ISBN13:978-0791424247 ISBN10: 0791424243 This edition has also been released as: ISBN13: 978-0791424230 ISBN10: 0791424235
This book explores the profound cultural impact of the civil service examinations during the period when they first became the primary means of government recruitment.
Edition/Copyright:95 Cover: Paperback Publisher:State University of NY Press Published: 04/01/1995 International: No
"Chaffee places the increase in size of the elite in a dynamic context, showing the consequences of successive developments over the three centuries of Sung rule. He offers cogent summaries of complex institutional developments, devises imaginative ways to analyze the statistical evidence available, draws careful inferences from anecdotes, and moves comfortably between contemporary Chinese interpretations and his own analyses. I have seldom read a book in which I found so much to admire."
--Patricia Ebrey, American Historical Review
"The Sung was an age of exceptional innovation, and it is in the context of discussion of changes in Sung society that Chaffee introduces his findings. Western historians of China will find in this well-researched volume much to stimulate further reflection on the period."
--T. H. Barrett, Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland
Submitted By Publisher, May, 2003
View Table of Contents
Part I 1. Introduction: the examination of life
Two protests The examination of life The examination of literature The historical context
2. The structure of recruitment
The Sung bureaucracy Recruitment of clerks and the military Recruitment of the civil service Patterns of recruitment Students and chu-jen The growth of the literati Recruitment and the social order
Part II 3. For the utmost governance: examinations in the early Sung
Sung examinations and the Confucian tradition Examinations under the early emperors Institutional innovations Qualifying for candidacy Occupational prohibitions Residency requirements Character qualifications The role of K'ai-feng
4. To be rooted in schools: examinations in the late Northern Sung
The Ch'ing-li reforms Curriculum changes Schools and the reformers The Three Hall system The legacy of reform Government schools in the Southern Sung The spread of academics
5. The failure of fairness: examinations in the Southern Sung
The examinations at mid-course The special preliminary examinations The higher examinations The extent of privilege The examinations in decline
Part III 6. The geography of success
The rise of the south Geographical biases The problem of regional units The distribution of chin-shih The unsuccessful regions Patterns of success
7. Through the thorny gates: the culture of examinations
The terminology of testing The spread of ceremony The support of chu-jen The signs of selection The beginnings of an examination culture Examination stories The problems of youth The problem of age With help from the spirits
The attempt at meritocracy Learning and authority Examinations and society Appendix 1: Methods of Entry into the Civil Service Appendix 2: Table 25. Departmental Graduates and Degrees Conferred by Year Appendix 3: Table 26. Sung Chin-shih Totals by Prefecture Based Upon Lists in Local Histories Appendix 4: An Evaluation of Local Histories as Sources for Sung Chin-shih Data Notes List of characters Bibliography Local Histories Other Works in Chinese and Japanese Works in Western Languages Recent Works in Western Languages
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