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Programmer's View of Computer Architecture : With Assembly Language Examples from the MIPS RISC Architecture

Programmer's View of Computer Architecture : With Assembly Language Examples from the MIPS RISC Architecture - 93 edition

Programmer's View of Computer Architecture : With Assembly Language Examples from the MIPS RISC Architecture - 93 edition

ISBN13: 9780195131093

ISBN10: 0195131096

Cover type: Hardback
Edition: 93
Copyright: 1993
Publisher: Saunders College Division
Published: 1993
International: No

ISBN13: 9780195131093

ISBN10: 0195131096

Cover type: Hardback
Edition: 93

List price: $182.95

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This introductory text offers a contemporary treatment of computer architecture using assembly and machine language with a focus on software. Students learn how computers work through a clear, generic presentation of a computer architecture; a departure from the traditional focus on a specific architecture. A computer's capabilities are introduced within the context of software, reinforcing the software focus of the text. Designed for computer science majors in an assembly language course, this text uses a top-down approach to the material that enables students to begin programming immediately and to understand the assembly language, the interface between hardware and software. The text includes examples from the MIPS RISC (reduced instruction set computer) architecture and an accompanying software simulator package simulates a MIPS RISC processor (the software does not require a MIPS processor to run).

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

1. Abstractions and Computers

1.1. Levels of Abstraction
1.2. The Tower of Computer Abstractions
1.3. A Programming Language as an Abstraction
1.4. Computer Architecture
1.5. Computer Execution Basics

2. SAL: A Simple Abstract Language

2.1. On Assembly and Compilation
2.2. Variable Declaration
2.3. Arithmetic Operations
2.4. Control Structures
2.5. Communication with the User
2.6. A SAL Program
2.7. Procedures
2.8. A Modular SAL Program

3. Number Systems

3.1. Numbers and Their Representation
3.2. Weighted Positional Notation
3.3. Transformations Between Radices
3.4. Representation of Non-Integer Numbers
3.5. Precision and Accuracy

4. Data Representation

4.1. Numbers versus Their Representation
4.2. Representation of Integers
4.3. Characters
4.4. Floating Point Representation

5. Arithmetic and Logical Operations

5.1. Boolean Operations
5.2. Shift Operations
5.3. Addition and Subtraction
5.4. Multiplication
5.5. Division

6. Floating Point Arithmetic

6.1. Hardware versus Software Calculations
6.2. Addition and Subtraction
6.3. Multiplication
6.4. Division
6.5. Advanced Topics
6.6. SAL Instructions

7. Data Structures

7.l. Memory as an Array
7.2. Arrays
7.3. Stacks
7.4. Queues

8. Registers and MAL

8.1. Instructions as a Data Type
8.2. Specifying Addresses in Instructions
8.3. The MAL Architecture
8.4. Example MAL Code

9. Procedures

9.1. MAL Procedure Call and Return Mechanisms
9.2. Dynamic Storage Allocation
9.3. Activation Records
9.4. Parameter Passing
9.5. Saving Registers
9.6. MIPS RISC Register Usage
9.7. A MAL Program that Uses Procedures

10. The Assembly Process

10.1. What Assemblers Do
10.2. True Assembly Language (TAL)
10.3. Machine Code Format and Generation
10.4. Program Relocation

11. Input and Output

11.1. Typical I/O Devices
11.2. The Processor-I/O Interface

12. Interrupts and Exception Handling

12.1. The Exception Mechanism
12.2. The Role of the Operating System
12.3. The MIPS RISC Exception Mechanism
12.4. A Sample Exception Handler
12.5. Operating System Issues

13. Architectural Performance

13.1. On Minimal Instruction Sets and Choices
13.2. Pipelining
13.3. Branching Techniques
13.4. Memory Hierarchies

14. Alternative Architectures

14.1. What's All This About RISC?
14.2. The Single-Chip Constraint
14.3. The Motorola 68000 Family
14.4. The Intel iAPS 86 Architecture
14.5. The Cray-1
14.6. SPARC

Appendix A. SAL
Appendix B. MAL
Appendix C. TAL