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Police and Society - With CD

Police and Society - With CD - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0195370355

Cover of Police and Society - With CD 4TH 09 (ISBN 978-0195370355)
ISBN13: 978-0195370355
ISBN10: 019537035X
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 09
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Published: 2009
International: No

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Police and Society - With CD - 4TH 09 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195370355

Roy Roberg, Kenneth Novak and Gary Cordner

ISBN13: 978-0195370355
ISBN10: 019537035X
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 09
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Published: 2009
International: No
Summary

Now in a new edition, Police & Society offers a descriptive and analytical look at the process of policing, from police behavior and organization to operations and historical perspectives. With an emphasis on the relationship between the police and the community and how this relationship has changed through the years, coauthors Roy Roberg, Kenneth Novak, and Gary Cordner explore the most important theoretical foundations and incisive research on contemporary policing practices.
To draw students into this complex subject, the authors provide many fascinating examples of policing at work: Inside Policing boxes address real-world police issues and operations and also offer biographical sketches of important police leaders. Voices From the Field boxes feature insights from nationally recognized police executives who discuss current policing practices in a lively Q&A format.
Revised throughout, the fourth edition incorporates such timely new topics as media relations, intelligence-led policing, and changes in CompStat procedures. The authors also address the impact of society's evolution on current policing practices, paying special attention to the challenges of community policing and policing in the post-9/11 era. The book's rich pedagogical features include an expanded glossary, which provides clear definitions of key terms. An Interactive Student Study Guide CD is packaged with the text, and an Instructor's Manual is also available.
An essential resource for policing in the twenty-first century, Police & Society, Fourth Edition, provides a dynamic introduction to this compelling field.

Author Bio

Roy Roberg is Professor of Justice Studies at San Jos� State University.

Kenneth Novak is Associate Professor and Chair of Criminal Justice and Criminology at the University of Missouri-Kansas City.

Gary Cordner is Professor of Criminal Justice at Kutztown University of Pennsylvania.

Brad Smith is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at Wayne State University.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

**Each Chapter ends with a Summary.**
Preface
Acknowledgements
About the Authors
CHAPTER 1: POLICE IN A DEMOCRACY
Policing a Free Society
Police and Government Police and Rule of Law Police, Terrorism, and Homeland Security
Police Systems
The U.S. Police System
Other Types of Law Enforcement Agencies Similarities and Differences
Police Role and Purpose
Law Enforcement or Politics?
Crime Fighting or Social Service?
Proactive or Reactive?
Police Activities and Workload Police Goals and Strategies
Looking Ahead
CHAPTER 2: POLICE HISTORY
Foundations of Policing
Early Policing Policing in Nineteenth-Century England
The Emergence of Modern Policing in the United States
The First City Police Forces The County Sheriff
Vigilance Committees
Modern American Policing
The Political Era Police Development Criticism in the Political Era The Reform Era Minority Perspective on the Development of American Police
State Police
Texas and Massachusetts Pennsylvania Highway Patrol
Federal Law Enforcement
The Revenue Cutter Service and the U.S. Marshal Service Postal Inspectors The Federal Bureau of Investigation
CHAPTER 3: LEGAL ISSUES
Criminal Procedure
Searches and Seizures or Persons Searches and Seizures of Property Interrogations and Confessions
Civil Liability
Costs of Liability in Policing Avenues of Liability Civil Liability in State Courts Civil Liability in Federal Courts Emerging Liability Issues for the Twenty-First Century Use of Force Impact on Officers
CHAPTER 4: COMMUNITY POLICING
Evolving Strategies of Policing
Early Forms of Community Policing
Police-Community Relations Crime Prevention Team Policing Foot Patrol and Broken Windows
Community Policing
Elements of Community Policing
The Philosophical Dimension The Strategic Dimension The Tactical Dimension
Implementing Community Policing
Positive Indications Questions and Doubts
Evaluating Community Policing
Community Policing Today
CHAPTER 5: POLICE MANAGEMENT
The Managerial Process
The Development of Police Management
Classical Police Management Behavioral Police Management Contemporary Police Management
Organizational Design
Restructuring and Community Policing Implementation: Fact or Fiction?
Criticisms of the Paramilitary Design Increasing Influence of Police Paramilitary Units Broken Windows and Zero-Tolerance Policing Compstat, Police Legitimacy, and Procedural Justice
Police Goals and Organizational Performance
Impact of Supervisory Styles on Officer Behavior Measuring Police Performance Changing Performance Measures
CHAPTER 6: ORGANIZATION AND CHANGE
The Change Process
Resistance to Change Overcoming Resistance to Change
The Madison Experience
Laying the Foundation Key Elements to Change Results from Madison
The Chicago Experience
Laying the Foundation Key Elements to Change Results from Chicago Lessons Learned from Madison and Chicago
Job Redesign and Community Policing
Changing Officer Performance Measures
Innovation
Compstat as a Change Process Police Departments as Learning Organizations Organizational Learning Police-Researcher Partnerships Utilize Middle Managers
CHAPTER 7: SELECTION AND DEVELOPMENT
Recruitment
Recruitment Methods Targeting Females and Minorities Targeting the Service Oriented Cop Crunch
Selection
Preemployment Standards General Suitability Preemployment Testing Written Exams and Performance Too Smart for Policing?
Development
Recruit Training Community Policing Training Terrorism-Related Training Field Training Career Growth
CHAPTER 8: FIELD OPERATIONS
The Patrol Function
Historical Development Patrol Methods Use of Patrol Methods
Selected Research on Patrol Operations
Random Patrol Response Time Differential Response to Calls
Focused Interventions
Proactive Arrests and Crackdowns Guns and Gang Violence Policing Disorder: Zero-Tolerance and Quality-of-Life Policing Problem Oriented Policing Focused on Disorder Juvenile Curfews
Reactive Arrests and Intimate Partner Violence
Police Pursuits
The Investigative Function
Historical Development
Selected Research on Investigative Operations
Investigative Effectiveness Career Criminal Programs Bias Crime Programs Detective-Patrol Relationships Enticement and Entrapment
CHAPTER 9: BEHAVIOR AND MISCONDUCT
Perspectives of Police Behavior
Universalistic Perspectives Particularistic Perspectives Socialization Versus Predisposition
Classic Studies of Police Behavior
Violence and the Police Justice Without Trial Varieties of Police Behavior City Police Working the Street: Police Discretion
Decision Making and Police Discretion
Organizational Variables Neighborhood Variables Situational Variables Individual (Officer) Variables
Police Deviance
Types of Deviance and Misconduct The Prevalence of Police Deviance The Trouble With Gratuities Deviant Officers The Persistence of Corruption Police Sexual Misconduct The Drug War and Police Deviance
CHAPTER 10: FORCE AND COERCION
Police-Citizen Interactions
Context of Force National Estimates on Police Use of Force Use of Force
Learning to Use Force
Training Areas of Training Police Culture and the Use of Force Controversy and the Use of Force
Inappropriate Force
Brutality and Excessive Force Physical and Psychological Force in Police History Frequency of Excessive Force and Brutality Brutality in the Twenty-First Century
Deadly Force
Individual and Situational Factors Environmental and Departmental Variations Racial Considerations Legal and Policy Changes
CHAPTER 11: ACCOUNTABILITY AND ETHICS
Internal Accountability Mechanisms
Bureaucratic Organization and Management Internal Investigation Issues in Internal Investigations Early Warning/Early Identification Systems Effectiveness of Internal Investigations
External Accountability Mechanisms
Civilian Review Police Auditor Systems Legal Control
The Limits of Oversight Mechanisms
Professional Standards
The Police Professionalization Movement
Criteria of Police Professionalization
Ethical Standards
Ethical Perspectives Ethical Dilemmas
The Limits of Professional and Ethical Standards
CHAPTER 12: DIVERSITY
Racial Minorities in Policing
Unequal Treatment Performance of African American Police
Women in Policing
Unequal Treatment Performance of Women Officers
Affirmative Action
Equal Employment Opportunity
Reverse Discrimination
Increasing Diversity in Police Departments
Promotional Opportunities
Integration of Minorities and Women Into Policing
Police Culture Structural Characteristics Pregnancy and Maternity Sexual Harassment
Future Prospects
CHAPTER 13: STRESS AND OFFICER SAFETY
The Concept of Stress
Occupational Stress
Overview of Stressors
Police Stressors Emerging Sources of Stress
Line-of-Duty and Crisis Situations
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Shift Work Social Supports and Police Stress
Consequences of Stress
Alcohol Abuse Drug Abuse Suicide Marital and Family Problems Policies and Programs
Officer Safety
Danger and Police Work Safety and the Mentally Ill Improving Safety and Reducing Fatalities
CHAPTER 14: HIGHER EDUCATION
The Development of Higher Education Programs for Police
Federal Programs and Support for Higher Education Quality of Higher Education Programs Higher Education Requirements for Police Police Chiefs, Promotion, and Higher Education
The Impact of Higher Education on Policing
Higher Education and Attitudes Higher Education and Performance Use of Force and Liability Leadership and Promotion Other Significant Findings Summary of Higher Education Findings and Directions for Future Research Higher Education and Job Satisfaction Higher Education, Community Policing, and Terrorism Police Executives' Views on Higher Education Chief's Scholar Program
Validating Higher Education for Police
Higher Education as a Bona Fide Occupational Qualification Higher Education and Discrimination
Higher Education Incentive Programs
Higher Education Requirements and Policy Implications
CHAPTER 15: EMERGING ISSUES
Changes in American Society
The Aging Population Diversity Economics Immigration and Migration
Modern Problems
Racial Profiling Immigration Enforcement Eyewitness Identification Persons With Mental Illness Cyber Crime
Modern Technology
Suspect Control and Officer Safety Crime Detention and Crime Solving Information Technology Communications and Interoperability Social Media
Long-Term Trends
Collaboration Privatization Federalization Militarization Globalization
Competing Police Strategies
Terrorism and Homeland Security Compstat and Performance Management COP, POP, and ILP
Glossary of Key Terms
Index

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ISBN13: 978-0199772568
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