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Psychology : Myers in Modules - Text Only

Psychology : Myers in Modules - Text Only - 6th edition

ISBN13: 978-1572599802

Cover of Psychology : Myers in Modules - Text Only 6TH 01 (ISBN 978-1572599802)
ISBN13: 978-1572599802
ISBN10: 1572599804
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 01
Publisher: Worth Publishers, Inc.
Published: 2001
International: No

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Psychology : Myers in Modules - Text Only - 6TH 01 edition

ISBN13: 978-1572599802

David G. Myers

ISBN13: 978-1572599802
ISBN10: 1572599804
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 01
Publisher: Worth Publishers, Inc.

Published: 2001
International: No
Summary

Through his experience as both an author and teacher, David Myers has concluded that students digest material more easily when it is presented in smaller chunks. Ask students whether they would prefer a 700-page book to be organized as 14 50-page chapters or as 50 14-page chapters and their answers will approach a consensus: they prefer shorter chapters.

The latter organization also offers instructors more freedom to pick and choose from the smorgasbord. Instead of choosing whether to assign the long Consciousness chapter, they can decide whether to assign the module on sleep and dreams, the module on hypnosis, and/or the module on drugs and behavior--and they can conveniently put them in any order.

Acting upon this belief, Myers has created a modular version of his best-selling introductory text, Psychology. Myers in Modules breaks down the 18 chapters of Psychology 6/e (published July 2000) into 57 short chapters, or modules. Featuring the latest research and teaching innovations, Myers's new text reflects the author's continuing drive to discover the most effective way to communicate psychology's major ideas to an uninitiated audience.

Sidebar: The features that have made David Myers's introductory psychology textbooks such phenomenal successes (compelling narrative, critical thinking theme, superior design) are all present in Myers in Modules, Sixth Edition. The way those hallmark features are presented is different.

The way students learn and digest material has altered significantly over the last twenty years--graphics programs and multimedia are fundamental to learning, and students fare far better when given information in smaller "portions." A textbook is not designed to be read as a novel would; every textbook Worth publishes includes mechanisms to break down material into manageable pieces. Myers in Modules extends those mechanisms even further, and this text represents a new approach to student reading comprehension. This is not a customizable book; rather, this is a teaching tool designed for the 21st century student.

  • Organized to be directly compatible with PsychOnline. The table of contents of Myers in Modules mirrors the presentation in PsychOnline, Worth's groundbreaking, interactive, online introduction to psychology (see page on PsychOnline)
  • Modular organization presents material in smaller sections that allows students to grasp and explore psychological concepts more easily.
  • Modular organization addresses market concerns over the evolution of student reading comprehension and learning styles.
  • An integrated critical thinking theme, introduced in Module 2, "Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions," integrated throughout the narrative, and studied in further depth in periodic "Thinking Critically About" boxes. Myers presents research as intellectual detective work, exemplifying an inquiring, analytical mindset.
  • A separate media and supplements package organized specifically to match the content organization of Myers in Modules (see below)

Myers in Modules offers up-to-date content and state-of-the-art pedagogy and graphics, drawn from the new Sixth Edition of Myers Psychology (July, 2000), including:

  • Over 800 NEW references and data, including a few dozen 2000 references.
  • New! Coverage of nature and nurture offers a developmentally-oriented introduction to the influences of "nature" on behavior--our genes and evolutionary history--as well as the considerable effects of "nurture" --our environments, culture, and gender. Modules 5 and 6 provide clear balanced coverage of all standpoints and a terrific Reflections section follows, offering no conclusions or biased viewpoints, but a clear, compelling discussion of the perspectives presented.
  • Module 2 includes new coverage of statistics principles. Myers clearly explains what psychologists DO with data after collecting it--how data is interpreted by statistics and why statistical reasoning is so important in everyday life. This coverage replaces the Statistical Appendix, and provides a more integrated treatment of research and statistics.
  • Strong design and carefully crafted writing enhance readability and student understanding. A one-column design, coupled with a modular approach, better helps students to comprehend information. Myers still includes the ever-popular marginal notes, quotations, and cartoons for student enjoyment. The writing has also been thoroughly examined (word-by-word, module-by-module), reviewed, and revised.
  • New Preview Questions start each main section with the questions students should be trying to answer while reading the narrative. The questions are repeated and answered in the Review & Reflect sections at the end of each module.
  • New Review & Reflect sections promote comprehension and critical thinking. Each contains summary paragraphs for the section that are organized by the Preview Questions that start each main section; at least one Review Question on section content; at least one Reflect Question asking students to apply their own life experiences to better contextualize what they have read; a Test Yourself section of multiple-choice questions; and a list of page-referenced key terms."

Author Bio

Myers, David G. : Hope College

Table of Contents

Preface

INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY AND SCIENCE OF PSYCHOLOGY
Module 1 The History and Scope of Psychology
Psychology's Roots
Psychology's Big Issues
Psychology's Perspectives
Psychology's Subfields
Studying Psychology

Module 2 Research Strategies: How Psychologists Ask and Answer Questions
Thinking Critically With Psychological Science
Description
Correlation
Thinking Critically About: Hot and Cold Streaks in Basketball and the Stock Market
Experimentation
Statistical Reasoning
Thinking Critically About: The Death Penalty--When Beliefs Collide With Psychological Science

Reflections on Some Frequently Asked Questions About Psychology

NEUROSCIENCE AND BEHAVIOR
Module 3 Neural and Hormonal Systems
Neurons and Neural Impulses
Neural Communication
The Nervous System
The Endocrine System

Module 4 The Brain
Close-Up: The Tools of Discovery
Lower-Level Brain Structures
The Cerebral Cortex
Our Divided Brains
Thinking Critically About: Left Brain/Right Brain

Reflections on the Biological Revolution in Biology

THE NATURE AND NURTURE OF BEHAVIOR
Module 5 Genetic Influences on Behavior
Genes: Our Biological Blueprint
Evolutionary Psychology: Explaining Universal Behaviors
Behavior Genetics: Explaining Individual Differences

Module 6 Environmental Influences on Behavior
How Much Credit (or Blame) Do Parents Deserve?
Prenatal Environment
Experience and Brain Development
Peer Influence
Culture
Gender

Reflections on Nature and Nurture

THE DEVELOPING PERSON
Module 7 Prenatal Development and the Newborn
Conception
Prenatal Development
The Competent Newborn
Close-Up: Research Strategies for Understanding Infants' Thinking

Module 8 Infancy and Childhood
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development

Module 9 Adolescence
Physical Development
Cognitive Development
Social Development

Module 10 Adulthood
Physical Changes
Cognitive Changes
Social Changes

Reflections on the Major Developmental Issues
Continuity and Stages
Stability and Change

SENSATION
Module 11 Introduction to Sensation
Thresholds
Sensory Adaptation

Module 12 Vision
The Stimulus Input: Light Energy
The Eye
Visual Information Processing
Color Vision
Color Constancy

Module 13 Hearing
The Stimulus Input: Sound Waves
The Ear
Close-Up: A Noisy Noise Annoys
Hearing Loss and Deaf Culture
Close-Up: Living in a Silent World

Module 14 The Other Senses
Touch
Thinking Critically About: Mind Over Matter--Firewalking
Taste
Smell
Body Position and Movement

PERCEPTION
Module 15 Perceptual Organization
Perceptual Illusions
Organizational Principles

Module 16 Perceptual Interpretation
Selective Attention
Sensory Restriction
Sensory Deprivation and Restored Vision
Perceptual Adaptation
Perceptual Set
Close-Up: The Human Factor in Operating Machines
Is There Extrasensory Perception?

STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Module 17 Waking and Sleeping Rhythms
Waking Consciousness
Sleep and Dreams
Thinking Critically About: PMS

Module 18 Hypnosis
Facts and Falsehoods
Thinking Critically About: Hypnotic Age Regression--A True Story
Is Hypnosis an Altered State of Consciousness?

Module 19 Drugs and Consciousness
Dependence and Addiction
Psychoactive Drugs
Influences on Drug Use
Close-Up: Near-Death Experiences

LEARNING
Module 20 Classical Conditioning
PavlovÍs Experiments
Updating Pavlov's Understanding
PavlovÍs Legacy
Close-Up: Rape as Classical Conditioning

Module 21 Operant Conditioning
Skinner's Experiments
Updating Skinner's Understanding
SkinnerÍs Legacy

Module 22 Learning by Observation
Bandura's Experiments
Applications of Observational Learning

MEMORY
Module 23 Introduction to Memory
Information Processing

Module 24 Encoding: Getting Information In
How We Encode
What We Encode

Module 25 Storage: Retaining Information
Sensory Memory
Short-Term Memory
Long-Term Memory
Storing Memories in the Brain

Module 26 Retrieval: Getting Information Out
Retrieval Cues
Close Up: Improving Memory

Module 27 Forgetting and Memory Construction
Forgetting
Misinformation and Imagination Effects
Source Amnesia
Discerning True and False Memories
Children's Eyewitness Recall
Repressed or Constructed Memories of Abuse?

THINKING AND LANGUAGE
Module 28 Thinking
Concepts
Solving Problems
Making Decisions and Forming Judgments
Thinking Critically About: Risks--When Statistics Clash With Heuristics
Belief Bias
Simulating Thinking: Artificial Intelligence

Module 29 Language and Thought
Language Structure
Language Development
Thinking and Language
Animal Thinking and Language

INTELLIGENCE
Module 30 Introduction to Intelligence
Is Intelligence One General Ability or Several Specific Abilities?
Is Intelligence Neurologically Measurable?

Module 31 Assessing Intelligence
The Origins of Intelligence Testing
Modern Tests of Mental Abilities
Principles of Test Construction
The Dynamics of Intelligence

Module 32 Genetic and Environmental Influences on Intelligence
Genetic Influences
Environmental Influences
Group Differences in Intelligence Test Scores
The Question of Bias

MOTIVATION
Module 33 Introduction to Motivation
Instincts and Evolutionary Psychology
Drives and Incentives
Optimum Arousal
A Hierarchy of Motives

Module 34 Hunger
The Physiology of Hunger
The Psychology of Hunger

Module 35 Sexual Motivation
Describing Sexual Behavior
The Physiology of Sex
The Psychology of Sex
Close-Up: Sexual Disorders and Therapy
Adolescent Sexuality
Sexual Orientation
Sex and Human Values
Close Up: The Need to Belong

Module 36 Achievement Motivation
Identifying Achievement Motivation
Sources of Achievement Motivation
Intrinsic Motivation and Achievement
Motivating People

EMOTION
Module 37 Theories of Emotion
The James-Lange and Cannon-Bard Theories
Cognition and Emotion
Two Dimensions of Emotion
Close-Up: Opponent-Process Theory of Emotion

Module 38 Experiencing and Expressing Emotion
Physiological Arousal
Physiological States Accompanying Specific Emotions
Thinking Critically About: Lie Detection
Expressing Emotion
Experiencing Emotion

PERSONALITY
Module 39 The Psychoanalytic Perspective
Exploring the Unconscious
Assessing the Unconscious
Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Perspective

Module 40 The Trait Perspective
Exploring Traits
Assessing Traits
Thinking Critically About: How to Be a "Successful" Astrologer or Palm Reader
Evaluating the Trait Perspective

Module 41 The Humanistic Perspective
Exploring the Self
Assessing the Self
Evaluating the Humanistic Perspective

Module 42 The Social-Cognitive Perspective
Exploring Behavior in Situations
Close-Up: Toward a More Positive Psychology
Assessing Behavior in Situations
Evaluating the Social-Cognitive Perspective

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDERS
Module 43 Introduction to Psychological Disorders
Defining Psychological Disorders
Understanding Psychological Disorders
Classifying Psychological Disorders
Labeling Psychological Disorders
Thinking Critically About: Insanity and Responsibility
Rates of Psychological Disorders

Module 44 Anxiety Disorders
Generalized Anxiety Disorder and Panic Disorder
Phobias
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Explaining Anxiety Disorders
The Learning Perspective
The Biological Perspective
Close-Up: The Wounds of War: Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Module 45 Dissociative and Personality Disorders
Dissociation and Multiple Personalities
Personality Disorders

Module 46 Mood Disorders
Major Depressive Disorder
Bipolar Disorder
Close-Up: Suicide
Explaining Mood Disorders
Close-Up: Loneliness

Module 47 Schizophrenia
Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Types of Schizophrenia
Close-Up: Experiencing Schizophrenia
Understanding Schizophrenia


THERAPY
Module 48 The Psychological Therapies
Psychoanalysis
Humanistic Therapies
Behavior Therapies
Cognitive Therapies
Group and Family Therapies

Module 49 Evaluating Psychotherapies
Is Psychotherapy Effective?
Thinking Critically About: "Regressing" from Unusual to Usual
The Relative Effectiveness of Different Therapies
Evaluating Alternative Therapies
Commonalities Among Psychotherapies
Culture and Values in Psychotherapies
Close-Up: Preventing Disorders by Treating the Social Contexts That Breed Them

Module 50 The Biomedical Therapies
Drug Therapies
Electroconvulsive Therapy
Psychosurgery

STRESS AND HEALTH
Module 51 Stress and Illness
Stress and Stressors
Stress and Heart Disease
Stress and Susceptibility to Disease

Module 52 Promoting Health
Coping With Stress
Thinking Critically About: Alternative Medicine: New Ways to Health or Old Snake Oil?
Modifying Illness-Related Behaviors
Close-Up: For Those Who Want to Stop Smoking
Close-Up: Helpful Hints for Losing Weight

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Module 53 Social Thinking
Attributing Behavior to Persons or to Situations
Attitudes and Actions

Module 54 Social Influence
Conformity and Obedience
Thinking Critically About: Social Influence
Group Influence

Module 55 Social Relations
Prejudice
Aggression
Thinking Critically About: Video Games--Do They Teach or Release Violence?
Conflict
Attraction
Altruism
Peacemaking


Appendix A
Answers to Test Yourself and Review Questions


Glossary G-1
References R-1
Credits C-1
Name Index NI-1
Subject Index SI-1

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Cover of Psychology : Myers in Modules - Text Only (Spiral) 7th edition

Psychology : Myers in Modules - Text Only (Spiral) - 7th edition

ISBN13: 978-0716758501
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