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Twice Dead : Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death

Twice Dead : Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death - 02 edition

ISBN13: 978-0520228146

Cover of Twice Dead : Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death 02 (ISBN 978-0520228146)
ISBN13: 978-0520228146
ISBN10: 0520228146

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 02
Copyright: 2002
Publisher: University of California Press
Published: 2002
International: No

List price: $33.95

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Twice Dead : Organ Transplants and the Reinvention of Death - 02 edition

ISBN13: 978-0520228146

Margaret Lock

ISBN13: 978-0520228146
ISBN10: 0520228146

Cover type: Paperback
Edition: 02
Copyright: 2002
Publisher: University of California Press
Published: 2002
International: No
Summary

Tales about organ transplants appear in mythology and folk stories, and surface in documents from medieval times, but only during the past twenty years has medical knowledge and technology been sufficiently advanced for surgeons to perform thousands of transplants each year. In the majority of cases individuals diagnosed as "brain dead" are the source of the organs without which transplants could not take place. In this compelling and provocative examination, Margaret Lock traces the discourse over the past thirty years that contributed to the locating of a new criterion of death in the brain, and its routinization in clinical practice in North America. She compares this situation with that in Japan where, despite the availability of the necessary technology and expertise, brain death was legally recognized only in 1997, and then under limited and contested circumstances. Twice Dead explores the cultural, historical, political, and clinical reasons for the ready acceptance of the new criterion of death in North America and its rejection, until recently, in Japan, with the result that organ transplantation has been severely restricted in that country. This incisive and timely discussion demonstrates that death is not self-evident, that the space between life and death is historically and culturally constructed, fluid, multiple, and open to dispute.
In addition to an analysis of that professional literature on and popular representations of the subject, Lock draws on extensive interviews conducted over ten years with physicians working in intensive care units, transplant surgeons, organ recipients, donor families, members of the general public in both Japan and North America, and political activists in Japan opposed to the recognition of brain death. By showing that death can never be understood merely as a biological event, and that cultural, medical, legal, and political dimensions are inevitably implicated in the invention of brain death, Twice Dead confronts one of the most troubling questions of our era.

Author Bio

Lock, Margaret : McGill University

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Preamble: Accidental Death
Trauma
The Procurement
The Gift
Death's Shadow
1. Boundary Transgressions and Moral Uncertainty
Reanimation
2. Technology in Extremis
Narrow Escapes
3. Locating the Moment of Death
Jumping the Gun
4. Making Death Uniform
Tragedy
5. The Brain-Death "Problem"
Aggressive Harvesting
6. Technology as Other: Japanese Modernity and Technology
Born of a Brain-Dead Mother
7. Prevailing against Inertia
Organ Donor Card
8. Situated Departures
Disconcerting Movements
9 Imaginative Continuities
Memory Work
10.When Bodies Outlive Persons
Procurement Anxiety
11. When Persons Linger in Bodies
Musical Feat
12. The Body Transcendent
A Court Order
13. The Social Life of Human Organs
A Reliable Man
An Unsatisfactory Intelligence
14. Revisiting Vivisection
Almost Full Circle
Reflections
Bibliography
Index

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