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Reading American Past, Volume I to 1877 : Selected Historical Documents

Reading American Past, Volume I to 1877 : Selected Historical Documents - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0312459673

Cover of Reading American Past, Volume I to 1877 : Selected Historical Documents 4TH 09 (ISBN 978-0312459673)
ISBN13: 978-0312459673
ISBN10: 031245967X
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 09
Publisher: Bedford Books
Published: 2009
International: No

List price: $33.50

Reading American Past, Volume I to 1877 : Selected Historical Documents - 4TH 09 edition

ISBN13: 978-0312459673

Michael P. Johnson

ISBN13: 978-0312459673
ISBN10: 031245967X
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 4TH 09
Publisher: Bedford Books

Published: 2009
International: No
Summary

This two-volume primary-source collection provides a diverse selection of voices from the nation's past while emphasizing the important social, political, and economic themes of a U.S. history survey course. Thirty-one new documents (one per chapter) present history from the perspective of notable leaders and ordinary people alike, focusing particular attention on the West, gender, ethnicity, and America in a global context. A revised introduction offers clear and helpful guidance on how to read and analyze primary documents. Edited by one of the authors of The American Promise and designed to complement the textbook, Reading the American Past features over 150 documents, each accompanied by a headnote and questions for discussion. Chapter headnotes and comparative questions further encourage students' understanding of the sources.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents
Preface for Instructors v
Introduction for Students xi
Ancient America: Before 1492 1
A Taino Origin Story 1
Ramon Pane, On Taino Religious Practices
A Seneca Origin Narrative 4
The Woman Who Fell from the Sky
Genesis: The Christian Origin Narrative 7
"In the Beginning"
Aristotle on Masters and Slaves 10
The Politics, ca. 300 B.C.
Comparative Questions 14
Europeans Encounter the New World, 1492-1600 15
The King of the Congo Writes to the King of Portugal 15
King Afonso and King Joao III, Correspondence, 1526
Columbus Describes His First Encounter with "Indians" 20
The Diario of Christopher Columbus's First Voyage to America, 1492-1493
A Conquistador Arrives in Mexico, 1519-1520 23
Bernal Diaz del Castillo, The Conquest of New Spain, 1632
A Mexican Description of the Conquest of Mexico 27
Mexican Accounts of Conquest from the Florentine Codex
Sir Thomas More Describes New World Utopia 33
Utopia, 1515
Comparative Questions 36
The Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700 37
Richard Frethorne Describes Indentured Servitude in Virginia 37
Letter to Father and Mother, March 20, April 2, 3, 1623
Opechancanough's 1622Uprising in Virginia 42
Edward Waterhouse, Declaration, 1622
Francisco Pareja Instructs Spanish Missionaries about the Sins of Florida's Timucuan Indians 46
Confessionario, 1613
Sex and Race Relations 51
Testimony from Virginia Court Records, 1681
Bacon's Rebellion 54
Nathaniel Bacon, Declaration, 1676
Comparative Questions 57
The Northern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, 1601-1700 58
The Arbella Sermon 58
John Winthrop, A Model of Christian Charity, 1630
Observations of New England Indians 63
Roger Williams, A Key into the Language of America, 1643
Keeping Order in a Puritan Community 68
Suffolk County Court Records, 1671-1673
A Provincial Government Enacts Legislation 72
The Laws of Pennsylvania, 1682
Words of the Bewitched 76
Testimony against Accused Witch Bridget Bishop, 1692
Comparative Questions 78
Colonial America in the Eighteenth Century, 1701-1770 80
Confessions of a Thief and Rapist 80
A Boston Broadside, 1768
Poor Richard's Advice 84
Benjamin Franklin, Father Abraham's Speech from Poor Richard's Almanac, 1757
An Anglican Criticizes New Light Baptists and Presbyterians in the South Carolina Backcountry 89
Charles Woodmason, Sermon on the Baptists and the Presbyterians, ca. 1768
Advertisements for Runaway Slaves 93
South Carolina Gazette and Virginia Gazette, 1737-1745
A Moravian Missionary Interviews Slaves in the West Indies, 1767-1768 97
Christian George Andreas Oldendorp, History of the Evangelical Brethren's Mission on the Caribbean Islands, 1777
Comparative Questions 101
The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis, 1754-1775 103
An Oration on the Second Anniversary of the Boston Massacre 103
Joseph Warren, Boston Massacre Oration, March 5, 1772
A Boston Shoemaker Recalls British Arrogance and the Boston Tea Party 107
George R. T. Hewes, Memoir, 1834
Daniel Leonard Argues for Loyalty to the British Empire 110
To the Inhabitants of the Province of Massachusetts-Bay, 1774-1775
George Washington Concludes That the Crisis Has Arrived 114
Letters, 1774
Edmund Burke Urges Reconciliation with the Colonies 117
Speech to Parliament, March 22, 1775
Comparative Questions 121
The War for America, 1775-1783 122
Thomas Paine Makes the Case for Independence 122
Common Sense, January 1776
Letters of John and Abigail Adams 126
Correspondence, 1776
George Washington Seeks Congressional Support for the Continental Army 133
Letter to John Hancock, President, Continental Congress, September 24, 1776
Boston King Seeks Freedom by Running Away to the British Army 137
Memoir, 1798
Joseph Brant Appeals to British Allies to Keep Promises 141
Address to British Secretary of State Lord Germain, 1776
Message to Governor of Quebec, Frederick Haldimand, 1783
Comparative Questions 145
Building a Republic, 1775-1789 146
Richard Allen Founds the First African Methodist Church 146
Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours, 1833
Thomas Jefferson on Slavery and Race 150
Notes on the State of Virginia, 1782
Making the Case for the Constitution 154
James Madison, Federalist Number 10, 1787
Mercy Otis Warren Opposes the Constitution 159
Observations on the New Constitution, 1788
The Rights of Man in the Age of Revolution 164
Declaration of the Rights of Man, 1789
Letter from Thomas Jefferson to James Madison, 1789
Comparative Questions
The New Nation Takes Form, 1789-1800 169
Why Free Government Has Always Failed 169
William Manning, The Key of Libberty, 1798
A French Sugar Planter Describes the French and Saint Domingue Revolutions 172
A Sugar Planter of Saint Domingue Experiences Revolution in France and Saint Domingue, 1791
Mary Dewees Moves West to Kentucky 177
Journal, 1788-1789
Alexander Hamilton on the Economy 181
Report on the Subject of Manufactures, 1791
President George Washington's Parting Advice to the Nation 186
Farewell Address to the People of the United States, 1796
Comparative Questions 190
Republicans in Power, 1800-1824 192
A Jeffersonian Sailmaker's Fourth of July Address 192
Peter Wendover, Oration, July 4, 1806
James Hamilton's Path to Enlistment during the War of 1812 195
Confession, 1818
James Forten Protests Pennsylvania Law Threatening Enslavement of Free African Americans 199
Letters from a Man of Colour, on a Late Bill before the Senate of Pennsylvania, 1813
President Thomas Jefferson's Private and Public Indian Policy 202
Letter to Governor William H. Harrison, February 27, 1803
Address to the Wolf and People of the Mandan Nation, December 30, 1806
Meriwether Lewis Describes the Shoshone 205
The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, 1805
Comparative Questions 210
The Expanding Republic, 1815-1840 211
David Crockett Hunts Bear in Western Tennessee 211
A Narrative of the Life of David Crockett of the State of Tennessee, 1834
President Andrew Jackson's Parting Words to the Nation 214
Farewell Address, March 4, 1837
Cherokees Debate Removal 218
John Ross, Answer to Inquiries from a Friend, 1836
Elias Boudinot, A Reply to John Ross, 1837
Sarah Grimke on the Status of Women 223
Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, 1838
David Walker Demands Emancipation 226
Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World, 1829
Comparative Questions 229
The New West and Free North, 1840-1860 231
The Anxiety of Gain: Henry W. Bellows on Commerce and Morality 231
The Influence of the Trading Spirit upon the Social and Moral Life of America, 1845
That Woman Is Man's Equal: The Seneca Falls Declaration 235
Declaration of Sentiments, 1848
A Farmer's View of His Wife 238
Eliza Farnham, Conversation with a Newly Wed Westerner, 1846
A Texan Enlists to Fight in the Mexican War 240
James K. Holland, Diary, 1846
Gold Fever 245
Walter Colton, California Gold Rush Diary, 1849-1850
Comparative Questions 249
The Slave South, 1820-1860 251
Madison Hemings Recalls Life as Thomas Jefferson's Enslaved Son 251
Interview, 1873
Plantation Rules 255
Bennet Barrow, Highland Plantation Journal, May 1, 1838
Nat Turner Explains Why He Became an Insurrectionist 259
The Confessions of Nat Turner, 1831
The Proslavery Argument 263
James Henry Hammond, Letter to an English Abolitionist, 1845
Hinton Helper Demands Abolition for the Good of White Southerners 267
The Impending Crisis of the South, 1857
Comparative Questions 271
The House Divided, 1846-1861 272
The Kansas-Nebraska Act 272
Abraham Lincoln, Speech in Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854
The Antislavery Constitution 275
Frederick Douglass, The Constitution of the United States: Is It Proslavery or Antislavery? 1860
The Proslavery Constitution 278
Jefferson Davis, Speech before the U.S. Senate, May 1860
A Free African American Concludes Emigration Is Necessary 280
Granville B. Blanks, Letter to the Editor, 1852
Abolitionist Lydia Maria Child Defends John Brown and Attacks the Slave Power 283
Correspondence between Lydia Maria Child and Virginia Governor Henry A. Wise, 1859
Comparative Questions 288
The Crucible of War, 1861-1865 289
President Lincoln's War Aims 289
Letter to Horace Greeley, August 22, 1862
The Emancipation Proclamation, January 1, 1863
The Gettysburg Address, November 19, 1863
A Former Slave's War Aims 292
Statement from an Anonymous Former Slave, New Orleans, 1863
The New York Draft Riots 295
Report of the Committee of Merchants for the Relief of Colored People Suffering from the Late Riots in the City of New York, 1863
A Virginia Woman Confronts Union Foragers 301
Nancy Emerson, Diary, 1864
General William T. Sherman Explains the Hard Hand of War 304
Correspondence, 1864
Comparative Questions 311
Reconstruction, 1863-1877 313
Carl Schurz Reports on the Condition of the Defeated South 313
Report on the Condition of the South, 1865
Black Codes Enacted in the South 317
Mississippi Black Code, November 1865
Former Slaves Seek to Reunite Their Families 321
Advertisements from the Christian Recorder, 1865-1870
A Black Convention in Alabama 326
Address of the Colored Convention to the People of Alabama, 1867
Klan Violence against Blacks 330
Elias Hill, Testimony before Congressional Committee Investigating the Ku Klux Klan, 1871
Comparative Questions 333