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Understanding Research Methods : An Overview of the Essentials

Understanding Research Methods : An Overview of the Essentials - 2nd edition

ISBN13: 978-1884585227

Cover of Understanding Research Methods : An Overview of the Essentials 2ND 00 (ISBN 978-1884585227)
ISBN13: 978-1884585227
ISBN10: 1884585221
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 00
Publisher: Pyrczak Publishing
Published: 2000
International: No

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Understanding Research Methods : An Overview of the Essentials - 2ND 00 edition

ISBN13: 978-1884585227

Mildred L. Patten

ISBN13: 978-1884585227
ISBN10: 1884585221
Cover type:
Edition/Copyright: 2ND 00
Publisher: Pyrczak Publishing

Published: 2000
International: No

Table of Contents

Introduction
Part A Introduction to Research Methods
Introduction to Empirical Research
Experimental vs. Nonexperimental Studies
Experimental vs. Causal-Comparative Studies
Types of Nonexperimental Research
Variables in Nonexperimental Studies
Variables in Experimental Studies
Research Hypotheses, Purposes, and Questions
Operational Definitions of Variables
Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research: I
Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research: II
Program Evaluation
Ethical Considerations in Research
The Role of Theory in Research

Part B Reviewing Literature
Reasons for Reviewing Literature
Locating Literature Electronically
Writing Literature Reviews

Part C Sampling
Biased and Unbiased Sampling
Simple Random and Systematic Sampling
Stratified Random Sampling
Other Methods of Sampling
Introduction to Sample Size
A Closer Look at Sample Size

Part D Measurement
Introduction to Validity
Judgmental Validity
Empirical Validity
Judgmental-Empirical Validity
Reliability and Its Relationship to Validity
Measures of Reliability
Norm- and Criterion-Referenced Tests
Measures of Optimum Performance
Measures of Typical Performance

Part E Experimental Design
True Experimental Designs
Threats to Internal Validity
Threats to External Validity
Pre-Experimental Designs
Quasi-Experimental Designs

Part F Understanding Statistics
Descriptive and Inferential Statistics
Introduction to the Null Hypothesis
Scales of Measurement
Descriptions of Nominal Data
Introduction to the Chi Square Test
A Closer Look at the Chi Square Test
Shapes of Distributions
The Mean, Median, and Mode
The Mean and Standard Deviation
The Median and Interquartile Range
The Pearson Correlation Coefficient
The t Test
One-Way Analysis of Variance
Two-Way Analysis of Variance

Appendices
A. The Validity Structure of Qualitative Research
B. Excerpt from a Literature Review
C. Indices to Journal Articles
D. Selected Sources of Statistical Information
E. Other Methods of Determining Reliability
F. A Closer Look at the Standard Deviation

Tables
1. Table of Random Numbers
2. Table of Recommended Sample Sizes

Index

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