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Physiology of Sport and Exercise

Physiology of Sport and Exercise - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0736055833

Cover of Physiology of Sport and Exercise 4TH 08 (ISBN 978-0736055833)
ISBN13: 978-0736055833
ISBN10: 0736055835
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 08
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Published: 2008
International: No

List price: $92.00

Physiology of Sport and Exercise - 4TH 08 edition

ISBN13: 978-0736055833

Jack H. Wilmore

ISBN13: 978-0736055833
ISBN10: 0736055835
Cover type: Hardback
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 08
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers

Published: 2008
International: No
Summary

How can you make the best textbook in the field of sport and exercise physiology better? Leave it to authors Jack Wilmore and David Costill, two of the field's most respected scholars, to do so. Physiology of Sport and Exercise redefines the discipline's standard for textbooks. Here's what makes Physiology of Sport and Exercise an even better resource:

* A better organization of the field's subject matter
* Dynamic graphic presentations-featuring four-color photographs, graphs, and illustrations-that complement the text and encourage a deeper understanding
* Clarity of language and reader-friendly presentation of information including color-coded chapters, chapter outlines, key terms and points, summary boxes, study questions, glossary and index
* Thoroughly updated information based on the latest research findings
* A new student study guide that features active learning exercises
* Metric as well as imperial measurements
* The new edition includes dramatically improved and expanded supporting ancillary materials to help instructors teach the course.
* The text's supporting materials include the following:
* An electronic Instructor Guide new to this edition, free with course adoptions
* A revised and improved Test Bank, free with course adoptions
* A much expanded Graphics Package for PowerPoint or slide presentations, free with course adoptions
* Plus, instructors have the added convenience of being able to travel to a website to retrieve some of the course's ancillary materials. Now you can offer your students the very best textbook available for bringing the field of sport and exercise physiology to life. Physiology of Sport and Exercise-a powerful and engaging learning tool-offers students a jump start in their studies.

Author Bio

Jack H. Wilmore, PhD, is the Margie Gurley Seay Centennial professor emeritus of the department of kinesiology and health education at the University of Texas at Austin. He retired in 2003 from Texas A&M University as a distinguished professor in the department of health and kinesiology. From 1985 to 1997, Wilmore was the chair of the department of kinesiology and health education at the University of Texas at Austin. During that time he was also a Margie Gurley Seay Endowed Centennial professor. Prior to that, he served on the faculties at the University of Arizona, the University of California, and Ithaca College. Wilmore earned his PhD in physical education from the University of Oregon in 1966.

Wilmore has published 53 chapters, more than 320 peer-reviewed research papers, and 15 books on exercise physiology. He is one of five principal investigators for the HERITAGE Family Study, a large multicenter clinical trial investigating the possible genetic basis for the variability in the responses of physiological measures and risk factors for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes to endurance exercise training. Wilmore's research interests include determining the role of exercise in the prevention and control of both obesity and coronary heart disease. He is also interested in determining the mechanisms accounting for alterations in physiological function with training and detraining and factors limiting the performance of elite athletes.

A former president of the American College of Sports Medicine, Wilmore was the recipient of the American College of Sports Medicine's Honor Award in 2006. In addition to serving as chair for many ACSM organizationalcommittees, Wilmore served on the United States Olympic Committee's Sports Medicine Council and chaired their Research Committee. He is currently a member of the American Physiological Society and a fellow and former president of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education.

Wilmore has served as a consultant for several professional sports teams, the California Highway Patrol, the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sport, NASA, and the U.S. Air Force. He has served on editorial boards for journals such as Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, International Journal of Obesity, Sports Medicine, Journal of Pediatric Exercise Science, Journal of Sports Nutrition, Physician and Sportsmedicine, and Clinical Exercise Physiology.

In his free time Wilmore enjoys Bible study, running, walking, and playing with his grandchildren. He and his wife, Dottie, have three daughters (Wendy, Kristi, and Melissa) and six grandchildren.

David L. Costill, PhD, is the emeritus John and Janice Fisher chair in exercise science at Ball State University in Muncie, Indiana. He established the Ball State University Human Performance Laboratory in 1966 and served as its director for over 32 years.

Costill has written and coauthored more than 400 publications over the course of his career, including books, peer-reviewed articles, and lay publications. He served as the editor in chief of the International Journal of Sports Medicine for 12 years. Between 1971 and 1998, he averaged 25 U.S. and international lecture trips each year. He was president of the ACSM from 1976 to 1977, a member of its board of trustees for 12 years, and a recipient of ACSM Citation and Honor Awards. Many of his former students are now leaders in the field of exercise physiology.

Costill received his PhD in physical education and physiology from Ohio State University in 1965. He and his wife, Judy, have two daughters, Jill and Holly. In his leisure time, Costill is a private pilot, experimental airplane builder, competitive masters swimmer, and runner.

W. Larry Kenney, PhD, is a professor of physiology and kinesiology at Pennsylvania State University in University Park, Pennsylvania. Working at Penn State's Noll Laboratory, Kenney is currently researching the effects of aging and elevated cholesterol on the control of blood flow in human skin. He is also studying the effects of heat and dehydration on the skill performance of athletes and the effects of heat and cold on health and well-being as well as exercise and sport performance.

Kenney served as president of the American College of Sports Medicine from 2003 to 2004 and is currently the chair of the Gatorade Sports Science Institute in Barrington, Illinois. He is a fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine and a fellow of the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education. As a member of the American Physiological Society, Kenney received the organization's Citation for Distinguished Service in 2005.

For his service to the university and his field, Kenney has been awarded Penn State University's Faculty Scholar Medal, the Evan G. and Helen G. Pattishall Distinguished Research Career Award, and the Pauline Schmitt Russell Distinguished Research Career Award.

Kenney is a member of the editorial and advisory boards for several journals, including Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, Current Sports Medicine Reports (inaugural board member), and Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. He has also served on the editorial and advisory boards of the Journal of Applied Physiology, Human Performance, Fitness Management, and ACSM's Health & Fitness Journal (inaugural board member).

Kenney received his PhD in physiology from Penn State University in 1983. He and his wife, Patti, have three children: Matt, Alex, and Lauren. In his free time he enjoys golfing, running, and coaching youth baseball.

Table of Contents

Preface
Student and Instructor Resources
Acknowledgments
Photo Credits

An Introduction to Exercise and Sport Physiology
Focus of Exercise and Sport Physiology
Historical Events
Acute and Chronic Responses to Exercise
Research: The Foundation for Understanding

Part I. Exercising Muscle: Structure, Function, Fuel, and Neural Control

Chapter 1. Structure and Function of Exercising Muscle
Functional Anatomy of Skeletal Muscle
Skeletal Muscle and Exercise

Chapter 2. Fuel for Exercising Muscle: Metabolism and Hormonal Control
Metabolism and Bioenergetics
Hormonal Control

Chapter 3. Neural Control of Exercising Muscle
Overview of the Nervous System
Structure and Function of the Nervous System
Central Nervous System
Peripheral Nervous System
Sensory-Motor Integration
Motor Response

Chapter 4. Energy Expenditure During Exercise and Fatigue
Measuring Energy Expenditure
Energy Expenditure at Rest and During Exercise
Fatigue and Its Causes

Part II. Cardiovascular and Respiratory Function

Chapter 5. The Cardiovascular System and Its Control
Heart
Vascular System
Blood

Chapter 6. The Respiratory System and Its Regulation
Pulmonary Ventilation
Pulmonary Volumes
Pulmonary Diffusion
Transport of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in the Blood
Gas Exchange at the Muscles
Regulation of Pulmonary Ventilation

Chapter 7. Cardiorespiratory Responses to Acute Exercise
Cardiovascular Responses to Acute Exercise
Respiratory Responses to Acute Exercise

Part III. ExerciseTraining: Principles and Adaptations

Chapter 8. Principles of Exercise Training
Terminology
General Principles of Training
Resistance Training Programs
Anaerobic and Aerobic Power Training Programs

Chapter 9. Adaptations to Resistance Training
Resistance Training and Gains in Muscular Fitness
Mechanisms of Gains in Muscle Strength
Muscle Soreness
Resistance Training for Special Populations

Chapter 10. Adaptations to Aerobic and Anaerobic Training
Adaptations to Aerobic Training
Adaptations to Anaerobic Training
Specificity of Training and Cross-Training

Part IV. Environmental Influences on Performance

Chapter 11. Exercise in Hot and Cold Environments: Thermoregulation
Body Temperature Regulation
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Heat
Health Risks During Exercise in the Heat
Acclimation to Exercise in the Heat
Exercise in the Cold
Physiological Responses to Exercise in the Cold
Health Risks During Exercise in the Cold
Acclimation to Exercise in the Cold

Chapter 12. Exercise at Altitude
Hypobaric Environments: Conditions at Altitude
Physiological Responses to Acute Altitude Exposure
Exercise and Sport Performance at Altitude
Acclimatization: Prolonged Exposure to Altitude
Altitude: Optimizing Training and Performance
Health Risks of Acute Exposure to Altitude

Part V. Optimizing Performance in Sport

Chapter 13. Training for Sport
Optimizing Training-A Model
Excessive Training
Overreaching
Overtraining
Tapering for Peak Performance
Detraining

Chapter 14. Body Composition and Nutrition for Sport
Body Composition in Sport
Nutrition and Sport

Chapter 15. Ergogenic Aids and Sport
Researching Ergogenic Aids
Pharmacological Agents
Hormonal Agents
Physiological Agents
Nutritional Agents

Part VI. Age and Sex Considerations in Sport and Exercise

Chapter 16. Children and Adolescents in Sport and Exercise
Growth, Development, and Maturation
Body Composition: Growth and Development of Tissues
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Motor Ability and Sport Performance
Special Issues

Chapter 17. Aging in Sport and Exercise
Height, Weight, and Body Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Sport Performance
Special Issues

Chapter 18. Sex Differences in Sport and Exercise
Body Size and Composition
Physiological Responses to Acute Exercise
Physiological Adaptations to Exercise Training
Sport Performance
Special Issues

Part VII. Physical Activity for Health and Fitness

Chapter 19. Prescription of Exercise for Health and Fitness
Health Benefits of Exercise: The Great Awakening
Medical Clearance
Exercise Prescription
Monitoring Exercise Intensity
Exercise Program
Exercise and Rehabilitation of People With Diseases

Chapter 20. Cardiovascular Disease and Physical Activity
Forms of Cardiovascular Disease
Understanding the Disease Process
Determining Individual Risk
Reducing Risk Through Physical Activity
Risk of Heart Attack and Death During Exercise

Chapter 21. Obesity, Diabetes, and Physical Activity
Obesity
Diabetes

Glossary
References and Suggested Readings
Index
About the Authors