapter, these links give students an interactive way to find out more about concepts discussed in the text.

Table of Contents

Preface

PART 1. A Global Perspective

Unit 1. Geography

1.1. Physical Geography
1.2. A Century of Physical Geography
1.3. Systems and Models in Physical Geography
1.4. Geographic Magnitude

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Sliding Scale

Unit 2. The Planet Earth

2.1. Spheres of the Earth System
2.2. Hemispheres
2.3. Continents and Oceans

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Human Population and Natural Processes

Unit 3. Mapping the Earth's Surface

3.1. The Spherical Earth
3.2. Map Projections
3.3. Map Interpretation
3.4. Evolving Cartographic Technology

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Remote Sensing of the Environment

Unit 4. The Earth in the Universe

4.1. The Universe
4.2. The Solar System

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Collision!

Unit 5. Earth-Sun Relationships

5.1. Earth's Planetary Motions
5.2. Seasonality
5.3. Insolation and Its Variation

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Measuring Time on Our Rotating Earth

PART 2. ATMOSPHERE AND HYDROSPHERE

Unit 6. Composition and Structure of the Atmosphere

6.1. Contents of the Atmosphere
6.2. The Layered Structure of the Atmosphere
6.3. Research Frontiers

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Ozone Holes in the Stratosphere

Unit 7. Radiation and the Heat Balance of the Atmosphere

7.1. The Radiation Balance
7.2. The Heat Balance
7.3. Global Distribution of Heat Flows

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming

Unit 8. Atmospheric and Surface Temperature

8.1. What is Temperature?
8.2. The Vertical Distribution of Temperature
8.3. The Horizontal Distribution of Temperature

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Urban Dust Domes and Heating Patterns

Unit 9. Air Pressure and Winds

9.1. Atmospheric Pressure
9.2. Air Movement in the Atmosphere
9.3. Large-and Smaller-Scale Wind Systems
9.4. Local Wind Systems

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Air Pressure and Wind in Our Daily Lives

Unit 10. Circulation Patterns of the Atmosphere

10.1. A Model of the Surface Circulation
10.2. The Actual Surface Circulation Pattern
10.3. Secondary Surface Circulation: Monsoonal Windflows
10.4. Circulation of the Upper Atmosphere

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Sailor's Legacy-Naming the Winds

Unit 11. Hydrosphere: Circulation of the World Ocean

11.1. Surface Currents
11.2. Generation of Ocean Currents
11.3. Flow Behavior of Ocean Currents
11.4. Deep-Sea Currents
11.5. The Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere System
11.6. El Nino-Southern Oscillation

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The North Atlantic Oscillation

Unit 12. Atmospheric Moisture and the Water Balance

12.1. Physical Properties of Water
12.2. Measuring Water Vapor
12.3. The Hydrologic Cycle
12.4. Evaporation
12.5. Condensation and Clouds
12.6. Precipitation
12.7. The Surface Water Balance

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Water Usage in the United States

Unit 13. Precipitation, Air Masses, and Fronts

13.1. Precipitation-Producing Processes
13.2. Convergent-Lifting Precipitation
13.3. Convectional Precipitation
13.4. Orographic Precipitation
13.5. Frontal (Cyclonic) Precipitation
13.6. Air Masses in the Atmosphere

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Tornadoes and Their Consequences

Unit 14. Weather Systems

14.1. Low-Latitude Weather Systems
14.2. Weather Systems of the Middle and Higher Latitudes
14.3. Energy and Moisture Within Weather Systems

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Honduras After Hurricane Mitch

Unit 15. Weather Tracking and Forecasting

15.1. Weather Data Acquisition
15.2. Mapping Weather Data
15.3. Weather Forecasting

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Weather Extremes

Unit 16. Climate Classification and Regionalization

16.1. Classifying Climates
16.2. The Koppen Climate Classification System
16.3. The Regional Distribution of Climate Types
16.4. Boundaries of Climate Regions

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Climate in Daily Human Terms

Unit 17. Tropical (A) and Arid (B) Climates

17.1. The Major Tropical (A) Climates
17.2. The Major Arid (B) Climates

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Deforestation of the Tropics
Perspectives on the Human Environment: Desertification

Unit 18. Humid Mesothermal (C) Climates

18.1. The Perpetually Moist (Cf) Climates
18.2. The Dry-Summer (Cs) Climates
18.3. The Dry-Winter (Cw) Climates

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Drought of '88

Unit 19. Higher Latitude (D, E) and High-Altitude (H) Climates

19.1. The Major Humid Microthermal (D) Climates
19.2. The Polar (E) Climates
19.3. High-Altitude (H) Climates

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Acid Precipitation

Unit 20. Dynamics of Climate Change

20.1. Evidence of Climate Change
20.2. The Climatic History of the Earth
20.3. Mechanisms of Climate Change
20.4. The Climatic Future

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Weather Extremes and Teleconnections

Unit 21. Human-Climate Interactions and Impacts

21.1. The Heat Balance of the Human Body
21.2. Shelter, Houses, and Climate
21.3. Urban Microclimates
21.4. Air Pollution
21.5. Human Activities and the Global Climate Machine

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Weather Modification in an Industrial Region

PART 3. THE BIOSPHERE

Unit 22. Climate, Soil, Plants, and Animals

22.1. Natural Geography
22.2. Conservation and the Biosphere

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Biodiversity Under Siege

Unit 23. Formation of Soils

23.1. The Formation of Soil
23.2. Processes in the Soil
23.3. Soil Profiles
23.4. Soil Regimes

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Exchange of Ions

Unit 24. Physical Properties of Soil

24.1. Sol and Ped.
24.2. Soil Texture
24.3. Soil Structure
24.4. Soil Color
24.5. Soil Acidity and Alkalinity
24.6. Soils of Hills and Valleys
24.7. The Soil Development System

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Fertilizer

Unit 25. Classification and Mapping of Soils

25.1. Classifying Soils
25.2. The Soil Taxonomy
25.3. The Spatial Distribution of Soils

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Soil Taxonomy-What's in a Name?

Unit 26. Biogeographic Processes

26.1. Dynamics of the Biosphere
26.2. Plant Successions
26.3. Geographic Dispersal

Perspectives on the Human Environment: A Biogeographic Puzzle: The Species-Richness Gradient

Unit 27. The Global Distribution of Plants

27.1. Biomes
27.2. Principal Terrestrial Biomes

Perspectives on the Human Environment: North America's Vegetation Regions

Unit 28. Zoogeography: Spatial Aspects of Animal Populations

28.1. Processes of Evolution
28.2. Emergence of Zoogeography
28.3. The Earth's Zoogeographic Realms
28.4. Further Studies in Zoogeography
28.5. Zoogeography and Conservation

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The African Stowaways

PART 4. THE RESTLESS CRUST

Unit 29. Planet Earth in Profile: The Layered Interior

29.1. Evidence of the Earth's Internal Structuring
29.2. The Earth's Internal Layer
29.3. The Earth's Outer Layer
29.4. The Crustal Surface

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Hills, Mountains, Plains, Plateaus--What's in a Name?

Unit 30. Minerals and Igneous Rocks

30.1. Minerals and Rocks
30.2. Classification of Rock Types
30.3. Igneous Rocks

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The World's Oldest Rocks

Unit 31. Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rocks

31.1. Sedimentary Rocks
31.2. Metamorphic Rocks
31.3. The Rock Cycle

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Oilfield Formation

Unit 32. Plates of the Lithosphere

32.1. Continental Drift
32.2. Continents and Seafloors
32.3. Distribution of Plates
32.4. Movement of Plates

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Faulting in the Los Angeles Basin: The 1994 Northridge Earthquake

Unit 33. Plate Movement: Causes and Effects

33.1. Mechanism of Crustal Spreading
33.2. Evolution of Continents
33.3. Isostasy

Perspectives on the Human Environment: How Fast Do Drifting Plates Move?

Unit 34. Volcanism and Its Landforms

34.1. Distribution of Volcanic Activity
34.2. Volcanic Mountains
34.3. Calderas
34.4. Landscapes of Volcanism

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Risking the Wrath of Goddess Pele

Unit 35. Earthquakes and Landscapes

35.1. Earthquake Terminology
35.2. Earthquake Distribution
35.3. Earthquakes and Landscapes
35.4. Tsunamis

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Earthquake Risk in the Eastern United States

Unit 36. Surface Expressions of Subsurface Structures

36.1. Terminology of Structure
36.2. Fault Structures
36.3. Fold Structures
36.4. Regional Deformation

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Decline and Fall of Southeast Texas

PART 5. SCULPTING THE SURFACE

Unit 37. The Formation of Landscapes and Landforms

37.1. Landscapes and Landforms
37.2. Gradation
37.3. Erosion and Tectonics
37.4. Regional Landscapes

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Using the Geologic Time Scale

Unit 38. Weathering Processes

38.1. Mechanical Weathering
38.2. Chemical Weathering
38.3. Biological Weathering
38.4. Geography of Weathering

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Dust Bowl

Unit 39. Mass Movements

39.1. Mass Movement
39.2. The Importance of Mass Movements

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Human Factor

Unit 40. Water in the Lithosphere

40.1. Water at the Surface
40.2. Water Flow in Rivers
40.3. Water Beneath the Surface

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Groundwater Contamination

Unit 41. Slopes and Streams

41.1. Erosion and the Hydrologic Cycle
41.2. Streams and Basins
41.3. Stream Functions and Valley Properties
41.4. Factors in Stream Erosion
41.5. The River as a System

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Hazards of Floodplain Settlement

Unit 42. Degradational Landforms of Stream Erosion

42.1. Factors Affecting Stream Degradation
42.2. Drainage Patterns
42.3. Overcoming Geologic Structure
42.4. Regional Geomorphology

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Controlling Rome's River

Unit 43. Aggradational Landforms of Stream Erosion

43.1. Alluvial Fans
43.2. Rivers to the Sea
43.3. Deltas

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Great Midwestern Flood of '93

Unit 44. Karst Processes and Landforms

44.1. Karst
44.2. Karst Processes
44.3. Karst Landforms and Landscapes
44.4. Karst and Caves

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Florida's Winter Park Sinkhole

Unit 45. Glacial Degradation and Aggradation

45.1. Glaciers of the Past
45.2. The Formation of Glaciers
45.3. The Glacier as a System
45.4. Glacial Movement and Erosion

Perspectives on the Human Environment: What Causes Ice Ages?

Unit 46. Landforms and Landscapes of Continental Glaciers

46.1. The Antarctic Ice Sheet
46.2. The Greenland Ice Sheet
46.3. Age of the Present Ice Sheets
46.4. Other Late Cenozoic Ice Sheets
46.4.1. North America's Glaciation: The Final Four
46.4.2.. Landscapes of Continental Glaciers
46.4.3. Aggradational Landforms of Ice Sheets

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Driftless Area

Unit 47. Landforms and Landscapes of Mountain Glaciers

47.1. Mountain Glaciers Today
47.2. Degradational Landforms of Mountain Glaciers
47.3. Aggradational Landforms of Mountain Glaciers

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Mountain Glaciers: The View from Space

Unit 48. Periglacial Environments and Landscapes

48.1. Permafrost
48.2. Geomorphic Processes in Periglacial Environments
48.3. Landforms of Periglacial Regions
48.4. Resource Development in Periglacial Environments

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Humans and the Periglacial Environment

Unit 49. Wind as a Geomorphic Agent

49.1. Wind Erosion
49.2. Degradational Landforms
49.3. Aggradational Landforms
49.4. Sand Dunes
49.5. Loess

Perspectives on the Human Environment: The Winds of Interstate-10

Unit 50. Coastal Processes

50.1. Coasts and Shore
50.2. Waves and Their Properties
50.3. Waves Against the Shore
50.4. Degradation and Aggradation by Waves
50.5. Tides and Shore Zone Currents
50.6. The Role of Storms
50.7. Crustal Movement

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Tides and Their Behavior

Unit 51. Coastal Landforms and Landscapes

51.1. Aggradational Landforms
51.2. Degradational Landforms
51.3. Coastal Landscapes
51.4. Living Shorelines

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Hazards of Barrier Island Development

Unit 52. Physiographic Realms and Regions: The Spatial Variation of Landscapes

52.1. Defining Physiographic Realms and Regions
52.2. Physiographic Realms and Regions of North America
52.3. The Physiographic Imprint

Perspectives on the Human Environment: Cumberland Gap
Appendix A: SI Units and Their Conversions
Appendix B: World Political Map, 2003
Pronunciation Guide
Glossary of Terms
Credits
Index

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