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Tradition and Diversity : Christianity in a World Context to 1500

Tradition and Diversity : Christianity in a World Context to 1500 - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-1563244681

Cover of Tradition and Diversity : Christianity in a World Context to 1500 97 (ISBN 978-1563244681)
ISBN13: 978-1563244681
ISBN10: 1563244683
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Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.
Published: 1997
International: No
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Tradition and Diversity : Christianity in a World Context to 1500 - 97 edition

ISBN13: 978-1563244681

Karen Louise Ed. Jolly

ISBN13: 978-1563244681
ISBN10: 1563244683
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 97
Publisher: M.E. Sharpe, Inc.

Published: 1997
International: No

A primary source reader of 100 selections that addresses medieval Christendom in the context of world history. It combines the traditional material (from medieval church hierarchical and theological documents) with the newer material of cultural studies--diversity within European Christianity (women mystics, heretics, and popular religion), and diversity without (non-European Christianity and relations with Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism).

Table of Contents


Part One Orthodoxy and Heterodoxy: Foundations of Christianity circa 50-450 C.E.

Chapter 1. Jew and Gentile: Early Origins of Christianity

1. Jesus was Jewish: John's story of the Samaritan woman at the well
2. The Gospel according to Paul: Jew and Gentile in Galatians
3. Ritual Practice: The baptism ceremony of Hippolytus

Chapter 2. Christian and Roman: Conflict and Assimilation

1. Persecution: Dionysius the Wise, Patriarch of Alexandria
2. Revelation versus Reason: Tertullian and Clement
3. Converting the Empire: Eusebius' account of Constantine and Helen
4. Roman versus Christian: The Altar of Victory dispute

Chapter 3. Heterodoxy and Orthodoxy: Defining Heresy

1. Syrian Gnosticism: The Book of Thomas the Contender
2. Origenism: The end of the world
3. Arianism: Arius and the Nicene Creed
4. Nestorians: Nestorius, Cyril, and Chalcedon

Chapter 4. Life and Death: The Body and Resurrection

1. Heroic Martyrdom: Perpetua
2. Contemplative Death: Macrina
3. Hope of Resurrection: Tomb Inscriptions

Part Two Patterns of Accommodation in Late Antiquity, circa 350-750

Chapter 5. The Heritage of the Middle Ages

1. Creating an Authoritative Bible: Jerome
2. The Two Cities: Augustine of Hippo
3. Neoplatonic Mysticism: Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite
4. The Consolation of Philosophy: Boethius

Chapter 6. The Power of Christian Saints: Monks, Relics and Icons

1. Desert Fathers and Mothers: Abba Antony and Amma Syncletica
2. The Monastic Exemplar: The Life of St. Benedict and The Rule of St. Benedict
3. Relics and Pilgrimage: The Martinellus of St. Martin of Tours
4. Byzantine Worship: The Debate over Iconoclasm

Chapter 7. Adaptations of Christianity Outside the Roman World

1. Saintly Heroes in Ethiopia: The Book of the Saints of the Ethiopian Church
2. The Conversion of Nubia: John of Ephesus on Justinian and Theodora's Competition
3. Heroic Martyrs in South Arabia: The Women of Najrân
4. Nestorian Christians in China: Stele

Chapter 8. Christian Acculturation in Western Europe

1. Celtic Christianity and Hermetic Life: St. Columba's Rule
2. Frankish Christianity: Gregory of Tours on Clovis and Clothilde
3. Anglo-Saxon Christianity: Bede on Edwin and Ethelberga
4. Saxon Missions: Boniface and Leoba

Part Three Christian Society in the Early Middle Ages circa 600-1050

Chapter 9. Christian Kingship and Society

1. Theories of Authority and Power: Pope Gelasius I and Emperor Justinian
2. Royal Rituals and Laws: Visigothic Spain
3. Christian Emperor: Views on the coronation of Charlemagne
4. Christian King: Alfred the Great

Chapter 10. Christian Education and Theology

1. The Carolingian Renaissance: Charlemagne and Alcuin
2. Renaissance Theology: John Scottus Eriugena
3. Vernacular Learning: Alfred's Program

Chapter 11. Christian Practice and Literature

1. Sermons: <158>lfric of Eynsham
2. Liturgy: Rites for the Living and the Dead
3. Christian Poetry: The Dream of the Rood
4. Christian Drama: Hrotsvit of Gandersheim, Abraham

Chapter 12. Christian Diversity and Accommodation

1. Conversion by Treaty: the Vikings
2. Animism and Accommodation: Charms
3. Dialogue: The Dispute of the Church and the Synagogue
4. Debate: Patriarch Timothy and Caliph Mahdi

Part Four The Spirit of Order and Prophecy circa 1050-1200

Chapter 13. Corporate and Individual Reform

1. The Contest: Gregory VII and Henry IV
2. Alternatives: Paschal II and Henry V
3. Holy Places: the Pilgrim's Guide to Santiago de Compostela
4. Holy Women: The Beguine Marie D'Oignies

Chapter 14. Christians, Muslims, and Jews: Views of the Crusades

1. The European view of the Crusades: Pope Urban II's call to the first Crusade
2. The Jewish view of the Crusades: Solomon bar Simson and Sefer Zekhirah
3. The Islamic view of the Crusades: Usama ibn Munqidh
4. Encounter with a Nubian: Robert of Clari on the Fourth Crusade

Chapter 15. Ways of Knowing: Faith and Reason

1. Faith and Reason: Anselm
2. Dialectics: Abelard
3. Aristotelianism: Averr<148>es
4. God and Philosophy: Moses Maimonides

Chapter 16. Individual Diversity: Bernard of Clairvaux and Hildegard of Bingen

1. Hildegard on the church: to priests and popes
2. Bernard On Christian Knighthood
3. Hildegard's physiology: Causae et curae
4. Bernard's Way of Knowing: On the Song of Songs
5. Hildegard's lyrics: Eucharius

Part Five: New Paths of Order and Prophecy circa 1200-1300

Chapter 17. Orthodox Reform: Popes, Mendicants, and Scholars

1. Papal Monarchy: Innocent III and the Fourth Lateran Council
2. Franciscan Spirituality: Francis and Clare
3. Mendicant Scholarship: Bonaventure
4. Intellectual Synthesis: Thomas Aquinas

Chapter 18. Over the Line: Heretics, Inquisitors, and other Radicals

1. Heresy and Inquisition: Waldensians and Albigensians
2. Spiritual Franciscans: Na Prous Boneta
3. Political Challenges: Marsilius of Padua

Chapter 19. Popular Religion: Story and Poetry

1. Preacher's Tales: Caesarius of Heisterbach, Jacques de Vitry, Etienne de Bourbon
2. Monastic Simplicity: Our Lady's Tumbler
3. Popular Saints: The Golden Legend on Thomas Becket
4. Great Hymns of the Faith: Veni Sancte Spiritus

Chapter 20. Cross Cultural Exchange: Missions and Dialogue

1. Missions to the Mongols: John of Plano-Carpini
2. Buddhist-Christian debate: William of Ruysbruck
3. Missions to India and China: John of Monte Corvino
4. Dialogue: Ibn Kamm<150>na

Part 6: Change and Contact in the Late Middle Ages, c. 1300-1500

Chapter 21. Dissent and Reform in Late Medieval Christendom

1. Views of the Papacy: Dante and Petrarch
2. The Great Schism and Conciliarism
3. A Lollard view of the Eucharist: Wycliff's Wicket

Chapter 22. Diversity in Christianity: Late Medieval Spirituality

1. Contemplative Practice: John of Ruysbroeck
2. Anchoress: Julian of Norwich
3. Comforting the Condemned: Catherine of Siena
4. Divine Wisdom: Saint Gregory Palamas of Byzantium

Chapter 23. Religious Expression: Ritual, Drama, and Story

1. Ritual: The Seven Sacraments explained by Pope Eugene IV
2. Drama: The Chester Cycle, The Last Judgment
3. Story: Great John in Russia

Chapter 24. Cross-cultural Contact

1. The Black death and Jews: Jean de Venette and Jacob von K<148>nigshifen
2. Meeting other Christians: Travels of Quirini in Norway
3. The Imagined World: Mandeville's Travels, on Prester John
4. Classifying the Other: Columbus's Journal

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