Summary: ''When teaching criminology, I seek to provide sophisticated accounts of a wide range of theoretical perspectives coupled with a selection of the best empirical research on the key issues important to the field. Over the years, I continue to find that Theoretical Criminology is the book thatbest fits my teaching goals. It is an excellent teaching tool and its breadth and depth of coverage is unparalleled. I highly recommend this book for advanced undergraduates as well as graduate st
udents. --John H. Laub, University of Maryland, College Park ''
Summary: ''When teaching criminology, I seek to provide sophisticated accounts of a wide range of theoretical perspectives coupled with a selection of the best empirical research on the key issues important to the field. Over the years, I continue to find that Theoretical Criminology is the book thatbest fits my teaching goals. It is an excellent teaching tool and its breadth and depth of coverage is unparalleled. I highly recommend this book for advanced undergraduates as well as graduate students. --John H. Laub, University of Maryland, College Park '' ...show less
Edition/Copyright:6TH 10 Cover: Hardback Publisher:Oxford University Press Published: 04/14/2009 International: No
View Author Bio
Thomas J. Bernard is Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice at The Pennsylvania State University.
Jeffrey B. Snipes is Associate Professor of Criminal Justice Studies at San Francisco State University.
Alexander L. Gerould is a full-time faculty member in the Criminal Justice Studies Department at San Francisco State University.
View Table of Contents
Table of Contents Each chapter ends with a list of Key Terms and Discussion Questions. 1. Theory and Crime Spiritual Explanations Natural Explanations Scientific Theories Causation in Scientific Theories Three Frames of Reference Relationships among the Three Frames of Reference 2. Classical Criminology The Social and Intellectual Background of Classical Criminology Beccaria and the Classical School From Classical Theory to Deterrence Research Three Types of Deterrence Research Rational Choice and Offending Routine Activities and Victimization Conclusions 3. Biological Factors and Criminal Behavior Background: Physical Appearance and Defectiveness Lombroso, the ''Born Criminal'' and Positivist Criminology Goring's Refutation of the ''Born Criminal'' Body Type Theories Family Studies Twin and Adoption Studies Neurotransmitters Hormones The Central Nervous System The Autonomic Nervous System Environmentally Induced Biological Components of Behavior Implications and Conclusions 4. Psychological Factors and Criminal Behavior Intelligence and Crime: Background Ideas and Concepts IQ Tests and Criminal Behavior Delinquency, Race, and IQ Interpreting the Association Between Delinquency and IQ Personality and Criminal Behavior Psychopathy and Antisocial Personality Disorder Clinical Prediction of Future Dangerousness Actuarial Prediction of Later Crime and Delinquency Depression and Delinquency Impulsivity and Crime Policy Implications of Personality Research Conclusions 5. Crime and Poverty Historical Background: Guerry and Quetelet Research on Crime and Poverty: Contradictions and Disagreements Crime and Unemployment: A Detailed Look at Research Problems Interpreting Research on Crime and Economic Conditions Implications and Conclusions 6. Durkheim, Anomie, and Modernization Emile Durkheim Crime as Normal in Mechanical Societies Anomie as a Pathological State in Organic Societies Durkheim's Theory of Crime Conclusion 7. Neighborhoods and Crime The Theory of Human Ecology Research in the ''Delinquency Areas'' of Chicago Policy Implications Residential Succession, Social Disorganization, and Crime Sampson's Theory of Collective Efficacy Expanding Interest in Neighborhood Social Processes Implications and Conclusions 8. Strain Theories Robert K. Merton and Anomie in American Society Strain as the Explanation of Gang Delinquency 1960s Strain-Based Policies The Decline and Resurgence of Strain Theories Strain in Individuals Strain in Societies Conclusion 9. Learning Theories Basic Psychological Approaches to Learning Sutherland's Differential Association Theory Research Testing Sutherland's Theory The Content of Learning: Cultural and Subcultural Theories The Learning Process: Social Learning Theory Athens's Theory of ''Violentization'' Implications Conclusions 10. Control Theories Early Control Theories: Reiss to Nye Matza's Delinquency and Drift Hirschi's Social Control Theory Assessing Social Control Theory Gottfredson and Hirschi's A General Theory of Crime Assessing Gottfredson and Hirschi's General Theory Implications and Conclusions 11. The Meaning of Crime The Meaning of Crime to the Self: Labeling Theory The Meaning of Crime to the Criminal: Katz's Seductions of Crime The Situational Meaning of Crime: Zimbardo's Lucifer Effect The Meaning of Crime to the Larger Society: Deviance and Social Reaction State Power and the Meaning of Crime: Controlology Implications and Conclusions 12. Conflict Criminology Early Conflict Theories: Sellin and Vold Conflict Theories in a Time of Conflict: Turk, Quinney, and Chambliss and Seidman Black's Theory of the Behavior of Law A Unified Conflict Theory of Crime Testing Conflict Theory Implications and Conclusions 13. Marxism and Postmodern Criminology Overview of Marx's Theory Marx on Crime, Criminal Law, and Criminal Justice The Emergence of Marxist Criminology Marxist Theory and Research on Crime Overview of Postmodernism Postmodern Criminology Conclusion 14. Gender and Crime The Development of Feminist Criminology Schools of Feminist Criminology Gender in Criminology Why Are Women's Crime Rates So Low? Why Are Men's Crime Rates So High? Conclusions 15. Developmental Theories The Great Debate: Criminal Careers, Longitudinal Research, and the Relationship Between Age and Crime Criminal Propensity vs. Criminal Career The Transition to Developmental Criminology Three Developmental Directions Thornberry's Interactional Theory Sampson and Laub's Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control Tremblay's Developmental Origins of Physical Aggression Conclusions 16. Integrated Theories Elliott's Integrated Theory of Delinquency and Drug Use The Falsification vs. Integration Debate Braithwaite's Theory of Reintegrative Shaming Tittle's Control Balance Theory Coercion and Social Support Bernard and Snipes's Approach to Integrating Criminology Theories Agnew's General Theory Conclusion 17. Assessing Criminology Theories Science, Theory, Research, and Policy Individual Difference Theories Structure/Process Theories Theories of the Behavior of Criminal Law Conclusion Index
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