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Understanding English Grammar

Understanding English Grammar - 5th edition

ISBN13: 978-0205268559

Cover of Understanding English Grammar 5TH 98 (ISBN 978-0205268559)
ISBN13: 978-0205268559
ISBN10: 0205268552
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 98
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.
Published: 1998
International: No

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Understanding English Grammar - 5TH 98 edition

ISBN13: 978-0205268559

Martha Kolln and Robert Funk

ISBN13: 978-0205268559
ISBN10: 0205268552
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 5TH 98
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon, Inc.

Published: 1998
International: No
Summary

This market-leading text for advanced grammar courses gives students an accessible, systematic way to understand grammar based on the system they employ instinctively in speaking. A practical, eclectic blend of the most useful elements of traditional, structural, and transformational grammar, the text emphasizes whole structures, most specifically the ten basic sentence patterns introduced in Chapter 2. While focusing on whole sentences before words, the text is organized so that words can be covered first for instructors who prefer that approach.

Above all, clarity is the key strength of Kolln and Funk's presentation. Compared with other texts at this level, the discussions are remarkably lucid, positive, and "student friendly." The authors encourage students to think of themselves as grammar experts, simply clarifying in rules the innate knowledge of grammar we all use from the moment we speak. While the text is especially appropriate for future teachers, its pragmatic approach and clear explanations make it useful for any student who wants to know how English works.

Features:
A practical, eclectic approach using the most effective methods from traditional, structural, and transformational theories of grammar.

An organization that moves from whole sentences to word classes, but that can be taught either way.

The use of ten basic sentence patterns provides a coherent framework for learning and recalling concepts.

A positive, "student friendly" presentation that assumes no prior knowledge but encourages students to recognize and apply their own innate skills in grammar.

Excellent coverage of rhetorical grammar, which helps students apply grammatical concepts to composition.

60 exercises with answers at the end of the book provide a strong self-study component.

Diagrams throughout the text demonstrate the modifiers and coordinated elements plus other features of the sentence.

Extensive questions for discussion and "Sentences for Practice" with answers in the Instructor's Manual challenge students to examine their innate language expertise.

"Investigating Language" exercises use an inductive approach to help students use their natural language skills.

Lists of key terms at the end of each chapter allow for reference and review.

Terms are bold-faced when first used in the text and defined in the glossary at the end of the text.

New To This Edition:
A new co-author, Robert Funk of Eastern Illinois University, has been added.

New Chapter 1, "The Study of Grammar," emphasizes the history of grammar pedagogy, a particularly important addition for future teachers.

New "Classroom Applications" section concluding each chapter is designed for use in this course as well as in the students' future classrooms.

New "Chapter Preview" section introduces all but the first chapter, highlighting the chapter's purpose.

Chapter 3, "Expanding the Verb Phrase," now includes a brief description of the African-American system of the verb be.

New section on the rhetoric of punctuation in Chapter 14, "Rhetorical Grammar," summarizes the text's discussions of punctuation.

Appositives are now covered in Chapter 7 instead of Chapter 4 in order to simplify the discussion of nominals.

Chapter 7 has been reorganized, with the discussion of relative clauses now preceding that of the participles.

Who/whom is discussed in Chapter 5 and Chapter 7.

More coverage of participles as adverbials has been added to Chapter 6.

Author Bio

Kolln, Martha : Pennsylvania State University Main Campus

Funk, Robert : Eastern Illinois University

Table of Contents

I. INTRODUCTION.

1. The Study of Grammar: An Overview.

Twentieth-Century Linguistics.
The Issue of Correctness.
The Question of Standards.
Language in the Classroom.
Language Variation.
Edited American English.
Language Change.



II. THE GRAMMAR OF BASIC SENTENCES.

2. Sentence Patterns.

Chapter Preview.
The Sentence Slots.
The Be Patterns.
The Linking Verb Patterns.
The Optional Slots.
The Intransitive Verb Pattern.
The Transitive Verb Patterns.
Exceptions to the Ten Sentence Patterns.
Punctuation and the Sentence Patterns.
Diagramming the Sentence Patterns.
Notes on the Diagram.


3. Expanding the Main Verb.

Chapter Preview.
The Five Verb Forms.
Expanding the Verb.
The Modal Auxiliaries.
The Subjunctive Mood.
Using the Verb Forms.
Exceptions to the Rule.
The Auxiliary Do.
The Passive Voice.
The Verb System of African American English.

4. The Noun Phrase Functions: Nominals.

Chapter Preview.
Form and Function.
Nominal Clauses.
Nominal Verb Phrases.


5. Transforming the Basic Patterns.

Chapter Preview.
Interrogative Sentences.
The "Stand-In" Auxiliary.
Imperative Sentences.
Exclamatory Sentences.
Other Sentence Transformations.



III. MODIFICATION AND COORDINATION.
Form and Function.

6. Modifiers of the Verb: Adverbials.

Chapter Preview.
Adverbs.
Prepositional Phrases.
Nouns and Noun Phrases.
Verb Phrases.
Clauses.
Punctuation of Adverbials.


7. Modifiers of the Noun: Adjectivals.

Chapter Preview.
The Headword.
The Prenoun Modifiers.
The Postnoun Modifiers.
Punctuation of Clauses and Participles.
Multiple Modifiers.
Other Postnoun Modifiers.
Appositives.


8. Sentence Modifiers.

Chapter Preview.
Nouns of Direct Address: The Vocatives.
Interjections.
Subordinate Clauses.
Absolute Phrases.
Appositives.
Relative Clauses.


9. Coordination.

Chapter Preview.
Coordinating Parts of the Sentence.
Coordinating Complete Sentences.



IV. WORDS AND WORD CLAUSES.

10. Morphemes.

Chapter Preview.
Bases and Affixes.
Bound and Free Morphemes.
Derivational and Inflectional Morphemes.
Allomorphs.
Homonyms.


11. The Form Classes.

Chapter Preview.
Nouns.
Verbs.
Adjectives.
Adverbs.


12. The Structure Classes.

Chapter Preview.
Determiners.
Auxiliaries.
Qualifiers.
Prepositions.
Conjunctions.
Interrogatives.
Expletives.
Particles.


13. Pronouns.

Chapter Preview.
Personal Pronouns.
Reflexive Pronouns.
Intensive Pronouns.
Reciprocal Pronouns.
Demonstrative Pronouns.
Relative Pronouns.
Interrogative Pronouns.
Indefinite Pronouns.



V. GRAMMAR FOR WRITERS.

14. Rhetorical Grammar.

Chapter Preview.
Cohesion: The Known-New Contract.
Sentence Rhythm.
Controlling Rhythm.
The Passive Voice.
The Abstract Subject.
Interrupting the Rhythm Pattern.
The Shifting Adverbials.
Appositives.
Style.
Avoiding Sexism in Language.
The Rhetoric of Punctuation.



VI. GLOSSARY OF GRAMMATICAL TERMS.


Appendix A. Phonology.
Appendix B. An Introduction to Transformational Grammar.
Answers to the Exercises.
Index.


*Most chapters close with "Key Terms," "Sentences for Practice," "Questions for Discussion," and "Classroom Applications."

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