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Reconstructing Human Origins : A Modern Synthesis

Reconstructing Human Origins : A Modern Synthesis - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0393925906

Cover of Reconstructing Human Origins : A Modern Synthesis 2ND 05 (ISBN 978-0393925906)
ISBN13: 978-0393925906
ISBN10: 0393925900
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 05
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.
Published: 2005
International: No

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Reconstructing Human Origins : A Modern Synthesis - 2ND 05 edition

ISBN13: 978-0393925906

Glenn C. Conroy

ISBN13: 978-0393925906
ISBN10: 0393925900
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 05
Publisher: W.W. Norton & Co.

Published: 2005
International: No
Summary

This dynamic introduction to paleoanthropology presents the fossil evidence for human evolution and demonstrates how anthropologists interpret this evidence in light of the most current research. Addressing some of the most central questions in paleoanthropology--where did we come from? is the emergence of humans an evolutionary anomaly?--Professor Conroy explores with clarity and enthusiasm the promise and challenges of this exciting field. The Second Edition has been significantly expanded and reorganized for greater accessibility.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Humans as Primates

Introduction
What Distinguishes Humans from Other Primates?
Basic Primate Morphology

Chapter 2: The Plio-Pleistocene World

Reconstructing the Plio-Pleistocene World
Evidence of Climatic Change from Glacial Stratigraphy
Summary of Plio-Pleistocene Glaciations
Evidence of Climatic Change from Deep-Sea Cores
Causes of Climatic Change during the Plio-Pleistocene
Carbon Isotope Analyses
The Plio-Pleistocene Time Scale
The Contribution of Geomagnetic Reversal Studies
The Archeological Time Scale
Effects of Miocene and Plio-Pleistocene Climates on Hominin Evolution

Chapter 3: Finding and Dating Fossil Hominins

Introduction
Finding Fossil Hominins
Dating Fossil Hominins
Relative Dating
Absolute Dating: Radiometric and Other Techniques
Summary of Absolute Dating Techniques

Chapter 4: Naming and Classifying Fossil Hominins

Three Analytical Levels of Classification and Phylogeny
Two Schools of Classification
The Problems of Classification
The Tempo and Mode of Human Evolution

Chapter 5: Before the Bipeds: Human Antecedents among the Miocene Hominoids

Introduction
Africa in the Miocene
East Africa in the Miocene
Eurasia in the Miocene
Overview of Miocene Hominoids
Characteristics of Early Miocene Hominoids (Proconsul)
Characteristics of Middle/Late Miocene Hominoids
Summary of Craniodental Adaptations of Middle Miocene Hominoids
The Role of Molecular Clocks in Hominoid Classification
Speculations

Chapter 6: The Earliest Hominins (I): The Australopiths of Southern Africa

Introduction
The Australopiths of Southern Africa: The Setting
Summary of Southern African Sites
The Australopiths of Southern Africa: The Players

Chapter 7: The Earliest Hominins (II): The Australopiths of Eastern Africa

The Australopiths of Eastern Africa: The Setting
Summary of East African Sites
The Australopiths of Eastern Africa: The Players
Comparison of "Gracile" and "Robust" Australopiths

Chapter 8: Australopith Paleobiology and Phylogeny

Introduction
Craniofacial Morphology
Body Size and Brain Size
Bipedal Locomotion: Morphology and Biomechanical Principles
Locomotor Adaptations in Other Australopiths
Paleopediatrics: Australopiths and Obstetrics
Behavioral Theories for the Evolution of Bipedalism
Seed-eating, Sex, Reproduction, and Learning
Phylogeny and Classification: Current Issues and Debates

Chapter 9: The Emergence of Culture and the Origins of the Genus Homo

Behavioral and Cultural Trends in Early Hominins
What Is Culture?
Overview of the Genus Homo
The Discovery of "Handyman": Homo habilis
Morphological Features of Homo habilis
Homo Habilis: One Species or Two?
Have the Limits of Homo Been Dtretched Too Far?
Early Hominin Lifestyles: Tinker, Tailer, Scavenger, Hunter?
The Debate over "Man the Hunter"
Thermoregulation and Bipedalism

Chapter 10: Quo Vadis Homo erectus?

Introduction
Homo erectus from Southeast Asia (Central and East Java)
Homo erectus from East Asia: China
Homo erectus in Africa?
Current Issues and Debates

Chapter 11: Almost There--But Not Quite: "Archaic" Hominins of the Middle Pleistocene

Introduction
The First "Archaic" Hominins Out of Africa
Dmanisi (Republic of Georgia)
The Older "Archaic" Hominin Group
The Younger "Archaic" Hominin Group
Some Dental Trends in Middle Pleistocene "Archaic" Hominins
"Archaic" Hominins from China
"Archaic" Hominins from Africa

Chapter 12: Between Apes and Humanity: "Modern" Human Origins

Introduction
Current Issues and Debates over Modern Human Origins: Out-of-Africa or Multiregional Continuity?
What Do the Molecules Say?
Conclusions: A "Mostly" Out of Africa Model

Chapter 13: What the Fossils Say about "Modern" Human Origins: A Reality Check

Introduction
Fossil Evidence from Africa
Fossil Evidence from Europe: The Neanderthal Question
Fossil Evidence from the Near East
Fossil Evidence from Australasia

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