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Physiology of Sport and Exercise

Physiology of Sport and Exercise - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0736000840

Cover of Physiology of Sport and Exercise 2ND 99 (ISBN 978-0736000840)
ISBN13: 978-0736000840
ISBN10: 0736000844
Edition: 2ND 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Published: 1999
International: No

Other Editions for Physiology of Sport and Exercise

Physiology of Sport and Exercise - 2ND 99 edition

ISBN13: 978-0736000840

Jack H. Wilmore and David L. Costill

ISBN13: 978-0736000840
ISBN10: 0736000844
Edition: 2ND 99
Copyright: 1999
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Published: 1999
International: No

Improved features:
Here's what makes Physiology of Sport and Exercise an even better resource:

  • A better organization of the field's subject matter
  • Dynamic graphic presentations-featuring four-color photographs, graphs, and illustrations-that complement the text and encourage a deeper understanding
  • Clarity of language and reader-friendly presentation of information including color-coded chapters, chapter outlines, key terms and points, summary boxes, study questions, glossary and index
  • Thoroughly updated information based on the latest research findings
  • A new student study guide that features active learning exercises
  • Metric as well as imperial measurements

Organization of the text:
The logical order of the text has been retained, and it provides a comprehensive overview of the field without being overwhelming. Wilmore and Costill thoroughly explain all concepts so students can comprehend rather than simply memorize. The text masterfully provides a solid foundation of basic physiology from which to better interpret and understand sport and exercise physiology.

In Parts I through III, the authors review the major body systems and examine the body's acute response to exercise and its chronic response to training. In Part IV, students learn how the environment affects these responses. Part V examines various approaches used to optimize performance. Part VI focuses on unique concerns of special populations involved in physical activity, and Part VII examines the importance of physical activity to lifelong health.

Updated information:
The second edition has been updated to include current information regarding the following:

  • Structure and compartmentalization of myofibrils and the sliding filament theory
  • Neuromuscular factors and individual muscle fiber hypertrophy with resistance training
  • Ergogenic aids including L-tryphtophan, branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs), L-carnitine, creatine, chromium, and glycerol
  • Recent results from longitudinal studies of older athletes
  • And much more!

Text for undergraduate and graduate courses in exercise physiology. Reference for exercise scientists, sports medicine specialists, athletic trainers, sports physical therapists, physical educators, kinesiotherapists, fitness specialists, and graduate students in exercise science.

Table of Contents

An Introduction to Exercise and Sport Physiology
The Focus of Exercise and Sport Physiology
A Historical Perspective
Acute Physiological Responses to Exercise
Chronic Physiological Adaptations to Training
Basic Training Principles
Research Methodology

Part I. Essentials of Movement

Chapter 1. Muscular Control of Movement

The Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle and Exercise

Chapter 2. Neurological Control of Movement

The Structure and Function of the Nervous System
The Central Nervous System (CNS)
The Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
Sensory-Motor Integration
The Motor Response

Chapter 3. Neuromuscular Adaptations to Resistance Training

Strength Gains From Resistance Training
Muscle Soreness
Designing Resistance Training Programs
Resistance Training for Special Populations

Part II. Energy for Movement

Chapter 4. Metabolism and Basic Energy Systems

Energy for Cellular Activity
Bioenergetics: ATP Production
Measuring Energy Use During Exercise
Energy Expenditure at Rest and During Exercise
Causes of Fatigue

Chapter 5. Hormonal Regulation of Exercise

The Nature of Hormones
The Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
The Endocrine Response to Exercise
Hormonal Effects on Metabolism and Energy
Hormonal Effects on Fluid and Electrolyte Balance During Exercise

Chapter 6. Metabolic Adaptations to Training

Adaptations to Aerobic Training
Training the Aerobic System
Adaptations to Anaerobic Training
Monitoring Training Changes

Part III. Cardiorespiratory Function and Performance

Chapter 7. Cardiovascular Control During Exercise

Structure and Function of the Cardiovascular System
Cardiovascular Response to Exercise

Chapter 8. Respiratory Regulation During Exercise

Pulmonary Ventilation
Pulmonary Diffusion
Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide
Gas Exchange at the Muscles
Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation
Ventilation and Energy Metabolism
Respiratory Limitations to Performance
Respiratory Regulation of Acid-Base Balance

Chapter 9. Cardiorespiratory Adaptations to Training

Evaluating Endurance Capacity
Cardiovascular Adaptations to Training
Respiratory Adaptations to Training
Metabolic Adaptations to Training
Long-Term Improvement in Endurance
Factors Affecting the Response to Aerobic Training
Cardiorespiratory Endurance and Performance

Part IV. Environmental Influences on Performance
Chapter 10. Thermoregulation and Exercise

Mechanisms of Body Temperature Regulation
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Heat
Health Risks During Exercise in the Heat
Acclimatization to Exercise in the Heat
Exercise in the Cold
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold
Health Risks During Exercise in the Cold
Cold Acclimatization

Chapter 11. Exercise in Hypobaric, Hyperbaric, and Microgravity Environments

Hypobaric Environments: Exercising at Altitude
Hyperbaric Environments: Exercising Underwater
Microgravity Environments: Exercising in Space

Part V. Optimizing Performance in Sport

Chapter 12. Quantifying Sports Training

Demands of Training
Tapering for Peak Performance

Chapter 13. Ergogenic Aids and Performance

Researching Ergogenic Aids
Pharmacological Agents
Hormonal Agents
Physiological Agents
Nutritional Agents

Chapter 14. Nutrition and Nutritional Ergogenics

The Six Nutrient Classes
Water and Electrolyte Balance
The Athlete's Diet
Gastrointestinal Function During Exercise
Designing Sports Drinks

Chapter 15. Optimal Body Weight for Performance

Body Build, Body Size, and Body Composition
Assessing Body Composition
Body Composition and Sports Performance
Weight Standards
Achieving Optimal Weight

Part VI. Age and Sex Considerations in Sport and Exercise

Chapter 16. Growth, Development, and the Young Athlete

Growth and Development of the Tissues
Physical Performance and Physiological Function
Training the Child and Adolescent

Chapter 17. Aging and the Older Athlete

Sport Performance
Changes in Cardiorespiratory Endurance With Aging
Changes in Strength With Aging
Environmental Stress and Aging
Body Composition and Aging
Trainability of the Older Athlete

Chapter 18. Sex Differences and the Female Athlete

Body Size and Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Athletic Performance
Other Considerations

Part VII. Physical Activity for Health and Fitness

Chapter 19. Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness

Medical Clearance
The Exercise Prescription
Monitoring Exercise Intensity
The Exercise Program
Exercise and Rehabilitation of People With Diseases

Chapter 20. Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity

Forms of Cardiovascular Disease
Understanding the Disease Process
Determining Individual Risk
Prevention Through Physical Activity
Risk of Heart Attack and Death During Exercise

Chapter 21. Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity



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