Summary: This two-volume primary-source collection provides a diverse selection of voices from the nation's past while emphasizing the important social, political, and economic themes of a U.S. history survey course. Thirty-one new documents (one per chapter) present history from the perspective of notable leaders and ordinary people alike, focusing particular attention on the West, gender, ethnicity, and America in a global context. A revised introduction offers clear and he
lpful guidance on how to read and analyze primary documents. Edited by one of the authors of The American Promise and designed to complement the textbook, Reading the American Past features over 150 documents, each accompanied by a headnote and questions for discussion. Chapter headnotes and comparative questions further encourage students' understanding of the sources.
Summary: This two-volume primary-source collection provides a diverse selection of voices from the nation's past while emphasizing the important social, political, and economic themes of a U.S. history survey course. Thirty-one new documents (one per chapter) present history from the perspective of notable leaders and ordinary people alike, focusing particular attention on the West, gender, ethnicity, and America in a global context. A revised introduction offers clear and helpful guidance on how to read and analyze primary documents. Edited by one of the authors of The American Promise and designed to complement the textbook, Reading the American Past features over 150 documents, each accompanied by a headnote and questions for discussion. Chapter headnotes and comparative questions further encourage students' understanding of the sources. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:4TH 09 Cover: Paperback Publisher:Bedford Books Year Published: 2009 International: No
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Table of Contents Preface for Instructors v Introduction for Students xi Ancient America: Before 1492 1 A Taino Origin Story 1 Ramon Pane, On Taino Religious Practices A Seneca Origin Narrative 4 The Woman Who Fell from the Sky Genesis: The Christian Origin Narrative 7 "In the Beginning" Aristotle on Masters and Slaves 10 The Politics, ca. 300 B.C. Comparative Questions 14 Europeans Encounter the New World, 1492-1600 15 The King of the Congo Writes to the King of Portugal 15 King Afonso and King Joao III, Correspondence, 1526 Columbus Describes His First Encounter with "Indians" 20 The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493 A Conquistador Arrives in Mexico, 1519-1520 23 Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Conquest of New Spain, 1632 A Mexican Description of the Conquest of Mexico 27 Mexican Accounts of Conquest from the Florentine Codex Sir Thomas More Describes New World Utopia 33 Utopia, 1515 Comparative Questions 36 The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700 37 Richard Frethorne Describes Indentured Servitude in Virginia 37 Letter to Father and Mother, March 20, April 2, 3, 1623 Opechancanough's 1622Uprising in Virginia 42 Edward Waterhouse, Declaration, 1622 Francisco Pareja Instructs Spanish Missionaries about the Sins of Florida's Timucuan Indians 46 Confessionario, 1613 Sex and Race Relations 51 Testimony from Virginia Court Records, 1681 Bacon's Rebellion 54 Nathaniel Bacon, Declaration, 1676 Comparative Questions 57 The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700 58 The Arbella Sermon 58 John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, 1630 Observations of New England Indians 63 Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of America, 1643 Keeping Order in a Puritan Community 68 Suffolk County Court Records, 1671-1673 A Provincial Government Enacts Legislation 72 The Laws of Pennsylvania, 1682 Words of the Bewitched 76 Testimony against Accused Witch Bridget Bishop, 1692 Comparative Questions 78 Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 1701-1770 80 Confessions of a Thief and Rapist 80 A Boston Broadside, 1768 Poor Richard's Advice 84 Benjamin Franklin, Father Abraham's Speech from Poor Richard's Almanac, 1757 An Anglican Criticizes New Light Baptists and Presbyterians in the South Carolina Backcountry 89 Charles Woodmason, Sermon on the Baptists and the Presbyterians, ca. 1768 Advertisements for Runaway Slaves 93 South Carolina Gazette and Virginia Gazette, 1737-1745 A Moravian Missionary Interviews Slaves in the West Indies, 1767-1768 97 Christian George Andreas Oldendorp, History of the Evangelical Brethren's Mission on the Caribbean Islands, 1777 Comparative Questions 101 The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754-1775 103 An Oration on the Second Anniversary of the Boston Massacre 103 Joseph Warren, Boston Massacre Oration, March 5, 1772 A Boston Shoemaker Recalls British Arrogance and the Boston Tea Party 107 George R. T. Hewes, Memoir, 1834 Daniel Leonard Argues for Loyalty to the British Empire 110 To the Inhabitants of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, 1774-1775 George Washington Concludes That the Crisis Has Arrived 114 Letters, 1774 Edmund Burke Urges Reconciliation with the Colonies 117 Speech to Parliament, March 22, 1775 Comparative Questions 121 The War for America, 1775-1783 122 Thomas Paine Makes the Case for Independence 122 Common Sense, January 1776 Letters of John and Abigail Adams 126 Correspondence, 1776 George Washington Seeks Congressional Support for the Continental Army 133 Letter to John Hancock, President, Continental Congress, September 24, 1776 Boston King Seeks Freedom by Running Away to the British Army 137 Memoir, 1798 Joseph Brant Appeals to British Allies to Keep Promises 141 Address to British Secretary of State Lord Germain, 1776 Message to Governor of Quebec, Frederick Haldimand, 1783 Comparative Questions 145 Building a Republic, 1775-1789 146 Richard Allen Founds the First African Methodist Church 146 Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours, 1833 Thomas Jefferson on Slavery and Race 150 Notes on the State of Virginia, 1782 Making the Case for the Constitution 154 James Madison, Federalist Number 10, 1787 Mercy Otis Warren Opposes the Constitution 159 Observations on the New Constitution, 1788 The Rights of Man in the Age of Revolution 164 Declaration of the Rights of Man, 1789 Letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1789 Comparative Questions The New Nation Takes Form, 1789-1800 169 Why Free Government Has Always Failed 169 William Manning, The Key of Libberty, 1798 A French Sugar Planter Describes the French and Saint Domingue Revolutions 172 A Sugar Planter of Saint Domingue Experiences Revolution in France and Saint Domingue, 1791 Mary Dewees Moves West to Kentucky 177 Journal, 1788-1789 Alexander Hamilton on the Economy 181 Report on the Subject of Manufactures, 1791 President George Washington's Parting Advice to the Nation 186 Farewell Address to the People of the United States, 1796 Comparative Questions 190 Republicans in Power, 1800-1824 192 A Jeffersonian Sailmaker's Fourth of July Address 192 Peter Wendover, Oration, July 4, 1806 James Hamilton's Path to Enlistment during the War of 1812 195 Confession, 1818 James Forten Protests Pennsylvania Law Threatening Enslavement of Free African Americans 199 Letters from a Man of Colour, on a Late Bill before the Senate of Pennsylvania, 1813 President Thomas Jefferson's Private and Public Indian Policy 202 Letter to Governor William H. Harrison, February 27, 1803 Address to the Wolf and People of the Mandan Nation, December 30, 1806 Meriwether Lewis Describes the Shoshone 205 The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1805 Comparative Questions 210 The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840 211 David Crockett Hunts Bear in Western Tennessee 211 A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett of the State of Tennessee, 1834 President Andrew Jackson's Parting Words to the Nation 214 Farewell Address, March 4, 1837 Cherokees Debate Removal 218 John Ross, Answer to Inquiries from a Friend, 1836 Elias Boudinot, A Reply to John Ross, 1837 Sarah Grimke on the Status of Women 223 Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, 1838 David Walker Demands Emancipation 226 Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829 Comparative Questions 229 The New West and Free North, 1840-1860 231 The Anxiety of Gain: Henry W. Bellows on Commerce and Morality 231 The Influence of the Trading Spirit upon the Social and Moral Life of America, 1845 That Woman Is Man's Equal: The Seneca Falls Declaration 235 Declaration of Sentiments, 1848 A Farmer's View of His Wife 238 Eliza Farnham, Conversation with a Newly Wed Westerner, 1846 A Texan Enlists to Fight in the Mexican War 240 James K. Holland, Diary, 1846 Gold Fever 245 Walter Colton, California Gold Rush Diary, 1849-1850 Comparative Questions 249 The Slave South, 1820-1860 251 Madison Hemings Recalls Life as Thomas Jefferson's Enslaved Son 251 Interview, 1873 Plantation Rules 255 Bennet Barrow, Highland Plantation Journal, May 1, 1838 Nat Turner Explains Why He Became an Insurrectionist 259 The Confessions of Nat Turner, 1831 The Proslavery Argument 263 James Henry Hammond, Letter to an English Abolitionist, 1845 Hinton Helper Demands Abolition for the Good of White Southerners 267 The Impending Crisis of the South, 1857 Comparative Questions 271 The House Divided, 1846-1861 272 The Kansas-Nebraska Act 272 Abraham Lincoln, Speech in Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854 The Antislavery Constitution 275 Frederick Douglass, The Constitution of the United States: Is It Proslavery or Antislavery? 1860 The Proslavery Constitution 278 Jefferson Davis, Speech before the U.S. Senate, May 1860 A Free African American Concludes Emigration Is Necessary 280 Granville B. Blanks, Letter to the Editor, 1852 Abolitionist Lydia Maria Child Defends John Brown and Attacks the Slave Power 283 Correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and Virginia Governor Henry A. Wise, 1859 Comparative Questions 288 The Crucible of War, 1861-1865 289 President Lincoln's War Aims 289 Letter to Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862 The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863 The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863 A Former Slave's War Aims 292 Statement from an Anonymous Former Slave, New Orleans, 1863 The New York Draft Riots 295 Report of the Committee of Merchants for the Relief of Colored People Suffering from the Late Riots in the City of New York, 1863 A Virginia Woman Confronts Union Foragers 301 Nancy Emerson, Diary, 1864 General William T. Sherman Explains the Hard Hand of War 304 Correspondence, 1864 Comparative Questions 311 Reconstruction, 1863-1877 313 Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South 313 Report on the Condition of the South, 1865 Black Codes Enacted in the South 317 Mississippi Black Code, November 1865 Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families 321 Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870 A Black Convention in Alabama 326 Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama, 1867 Klan Violence against Blacks 330 Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871 Comparative Questions 333
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