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Study of Human Nature: A Reader

Study of Human Nature: A Reader - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-0195127157

Cover of Study of Human Nature: A Reader 2ND 00 (ISBN 978-0195127157)
ISBN13: 978-0195127157
ISBN10: 0195127153
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 00
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Published: 2000
International: No
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Study of Human Nature: A Reader - 2ND 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-0195127157

Leslie Stevenson

ISBN13: 978-0195127157
ISBN10: 0195127153
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 00
Publisher: Oxford University Press

Published: 2000
International: No
Summary

This unique anthology provides an introduction to a wide variety of views on human nature. Drawing from diverse cultures over three millennia, Leslie Stevenson has chosen selections ranging from ancient religious texts up to contemporary theories based on evolutionary science. An ideal companion to the editor's previous book, Ten Theories of Human Nature, Third Edition, this interdisciplinary reader can also be used independently.


The second edition of The Study of Human Nature offers substantial selections illustrating the perspectives discussed in Ten Theories of Human Nature, Third Edition--the Bible, Hinduism, Confucianism, Plato, Kant, Marx, Freud, Sartre, B.F. Skinner's behaviorism, and Konrad Lorenz's ethnological diagnosis of human aggression. The Islamic tradition and 17th-18th century philosophers Descartes, Hobbes, Hume, and Rousseau are also represented. Selections from Rousseau, J.S. Mill, and Nancy Holmstrom raise feminist issues, and Henry Bracken's paper deals with racial issues. Examples from E.O. Wilson's sociobiology and his critics are also included, together with Chomsky and recent examples from evolutionary psychology.

Author Bio

Stevenson, Leslie (Ed.) : University of St. Andrews, Scotland

Table of Contents

Preface


THE HEBREW BIBLE (the Old Testament)

Genesis 1-3
Psalms

HINDUISM

Brihad Aranyaka Upanishad
Katha Upanishad

CONFUCIANISM

Mencius, "Human Nature is Good"
Hsun-tzu, "Human Nature is Evil"

PLATO

Republic

CHRISTIANITY (the New Testament)

St. Paul, Letter to the Romans
St. Paul, First Letter to the Corinthians

ISLAM

Ayatullah Murtaza Mutahhari, "Man and Faith"

RENÉ DESCARTES

Discourse on Method

THOMAS HOBBES

Leviathan

DAVID HUME

Treatise of Human Nature

JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU

Emile

IMMANUEL KANT

Anthropology from a Pragmatic Point of View
Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason

KARL MARX

The Materialist Theory of History
Consciousness and the Division of Labour

JOHN STUART MILL

The Subjection of Women

CHARLES DARWIN

The Descent of Man

SIGMUND FREUD

B.A. Farrell, "A Reconstruction of Freud's Mature Theory"

JEAN-PAUL SARTRE

Existentialism and Humanism

B.F. SKINNER

About Behaviorism

KONRAD LORENZ

On Aggression

NOAM CHOMSKY

"Language and the Human Mind"

HENRY M. BRACKEN

"Essence, Accident and Race"

EDWARD D. WILSON

On Human Nature

NANCY HOLMSTROM

"Do Women Have a Distinct Nature?"

STEVEN ROSE, RICHARD LEWONTIN, AND LEON J. KAMIN

Not in our Genes: Biology, Ideology and Human Nature

MATT RIDLEY

The Origins of Virtue