ISBN13:978-0073386614 ISBN10: 0073386618 Edition/Copyright:2ND 08 Cover: Paperback Publisher:McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Published: 11/05/2007 International: No
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James Rachels, the distinguished American moral philosopher, was born in Columbus, Georgia, graduating from Mercer University in Macon in 1962. He received his Ph.D. in 1967 from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. He taught at the University of Richmond, New York University, the University of Miami, Duke University, and the University of Alabama at Birmingham, where he spent the last twenty-six years of his career. 1971 saw the publication of Rachels' groundbreaking textbook Moral Problems, which ignited the movement in America away from teaching ethical theory towards teaching concrete practical issues. Moral Problems sold 100,000 copies over three editions. In 1975, Rachels wrote ''Active and Passive Euthanasia,'' arguing that the distinction so important in the law between killing and letting die has no rational basis. Originally appearing in the New England Journal of Medicine, this essay has been reprinted roughly 300 times and is a staple of undergraduate education. The End of Life (1986) was about the morality of killing and the value of life. Created from Animals (1990) argued that a Darwinian world-view has widespread philosophical implications, including drastic implications for our treatment of nonhuman animals. Can Ethics Provide Answers? (1997) was Rachels' first collection of papers (others are expected posthumously). Rachels' McGraw-Hill textbook, The Elements of Moral Philosophy, is now in its fourth edition and is easily the best-selling book of its kind.Over his career, Rachels wrote 5 books and 85 essays, edited 7 books and gave about 275 professional lectures. His work has been translated into Dutch, Italian, Japanese, and Serbo-Croatian. James Rachels is widely admired as a stylist, as his prose is remarkably free of jargon and clutter. A major theme in his work is that reason can resolve difficult moral issues. He has given reasons for moral vegetarianism and animal rights, for affirmative action (including quotas), for the humanitarian use of euthanasia, and for the idea that parents owe as much moral consideration to other people's children as they do to their own.James Rachels died of cancer on September 5th, 2003, in Birmingham, Alabama.
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Preface 1. Introduction, James Rachels PLATO 2. Socrates' Trial, Plato *3. Socrates' Decision to Die, Plato 4. Socrates' Question About Justice, Plato GOD 5. Five Ways to Prove That God Exists, St. Thomas Aquinas 6. The Watch and the Watch-Maker, William Paley *7. The Fine-Tuning Argument, Peter van Inwagen *8. Why Doesn't God Intervene?, B. C. Johnson 9. The Problem of Evil, Michael L. Peterson 10. Why I Am Not a Christian, Bertrand Russell 11. You Bet Your Life: Pascal's Wager Defended, William Lycan and George Schlesinger THE MIND 12. Do We Survive Death? Bertrand Russell 13. Split Brains and Personal Identity Derek Parfit *14. Where Am I? Daniel C. Dennett 15. The Mind-Brain Identity Theory David Armstrong 16. Bat Sonar Thomas Nagel *17. Facing Up to the Problem of Consciousness David Chalmers 18. The Myth of the Computer John R. Searle FREEDOM 19. Existentialism Is a Humanism Jean-Paul Sartre 20. Compatibilism Defended W. T. Stace 21. On Liberty John Stuart Mill KNOWLEDGE 22. Meditations I and II Rene Descartes 23. Does Matter Exist? George Berkeley *24. The Lure of Radical Skepticism Michael Huemer 25. Reality, J. L. Austin ETHICS 26. Ethics and Human Feeling, David Hume 27. Our Sense of Right and Wrong, C. S. Lewis 28. Four Ethical Principles, Peter Singer *29.The Debate over Utilitarianism, James Rachels and Stuart Rachels 30. The Virtues, Martha C. Nussbaum 31. The Meaning of Life, Richard Taylor * New to this edition
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