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Rationality and Nature : A Sociological Inquiry into a Changing Relationship

Rationality and Nature : A Sociological Inquiry into a Changing Relationship - 94 edition

ISBN13: 978-0813321691

Cover of Rationality and Nature : A Sociological Inquiry into a Changing Relationship 94 (ISBN 978-0813321691)
ISBN13: 978-0813321691
ISBN10: 0813321697
Cover type: Print On Demand
Edition/Copyright: 94
Publisher: Westview Press, Inc.
Published: 1994
International: No

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Rationality and Nature : A Sociological Inquiry into a Changing Relationship - 94 edition

ISBN13: 978-0813321691

Raymond Murphy

ISBN13: 978-0813321691
ISBN10: 0813321697
Cover type: Print On Demand
Edition/Copyright: 94
Publisher: Westview Press, Inc.

Published: 1994
International: No
Summary

Divergent beliefs about humanity's relationship to nature collide as the second millenium ends. One belief emphasizes that a distinctive characteristic of humans--reason--enables them to reshape and master nature. Another insists that nature is not so plastic, hence humans must adapt to nature and render development sustainable, or even limit growth. "Social ecology" asserts that environmental problems result from institutional hierarchies and suggests decentralized institutions and egalitarian ethics. According to "deep ecology" such problems originate in cultures assuming only humans are worthwhile, thus it stresses the intrinsic value of nature. Feminists are torn between values based on the equality of men and women and ecofeminist values postulating that women are inherently closer to nature than men. Rationality and Nature critically assesses these conflicting cultural tendencies.Waste has been the forgotten element of political economy. Western society has sophisticated methods of financial accounting but does little to account for the losses--financial and human--of waste. Raymond Murphy proposes in this book a theory of environmental debt as a source of capital accumulation. He develops a model of "environmental classes" that helps us to understand the political and economic basis of conflict over the environment.Environmental degradation did not occur on a vast scale until science and applied science were developed. Are they responsible for it and can they be reoriented toward a more symbiotic relationship with nature? Other ways of bringing about a symbiotic relationship are also explored in this book: compulsion, ecological values, ecological experience, and ecological knowledge.

Author Bio

Murphy, Raymond : University of Ottawa

Raymond Murphy is professor of sociology at the University of Ottawa, Canada. He is the author of Social Closure: The Theory of Monopolization and Exclusion (1988) and other books.

Table of Contents

The Intensification Of Rationalization And Its Alternatives
Rationalization Under the Premise of Plasticity
Rationalization and Ecological Irrationality
Rationalization Under the Premise of Greenness
Rerationalization
Derationalization
The Sociology Of Environmental Degradation
The Political Economy of Waste
Accounting for Waste and Accountability for Waste
Environmental Classes and Environmental Conflict
Toward A Symbiotic Relationship With Nature
Science and Applied Science as Partial Knowledge
Parasitism: A "Light Cloak" or an "Iron Cage"?

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