Summary: This lively introduction to theatre offers equal measures of appreciation of theatrical arts, history of performance, and descriptions of the collaborative theatrical crafts. The authors enthusiasm for and knowledge of the current theatre, highlighted by contemporary production shots from around the world, put the students in the front row. The text includes extensive excerpts from seven plays: Prometheus Bound, Oedipus Tyrannos, The York Cycle, Romeo and Juliet, The Bourgeois Gentle
man, The Three Sisters, and Happy Days, as well as shorter excerpts from The Rover and A Doll's House.
Summary: This lively introduction to theatre offers equal measures of appreciation of theatrical arts, history of performance, and descriptions of the collaborative theatrical crafts. The authors enthusiasm for and knowledge of the current theatre, highlighted by contemporary production shots from around the world, put the students in the front row. The text includes extensive excerpts from seven plays: Prometheus Bound, Oedipus Tyrannos, The York Cycle, Romeo and Juliet, The Bourgeois Gentleman, The Three Sisters, and Happy Days, as well as shorter excerpts from The Rover and A Doll's House. ...show less
Edition/Copyright:9TH 11 Cover: Paperback Publisher:McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Year Published: 2011 International: No
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Table of Contents Preface vii Introduction 1 Part 1 The Theatre: Its Elements 7 Chapter 1 What Is the Theatre? 9 The Theatre Building 10 The Company, or Troupe, of Players 12 The Occupation of Theatre 13 Work 14 Art 17 Impersonation 17 Performance 21 Chapter 2 What Is a Play? 29 Classifying Plays 30 Duration 30 Genre 31 Structure 40 The Components of a Play 40 The Order of a Play 45 Part 2 The Past 55 Chapter 3 The Greeks 59 The Greek Theatre 59 Origins and Evolution 61 The Birth of the Dithyramb 62 The Classic Period 65 The Theatron 68 The Spectacle 70 The Greek Plays 73 The Three Greek Tragedians 75 Prometheus Bound 75 Oedipus Tyrannos 83 The Roman Theatre 91 Chapter 4 The Middle Ages 95 The Quem Queritis: From Trope to Drama 97 Out of the Church 99 The Corpus Christi Plays at York 101 The York Cycle 106 The Creation and the Fall of Lucifer 106 Man's Disobedience and Fall 111 Chapter 5 The Shakespearean Era 115 The Renaissance 115 Shakespeare 116 The Theatres 118 The Players 124 The Plays 127 The Plays of Shakespeare 131 Romeo and Juliet 131 Italy: The Commedia Dell'Arte 148 Chapter 6 The Theatre of Asia 151 Theatre in Asia 152 The Drama of India 154 Sanskrit Dance-Theatre 155 Kathakali 155 Chinese Opera: Xiqu 157 Xiqu's Origins 157 Staging of Xiqu 158 The Drama of Japan 163 No 163 Kabuki 166 Chapter 7 The Royal Theatre 177 A Theatre for Courts and Kings 178 The Audiences 181 The Dramaturgy 181 Staging Practices 182 The French Theatre 183 The Royal Court and the Tennis Court 183 The Public Theatre Audience 184 Moliere 186 The Bourgeois Gentleman 188 England: The Restoration Theatre 202 The Way of the World 204 Part 3 The Present 207 Chapter 8 The Modern Theatre: Realism 211 Realism 213 A Laboratory 214 Pioneers of Realism 216 Naturalism 218 Anton Chekhov 221 The Three Sisters 222 American Realism 235 Chapter 9 The Modern Theatre: Antirealism 237 The Symbolist Beginnings 237 The Era of "Isms" 240 The Era of Stylization 241 Early Isms and Stylizations: A Sampling of Six Plays 243 The French Avant-Garde: Ubu Roi 243 Intellectual Comedy: Man and Superman 245 Expressionism: The Hairy Ape 247 Theatricalism: Six Characters in Search of an Author 250 Theatre of Cruelty: Jet of Blood 251 Philosophical Melodrama: No Exit 253 Postwar Absurdity and Alienation 255 Theatre of the Absurd 255 Samuel Beckett 256 Happy Days 260 Theatre of Alienation 269 Bertolt Brecht 269 Future Directions in Antirealistic Theatre 272 Chapter 10 The Musical Theatre 275 The Development of the Broadway Musical: America's Contribution 277 The First Phase of the Golden Age: Musical Comedy 278 The Second Phase of the Golden Age: Musical Drama 279 The Modern Musical 281 Stephen Sondheim 281 The Modern Musical: 1960s to 2000 and Beyond 284 Chapter 11 Theatre Today: What, Who, and Where? 291 What's Happening? 291 The Modern and the Postmodern 292 The Crisis of Today's Theatre 293 A Theatre of Revival 293 A Theatre of Postmodern Experiment 295 An Open Theatre 299 Who's Doing It? 310 Pina Bausch and Martha Clarke: Dance-Theatre 311 Eric Bogosian, Spaulding Gray, John Leguizamo, Sherry Glaser, and Anna Deveare Smith: The One-Person Show 312 Ariane Mnouchkine: Theatre de Soleil 314 Julie Taymor: Making the Avant-Garde Commercial 316 Robert Wilson and Performance Art 318 Peter Brook: Intercultural Theatre 321 Where Is It Happening? 324 Broadway 324 Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway 326 The Nonprofit Professional Theatre 327 Shakespeare Festivals 336 Summer and Dinner Theatres 338 Amateur Theatre: Academic and Community 338 Theatre Abroad 340 Conclusions on the Current Theatre? 352 Part 4 The Practitioners 353 Chapter 12 The Actor 355 What Is Acting? 356 The Two Notions of Acting 356 Virtuosity 362 Magic 365 Becoming an Actor 365 The Actor's Instrument 365 The Actor's Approach 371 The Actor's Routine 373 The Audition 373 The Rehearsal 373 The Performance 376 The Actor in Life 379 Chapter 13 The Playwright 381 We Are All Playwrights 382 The Playwright's Career 383 Literary and Nonliterary Aspects of Playwriting 384 Playwriting as Event Writing 385 The Qualities of a Fine Play 386 Credibility and Intrigue 386 Speakability, Stageability, and Flow 390 Richness 391 Gravity and Pertinence 393 Compression, Economy, and Intensity 394 Celebration 396 The Playwright's Process 396 Dialogue 397 Conflict 397 Structure 398 The Playwright's Rewards 398 Contemporary American Playwrights 399 August Wilson 399 Arthur Miller 400 Neil Simon 400 Edward Albee 402 Lanford Wilson 402 John Guare 403 Terrence McNally 404 Sam Shepard 404 David Mamet 405 Wendy Wasserstein 405 Paula Vogel 406 Beth Henley 408 George C. Wolfe 408 Tony Kushner 408 David Henry Hwang 410 Chapter 14 Designers and Technicians 411 Theatre Architecture 412 Staging Formats 413 Other Architectural Considerations 416 Scenery 417 Scenic Materials 423 The Scene Designer at Work 427 Lighting 427 Photo Essay: Broadway Designer Tony Walton 428 Modern Lighting Design 432 The Lighting Designer at Work 434 Costume 436 The Functions of Costume 436 The Costume Designer at Work 439 Photo Essay: Broadway Designer Patricia Zipprodt 442 Makeup 445 Sound Design 448 Special Effects 449 New Computer Technologies in Theatre Design 449 Technical Production 451 Chapter 15 The Director 455 The Arrival of the Director: A Historical Overview 457 Phase 1 The Teacher-Directors 457 Phase 2 The Realistic Directors 457 Phase 3 The Stylizing Directors 458 The Contemporary Director 460 Directorial Functions 460 Producer and Director 460 Directorial Vision 461 Preparatory Phase 461 Photo Essay: Making Theatre--A Play Is Put Together 466 Implementation Phase 485 The Training of a Director 493 Chapter 16 The Critic 495 Critical Perspectives 496 A Play's Relation to Society 496 A Play's Relation to the Individual 497 A Play's Relation to Art 497 A Play's Relation to Theatre 499 A Play as Entertainment 500 Critical Focus 501 Professional Criticism 501 Student Criticism 506 We Are the Critics 506 Appendix Writing on Theatre 1 Glossary 1 Selected Bibliography 1 Credits 1 Index 1
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