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Sensation and Perception

Sensation and Perception - 4th edition

ISBN13: 978-0205263820

Cover of Sensation and Perception 4TH 97 (ISBN 978-0205263820)
ISBN13: 978-0205263820
ISBN10: 0205263828 Edition: 4TH 97
Copyright: 1997
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No

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Sensation and Perception - 4TH 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-0205263820

Margaret W. Matlin

ISBN13: 978-0205263820
ISBN10: 0205263828 Edition: 4TH 97
Copyright: 1997
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No
Summary

Sensation and Perception, Fourth Edition sets the standard in bringing technical scientific information to a wide range of students with outstanding readability and thorough coverage. Retaining its traditionally clear and accessible writing style, this new edition boasts a thoroughly revised art program and over 1,300 new references. The motion chapter now focuses solely on visual motion perception, so it appears earlier in the text. In addition, the book includes thirteen In-Depth sections, each of which explore a current "hot" research topic to provide a sense of how researchers ask questions with subjects varying from the role of face recognition in eyewitness testimony to phantom limb perception. Above all, this text is written by two professors who have received national awards for their teaching. It features strong pedagogy, abundant student-friendly examples, and an engaging conversational style.

Features:
Organizes coverage of vision and hearing around systems, functions, and pattern perception.

Includes numerous real-life and applied examples to enhance comprehension and student interest.

Allows students to try experiments on their own using minimal equipment and time with several informal demonstrations contained in the text.

Offers a well-rounded pedagogical program that includes section summaries, In-Depth sections, Key Concept reviews, Review Questions, and a glossary.

New To This Edition:
Eight of the thirteen In-Depth sections are completely new, and the remainder have been revised and updated.

Documents 1,300 new references, 600 of which are from 1990 and later.

Updates information on the two visual pathways, parvocellular and magnocellular.

Reorganizes the section on distance perception to provide greater clarity.

Increases the emphasis on the physiological bases for motion perception through a separate section in Chapter 8 devoted to that topic.

Adds a substantial amount of new information to the sections on music and speech perception, pain perception and pain control, and odor identification.

Author Bio

Matlin, Margaret W. : State University of New York College at Geneseo

Foley, Hugh J. : Skidmore College

Table of Contents

1. Introduction.
Preview of the Book.
Overview of Theoretical Approaches to Sensation and Perception.

The Empiricist Approach
The Gestalt Approach
The Behaviorist Approach
The Gibsonian Approach
The Information- Processing Approach
The Computational Approach.

Themes of the Book.
How to Use This Book.

2. Research Methods.
Measuring Responses To Low-Intensity Stimuli.

Classical Psychophysical Measurement of Detection
Signal Detection Theory
In-Depth: Signal Detection Theory Applied to Face Recognition
Two-Alternative Forced Choice Procedure.

Measuring Responses to More Intense Stimuli.

Classical Psychophysical Measurement of Discrimination
Relationship Between Physical Stimuli and Psychological Reactions.


3. The Visual System.
Visual Stimulus.
Structure and Function of the Eye.

Cornea, Sclera, and Anterior Chamber
Pupil and Iris
Lens
Retina
Posterior Chamber.

Structure and Function of the Retina.

Photoreceptors
Vertical Connections: Bipolar and Ganglion Cells
Lateral Connections: Horizontal and Amacrine Cells.

Pathways from the Retina to the Visual Cortex.

Retinal Origins of Two Parallel Visual Pathways
Initial Stages of the Visual Pathways
Visual Cortex
In-Depth: Beyond the Primary Visual Cortex
Concluding Remarks about the Visual System.


4. Basic Visual Functions.
Prerequisites for Normal Vision.

Edges are Important
Change is Important
Higher-Level Processes Are Important
Experience is Important.

Perceiving Light Energy.

Lightness Perception
In-Depth: Lightness Constancy.

Acuity.

Measuring Acuity
Factors Affecting Acuity.

Eye Movements.

Version Movements
Vergence Movements.


5. Visual Pattern Perception.
Approaches to Shape and Pattern Perception.

Spatial Frequency Analysis Approach
Gestalt Approach
In-Depth: Modern Gestalt Research
Computational Approach
Feature-Integration Approach
Prototype-Matching Approach.

Influence of Context on Shape and Pattern Perception.

Perceiving Objects in the Context of Scenes
Perceiving Letters in the Context of Words
Illusory Contours
Distortions of Shape Due to Context.

Selected Topics in Shape and Pattern Perception.

The Role of Time in Shape Perception
Effects of Stimulus Orientation
Ambiguous Figures
Shape Constancy.


6. Distance and Size Perception.
Distance Perception.

Monocular Cues to Distance Perception
Representing Three-Dimensional Space in Two Dimensions
In-Depth: Binocular Cues to Distance Perception
Theories of Distance Perception
Perceiving a Three-Dimensional World.

Size Perception.

Factors Influencing Size Perception
Size Constancy.

Illusions of Distance and Size.

Illusions Involving Line Length or Distance
Explanations for Line-Length and Distance Illusions
Illusions Involving Area.


7. Color.
Nature of Color.
Color Mixing.

Subtractive Mixtures
Additive Mixtures.

Color Vision Theory.

Trichromatic Theory and the Photoreceptors
Opponent-Process Theory and Mechanisms Beyond the Photoreceptors
In-Depth: Color Coding Beyond the Photoreceptors
Achromatopsia and the Color Center.

Color Vision Deficiencies.

Kinds of Color Deficiencies
Diagnosing Color Deficiencies.

Color Phenomena.

Simultaneous Color Contrast
Successive Color Contrast
Color Constancy
Subjective Colors
Purkinje Shift
Color Stereopsis
Memory Color
Categorization of Colors.


8. Motion.
Visual Perception of Real Movement.

Threshold for Motion Perception
In-Depth: Perception of Biological Motion
Movement of the Observer.

Illusory Movement.

Stroboscopic Movement
Autokinesis
Induced Movement
Movement Aftereffects.

Physiological Basis of Motion Perception.
Theoretical Explanations for Motion Perception.

Corollary Discharge Theory
Direct Perception Approach
Computational Approach.


9. The Auditory System.
Auditory Stimulus.

Frequency
Amplitude
Phase Angle.

Auditory System.

Outer Ear
Middle Ear
Inner Ear
In-Depth: Inner and Outer Hair Cells
Higher Levels of Auditory Processing.

Hearing Impairments.

10. Basic Auditory Functions.
Pitch Perception and Related Phenomena.

Background: Early Theories of Pitch Perception
Developments in Place Theory
Developments in Frequency Theory
Conclusions About Registration of Frequency
Relationship Between Frequency and Pitch
Measuring Pitch.

Loudness Perception.

Registration of Amplitude
Relationship Between Amplitude and Loudness
Intensity Discrimination
Measuring Loudness.

Auditory Localization.

Sources of Information for Sound Localization
Resolving Ambiguities in Sound Localization
Measuring Localization Accuracy
Physiological Basis of Auditory Localization
In-Depth: Non-Human Localizing Abilities
Visual Effects on Auditory Localization.

Perception of Simultaneous Sounds.

Perception of Tone Combinations
Masking
Noise.


11. Auditory Pattern Perception.
Perception of Complex Auditory Patterns.

Analyzing Simultaneous Complex Sounds
Gestalt Principles
Cognitive Principles.

Music Perception.

Perceptual Qualities and Music
Pattern and Organization in Music
Constancy in Music
Illusions in Music.

Speech Perception.

The Speech Stimulus
Theories of Speech Perception
Top-Down Processing in Speech Perception
In-Depth: Interactions Between Auditory and Visual Stimuli.


12. The Skin Senses.
The Skin.

Theories About the Skin Senses
From the Skin to the Brain.

Temperature.

Body Temperature Regulation
Warm and Cold Spots
Thresholds for Temperature
Adaptation to Temperature.

Pain.

Mechanisms of Pain Perception
In-Depth: Phantom Limb Pain
Measurement of Pain
Adaptation to Pain
Pain Control.

Touch.

Sensory Aspects of Touch
Passive Touch
Active Touch
Relative Dominance of Touch and Vision
Applications of Active Touch.

Vestibular and Kinesthetic Senses.

Vestibular Sense
Kinesthetic Sense.


13. The Chemical Senses: Smell and Taste.
Smell.

Sensory Aspects of Smell
Olfactory Processes
Adaptation
Recognition of Odors
Behavioral Influences of Odors
Deficits in Olfaction.

Taste.

Sensory Aspects of Taste
Taste Processes
In-Depth: Interaction of Taste with Smell and Other Senses.


14. Perceptual Development.
Studying Perceptual Development in Infancy.
Vision in Infancy.

Visual Abilities
Acuity
Eye Movements
Shape Perception
Distance Perception
Motion Perception
Color Perception.

Hearing in Infancy.

Auditory Abilities
Music Perception
Speech Perception
In-Depth: Coordinating Vision and Audition.

Vision and Hearing in Late Adulthood and Old Age.

Vision in Late Adulthood and Old Age
Hearing in Late Adulthood and Old Age.



Glossary.
References.
Author Index.
Subject Index.

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Cover of Sensation and Perception 5th edition

Sensation and Perception - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-0205579808
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