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Reading Critically, Writing Well

Reading Critically, Writing Well - 6th edition

ISBN13: 978-0312390471

Cover of Reading Critically, Writing Well 6TH 02 (ISBN 978-0312390471)
ISBN13: 978-0312390471
ISBN10: 0312390475
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 02
Publisher: Bedford Books
Published: 2002
International: No

List price: $49.50

Reading Critically, Writing Well - 6TH 02 edition

ISBN13: 978-0312390471

Rise B. Axelrod and Charles R. Cooper

ISBN13: 978-0312390471
ISBN10: 0312390475
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 6TH 02
Publisher: Bedford Books

Published: 2002
International: No
Summary

Organized by rhetorical purpose, this best-selling text gives students more help than any other first-year composition reader in learning to read other writers' texts critically and then using this skill to write their own. Chapter One introduces two general approaches to critical reading, showing students how to "read for meaning" and "read like a writer." Each of the following chapters then provides detailed guides to applying these approaches in reading and writing a specific kind of discourse, ranging from autobiography to argument. Finally, two substantial appendices of specific strategies for critical reading and for research and documentation supplement this unusually complete guide to reading and writing.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction
Why Writing Is Important
Writing Influences the Ways We Think
Writing Contributes to the Ways We Learn
Writing Fosters Personal Development
Writing Connects Us to Others
Writing Promotes Success in College and at Work
How Writing Is Learned
Reading
Writing
Thinking Critically
Using This Book
The Part One Readings
The Part One Guides to Writing

PART 1. WRITING ACTIVITIES

2. Remembering Events
Writing in Your Other Courses
Writing in the Community
Writing in the Workplace
Practice Remembering An Event: A Collaborative Activity
Readings
Annie Dillard, Handed My Own Life
Connecting to Culture and Experience: Coming of Age
Analyzing Writing Strategies
Commentary: Organizing a Well-Told Story
Considering Topics for Your Own Essay
Rick Bragg, 100 Miles Per Hour, Upside Down and Sideways
Connecting to Culture and Experience: Social Status
Analyzing Writing Strategies
Commentary: Autobiographical Significance
Considering Topics for Your Own Essay
Jeanne Brandt, Calling Home
Purpose and Audience
Basic Features
A Well-Told Story
A Vivid Presentation of Places and People
An Indication of the Event's Significance
The Writing Assignment
Invention
Finding an Event to Write About
Listing Remembered Events
Listing Events Related to Identity and Community
Listing Events Related to Work and Career
Choosing an Event
Describing the Place
Listing Key Places
Describing Key Places
Recalling Key People
Listing Key People
Describing Key People
Re-Creating Conversations
Sketching the Story
Testing Your Choice: A Collaborative Activity
Exploring Memorabilia
Reflecting on the Event's Significance
Recalling Your Remembered Feelings and Thoughts
Exploring Your Present Perspective
Defining Your Purpose for Your Readers
Formulating A Tentative Thesis Statement
Planning and Drafting
Seeing What You Have
Setting Goals
Your Purpose and Readers
The Beginning
The Story
The Ending
Outlining
Drafting
CRITICAL READING GUIDE
If You Are the Writer
If You Are the Reader
1. Read for a First Impression
2. Analyze the Effectiveness of the Storytelling
3. Consider How Vividly the Places and People Are Described
4. Assess Whether the Autobiographical Significance Is Clear
5. Assess the Use of Memorabilia
6. Analyze the Effectiveness of the Organization
7. Give the Writer Your Final Thoughts
Revising
Getting an Overview
Charting a Plan for Revision
Analyzing the Basic Features of Your Own Draft
Studying Critical Comments
Carrying Out Revisions
A Well-Told Story
A Vivid Presentation of Places and People
An Indication of the Event's Significance
The Organization
Editing and Proofreading
Reflecting on Your Writing

3. Writing Profiles
Writing in Your Other Courses
Writing in the Community
Writing in the Workplace
Practice Choosing a Profile Subject: A Collaborative Activity
Readings
The New Yorker, Soup
Peggy Orenstein, The Daily Grind: Lessons in the Hidden Curriculum
Brian Cable, The Last Stop
Purpose and Audience
Basic Features: Profiles
Guide to Writing
The Writing Assignment
Invention and Research
Planning and Drafting
Critical Reading Guide
Revising
Editing and Proofreading
Reflecting on Your Writing

4. Explaining a Concept
Writing in Your Other Courses
Writing in the Community
Writing in the Workplace
Practice Explaining a Concept:
A Collaborative Activity
Readings
Anastasia Toufexis, Love: The Right Chemistry
Carol Potera, Internet Addiction
Linh Kieu Ngo, Cannibalism: It Still Exists
Purpose and Audience
Basic Features: Explaining Concepts
Guide to Writing
The Writing Assignment
Invention and Research
Planning and Drafting
Critical Reading Guide
Revising
Editing and Proofreading
Reflecting on Your Writing

5. Arguing a Position
Writing in Your Other Courses
Writing in the Community
Writing in the Workplace
Practice Arguing a Position:
A Collaborative Activity
Readings
Alan I. Leshner, Why Shouldn't Society Treat Substance Abusers?
Mariah Burton Nelson, Adventures in Equality
Jessica Statsky, Children Need to Play, Not Compete
Purpose and Audience
Basic Features: Arguing Positions
Guide to Writing
The Writing Assignment
Invention and Research
Planning and Drafting
Critical Reading Guide
Revising
Editing and Proofreading
Reflecting on Your Writing

6. Proposing a Solution
Writing in Your Other Courses
Writing in the Community
Writing in the Workplace
Practice Proposing a Solution to a Problem: A Collaborative Activity
Readings
Rob Ryder, Ten Is a Crowd, So Change the Game
Katherine S. Newman, Dead-End Jobs: A Way Out
Purpose and Audience
Basic Features: Proposing Solutions
Guide to Writing
The Writing Assignment
Invention and Research
Planning and Drafting
Critical Reading Guide
Revising
Editing and Proofreading
Reflecting on Your Writing

7. Justifying an Evaluation
Writing in Your Other Courses
Writing in the Community
Writing in the Workplace
Practice Evaluating a Subject:
A Collaborative Activity
Readings
David Ansen, Star Wars: The Phantom Movie
Kristine Potter, Asthma on the Web
Christine Romano, "Children Need to Play, Not Compete," By Jessica Statsky: An Evaluation
Purpose and Audience
Basic Features: Evaluations
Guide to Writing
The Writing Assignment
Invention and Research
Planning and Drafting
Critical Reading Guide
Revising
Editing and Proofreading
Reflecting on Your Writing

PART II. STRATEGIES FOR WRITING AND RESEARCH

8. Cueing the Reader
Orienting Statements
Thesis Statements
Forecasting Statements
Paragraphing
Paragraph Cues
Topic Sentence Strategies
Cohesive Devices
Pronoun Reference
Word Repetition
Synonyms
Sentence Structure Repetition
Collocation
Connectives
@b=Logical Relationships
Temporal Relationships
Spatial Relationships
Headings and Subheadings
Frequency and Placement of Headings

9. Strategies for All-Purpose Invention
Mapping
Clustering
Listing
Outlining
Writing
Cubing
Dialoguing
Dramatizing
Keeping a Journal
Looping
Questioning
Quick Drafting

10. A Catalog of Reading Strategies
Annotating
Martin Luther King Jr., An Annotated Sample from Letter from a Birmingham Jail
Taking Inventory
Outlining
Paraphrasing
Summarizing
Synthesizing
Contextualizing
Exploring the Significance of Figurative Language
Looking for Patterns of Opposition
Reflecting on Challenges to Your Beliefs and Values
Evaluating the Logic of an
Argument
Testing for Appropriateness
Testing for Believability
Testing for Consistency and Completeness
Recognizing Emotional Manipulation
Judging the Writer's Credibility
Testing for Knowledge
Testing for Common Ground
Testing for Fairness

11. Arguing
Asserting a Thesis
Arguable Assertions
Clear and Precise Wording
Appropriate Qualification
Giving Reasons and Support
Examples
Statistics
Authorities
Anecdotes
Textual Evidence
Counterarguing
Acknowledging Readers' Concerns
Accommodating Readers' Concerns
Refuting Readers' Objections
Logical Fallacies

12. Field Research
Observations
Planning the Visit
Observing and Taking Notes
Reflecting on Your Observations
Writing Up Your Notes
Preparing for Follow-up Visits
Interviews
Planning and Setting Up the Interview
Taking Notes During the Interview
Reflecting on the Interview
Writing Up Your Notes

13. Library and Internet Research
Orienting Yourself to the Library
Taking a Tour
Consulting a Librarian
Knowing Your Research Task
Using Self-Help Options
A Library Search Strategy
Keeping Track of Your Research
Keeping a Working Bibliography
Taking Notes
Getting Started
Consulting Encyclopedias
Consulting Disciplinary Guides
Consulting Bibliographies
Identifying Keywords and Subject Headings
Determining the Most Promising Sources
Searching Library Online Catalogs and Databases
Using Different Search Techniques
Using Boolean Operators
Using Truncation
Locating Sources
Finding Books
Finding Periodical Articles
Distinguishing Scholarly Journals and Popular Magazines
Selecting an Appropriate Periodical Index Or Abstract
Finding Newspaper Articles
Finding Government and Statistical Information
Finding Other Library Sources
Using the Internet for Research
Navigating the Web
Finding Home Pages
Using Links
Understanding Urls
Creating Bookmarks
Accessing a Web Site
Using Search Engines
Reading Sources with a Critical Eye
Selecting Relevant Sources
Identifying Bias

14. Using and Acknowledging Sources
Using Sources
Deciding Whether to Quote, Paraphrase, or Summarize
Quoting
Integrating Quotations
Punctuating Introductory Statements
Punctuating within Quotations
Avoiding Grammatical Tangles
Paraphrasing and Summarizing
Introducing Cited Material
Avoiding Plagiarism
Acknowledging Sources
The MLA System of Documentation
The APA System of Documentation
Some Sample Research Papers
An Annotated Research Paper

Index

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