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Techniques in Organic Chemistry : Miniscale, Standard-Taper Microscale, Williamson Microscale - Text Only

Techniques in Organic Chemistry : Miniscale, Standard-Taper Microscale, Williamson Microscale - Text Only - 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716766384

Cover of Techniques in Organic Chemistry : Miniscale, Standard-Taper Microscale, Williamson Microscale - Text Only 03 (ISBN 978-0716766384)
ISBN13: 978-0716766384
ISBN10: 0716766388
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 03
Publisher: W.H. Freeman
Published: 2003
International: No

List price: $70.75

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Techniques in Organic Chemistry : Miniscale, Standard-Taper Microscale, Williamson Microscale - Text Only - 03 edition

ISBN13: 978-0716766384

Jerry Mohrig, Christina N. Hammond, Paul Schatz and Morrill,Terence

ISBN13: 978-0716766384
ISBN10: 0716766388
Cover type: Paperback
Edition/Copyright: 03
Publisher: W.H. Freeman

Published: 2003
International: No
Summary

The Program

Modern Projects and Experiments in Organic Chemistry is designed to provide the utmost in quality content, student accessibility, and instructor flexibility. The project consists of:

1) A laboratory manual in two versions--one for miniscale and standard-taper microscale equipment; one for miniscale and Williamson microscale equipment.
2) Custom publishing option--all experiments are available through Freeman's custom publishing service at http://custompub.whfreeman.com. Instructors can use this service to create their own customized lab manual, even including their own material.
3) Techniques of the Organic Chemistry Laboratory. This concise yet comprehensive companion volume providing students with detailed descriptions of important techniques. (See separate entry.)
4) CD-ROM. Available to accompany the manuals, custom published manuals, or the techniques manual, the CD contains a wealth of student resources (see Media.)


The Techniques Manual

Developed by the authors as a companion to the lab manual, Techniques in Organic Chemistry is the most comprehensive and detailed presentation of lab techniques available written for organic chemistry students. Like no other techniques manual, it offers specific instructions for 3 different kinds of laboratory glassware (miniscale, standard-taper microscale, and Williamson microscale) plus extensive coverage of spectroscopic techniques, and a strong emphasis on safety issues.

The techniques manual can be packaged with either version of Modern Projects and Experiments in Organic Chemistry or any custom published lab manual, or may be purchased separately.

  • Covers 3 kinds of laboratory glassware (miniscale, standard-taper microscale, and Williamson microscale)--no other techniques manual does this
  • Offers strong coverage of NMR, IR, and mass spectroscopy, including an emphasis on how to use spectroscopy in the lab that no other manual offers
  • Emphasizes safety issues
  • Includes well-conceived pre and post lab exercises
  • Perfectly compatible with Mohrig, et al.'s projects/experiments manuals or any other organic chemistry laboratory material.

Author Bio

Mohrig, Jerry R. : Carleton College


Hammond, Christina Noring : Vassar College


Schatz, Paul F. : University of Wisconsin-Madison


Morrill, Terence C. : Rochester Institute of Technology

Table of Contents

TECHNIQUES IN ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
PREFACE
INTRODUCTION


PART 1 BASIC TECHNIQUES


1 SAFETY

1.1 Causes of Laboratory Accidents
1.2 Safety Features in Your Laboratory
1.3 Preventing Accidents
1.4 What to Do If an Accident Occurs
1.5 Chemical Toxicology
1.6 Where to Find Chemical Safety Information
1.7 Protecting the Environment


2 LABORATORY GLASSWARE

2.1 Desk Equipment
2.2 Standard Taper Miniscale Glassware
2.3 Microscale Glassware
2.4 Cleaning Your Glassware


3 THE LABORATORY NOTEBOOK


4 USING HANDBOOKS AND ONLINE DATABASES

4.1 Handbooks
4.2 Online Resources


5 MEASURING VOLUME AND MASS

5.1 Weighing
5.2 Measuring Volume


6 HEATING AND COOLING METHODS

6.1 Boiling Stones
6.2 Heating Devices
6.3 Cooling Methods


7 ASSEMBLY OF REACTION APPARATUS

7.1 Refluxing a Reaction Mixture
7.2 Anhydrous Reaction Conditions
7.3 Addition of Reagents During a Reaction
7.4 Removal of Noxious Vapors


8 EXTRACTION AND DRYING AGENTS

8.1 Extraction: The Theory
8.2 Miniscale Extractions
8.3 Additional Information about Extractions
8.4 Summary of Miniscale Extraction Procedure
8.5 Using Pasteur Pipets to Transfer Liquids in Microscale Operations
8.6 Microscale Extractions
8.7 Drying Organic Liquids
8.8 Methods for Separating Drying Agents and Organic Liquids
8.9 Recovery of the Organic Product from the Dried Extraction Solution


9 RECRYSTALLIZATION

9.1 Theory of Recrystallization
9.2 Selecting a Proper Recrystallization Solvent
9.3 Miniscale Procedure for Recrystallizing a Solid
9.4 Summary of the Miniscale Recrystallization Procedure
9.5 Microscale Recrystallization Methods
9.6 Summary of Microscale Recrystallization Procedures
9.7 What to Do If No Crystals Appear in the Cooled Solution
9.8 Pointers for Successful Recrystallizations


10 MELTING POINTS AND MELTING RANGES

10.1 Melting Point Theory
10.2 Apparatus for Determining Melting Ranges
10.3 Determining Melting Ranges
10.4 Mixture Melting Point
10.5 Thermometer Calibration
10.6 Summary of the Melting-Point Determination


11 BOILING POINTS AND DISTILLATION

11.1 Determination of Boiling Points
11.2 Boiling Points and Separation of Mixtures
11.3 Simple Distillation
11.4 Fractional Distillation
11.5 Azeotropic Distillation
11.6 Steam Distillation
11.7 Vacuum Distillation


12 SUBLIMATION

12.1 Assembling the Apparatus for a Sublimation
12.2 Carrying Out a Sublimation

13.1 Theory of Refractometry
13.2 The Refractometer
13.3 Steps in Determining a Refractive Index
13.4 Temperature Correction


14 POLARIMETRY

14.1 Mixtures of Optical Isomers: Separation/Resolution
14.2 Polarimetric Instrumentation
14.3 Specific Rotation
14.4 Using the Polarimeter
14.5 Enantiomeric Excess (Optical Purity)


PART 2 CHROMATOGRAPHY


15 THIN-LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY

15.1 Principles of Thin-Layer Chromatography
15.2 Plates for Thin-Layer Chromatography
15.3 Sample Application
15.4 Development of a Thin-Layer Plate
15.5 Choice of Developing Solvent
15.6 Visualization Techniques
15.7 Summary of TLC Procedure


16 GAS-LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY

16.1 Instrumentation
16.2 Columns and Liquid Stationary Phases
16.3 Detectors
16.4 Interpreting Chromatograms
16.5 Practical GC Operating Conditions
16.6 Identification of Components Shown on a Chromatogram
16.7 Quantitative Analysis


17 LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY

17.1 Adsorbents
17.2 Elution Solvents
17.3 Column Dimensions
17.4 Preparation of a Miniscale Column
17.5 Elution Techniques
17.6 Microscale Column Chromatography
17.7 Summary of Column Chromatography Procedure
17.8 Dry Column Chromatography
17.9 Flash Chromatography
17.10 High-Performance Liquid Chromatography


PART 3 SPECTROSCOPY

18 INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY
19 NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY
20 MASS SPECTROSCOPY


PART 4 ORGANIC QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS

21 IDENTIFICATION OF UNKNOWNS
22 PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
23 CLASSIFICATION BY SOLUBILITY
24 INFRARED, NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE, AND MASS SPECTROSCOPIC ANALYSIS
24.1 Using Spectroscopic Data


25 CLASSIFICATION TESTS FOR FUNCTIONAL GROUPS

25.1 Alcohols
25.2 Aldehydes and Ketones
25.3 Alkenes
25.4 Carboxylic Acids
25.5 Esters
25.6 Phenols


26 SYNTHESIS OF SOLID DERIVATIVES

26.1 Alcohols
26.2 Aldehydes and Ketones
26.3 Carboxylic Acids: Amides, Anilides, Toluidides
26.4 Phenols

27 SEPARATION OF MIXTURES

27.1 Assaying the Number of Compounds
27.2 Separating the Mixture
27.3 Model Extraction Procedure


Appendix : THE LITERATURE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
Index

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