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Sociology for a New Century

Sociology for a New Century - 01 edition

Sociology for a New Century - 01 edition

ISBN13: 9780803990821

ISBN10: 0803990820

Sociology for a New Century by York W. Bradshaw, Joseph F. Healey and Rebecca Smith - ISBN 9780803990821
Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 01
Copyright: 2001
Publisher: Pine Forge Press
Published: 2001
International: No
Sociology for a New Century by York W. Bradshaw, Joseph F. Healey and Rebecca Smith - ISBN 9780803990821

ISBN13: 9780803990821

ISBN10: 0803990820

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 01

List price: $119.00

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· Written with the conviction that sociology can play a major role (perhaps THE major role) in helping college students understand how their lives are shaped by the complexities of global social forces in our new century.

· Helps students develop an approach to thinking about social issues and evaluating claims and arguments that they can use long after the course has ended.

· Reflects the following qualities from the sociological tradition: a commitment to the principles of scientific investigation, a deep concern for social issues and human welfare, and a macro approach that takes account of history, geography, and relations between the societies and regions of the globe.

· Strives less to introduce sociology, and more to demonstrate the power and value of thinking sociologically about societies today.

· Centers on a small number of organizing themes and principles, introduced in Chapter 1 and used throughout the remainder of the text (see detailed table of contents).

· Contains 16 chapters and 7 topical essays interspersed between Chapters 1-10. The first 10 chapters are the core foundation of the text. Chapters 11-15 apply sociological thinking to a series of significant global issues including war, work, health, and population growth. Chapter 16 brings the text to a close with a discussion of how individuals and organizations can create positive change in the world.

· Written to help teach the process of investigation, the sociological craft of research, critical thinking, and careful analysis. Rather than presenting students with answers, the core Chapters 1-10 are each organized around a specific question or problem selected for its interest to students as well as its importance to the U.S. and the world (see table of contents). Thus, sociological terms and concepts are introduced as they become relevant to the analysis --never for their own sake.

· The Topical Essays broaden the coverage of issues and diversity of viewpoints in the text, while the book maintains its overall thematic coherence. Most essays are written by leading scholars and researchers in sociology, save one essayist who is an undergraduate student (Tracey Dawson) and one, a cartoonist (Nick Rutter) who has illustrated Gay Seidman's essay on Sweatshops and Chapters 11-16.

· Active Learning Exercises extend and reinforce the emphasis on critical thinking throughout the book.

· A Web Site specifically devoted to Sociology For a New Century provides many helpful ways students can strengthen their ability to think and see sociologically.

· A Sociological Atlas in the back of the book provides 32 four-color maps of global, sociological information as well as a wealth of web sites and other information resources.

· Graphical Displays of Social Data and informative Photographs and Cartoons throughout the chapters make learning easier and more fun.

· Teaching Resources, available upon adoption of the text, contains an excellent set of various tests, a bank of PowerPoint visuals to use in lectures, and an annotated set of literary and visual resources, in addition to an annotated bibliography of teaching resource materials.

Author Bio

Bradshaw, York : The University of Memphis

York W. Bradshaw is Professor and Chair of Sociology at the University of Memphis. Prior to this position, he was Director of African Studies and Professor of Sociology at Indiana University, Bloomington. He has also taught and lectured at a number of universities in Kenya, Zambia, and South Africa. His other books include Global Inequalities (with Michael Wallace) (Pine Forge 1996), Education in Comparative Perspective: New Lessons from Around the World, and The Uncertain Promise of Southern Africa (with Stephen Ndegwa). He has won 4 teaching awards, including the President's Award for distinguished teaching - Indiana University's top teaching honor.

Healey, Joseph F. : Christopher Newport University
Joseph F. Healey, Ph.D., is Professor of Sociology at Christopher Newport University. He is author of Statistics: A Tool for Social Research 5th edition (1998) and Race, Ethnicity, and Gender in the United States (Pine Forge Press 1996). He is also co-author with Earl Babbie and Fred Halley of Exploring Social Issues: Using SPSS for Windows (Pine Forge Press 1997). In his spare time, he plays hammer dulcimer, banjo, and concertina.

Smith, Rebecca :

Rebecca Smith is a freelance writer and editor who has worked extensively with Pine Forge Press on many of our publications. She teaches written, oral, and interpersonal communication skills to working adults through the University of California, San Diego.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Chapter 1: A Global View of Society

How can sociology help us understand global trends?
The Interconnected World
Sociology's Contribution to Understanding Global Issues
A Global Perspective
The Book's Themes: Global Trends
The Spread of Technology Is Both Blessing and Curse
Economic Ties Strengthen as Political Structures Fracture
Culture Is at the Center of Globalization
Ethnicity Shapes People's Lives
Modernity and Progress Depend on Perspective
Internal and External Forces Interact to Change Societies
Inequality Grows Within Societies and Across Societies
A Look Forward
Key Concepts
Active Learning
Topical Essay: My Personal Journey to a Global Perspective
Tracey Dawson

Chapter 2: Sociology and Society

How does sociological theory help us interpret the world?
The Origins of Sociology
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
Max Weber (1864-1920)
Emile Durkheim (1858-1917)
The Sociological Perspective
The Continuing Relevance of Marx, Weber, and Durkheim
Marxism and Modern Capitalism
World Systems Theory
The Limits of World Systems Theory
Rationalization in Modern Society
Suicide in the Modern World
Suicide Around the Globe
Teenage Suicide in the United States
Key Concepts
Active Learning
Topical Essay: The Globalization of Taste
Nicky Hart

Chapter 3: Sociology and Science

How do sociologists investigate questions about society?
Using Science to Examine a Social Problem: Is American Society Disintegrating?
Approaching the Problem: The Scientific Method
Description, Explanation, and Causation
Interaction Between Theory and Research
Scientific Inquiry
Skepticism and Critical Thinking
Evaluation of Evidence
Probabilistic Relationships
Correlation and Causation
Traditions of Research
Communities of Scholars: The Loyal Opposition
Issues of Definition and Measurement
The Effects of Changing Age Distribution
The Importance of Comparison Points
Alternative Causes
The Value of Debate
Gathering Data
Observation or Field Research
Analyses of Existing Data
Key Concepts
Active Learning

Chapter 4: Culture and Society

Can local culture coexist with global culture?
A Sociological Perspective on Culture
Culture and Community
Elements of Culture
Material Culture
Nonmaterial Culture
The Construction of Culture
The Transmission of Culture to Individuals
The Social Production of Culture
Culture Change
The Globalization of Culture
Key Concepts
Active Learning
Topical Essay: How Culture Shapes Schooling
Steven Brint
Topical Essay: Local Gods and Universal Faiths
Lester Kurtz

Chapter 5: Inequality

Are the rich getting richer and the poor getting poorer?
Sociological Perspectives on Inequality
Class Interests and Inequality
Three Dimensions of Stratification
The Functions of Inequality
The Evolution of Inequality
Hunting and Gathering Societies
Agricultural Societies
Industrial Societies
The Kuznets Curve
Labor Sectors
Increasing Inequality in the United States
The Great U-Turn
Inequality Around the Globe
Inequality Among Nations and the Effects of Globalization
Inequality Within Nations
High-Income Nations: European Welfare States
Middle-Income Nations: Newly Industrializing Countries
Low-Income Countries: Africa
Key Concepts
Topical Essay: Biopiracy and Gene Theft
Philip McMichael

Chapter 6: Assimilation and Pluralism

Will racial and ethnic groups persist?
Global Species Consolidation: Analyzing the Origins and Future of Race and Ethnicity
Dispersion and Differentiation: The Origins of Ethnicity and Race
Contact and Consolidation: Evolution of a Global Species
Social Relations in a Differentiated World
Minority and Dominant Groups
Prejudice and Discrimination
Assimilation and Pluralism
Contact Situations
Contact Situations: Conquest and Colonization
The European Colonization and Conquest of Africa
South Africa
Involuntary Americans: Slavery and Segregation
Contemporary Race Relations in the United States
The Impact of Deindustrialization
Residential Segregation
The Persistence of Racial Inequality
Contact Situations: Immigration
Immigration and Assimilation Then
Immigration and Assimilation Now
Racial and Cultural Differences
Permanent Immigration
Economic Trends
Segmented Assimilation
Prospects for Consolidation
Key Concepts
Active Learning

Chapter 7: Gender

Patricia Fernandez-Kelly and Kathleen Fallon
How is globalization affecting inequalities between women and men?
Sociological Perspectives on Gender Relations
Gender Roles and Subsistence Technology
Hunter-Gatherer Societies
Agricultural Societies
Industrial Societies
The Social Construction of Gender: The U.S. Women's Movement
Early 1900s
Mid to Late 1900s
Gender Inequality Today: A Global Concern
Low-Wage Factories in Mexico
Structural Adjustment in Ghana
Gender in Comparative Perspective
Work and Gender
Schooling and Gender
Politics and Gender
Key Concepts
Active Learning
Topical Essay: Sex as a Global Commodity
Joane Nagel

Chapter 8: Families

Diane Lye and York Bradshaw
What is happening to families in a changing world?
A Sociological Approach to the Family
Recent Trends in Family Life
Marriage and Cohabitation
Number of Children
Timing of Childbearing
Childbearing and Marriage
Divorce and Remarriage
The Causes of Family Change
Weakened Family Values
Increased Women's Employment
Economic Adjustments
Social Crises
The Consequences of Family Change
Key Concepts
Active Learning

Chapter 9: Crime and Punishment

Can crime be controlled?
Defining and Measuring Crime
How Can the Crime Rate Be Measured?
"Official" Crime Rates
Victimization Surveys
Who Commits Street Crime?
How Is Globalization Affecting Crime?
Theorizing About the Causes of Crime
Structural Strain and Anomie
Differential Association
Deviant Subcultures
Social Control Theory
Controlling Crime
Proposition 1: Criminals Must Be Punished More Harshly
Proposition 2: Social Control Mechanisms Must Be Strengthened
Proposition 3: Social Inequality Must Be Reduced
Implications of the Propositions
Key Concepts
Active Learning

Chapter 10: Economics and Politics

John Markoff
Does democracy have a future?
The Rise of the Modern State
Politics in the National States
Economics in the National States
Globalization and the State, Yesterday and Today
The Great Global Mobility of Trade and Investment
The Considerable but Lesser Global Mobility of People
Challenges to the Economic and Political Status Quo
Reconstitution of State Power
Weakened Labor Movement
New Politics of Ethnic Identity
State Management of Economic Life
Threatened Democracy
Attempts to Control Globalization by States (and Their Citizens)
Governments Organize
Citizens Organize
Key Concepts
Active Learning
Topical Essay: Activists Crusade Against Sweatshops
Gay Seidman
At Issue: Sociology Examines a New Century

Chapter 11: The Changing Face of War

York Bradshaw
Yugoslavia, 1990s: Lessons Unlearned
Ethnic Cleansing and the Return of "Little Hitlers"
Turning Point: Intervention in Kosovo
Voices of War
The Responsibility to Stop Someone Else's War
The Limitations of Peacekeeping
Five Recommendations for Ending War

Chapter 12: The Future of Work

Kevin Leicht
Workplace Change and Your Labor Market Prospects
The Rise of the Disorderly Work Career
Downsizing: Drastically Reducing the Size of the Labor Force
Temporary Workers: Here Today and Gone Tomorrow
Outsourcing and Subcontracting: Why Make It If We Can Buy It?
Flatter Organizational Hierarchies: Who Needs the Pyramid?
The Post-Unionized Workplace: Can Unions Shoot at Moving Targets?
The Social Consequences of the Changing Workplace
The Cycle of "Work and Spend"
Fraying Community Ties
The Hopes and Fears of the New Workplace

Chapter 13: Can the World Develop and Sustain Its Environment?

Michael Bell
We Consuming Humans
Owning Up to What We Own
The Sociology of Environmental Inaction
The Social Organization of Consumption
Social Power and the Social Organization of Consumption
Virtual Environmentalism and the Social Reorganization of Consumption

Chapter 14: How Many People Is Too Many People?

Diane Lye
How Does Population Grow?
Causes of Population Growth
Population Growth in Developed Countries
Population Growth in Developing Countries
How Many People Can Earth Support?
Environmental Degradation
Economic Underdevelopment
Can We Slow Population Growth?
A Reality Check

Chapter 15: The Global Healthcare Challenge

Njeri Mbugua
The Grim Reality of Healthcare in Lower-Income Countries
Healthcare in the Era of Economic Development Programs
Healthcare in the Era of Political Turmoil
Healthcare in the Era of Drug Resistance
Healthcare in the Era of International Trade and Travel
Healthcare in the Era of HIV
The Great Divide: Haves versus Have-nots
What Constitutes Quality Healthcare?
Why Are the Poor Denied the Healthcare They Need?
The Healthcare Challenge of the 21st Century

Chapter 16: Creating Positive Social Change

York Bradshaw
What Solutions Does Sociology Suggest?
Solutions at the Global Level
Solutions at the Regional Level
Solutions at the National Level
Solutions at the Community Level
What Can Individuals Do?
Appendix: A Sociologists' Atlas