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Subjects / Strategies : A Writer's Reader

Subjects / Strategies : A Writer's Reader - 9th edition

ISBN13: 978-0312391096

Cover of Subjects / Strategies : A Writer
ISBN13: 978-0312391096
ISBN10: 0312391099
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 9TH 02
Publisher: St. Martins Press, Inc.
Published: 2002
International: No

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Subjects / Strategies : A Writer's Reader - 9TH 02 edition

ISBN13: 978-0312391096

Paul Eschholz and Alfred Rosa

ISBN13: 978-0312391096
ISBN10: 0312391099
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 9TH 02
Publisher: St. Martins Press, Inc.

Published: 2002
International: No

Designed to address the needs and interests of a wide range of students and instructors, this rhetorically arranged reader combines 73 compelling selections from professionals and students with the advice, support, and instruction students need to become better writers. A unique four-chapter introductory section focuses on active reading, the writing process, combining rhetorical strategies, and writing research papers; throughout the text, specialized pedagogy follows examples of essays that mix rhetorical strategies. Substantially revised for its ninth edition, Subjects/Strategies now includes new visual exercises and activities -- photos and cartoons -- for 20 professional essays that help students learn how subjects and strategies work in both visual and written formats.

  • A comprehensive four-chapter introduction. This extensive introduction provides detailed guidelines and instruction on reading critically, writing essays, combining rhetorical strategies, and researching and documenting sources in print and online.
  • 73 timely and teachable readings. Sixty-one professional readings by some of the best classic and contemporary writers and 12 student essays offer a broad spectrum of subject matter, style, and cultural points of view, and show students the versatility and strengths of the different rhetorical strategies for effective college writing.
  • Extensive rhetorical apparatus. In addition to the book's four-chapter introduction to reading and writing, each rhetorical chapter provides an introduction that shows students how to use a particular strategy to make their writing more effective and how to establish purpose, context, point of view, and organizational structure. Each rhetorical chapter also includes writing suggestions that focus both on the dominant strategy and on combining strategies.
  • An annotated student essay in each chapter introduction. These essays offer students realistic examples of how to incorporate rhetorical strategies successfully into their own writing. In this edition, discussion questions have been added to follow each sample student essay, encouraging students to analyze and evaluate the overall effectiveness of the rhetorical strategies employed in that example.
  • 28 provocative new readings. Thirty-eight percent of this edition's reading selections are new, including essays by some of the best classic and contemporary writers, such as Mark Twain, Gore Vidal, Malcolm X, David Guterson, Nikki Giovanni, Gary Soto, Judith Ortiz Cofer, and Anne Lamott.
  • More extensive reading and writing instruction. The book's four-chapter introduction now includes easy-to-find reading and writing tips that cover topics such as How to Annotate a Text, Will Your Thesis Hold Water? and Addressing Common Writing Problems and Errors. The new edition has expanded the chapter on reading analytically to include sample annotations of a brief professional essay. The chapter on writing documented essays now includes a sample Internet search, with screen shots, to show students not only how to conduct Internet searches but how to evaluate the sources they cull from the Web.
  • An expanded argument chapter with topics of current interest. Providing an in-depth introduction to argument, the expanded chapter opens with four classic essays by writers such as Thomas Jefferson, Maya Angelou, and Martin Luther King Jr. Then, to respond to the changing interests and debates of students, the chapter offers two argument pairs on current topics (one new to the ninth edition) -- Violence in the Movies and on Television, and Computer Technology and Education -- and a new five-essay case study on Justice and the Death Penalty.
  • New visual apparatus in each rhetorical chapter. Visual exercises and activities -- photos and cartoons -- now accompany 20 professional essays to show students how subjects and strategies work in visual and written formats.
  • Revision checklists conclude each rhetorical chapter introduction. These new checklists summarize and reinforce the chapter's key concepts and help students revise their own essays with that particular rhetorical strategy in mind.
  • Updated Internet assignments. To help students improve their online research skills, Internet research topics, complete with URLs, follow every professional selection. All the Internet resources that accompany these writing suggestions have been updated to reflect the most current URLs available on the Web.
  • A Book Companion Site at www.bedfordstmartins.com/subjectsstrategies. Through Bedford/St. Martin's TopLinks, a topical links database, this site guides students to the best and most current Internet links for further research on the ideas presented in Subjects/Strategies.

Author Bio

Eschholz, Paul : University of Vermont

Rosa, Alfred : University of Vermont

Table of Contents

* New to this edition
Thematic Contents

1. Reading for Understanding and Meaning
Reading as a Writer
Getting the Most out of Your Reading
*Questions to Ask Yourself as You Read
*How to Annotate a Text
An Example: Annotating Laurence Perrine's "Paradox"
*An Example: Reading Thomas L. Friedman's "My Favorite Teacher"
Using Reading in the Writing Process

2. Writing Essays
The Writing Process
*Will Your Thesis Hold Water?
Writing Your First draft
A Brief Guide to Peer Critiquing
Notes on Beginnings and Endings
Editing and Proofreading
Addressing Common Writing Problems and Errors
Writing an Expository Essay
A Student Essay in Progress
Keith Eldred, Secular Mantras

3. Combining Strategies
What Does It Mean to Combine Strategies?
* An Example: Combining Strategies in Sydney Harris's A Jerk
Why Do Writers Combine Strategies
An Annotated Student Essay Using a Combination of Strategies
Tara Ketch, Kids, You Can't Read That Book!
* Suggestions for Combining Rhetorical Strategies
* About the Photographs and Visual Texts in This Book
* PHOTO: Sean Sprague, Village Scene in Gujarat, India

4. Writing Documented Essays
Print Sources
Internet Sources
Note Taking
Integrating Quotations into Your Text
Documenting Sources
A Note on Plagiarism
*A Checklist for Preventing Plagiarism
A Documented Student Essay
Melanie Milks, The Absence of Television in My Family

5. Exemplification
What Is Exemplification?
Why Do Writers Use Exemplification?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Exemplification
Shannon Long, Wheelchair Hell
*Analyzing Shannon Long's Examples: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing an Essay of Exemplification
*Questions for Revision: Exemplification
Natalie Goldberg, Be Specific
*Charles Siebert, An Audience with Dolly
*Mark Twain, Corn-Pone Opinions
Deborah Tannen, How to Give Orders Like a Man
Alice Walker, In Search of Our Mothers' Gardens
*PHOTO: Joel Gordon, Three Generations of Indian Women
Leslie Marmon Silko, Yellow Woman and a Beauty of the Spirit
Writing Suggestions for Exemplification

6. Description
What Is Description?
Why Do Writers Use Description?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Description
Blake Wilson, The "Shaw"
*Analyzing Blake Wilson's Description: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Descriptive Essay
*Questions for Revision: Description
Roger Angell, On the Ball
Edward Abbey, Aravaipa Canyon
*Gore Vidal, Lincoln Up Close
Cherokee Paul MacDonald, A View from the Bridge
*CARTOON: Bill Watterson, Gone Fishing [from"Calvin and Hobbes]
*PHOTO: Peter Menzel, Barrio Mural
Robert Ramírez, The Barrio
*David Guterson, San Piedro Island (Fiction)
Writing Suggestions for Description

7. Narration
What Is Narration?
Why Do Writers Use Narration?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Narration
Andrew Kauser, Challenging My Fears
*Analyzing Andrew Kauser's Narrative: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Narrative Essay
*Questions for Revision: Narration
Malcolm X, Coming to an Awareness of Language
Annie Dillard, Getting Caught
*CARTOON: Barbara Smaller, An Appropriate Punishment
Barry Winston, Stranger Than True
Langston Hughes, Salvation
*PHOTO: Bob Daemmrich, Police Arrest, Austin, Texas
Combining Subjects and Strategies
George Orwell, Shooting an Elephant
Julia Alvarez, Snow (fiction)
Writing Suggestions for Narration

8. Process Analysis
What Is Process Analysis?
Why Do Writers Use Process Analysis?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Process Analysis
William Peterson, I Bet You Can
*Analyzing William Peterson's Process Analysis: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Process Analysis Essay
Questions for Revision: Process Analysis
Mortimer Adler, How to Mark a Book
Paul Roberts, How to Say Nothing in 500 Words
*Nikki Giovanni, Campus Racism 101
*Tom and Ray Magliozzi, Inside the Engine
*CARTOON: Ed Koren, Car Problem
Combining Subjects and Strategies
*PHOTO: Christopher Johnson, Dumpster Diving
Lars Eighner, On Dumpster Diving
*Lorrie Moore, How to Become a Writer (fiction)
Writing Suggestions for Process Analysis

9. Comparison and Contrast
What Are Comparison and Contrast?
Why Do Writers Use Comparison and Contrast?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Comparison and Contrast
Barbara Bowman, Guns and Cameras
*Analyzing Barbara Bowman's Comparison and Contrast: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Comparison and Contrast Essay
*Questions for Revision: Comparison and Contrast
Mark Twain, Two Ways of Seeing a River
*CARTOON: Charles Addams, By George!
Suzanne Britt, Neat People vs. Sloppy People
*Anne Lamott, Polaroids
*Gary Soto, Like Mexicans
*Combining Subjects and Strategies
*PHOTO: Matthew Brady, Ulysses S. Grant
*PHOTO: Minnis an Cowell, Robert E. Lee
Bruce Catton, Grant and Lee: A Study in Contrasts
Deborah Tannen, Sex, Lies and Conversation
Writing Suggestions for Comparison and Contrast

10. Division and Classification
What Are Division and Classification?
Why Do Writers Use Division and Classification?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Division and Classificiation
Gerald Cleary, How Loud? How Good? How Much? How Pretty!
*Analyzing Barbara Bowman's Comparison and Contrast: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Division and Classificiation Essay
*Questions for Revision: Division and Classificiation
Russell Baker, The Plot against People
Martin Luther King Jr., The Ways of Meeting Oppression
Judith Viorst, The Truth about Lying
*CARTOON: Charles Addams, Translating Marketing Talk [from Dilbert]
*Judith Ortiz Cofer, They Myth of the Latin Woman
*Donna Woolfolk Cross, Propaganda: How Not to Be Bamboozled
*Combining Subjects and Strategies
*PHOTO: Pittsburgh Courier/Archive Photos, Coal Miner in Liberty Pennsylvania
Scott Russell Sanders, The Men We Carry in Our Minds
Writing Suggestions for Division and Classification

11. Definition
What Is Definition?
Why Do Writers Use Definition?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Definition
Howard Solomon Jr., Best Friends
*Analyzing Howard Solomon Jr.'s Definition: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Definition Essay
*Questions for Revision: Definition
Ellen Goodman, The Company Man
Jo Goodwin Parker, What Is Poverty?
*Sarah Federman, What's "Natural" about Our Natural Products?
*PHOTO: Michael Newman,Supermarket
*David Carkeet, The Counterfactual Present Tense
*Sojourner Truth, Ain't I a Woman?
Combining Subjects and Strategies
*PHOTO: Lydia Gans,Ruthanne Shpiner
Nancy Mairs, On Being a Cripple
Writing Suggestions for Definition

12. Cause and Effect Analysis
What Is Cause and Effect Analysis?
Why Do Writers Use Cause and Effect Analysis?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Cause and Effect Analysis
Kevin Cunningham, Gentrification
*Analyzing Kevin Cunningham's Cause and Effect Analysis: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing a Cause and Effect Analysis
*Questions for Revision: Cause and Effect
Jon Katz, How Boys Become Men
*CARTOON: Ed Fisher, It Isn't That I Don't Love You. . .
*Tom Rosenberg, Changing My Name after 60 Years
Kennedy P. Maize, The Great Kern County Mouse War
Diane Ackerman, The Face of Beauty
Marie Winn, Television and Family Life
Combining Subjects and Strategies
*PHOTO: Gale Zucker, Ballet Class
Jacques D'Amboise, I Show a Child What Is Possible
*Sherwood Anderson, Hands (fiction)
Writing Suggestions for Cause and Effect Analysis

13. Argumentation
What Is Argument?
Why Do Writers Use Argument?
An Annotated Student Essay Using Argumentation
Mark Jackson, The Liberal Arts: A Practical View
*Analyzing Mark Jackson's Argument: Questions for Discussion
Suggestions for Writing an Argumentation Essay
*Questions for Revision: Argumentation
*Maya Angelou, Living Well, Living Good
*CAROON: Bruce Eric Kaplan,Isn't This Better Than Being Happy?
Richard Lederer, The Case for Short Words
*Jonathon Swift, A Modest Proposal
Thomas Jefferson, The Declaration of Independence
Martin Luther King Jr., I Have a Dream

*PHOTO: Movie Still from,The Matrix
Robert Scheer, Violence Is Us
Barbara Hattemer, Cause and Violent Effect: Media and Our Youth
*PHOTO: Mathieu Polak,Cybercafé in London
* Judith Levine, I Surf, Therefore I Am
* Ellen Ullman, Needed: Techies Who Know Shakespeare
* Ernest Van Den Haag, For the Death Penalty
* Sherwin B. Nuland, Cruel and Unusual
* Cathy Young, Sexism and the Death Chamber
* Lance Morrow, Why I Changed My Mind on the Death Penalty
*PHOTO: Joel Gordon,Cell Lock Down, Putnam County Jail
* Jim Dwyer, Peter Neufeld, and Barry Scheck, When Justice Lets Us Down

Glossary of Rhetorical Terms

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