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Schools and Society : A Sociological Approach to Education

Schools and Society : A Sociological Approach to Education - 2nd edition

Schools and Society : A Sociological Approach to Education - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 9780534619565

ISBN10: 0534619568

Schools and Society : A Sociological Approach to Education by Jeanne Ballantine and Joan Z. Spade - ISBN 9780534619565
Edition: 2ND 04
Copyright: 2004
Publisher: Wadsworth, Inc
Published: 2004
International: No
Schools and Society : A Sociological Approach to Education by Jeanne Ballantine and Joan Z. Spade - ISBN 9780534619565

ISBN13: 9780534619565

ISBN10: 0534619568

Edition: 2ND 04


This reader is designed to present a broad introduction to the field of Sociology of Education. It is geared toward upper-level undergraduate and beginning level graduate courses in Sociology of Education, Foundations of Education, and related courses. It may be used as a text by itself or as a supplement to another text. Articles have been selected based on the following criteria: 1.) Articles that illustrate a broad range of theoretical perspectives, major concepts, and current issues. 2.) Articles that provide a level of reading and sophistication appropriate to upper-level students. 3.) Articles from a wide range of respected sources. 4.) Inclusion of both classic and contemporary sociologists' work in order to provide an excellent balance.


  • The collection of readings provides a comprehensive approach to the discipline, as it includes all of the significant theories and issues of Sociology of Education. Yet, the reader has a central focus--it is both comprehensive and unified at the same time. A broad range of theoretical perspectives, major concepts, and current issues are illustrated and brought into focus.
  • NEW! A discussion of the fields of education and sociology must include numerous related fields. Therefore, articles on the topics of economics and school financing; political science, power and policy issues; the family and child; church-state relationships; health and medical care for children; humanities and the arts; and the school's role in early childhood training; among others, have been included in this new second edition.
  • NEW! Each Part now opens with an Introduction, which unifies the selections within that Part and presents a context in which the articles fall.
  • NEW! Part 1 now presents an overview of major classical and contemporary theoretical perspectives to understanding educational systems - from functionalism to branches of conflict and interaction theory. These theoretical perspectives provide the explanations for what happens and why in educational systems.
  • NEW! Part 2 now focuses on schools and educational systems as organizations. The articles provide a sample of the rich literature on formal organizations and structures.
  • NEW! Part 3 also focuses inside the educational organization, but on the less formal aspects of the system. This part of the book looks at what 'really' happens in the training and learning process. Several articles in Part 3 are taken from ethnographies, research using participant observation to study interactions between individuals in the schools.
  • NEW! Part 4 now considers what knowledge is presented in schools and how that knowledge is selected. These articles illustrate how the processes determining of curriculum are affected by environmental factors external to schools.
  • NEW! Part 5 moves to the environment, the larger context within which the educational system operates. The environment can influence the educational system through control of finances, law, public opinion, attitudes toward schools, as well as what knowledge is presented.
  • NEW! Part 6 delves into a key process in schools and societies - social stratification. Articles explore how the stratification process in the larger society shapes the inputs and outputs as well as educational organizations.
  • NEW! Part 7 looks at programs and politics established to bring equality and equity into educational systems. The attempts at equality and equity discussed in this part include laws, changes in school structures, and attempts to change classroom interactions.
  • NEW! Part 8 considers the top levels of the educational system - higher education. The articles in this part illustrate how this part of the educational system also includes both formal and informal structure and reflects and is reflected in the larger environment.
  • Throughout this book, readings look at how schools work, how they affect students and society, and how they might work differently.
  • NEW! Part 9 illustrates that educational systems around the world are interrelated through the needs of the global community. Aspects of educational systems around the world are becoming increasingly similar. However, features of local and national environments also influence curricula, testing, and preparation of young people for their roles in a complex world.
  • NEW! Part 10 now considers how educational systems change and may change in the future. It is important to understand how educational systems work. It is also important to consider alternatives and try to understand why alternatives to current educational systems are almost impossible to implement, to say nothing of to conceive.
  • The authors have structured this book to embrace the complexity of education, in terms of both what is studied and how it is studied, within the open systems perspective.
  • The authors examine the current condition of education and consider educational change and policy issues, all of which help students to understand the complex matrix of relationships and activities within schools.
  • The reader takes an "open systems perspective" by look at the educational system as a whole, integrated, dynamic entity. This unique perspective can help students conceptualize a whole system and understand how the small pieces fit together into a working unity.
  • Each part in the book focuses on an aspect of the open systems perspective and contributes to the overview of educational systems. In selecting articles for the book, the authors blend theory and classical readings with more recent studies to show the basis for current arguments, along with where the field of education is headed.
  • The articles are sophisticated, yet not too difficult for upper-level undergraduate students.
  • Each reading opens with a short Introduction as well as three to five "Questions to consider as you read this article," in order to encourage critical thinking.
  • NEW! This reader and its sociological analyses of education give students a deeper understanding of the form and purpose of education in a society. Sociologists of education focus on the institution of education and the structure, processes, and interaction patterns within it.

Author Bio

Ballantine, Jeanne H. : Wright State University

Spade, Joan Z. : SUNY, Brockport

Table of Contents

Table of Contents


1. Theories in the Sociology of Education by Alan R. Sadovnik
2. Moral Education by Emile Durkheim
3. The School Class As a Social System by Talcott Parsons
4. Conflict Theory of Educational Stratification by Randall Collins
5. The Typological Position of Confucian Education by Max Weber
6. Schooling in Capitalist Societies by Samuel Bowles and Herbert Gintis
7. Bridges to the Future: Contributions of Qualitative Research to the Sociology of Education by Carolyn Riehl


8. How Schools Work by Rebecca Barr and Robert Dreeben
9. School Size and the Organization of Secondary Schools by Valerie E. Lee
10. Teaching in America: The Slow Revolution by Gerald Grant and Christine E. Murray
11. The Status of Teaching as a Profession by Richard M. Ingersoll


12. Real School: A Universal Drama Amid Disparate Experience by Mary Haywood Metz
13. Inner Cities, Affluent Suburgs, and Unequal Educational Opportunity by Jeann Anyon
14. The Moral Life of Schools by P. W. Jackson, R. E. Bookstrom, and D. T. Hansen
15. Act your Age! A Cultural Construction of Adolescence by Nancy Lesko
16. Are America's Schools Safe? Students Speak Out by Lynn Addington, Sally A. Ruddy, Amanda K. Miller, Jill F. DeVoe, and Kathryn A. Chandler


17. The New Sociology of Knowledge by Ann Swidler and Jorge Arditi
18. Romeo and Juliet Were Just Good Friends by Joan DelFattore
19. The Content of Curriculum by Elizabeth H. McEneaney and John W. Meyer


20. The Structure of Educational Organizations by John W. Meyer and Brian Rowan
21. How Money Matters: The Effect of School District Spending on Academic Achievement by Harold Wenglinsky
22. Comprehensive Reform for Urban High Schools by Nettie E. Letgers, Robert Balfanz, Will J. Jordan and James M. McPartland
23. Gender Bias: From Colonial America to Today's Classrooms by David Sadker and Myra Sadker
24. Public Schools and the Public Good by Karl L. Alexander


25. American Schooling and Educational Inequality by Adam Gamoran
26. Tracking in Mathematics and Science: Courses and Course Selection Procedures by Joan Z. Spade, Lynn Columba, and Beth E. Vanfossen
27. Moments of Social Inclusion and Exclusion: Race, Class, and Cultural Capital in Family-School Relationships by Annette Lareau and Erin McNamara Horvat
28. Gender in Education in the United States by Joan Z. Spade
29. Everyday Schooling and the Elaboration of Race-Gender Stratification by Linda Grant


30. Deepening Segregation in American Public Schools by Gary Orfield, Mark D. Bachmeier, David R
James, and Tamela Eitle
31. The Shape of the River: Long-term Consequences of Considering Race in College and University Admissions by William G
Bowan and Derek Bok
32. Defining Democracy in the Neoliberal Age: Charter School Reform and Educational Consumption by Amy Stuart Wells, Julie Slayton, Janelle Scott
33. The National Head Start Program for Disadvantaged Preschoolers by Edward Zigler, Sally J. Styfco, and Elizabeth Gilman
34. Understanding Cultural Diversity and Learning by John U. Ogbu
35. Equitable Classrooms in a Changing Society by Elizabeth G. Cohen


36. The Stratification of the Academy by Zelda F. Gamson
37. The Community College: The Impact, Origin, and Future of a Contradictory Institution by Kevin J. Dougherty
38. Student Protest and Multicultural Reform by Robert A. Rhoads
39. Gender Inequality in Higher Education by Jerry A. Jacobs
40. The Soul of a New University by Arthur Levine


41. Institutional Approach to the Study of Education by Aaron Benavot
42. Development and Education by Colette Chabbot and Francisco O. Ramirez
43. Education and Social Stratification Processes in Coparative Perspective by Alan C. Kerckhoff
44.Global Challenge and National Response: Notes for an International Dialogue on Higher Education by Phillip G. Altbach and Todd M. Davis


45. Tinkering Toward Utopia: A Century of Public School Reform by David Tyack and Larry Cuban
46. Wider Contexts and Future Issues: National Standards and School Reform in Japan and the United States by Thomas P. Rohlen
47. Beyond College for All: Career Paths for the Forgotten Half by James E. Rosenbaum
48. Deschooling Society by Ivan Illich